EU/UNDP project: Promoting Integrated Waters Resources Management and Fostering Transboundary dialogue in Central Asia

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Evaluation Plan:
2011-2013, RBEC
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
06/2013
Completion Date:
03/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
21,562

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Title EU/UNDP project: Promoting Integrated Waters Resources Management and Fostering Transboundary dialogue in Central Asia
Atlas Project Number: 00056531
Evaluation Plan: 2011-2013, RBEC
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2013
Planned End Date: 06/2013
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Development plans and programmes integrate environmentally sustainable solutions in a manner that promotes poverty reduction, MDG achievement and low-emission climate-resilient development
  • 2. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 21,562
Source of Funding: EU/UNDP
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
H.M. Bosch Evaluation Expert
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: EU, UNDP BRC and COs in Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
Location of Evaluation: Regional
Countries: KAZAKHSTANKYRGYZSTANTAJIKISTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 ACTIONS FOR THE DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION, MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF THE PROJECT 1.1 Project Management: A quicker start should be stimulated / Attracting staff in earliest stage, allowing application in Rus language, work on pre-selection of staff / Budget availability speeded up / Need for a local basin coordinator to allow transboundary RBM (River Basin Management), instead of two national coordinators being responsible for half the basin / It is advised to strengthen in future the communication of the information collected in the Atlas system to the level of national coordinators, to allow them more to anticipate and adapt their planning in advance / A project manual with responsibilities, procedures and task is recommended / A more one headed management structure is recommended. 1.2 Budget: More budget to enable basin management implementation capacity (investments)/ To include IFI (Intl. Funding Institutions) for project investments financing it is necessary to involve them in the design phase and not to wait till the implementation as the terms are regularly longer than the project duration / It is estimated that for a successful implementation of a pilot project per pilot / WUA (Water User Associations) there is a need of a budget of at least 25.000 USD for supplies, equipment, demonstrations, etc. For seed money attracting or stimulation national or donor budgets a minimum of 100.000 is needed for direct implementations and investments. / To enable effective management and up-keeping of the water infrastructure, per region a budget of minimum USD 50.000 is needed for the necessary equipment. This mainly for hydraulic excavators./ The procedures for this should be sharpended. 1.3 Capacity building: Capacity building under service and information organisations like Hydromet should be raised, modern techniques for modelling and remote sensing included to allow besides data, information supply to the Basin authorities / More attention should be given to capacity building from bottom up in a complex approach to overcome the expected knowledge gap between young and old experts. 1.4 RBM management: For effective management of the basin technical capacity should be supplied to practical management & maintenance of water / To root the RBM and to raise water efficiency more attention is needed in an bottom up approach to the land owners by demonstration farms focussing on water efficiency, crop choice, productivity and marketing / The IWRM should hook on by green economy development and focus more on economic aspects (potential profits and losses) of water and its management / The focus is mostly on external funding of water management. Instead more attention should be given to access to national funds and making use of legal rights. / Drinking water supply is a strong incentive for better water management, but it should be placed in the wider framework of IWRM. / WUAs can become a functional instrument towards improved water management under the condition that they are able to manage the water infrastructure and willing to function as a knowledge access point and intermediary for their members / There are doubts if the WUAs are large enough for efficient mechanisation. It is proposed to setup a federation of WUA as machine cooperation or as water way manager. / It proofed that it is not necessary to wait till the national framework for IWRM is in place as many steps can be set on basin level. / The WSS was not fully integrated in the project design. On the other side drinking water supply is a good incentive for self/co-financing and get acceptance for water cost compensation by the user. However this should be integrated clearly in RBM. A combined approach is needed for preparation of investment plan, preparation for local co-financing and practical improvement of water supply. 1.5 Demonstration projects: For an effective agricultural pilot at least 3 full growing seasons should be included to allow effective spin off and replication. / With the equipment for maintenance of water ways a basis can be laid for sustainable economic development. With the equipment budget can be created to extend the capacity. Secondly the ownership of equipment allows as a potential pledge allowing for receiving credits for further extension.
2 TO FOLLOW UP OR REINFORCE INITIAL BENEFITS FROM THE PROJECT ? In the project a first push is given to the effective working of Basin Committees. To follow up the initial benefits it is proposed to proceed with the support of the River basin committees, supplying them with a secretariat, water management capacity (measuring, controlling and practical up-keeping and repair works), water efficiency, integrated capacity building, awareness raising. Steps should be set towards ecological and chemical water quality control. ? Water efficiency and improved economic profits by better farm management is a key approach to institutional strengthening of IWRM, in a bottom up approach. This can be induced with demonstration farm / field development to show improved water efficiency in combination with business planning and marketing for improved benefits. The WUAs can develop as the intermediary towards the farmers. ? Many international organisations are focussing on RBM in Central Asia (EBRD, WB, OSCE, GIZ, SDC, CAREC). Only some of them on transboundary RBM. Main approach is the top down one. Follow up of the project should focus on building RBM support from stakeholder?s level, farmers, drinking water users, industry and urban areas. ? As little progress can be expected from a pan-regional approach further should be built on bi-lateral river sub-basin cooperation. ? As several organisation are focussing on basin management, the follow up should mainly focus on a bottom up approach of water efficiency, capacity building in water management and improved crop rotations (ecological and economical). Also modelling and scenario development in combination with remote sensing and sensor techniques should be supported to bring water management to a higher level on the level of policy, management and land use. ? There is a need to extend the results by replication to other sub-basins and other countries. ? Further capacity building in legal rights, responsibilities and access to national/regional funds and (financial) markets is proposed. ? Awareness raising and preparedness on private local financing to stimulated large scale investments by external parties (up to 30% is realistic) ? Support of WUAs and FWUAs in transparency and management. More important is to help them with their financing structure, the basis for IWRM. Also their institutional setting should be strengthened, including transparent tax regulations. ? Support should be given for fine-tuning the legislation in favour of practical management ? Budget neutral approaches for IWRM
3 PROPOSALS FOR FUTURE DIRECTIONS UNDERLINING MAIN OBJECTIVES Future directions of project development underlining the main objectives and projects result is proposed to be composed out of the following issues: ? Basin council support ? Water efficiency of irrigation system and farm level ? Demonstration of farm productivity, crop choice and marketing ? Increase of management capacity by measuring water, controlling water and un-keeping of the infrastructure. ? Water cost payment development ? Assess the Economic benefits of IWRM and development of scenarios about the impact of tendencies on longer term to national and farm level to raise support ? Stimulate budget neutral approaches ? Increase the capacity for information supply by service organisation like Hydromet ? Integrated capacity building programme on water management from policy level to implementation, from universities to management training ? As international organisation are increasingly focussing on basin management the UNDP is advised to focus on WAU level in an process from bottom up support for RBM
1. Recommendation: ACTIONS FOR THE DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION, MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF THE PROJECT 1.1 Project Management: A quicker start should be stimulated / Attracting staff in earliest stage, allowing application in Rus language, work on pre-selection of staff / Budget availability speeded up / Need for a local basin coordinator to allow transboundary RBM (River Basin Management), instead of two national coordinators being responsible for half the basin / It is advised to strengthen in future the communication of the information collected in the Atlas system to the level of national coordinators, to allow them more to anticipate and adapt their planning in advance / A project manual with responsibilities, procedures and task is recommended / A more one headed management structure is recommended. 1.2 Budget: More budget to enable basin management implementation capacity (investments)/ To include IFI (Intl. Funding Institutions) for project investments financing it is necessary to involve them in the design phase and not to wait till the implementation as the terms are regularly longer than the project duration / It is estimated that for a successful implementation of a pilot project per pilot / WUA (Water User Associations) there is a need of a budget of at least 25.000 USD for supplies, equipment, demonstrations, etc. For seed money attracting or stimulation national or donor budgets a minimum of 100.000 is needed for direct implementations and investments. / To enable effective management and up-keeping of the water infrastructure, per region a budget of minimum USD 50.000 is needed for the necessary equipment. This mainly for hydraulic excavators./ The procedures for this should be sharpended. 1.3 Capacity building: Capacity building under service and information organisations like Hydromet should be raised, modern techniques for modelling and remote sensing included to allow besides data, information supply to the Basin authorities / More attention should be given to capacity building from bottom up in a complex approach to overcome the expected knowledge gap between young and old experts. 1.4 RBM management: For effective management of the basin technical capacity should be supplied to practical management & maintenance of water / To root the RBM and to raise water efficiency more attention is needed in an bottom up approach to the land owners by demonstration farms focussing on water efficiency, crop choice, productivity and marketing / The IWRM should hook on by green economy development and focus more on economic aspects (potential profits and losses) of water and its management / The focus is mostly on external funding of water management. Instead more attention should be given to access to national funds and making use of legal rights. / Drinking water supply is a strong incentive for better water management, but it should be placed in the wider framework of IWRM. / WUAs can become a functional instrument towards improved water management under the condition that they are able to manage the water infrastructure and willing to function as a knowledge access point and intermediary for their members / There are doubts if the WUAs are large enough for efficient mechanisation. It is proposed to setup a federation of WUA as machine cooperation or as water way manager. / It proofed that it is not necessary to wait till the national framework for IWRM is in place as many steps can be set on basin level. / The WSS was not fully integrated in the project design. On the other side drinking water supply is a good incentive for self/co-financing and get acceptance for water cost compensation by the user. However this should be integrated clearly in RBM. A combined approach is needed for preparation of investment plan, preparation for local co-financing and practical improvement of water supply. 1.5 Demonstration projects: For an effective agricultural pilot at least 3 full growing seasons should be included to allow effective spin off and replication. / With the equipment for maintenance of water ways a basis can be laid for sustainable economic development. With the equipment budget can be created to extend the capacity. Secondly the ownership of equipment allows as a potential pledge allowing for receiving credits for further extension.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/13]

Recommendations 1.1 ? 1.2. This set of recommendations is related to the projects in general. As per the UNDP rules, selection of the project personnel is possible only through a competitive process / public announcement, and only when the project budget is available. A project manual with clear responsibilities, procedures and tasks should be prepared in case of regional programs, i.e. if the project contains more outputs in different countries, with several national coordinators. This manual should make clear the coordination and management structures and should be part of the inception report. Recommendations 1.3 ? 1.5. This set of recommendations is related specifically to the project activities, and should be taken into account when developing follow-up activities on the IWRM program in the beneficiary countries.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Preparation of a tailor-made project manual
[Added: 2014/01/13] [Last Updated: 2014/01/14]
Project development team /Energy and Environment team No due date No deadline established
2. Recommendation: TO FOLLOW UP OR REINFORCE INITIAL BENEFITS FROM THE PROJECT ? In the project a first push is given to the effective working of Basin Committees. To follow up the initial benefits it is proposed to proceed with the support of the River basin committees, supplying them with a secretariat, water management capacity (measuring, controlling and practical up-keeping and repair works), water efficiency, integrated capacity building, awareness raising. Steps should be set towards ecological and chemical water quality control. ? Water efficiency and improved economic profits by better farm management is a key approach to institutional strengthening of IWRM, in a bottom up approach. This can be induced with demonstration farm / field development to show improved water efficiency in combination with business planning and marketing for improved benefits. The WUAs can develop as the intermediary towards the farmers. ? Many international organisations are focussing on RBM in Central Asia (EBRD, WB, OSCE, GIZ, SDC, CAREC). Only some of them on transboundary RBM. Main approach is the top down one. Follow up of the project should focus on building RBM support from stakeholder?s level, farmers, drinking water users, industry and urban areas. ? As little progress can be expected from a pan-regional approach further should be built on bi-lateral river sub-basin cooperation. ? As several organisation are focussing on basin management, the follow up should mainly focus on a bottom up approach of water efficiency, capacity building in water management and improved crop rotations (ecological and economical). Also modelling and scenario development in combination with remote sensing and sensor techniques should be supported to bring water management to a higher level on the level of policy, management and land use. ? There is a need to extend the results by replication to other sub-basins and other countries. ? Further capacity building in legal rights, responsibilities and access to national/regional funds and (financial) markets is proposed. ? Awareness raising and preparedness on private local financing to stimulated large scale investments by external parties (up to 30% is realistic) ? Support of WUAs and FWUAs in transparency and management. More important is to help them with their financing structure, the basis for IWRM. Also their institutional setting should be strengthened, including transparent tax regulations. ? Support should be given for fine-tuning the legislation in favour of practical management ? Budget neutral approaches for IWRM
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/13]

This set of recommendations is related specifically to the project activities, and should be taken into account when developing follow-up activities on the IWRM program / projects in the beneficiary countries.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2. Actions to be taken during development of a new project
[Added: 2014/01/13] [Last Updated: 2014/01/14]
Project development team /EE RSC No due date No deadline established
3. Recommendation: PROPOSALS FOR FUTURE DIRECTIONS UNDERLINING MAIN OBJECTIVES Future directions of project development underlining the main objectives and projects result is proposed to be composed out of the following issues: ? Basin council support ? Water efficiency of irrigation system and farm level ? Demonstration of farm productivity, crop choice and marketing ? Increase of management capacity by measuring water, controlling water and un-keeping of the infrastructure. ? Water cost payment development ? Assess the Economic benefits of IWRM and development of scenarios about the impact of tendencies on longer term to national and farm level to raise support ? Stimulate budget neutral approaches ? Increase the capacity for information supply by service organisation like Hydromet ? Integrated capacity building programme on water management from policy level to implementation, from universities to management training ? As international organisation are increasingly focussing on basin management the UNDP is advised to focus on WAU level in an process from bottom up support for RBM
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/13]

This set of recommendations is related specifically to the project activities, and should be taken into account when developing follow-up activities on the IWRM program / projects in the beneficiary countries.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3. Actions to be taken during development of a new project
[Added: 2014/01/13] [Last Updated: 2014/01/14]
Project development team /EE RSC No due date No deadline established

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