Terminal Evaluation of 'Preparation of Second National Communication Plan'

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Evaluation Plan:
2013-2017, India
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
01/2014
Completion Date:
04/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Terminal Evaluation of 'Preparation of Second National Communication Plan'
Atlas Project Number: 00045445
Evaluation Plan: 2013-2017, India
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 04/2013
Planned End Date: 01/2014
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Development plans and programmes integrate environmentally sustainable solutions in a manner that promotes poverty reduction, MDG achievement and low-emission climate-resilient development
  • 2. Local and national authorities have the capacities to access and integrate multiple sources of public and private environmental financing in support of sustainable human development, including gender equality and poverty reduction
  • 3. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Dr. Sukumar Devotta Team Leader
Randhir Singha National Consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: India: Enabling Activity for the Preparation of the Second National Communication
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-3
GEF Project ID: 2608
PIMS Number: 2964
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: INDIA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Increased project ownership amongst the GOI ministries, Industry associations, research institutions can resolve issues related to the data availability and accessibility.
2 Devising a consistent IPCC friendly reporting format for repository at National Inventory Management System (NIMS) and exchange between potential stakeholders at regular intervals.
3 Supplementary capacity building of participating individuals/organizations on inventory methodologies and IV&A can reduce uncertainties in emission coefficients and activity data needs.
4 In SNC, only 7% of GHG emission inventory was based on county specific EF; there is a need to considerably improve upon the country specific EFs and Biennial Update Reporting under TNC may assist in improving the Tier.
5 SRES may be replace by RCPs, as it will facilitate the projections of integrated scenarios and the response of climate system to human activities, in parallel to development of emissions and other scenarios for use in impacts, adaptation, vulnerability and mitigation assessments.
6 Improve strategic understanding on Integrated Vulnerability & Assessment (IV&A) based on a bottom up approach for sustained ecosystem and socio-economic development and cross-sectoral issues with respect to CC, under different spatial and temporal variables, for better science-policy and economic instruments.
7 Considering the range of technical consultation requirements related to the reporting, it is desirable to have a scientific expert working group to assist implementation and better publication record. This was done under INC
8 From SNC to TNC, maintaining the momentum and continuity (including PMC and research projects) faces financial impediment. Basic bridge funding mechanism may tide over this issue.
1. Recommendation: Increased project ownership amongst the GOI ministries, Industry associations, research institutions can resolve issues related to the data availability and accessibility.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/21]

In the INC and SNC, a strong coordination mechanism has been established amongst the different sectors involved in their preparation. These include universities, institutions, state and central government, etc. The Third National Communication will ensure stronger ownership by other stakeholders including civil society groups, civil society organizations, etc,.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The Third National Communication will ensure stronger ownership by other stakeholders including civil society groups, civil society organizations, etc,.
[Added: 2017/06/15]
MoEFCC 2015/12 Completed The Third National Communication is in place
2. Recommendation: Devising a consistent IPCC friendly reporting format for repository at National Inventory Management System (NIMS) and exchange between potential stakeholders at regular intervals.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/21]

The NIMS was initiated in SNC, but required considerable streamlining. In the TNC, a national emission factor database would be developed/revised/updates for key sources and country specific factors as per different IPCC inventory categories that belong to different sectors, regions based on field studies, laboratory measurements, surveys on industries, municipalities, households, etc,. There will be an increased accuracy of GHG inventory through the use of tier-III methodologies. The latest IPCC guidelines and good practice guidance recommended by the UNFCCC would be adopted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The latest IPCC guidelines and good practice guidance recommended by the UNFCCC would be adopted.
[Added: 2017/06/15]
MOEFCC 2016/01 Completed The latest IPCC guidelines and good practice guidance recommended by the UNFCCC is adopted.
3. Recommendation: Supplementary capacity building of participating individuals/organizations on inventory methodologies and IV&A can reduce uncertainties in emission coefficients and activity data needs.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/21]

The IPCC format is being followed by participating organisations/institutes that are technically competent for Indian conditions on inventory methodologies and IV&A. However, the recommendation has been noted and capacity strengthening initiatives is being stressed under most of the components in the Third National Communication.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
capacity strengthening initiatives will be one of the components in the Third National Communication.
[Added: 2017/06/15]
MoEFCC 2015/01 Completed capacity strengthening initiatives is one of the components in the Third National Communication.
4. Recommendation: In SNC, only 7% of GHG emission inventory was based on county specific EF; there is a need to considerably improve upon the country specific EFs and Biennial Update Reporting under TNC may assist in improving the Tier.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/21]

This recommendation is being incorporated under the Third National Communication which will refine the existing GHG inventory estimation by developing new country specific emission factors (EFs) or by improving some existing EFs and by improving the activity data for some of the key categories identified in SNC. A wider and more regionally spread broader technology coverage and year-on-year measurement of EFs in key sources would be done. Key source estimation would involve both level and trend estimation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A wider and more regionally spread broader technology coverage and year-on-year measurement of EFs in key sources would be done. Key source estimation would involve both level and trend estimation
[Added: 2017/06/15]
MoEFCC 2015/01 Completed Included in 3rd NatCom
5. Recommendation: SRES may be replace by RCPs, as it will facilitate the projections of integrated scenarios and the response of climate system to human activities, in parallel to development of emissions and other scenarios for use in impacts, adaptation, vulnerability and mitigation assessments.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/21]

During the INC and SNC climate projections were made using only one GCM and RCM. During the SNC, climate projections were made using Hadley Centre HadRM3 and A1B scenario. Post SRES, new scenarios based on Representative Concentration Pathways have been developed. Climate change projections during TNC will be made using the model outputs from the CMIP-5 project for the different RCPs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Climate change projections during TNC will be made using the model outputs from the CMIP-5 project for the different RCPs.
[Added: 2017/06/15]
MOEFCC 2015/01 Completed Continuing in 3rd NatCom
6. Recommendation: Improve strategic understanding on Integrated Vulnerability & Assessment (IV&A) based on a bottom up approach for sustained ecosystem and socio-economic development and cross-sectoral issues with respect to CC, under different spatial and temporal variables, for better science-policy and economic instruments.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/21]

One of the outcomes of TNC is ?increased understanding of adaptation framework, measures and possible projects?. This will be achieved through different outputs including: development of spatial vulnerability profiles in GIS format at sub-regional level based on vulnerability indices for different sectors, sub-sectors at sub-regional covering parameters such as, cropping systems and watershed level; documented ranking of most vulnerable natural ecosystem, crops and water resources at sub-regional level for India, etc. Another outcome is ?improved understanding of, and appropriate actions planned for addressing vulnerability to climate change at different sectors and regions.? This will be achieved through development of multiple impact assessment models for adoption, including integrated assessment models; development of district level vulnerability assessment reports

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Development of multiple impact assessment models for adoption, including integrated assessment models; development of district level vulnerability assessment reports
[Added: 2017/06/15]
MoEFCC 2015/01 Completed Developed multiple impact assessment models for adoption, including integrated assessment models and district level vulnerability assessment reports
7. Recommendation: Considering the range of technical consultation requirements related to the reporting, it is desirable to have a scientific expert working group to assist implementation and better publication record. This was done under INC
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/21]

The same has been noted and subject to the agreement of relevant stakeholders and authorities, expert working groups may be set up for strategic implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
scientific expert working groups may be set up for strategic implementation.
[Added: 2017/06/15]
MOEFCC 2015/01 Completed It is being recommended to have a scientific expert working group to assist implementation and better publication record in 3rd NatCom
8. Recommendation: From SNC to TNC, maintaining the momentum and continuity (including PMC and research projects) faces financial impediment. Basic bridge funding mechanism may tide over this issue.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/21]

The same is being addressed by extending the SNC period to tide over the gap to ensure smooth transition from SNC to TNC

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The same is being addressed by extending the SNC period to tide over the gap to ensure smooth transition from SNC to TNC
[Added: 2017/06/15]
MoEFCC 2015/01 Completed A smooth transition was ensured from 2nd NatCom to 3rd Natcom

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