Evaluation of the Employment and Enterprise Development for Women and Youth Project

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Evaluation Plan:
2011-2015, Maldives
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
10/2013
Completion Date:
10/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
10,000

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Title Evaluation of the Employment and Enterprise Development for Women and Youth Project
Atlas Project Number: 00077837
Evaluation Plan: 2011-2015, Maldives
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2013
Planned End Date: 10/2013
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.1. National and sub-national systems and institutions enabled to achieve structural transformation of productive capacities that are sustainable and employment - and livelihoods- intensive
Evaluation Budget(US $): 10,000
Source of Funding: TRAC
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Stuart Black Mr. stuartblack@shaw.ca
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Government,
Countries: MALDIVES
Comments: The final evaluation of the Employment and Enterprise Development for Women and Youth project would be done jointly with the final evaluation of the Support to Integrated Farming project.
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 It is vital that support to MSMEs be continued through the provision of support to BDSCs.
2 It is essential that the P4D forums be continued as they create linkages between MSMEs and the tourism sector on an ongoing basis. This contributes to the overall project objective of strengthening economic resilience and creating opportunities for economic diversification and employment generation. Because of its overall mandate consolidating SME development activities, it is recommended that the Ministry for Economic Development (MED) take the lead in organizing the P4Ds and related activities, in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism (MoTAC).
3 PPP and investment promotion is a relatively new area for the government. Follow up action is needed in the development of a FDI strategy. UNDP should continue to provide advice to MED and the newly elected government on the importance of articulating a new investment strategy to identify ways to increase employment and income benefits for Maldivians, particularly those living in the islands and atolls.
4 Trade fairs showcasing authentic local products and services can have a beneficial effect on both domestic MSMEs and the visitors? tourism experience in the Maldives. MED and MOTAC should plan to host local trade fairs in the future, but they should ensure that MSMEs are ?market ready? before attempting to market and brand Maldivian products and services.
5 In order to keep the GC relevant to the needs of the country and to ensure it performs a leadership role within the private sector, it will be important to include the GC network in the linkages created by the project. These linkages include the P4D forums, dialogue on the economy and discussions on investment and PPP. In addition, there will be significant added value in encouraging the network to include a sub-chapter to promote membership among MSMEs and to encourage support and strengthening for the MSME sector in the islands and atolls.
6 It is evident that NGOs, MSMEs and cooperative societies need to be strengthened through basic training in bookkeeping and business skills, as well as specialized training in marketing and production. Depending on the resources available, MED could include different levels of support where promising MSMEs are encouraged to move up the value chain through a graduation scheme involving business incubators, loans and other incentives. In addition, NGOs need basic training in proposal writing and management of grants. This will require the establishment of NGO and grant monitoring systems within government programmes
7 There is a need to follow up on a range of recommendations from the HR Strategy for the Tourism Sector including improving the linkages with and benefits from the tourism sector, particularly those relevant to the establishment of community-based tourism businesses and associations at the island level, institutionalization of resort forums, defining and awarding economic user rights for local communities around protected marine resources, and developing tourism facilities on inhabited islands. Because of its mandate in the economic sector, the Ministry for Economic Development (MED) should take the lead, in close collaboration with MoTAC and MHRYS
8 ILO should be more directly involved in supporting the development and implementation of policies in employment sector, particularly now that the organization is increasing its ground presence in the Maldives.
9 It is recommended that the project be extended for between 3 and 6 months to allow a complete and full closure on areas where results could not be achieved. The extension will provide an opportunity to fully develop the exit strategies and to ensure the results can be carried forward. Also, as many of the project?s activities were designed to be picked up by existing government programmes, an extension will increase the likelihood that the results will be sustained.
1. Recommendation: It is vital that support to MSMEs be continued through the provision of support to BDSCs.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/05/04]

With the enactment of SME bill, MED has been mandated to establish a BDSC and provide the support for the development of the SMEs in Maldives. Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Project (MSMEDP) implemented by MED will promote economic inclusion in the Maldives by enhancing economic activities by providing opportunities for the MSME.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Two BDSC established in Upper North and South of Maldives
[Added: 2014/05/04] [Last Updated: 2018/09/09]
Ministry of Economic Development 2014/12 Completed 7 business centers established covering every atoll and every inhabited island http://www.trade.gov.mv/ History
2. Recommendation: It is essential that the P4D forums be continued as they create linkages between MSMEs and the tourism sector on an ongoing basis. This contributes to the overall project objective of strengthening economic resilience and creating opportunities for economic diversification and employment generation. Because of its overall mandate consolidating SME development activities, it is recommended that the Ministry for Economic Development (MED) take the lead in organizing the P4Ds and related activities, in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism (MoTAC).
Management Response: [Added: 2014/05/04]

With the operationalisation of the BDSC, there would be a continued support to provide market access to the SMEs and also linking the tourism sector as the potential market. The Trade Facilitation Centers to be established under the SABAH project would also be providing the SMEs with opportunities on linking up with the real market.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Operationalization of BDSC in North and South
[Added: 2014/05/04] [Last Updated: 2018/09/09]
Ministry of Economic Development 2014/12 Completed Business Development Centers active in 7 areas covering all atolls and islands http://www.trade.gov.mv/ History
3. Recommendation: PPP and investment promotion is a relatively new area for the government. Follow up action is needed in the development of a FDI strategy. UNDP should continue to provide advice to MED and the newly elected government on the importance of articulating a new investment strategy to identify ways to increase employment and income benefits for Maldivians, particularly those living in the islands and atolls.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/05/04]

Under the economic reform agenda of the government of Maldives, the project had supported Ministry of Economic Development in revising, reviewing and drafting of many key pieces of legislations for strengthening the trade sector. The revised FDI bill and companies act would be providing more opportunities for government to open up for foreign investment. The economic diversification strategy developed by MED would also be opening the market for investments and based on this new strategies would be developed.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Existence of Maldives Economic Diversification strategy and revised trade legislations.
[Added: 2014/05/04] [Last Updated: 2018/09/09]
Ministry of Economic Development 2014/12 Completed Maldives Economic Diversification Strategy has been completed History
4. Recommendation: Trade fairs showcasing authentic local products and services can have a beneficial effect on both domestic MSMEs and the visitors? tourism experience in the Maldives. MED and MOTAC should plan to host local trade fairs in the future, but they should ensure that MSMEs are ?market ready? before attempting to market and brand Maldivian products and services.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/05/04]

MED is providing technical support to the local craftsman under the SABAH project in producing authentic local prodicts and also building capacity for market integration through the BDSC incubator system. The incubator system is also been supported by Ministry of Human Resources Youth and Sports for providing employment opportunities to the youth. With the establishment of the BDSC, a proper business counseling service would be provided to the SMEs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Establishing Business Incubator system by BDSC
[Added: 2014/05/04] [Last Updated: 2018/09/13]
Ministry of Economic Development 2014/12 Completed http://bcn.mv/ History
Establishing Community Facility Center and Trade Facilitation Centers under the SABAH project.
[Added: 2014/05/04] [Last Updated: 2018/09/13]
Ministry of Economic Development 2014/12 Completed Community Facility Center and Trade Facilitation Centers were established https://maldivestimes.com/sabah-maldives-annual-bazaar-2017-to-be-held-in-addu-city/ History
5. Recommendation: In order to keep the GC relevant to the needs of the country and to ensure it performs a leadership role within the private sector, it will be important to include the GC network in the linkages created by the project. These linkages include the P4D forums, dialogue on the economy and discussions on investment and PPP. In addition, there will be significant added value in encouraging the network to include a sub-chapter to promote membership among MSMEs and to encourage support and strengthening for the MSME sector in the islands and atolls.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/05/04]

The signatories to the Global Compact are already playing an active role in the various issue based platforms developed by UNDP and are also providing technical support on strengthening the SMEs by providing them the needed market access and the information on the products which are in demand.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Existence of Global Compact Network Maldives
[Added: 2014/05/04] [Last Updated: 2018/09/09]
UNDP PIG unit 2014/12 Completed Global Compact Network is active in the Maldives History
6. Recommendation: It is evident that NGOs, MSMEs and cooperative societies need to be strengthened through basic training in bookkeeping and business skills, as well as specialized training in marketing and production. Depending on the resources available, MED could include different levels of support where promising MSMEs are encouraged to move up the value chain through a graduation scheme involving business incubators, loans and other incentives. In addition, NGOs need basic training in proposal writing and management of grants. This will require the establishment of NGO and grant monitoring systems within government programmes
Management Response: [Added: 2014/05/04]

MED under the new project with ADB would be establishing BDSC and the main function of the BDSCs is to act as technical and business support institutions to micro and small businesses, helping them to establish themselves as sustainable businesses, assist in accessing much needed credit facilities for expansion as well as help them market their products. Under the Integrated Governance Programme, UNDP is supporting a number of NGOs in their capacity development by providing trainings on proposal writing and financial management and would be continuing to provide support in institutional capacity building and strengthening the NGOs

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Existence of two Business Development Service Centers
[Added: 2014/05/04] [Last Updated: 2018/09/13]
Ministry of Economic Development 2014/12 Completed Total 7 Business Development Service Centers established http://bcn.mv/ History
7. Recommendation: There is a need to follow up on a range of recommendations from the HR Strategy for the Tourism Sector including improving the linkages with and benefits from the tourism sector, particularly those relevant to the establishment of community-based tourism businesses and associations at the island level, institutionalization of resort forums, defining and awarding economic user rights for local communities around protected marine resources, and developing tourism facilities on inhabited islands. Because of its mandate in the economic sector, the Ministry for Economic Development (MED) should take the lead, in close collaboration with MoTAC and MHRYS
Management Response: [Added: 2014/05/04]

This recommendation has already been addressed by the HR strategy for the tourism sector and has been included into the new Tourism Master Plan 2013- 2017.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Existence of Tourism Master Plan
[Added: 2014/05/04] [Last Updated: 2018/09/13]
Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture 2014/12 Completed Tourism Master Plan Developed History
8. Recommendation: ILO should be more directly involved in supporting the development and implementation of policies in employment sector, particularly now that the organization is increasing its ground presence in the Maldives.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/05/04]

ILO has been supporting the Ministry of Human Resource, Youth and Sports through developing employment policies and also in strengthening the Tribunals established. As recommended the ministry do feel that there is an urgent need of ILO to make their ground presence stronger through new project interventions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Signing of new projects
[Added: 2014/05/04] [Last Updated: 2018/09/13]
Ministry of Human Resources, Youth and Sports 2014/12 Completed Few short term projects were signed History
9. Recommendation: It is recommended that the project be extended for between 3 and 6 months to allow a complete and full closure on areas where results could not be achieved. The extension will provide an opportunity to fully develop the exit strategies and to ensure the results can be carried forward. Also, as many of the project?s activities were designed to be picked up by existing government programmes, an extension will increase the likelihood that the results will be sustained.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/05/04]

The project has been given a extension for one quarter after a project board meeting, in order to complete the ongoing activities as recommended.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project extended until 31st March 2014
[Added: 2014/05/04]
UNDP PIG unit 2014/12 Completed

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