Intermediate Evaluation of the UNDP Global ART Initiative; Final Evaluation Report

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Title Intermediate Evaluation of the UNDP Global ART Initiative; Final Evaluation Report
Atlas Project Number: 00080641
Evaluation Plan: 2009-2013, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2012
Planned End Date: 11/2012
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
  • 2. Democratic Governance
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Inclusive growth and social equity promoted through pro-poor macroeconomic and fiscal policies that support income, employment and social protection of youth, women and vulnerable groups in a sustainable way
  • 2. Policies, strategies and partnerships established to enhance public-private sector collaboration and private sector and market development that benefit the poor and ensure that low-income households and small enterprises have access to a broad range of financial and legal services
  • 3. Civil society, including civil society organizations and voluntary associations, and the private sector contribute to the MDGs in support of national planning strategies and policies
  • 4. Strengthened national-, regional- and local-level capacity to implement anti-corruption initiatives
Evaluation Budget(US $): 47,000
Source of Funding: ART
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Andrea Agostinucci andrea.agostinucci@gmail.com
Mario Biggeri
Dario Marmo
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, National Governments, Local Governments and Authorities CSO Academic Private sector
Location of Evaluation: Global
Countries: GLOBAL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 1) Enhancing relevance to different and evolving contexts: - Conduct further analysis on the relation between different context factors (institutional maturity and capacity, decentralization frameworks and related gaps in functions and relations) and the effective application of ART mechanisms and processes, with a particular view at systematizing information and experience on the way how these can be further adjusted and declined in order to sustainably match national/local specificities and avert risks of discontinuity in relation to changing conditions. - In particular, consider options for undertaking institutional capacities assessment as part of the programmes? identification and formulation processes.
2 2) Enhancing effective actors? articulation: - Conduct further in depth analysis on the quality and extent of participatory processes as part of ART frameworks (balanced representation, leadership, inclusiveness, relation with governance modalities and functions), in order to better conceptualize participation and systematize related experience and practice as key determinants of effective articulation processes; and, in turn, as pre-condition for adequate integration and consolidation of introduced processes within existing (and evolving) institutional frameworks.
3 3) Enhancing integration with / and effective support to local institutional frameworks: Building on the specific nature and value of ART mechanisms (in particular, TWGs and LPC), investigate the potential for identifying and pursuing further and more specific spaces of ?functional? integration in relation to local government functions and attributions. This would apply for example to the relation between participatory planning processes and mandatory local governments? functions in the fields of budgeting, fiscal management, elaboration and implementation of sectoral strategies and related investment plans.
4 4) Further increasing the relevance and effectiveness of punctual thematic support as basis for structural change and innovation: Further explore the relation and balance ? within ART programmes - between ?normative? support (policies, mechanisms and processes, capacities in the framework of decentralization and local governance frameworks) and ?developmental? support in specific areas (LED; service delivery, environmental management, ...localization of the MDGs agenda...). ... In particular, consider and analyse the different conditions and factors (concentration, continuity over time, degree of synergy and integration with local/national/external actors and resources, scale..) affecting the relevance, cost-effectiveness and potential impact of funded projects/thematic initiatives in relation to the objective of introducing and institutionalize innovative practices for systemic change.
5 5) Increase sustainability of introduced processes and (through) ownership and capacity building: Further explore the appropriate relation ? under varying context conditions - between local/national partners? capacities in managing and coordinating introduced processes, and the extent and nature of direct required support, as a basis for achieving a right balance between institutional ownership and capacity building, and medium-long term sustainability of results.
6 6) Enhancing effective DC action within multilateral frameworks: Further explore the relation between decentralized cooperation and aid effectiveness, with particular respect to the mechanisms that can further enhance harmonization and complementary action between DC actors, as a crucial condition for achieving impact at the local level. In particular, address the key challenges associated to the role of decentralized actors in development cooperation, and the way how a multilateral framework can help overcoming such challenges leveraging at the same time the full potential of DC.
7 7) Enhancing knowledge management through improved monitoring systems tailored to ART specific value: Continue and sustain the crucial ongoing process aimed at generalizing the application of the instrument for measuring the added value of ART Consistently with and in parallel with the above process, consider integrating the global and the national/local levels, in order to systematically capture some key process-outcomes associated to ART-supported articulation, coordination and networking mechanisms. This could be done, for instance, by: (i) introducing a simplified set of basic transversal indicators, common to all framework programmes, encompassing the following variables: multi-level articulation of actors whiting and across territories, and relation with institutional frameworks and capacities; levels of synergy and integration between actors, competences and resources, within and across territories; introduction of innovative practice for improved local services and management functions; alignment and harmonization, which would obviously be related to the implementation of the existing Instrument; (ii) introducing specific variables and indicators associated to the global ART coordination and advocacy functions Identify options for systematizing the relation between monitoring processes and knowledge management and communication strategies.
8 8) Enhancing ART Initiative mainstreaming and strategic development prospects: Further explore ? as priority issue in support to the mainstreaming process ? prospects for strategic development of the ART Initiative across global ? regional and national/local frameworks, in consideration of the ART consolidated experience and added value. A (necessarily generic as much as obvious) recommendation would be to concentrate the future focus of the AI in areas where its comparative advantage in relation to available resources emerges more clearly. In particular, concentrate efforts and consider options for optimizing the complementarity ? in light of available resources - between the role of ART as a global platform for networking and advocacy, and the piloting of innovative solutions through programmes? operations at national and local level. Through country level research, analysis, dialogue and advocacy, concentrate effort and further commitment in the framework of the mainstreaming process in building recognition ? as well as the strategic and operational relevance - of ART as a strategic framework for channelling integrated territorial action of different UNDP programmes and practice areas. As part of this, consider alternative ways of positioning ART programmes within COs ? as a basis to further their recognition as a transversal instrument common to different programmes. Consider options ? in agreement with UNDP ? to strengthen and consolidate the ART coordination team ? inclusive possible coverage of fixed costs under core budget - in order to stabilize its activity and allow broadening its scope in relation to an arguably growing range of crucial responsibilities. In particular, consider options for introducing UNDP core staff managing art at HQ and country levels.
1. Recommendation: 1) Enhancing relevance to different and evolving contexts: - Conduct further analysis on the relation between different context factors (institutional maturity and capacity, decentralization frameworks and related gaps in functions and relations) and the effective application of ART mechanisms and processes, with a particular view at systematizing information and experience on the way how these can be further adjusted and declined in order to sustainably match national/local specificities and avert risks of discontinuity in relation to changing conditions. - In particular, consider options for undertaking institutional capacities assessment as part of the programmes? identification and formulation processes.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/05/07]

The ART Initiative applies a series of tools to assess the institutional context at global, national and sub-national level, however, it agrees with the recommendation and recognizes the necessity of more integrated context analysis (institutional maturity and capacity, decentralization frameworks and related gaps in functions and relations) and institutional capacity assessment specifically during the ART Framework Programmes? (FPs) inception phase. In line with the ART Initiative?s role in piloting UNDP?s new integrated LG/LD strategy an emphasize will be laid in supporting the development and also implementation of relevant local development assessment tools that aims to integrate data for local political-economy assessment, social assessment, environmental assessment, geographical/physical assessment as well as gender assessment within a single process. With the development of this corporate UNDP tool the ART Initiative will have an instrument at its disposal that, applied in the pilot regions during the initial phase of a new programme, allow to address this recommendation in a satisfactory manner. Where already exists the ART Initiative will coordinate and articulate with current assessment tools and data.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Continue the active involvement within the LG/LD task force.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
BDP ART Initiative No due date Completed 2013/until finalization of the strategy History
1.2. Support the development of a local development assessment tool that integrates local political-economy assessment, social assessment, environmental assessment, geographical/physical assessment as well as gender assessment within a single process.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative BDP - Knowledge Innovation and Capacity (Development) Group (KICG) Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres 2013/12 Completed History
1.3 In coordination with Regional Bureaus and Regional Centres, apply this new LD assessment tool at sub national level (regions, provinces, etc) during the inception phase of new ART FPs (consider the application also in already operational FPs if relevant).
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART FPs UNDP COs Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres No due date Completed upon finalization History
1.4 Systematization of the assessment process and dissemination of results.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART FPs BDP Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres UNDP COs 2014/06 Completed History
2. Recommendation: 2) Enhancing effective actors? articulation: - Conduct further in depth analysis on the quality and extent of participatory processes as part of ART frameworks (balanced representation, leadership, inclusiveness, relation with governance modalities and functions), in order to better conceptualize participation and systematize related experience and practice as key determinants of effective articulation processes; and, in turn, as pre-condition for adequate integration and consolidation of introduced processes within existing (and evolving) institutional frameworks.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/05/07]

The UNDP ART Initiative constitutes a solid methodology for a bottom-up participate processes at the local level (based on Local Planning Cycle, Working Groups, International Guidelines, multi level governance approach, among others). Different ART FPs has produced systematizations and cases studied focusing on ART?s participatory mechanisms (e.g. Indonesia, Ecuador, etc.). At the global level an analysis/study has been carried out verifying how the different ART mechanisms and instruments (central thereby the participatory mechanisms at all levels) further and facilitate local ownership of the various processes promoted through the ART FPs (see: Ownership Study. Implementation of ART Framework Programmes). In some regions, there are already in place a number of participatory processes frameworks and approaches (e.g., LAC) for local and sub-national governance that can offer inputs to enable adequate responses at the country level that build on lessons and achievements, and can be of complement to the ART methodology. The above referred to LD assessment tool (see management response to recommendation 1) will allow the ART Initiative to even better tailor its participatory mechanisms and processes in the future as an in depth cross sector analysis will be carried out. Continuous coordination and articulation with ongoing efforts at the global, regional and country levels, will ensure effectiveness and relevance. Furthermore the ART Initiative will facilitate a process of systematization concerning its local level participatory mechanisms and instruments (Local Working Groups, etc.) that will allow to more effectively addressing key concerns such as balanced representation, inclusiveness and ownership of participatory processes at local level. Partnership with regional and policy bureaus, will also allow for better integration and coordination of efforts in benefit of maximizing country office impact.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Systematize ART FPs participatory mechanisms and instruments to better conceptualize ART participatory processes (select four FPs each representing a specific development context to take part in the exercise).
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres COs 2013/12 Completed History
2.2 Link the results of the LD assessment to the design of ART?s participatory mechanisms.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs COs 2014/01 Completed History
3. Recommendation: 3) Enhancing integration with / and effective support to local institutional frameworks: Building on the specific nature and value of ART mechanisms (in particular, TWGs and LPC), investigate the potential for identifying and pursuing further and more specific spaces of ?functional? integration in relation to local government functions and attributions. This would apply for example to the relation between participatory planning processes and mandatory local governments? functions in the fields of budgeting, fiscal management, elaboration and implementation of sectoral strategies and related investment plans.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/05/07]

As stated in the Conclusive Remarks box of the Institutional capacities and empowerment section, the ?ART mechanisms for participatory planning at the territorial level are generally well integrated with existing institutions and related mandates and functions (Section 3.3); however, the ART Initiative will explore how to further integrate the ART mechanisms with corresponding local governments? mandate and functions that are unique in each country, as well as how to strengthen articulation and coorindation with ongoing policy dialogue efforts at the global, regional and country levels. One concrete element will be related to the new integrated LG/LD strategy. As an integral part of this strategy UNDP is envisioning to provide capacity support in policy formulation, policy dialogue, policy implementation and policy oversight to a variety of different sectors at national as well as sub national level. UNDP intends to provide capacity support for core ministries related to and responsible for local development such as local government, environment, poverty, agriculture and rural development, gender development, health and education. If and when possible UNDP will attempt to galvanize along other UNDP efforts, UN Agencies and development partners to provide the needed capacity support for the other key sector ministries thereby assuring a coordinated and integrated approach to sector ministries and provide with the necessary tools and methods, skills and knowledge to guide policy development. Such targeted sector wide capacity building will allow the ART FPs to better integrate its mechanisms and instruments not only within national as well as local government functions, but also within current UNDP efforts that are promoting policy dialogue at the country level. UNDP?s support to elaborate sector specific indicative plans and the setting of standards and guidelines for sub-national institutions will further allow ART to better integrate and articulate its mechanisms (such as participatory planning mechanisms, multilevel governance tools, etc.) within national sector strategies (and/or ongoing efforts) as well as within sub national authorities/institutions (and/or with ongoing efforts). And finally will the ART Initiative further promote the local government development cooperation effectiveness measurement tool that had been developed by the ART FP in Ecuador and piloted in Ecuador and Morocco so far. A broader roll out of this tool will allow local governments in collaboration with other key territorial stakeholders to guide Development Cooperation partners to better integrate and align their interventions not only with existing development strategies and plans, but also more explicitly work with and through existing government institutions thereby strengthening their capacities and increase local ownership

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Increase the integration and articulation of ART promoted mechanisms and instruments with corresponding local governments? mandate and functions by closely associating its mechanisms with UNDP?s capacity support that is ongoing and/or envisioned within the new LG/LD strategy.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs COs BDP Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres No due date Completed Implementation of the LG/LD strategy pilot phase completed History
3.2 Include relevant ART mechanisms and instruments within plans and standards for sub national authorities and institutions (to be supported through initiatives under the LG/LD strategy).
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres COs 2014/01 Completed History
3.3 Roll out of the ART local government development cooperation effectiveness measurement tool to at least five more ART FPs (potentially also to LG/LD pilot countries).
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres COs 2013/12 Completed History
4. Recommendation: 4) Further increasing the relevance and effectiveness of punctual thematic support as basis for structural change and innovation: Further explore the relation and balance ? within ART programmes - between ?normative? support (policies, mechanisms and processes, capacities in the framework of decentralization and local governance frameworks) and ?developmental? support in specific areas (LED; service delivery, environmental management, ...localization of the MDGs agenda...). ... In particular, consider and analyse the different conditions and factors (concentration, continuity over time, degree of synergy and integration with local/national/external actors and resources, scale..) affecting the relevance, cost-effectiveness and potential impact of funded projects/thematic initiatives in relation to the objective of introducing and institutionalize innovative practices for systemic change.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/05/07]

It is ART?s overall intention to design the developmental support provided by its partners within the local frameworks in a way that this developmental support spurs and/or furthers broader processes and/or policies that do have an impact on the overall (Local) Development Systems. ART?s promotion of local level development cooperation effectiveness harmonizes and aligns Development Partners? (DP) initiatives and thereby changes a project based logic of intervention towards a process oriented way of operating. Such harmonized processes allow local authorities (including other local development stakeholders from the civil society as well as the private sector) as well as DPs to turn developmental interventions into more policy and process oriented and well coordinated partnerships. In spite of these ongoing efforts is there still room for further coordinating efforts with ongoing initiatives and improving and specifically exploring the relationship and balance between normative support and developmental support through the Initiative. ART will therefore in coordination with Regional Bureaus and Regional Centres, launch an initiative to systematize and further explore the factors that allow developmental support initiatives to also have a broader policy impact at local and/or national level. In order to obtain relevant data the ART Initiative will, as a pilot, analyze and systematize its support and interventions within the area of LED in order to determine and better understand internal as well as external conditions and factors facilitating and/or inhibiting ART?s LED initiatives to spur LED policies and processes.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Conduct a study within four FPs analyzing factors and conditions that positively impact the development and implementation of local and/or national policies on LED
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres 2013/12 Completed History
5. Recommendation: 5) Increase sustainability of introduced processes and (through) ownership and capacity building: Further explore the appropriate relation ? under varying context conditions - between local/national partners? capacities in managing and coordinating introduced processes, and the extent and nature of direct required support, as a basis for achieving a right balance between institutional ownership and capacity building, and medium-long term sustainability of results.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/05/07]

Management Response: In most of the cases, ART a works with and through local and national partners, limiting the use of UNDP recruited experts and project personnel. In line with the principles of the Paris/Accra/Busan process, the ART Initiative intends to work through local actors (leading role of the local authorities) thereby promoting local ownership and mutual accountability principles at local level. During the inception phase of a FP an implementation strategy is defined that includes important elements to promote national and local government?s leadership over the approach and mechanism. In all cases the overall responsibility lies within an appointed official of the Government as national counterpart of the FP. Depending on existing (institutional) capacities there are different formulas to support the Government in implementing the FPs: in some cases the ART FP is managed by an international Chief Technical Advisor (CTA) and at local level supported by Area Managers; in other cases the programme does not include a CTA and is lead by UNDP National Programme Officers. Hence, to find the right balance between direct support and capacity building and more strongly relying on the existing (institutional) capacities is closely related to a precise and well informed capacity assessment at the initial phase of a FP. Hence, the ART Initiatives and its FPs will benefit from the comprehensive local development assessment to be rolled out within the context of the LG/LD strategy (see management response 1) that will include an in depth analysis of the institutional context and capacity at national and sub-national level. The ART Initiatives and its FPs will further benefit from articulating sustainability/ownership/capacity building strategies with ongoing strategies at the regional level.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Link the local development assessment to the overall design of the FPs and specifically its implementation arrangements.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs COs 2013/12 Completed Implementation of the LG/LD strategy pilot phase completed History
5.2 Apply the findings and recommendations of the ART study on ownership carried out in 2012/13 in Latin America
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres COs 2013/12 Completed History
6. Recommendation: 6) Enhancing effective DC action within multilateral frameworks: Further explore the relation between decentralized cooperation and aid effectiveness, with particular respect to the mechanisms that can further enhance harmonization and complementary action between DC actors, as a crucial condition for achieving impact at the local level. In particular, address the key challenges associated to the role of decentralized actors in development cooperation, and the way how a multilateral framework can help overcoming such challenges leveraging at the same time the full potential of DC.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/05/07]

ART recognizes that the mechanisms that support the articulation of DC partners within the multilateral ART facilitated framework has further potential for improvement. ART will implement a number of measures that will allow broadening the basis of DC partners that uses a multilateral platform as well as focus on further improving effectiveness and impact of these interventions. The ART initiative has already initiated a strategy to broaden the basis of DC partners making use of the ART platform, e.g. missions have been undertaken to engage German decentralized partners, the Brussels ART office has engaged with Scandinavian regions and municipalities, a mission to Uganda to engage with Commonwealth LA is planned for May, discussions have been initiated with Korea as well as Japan, etc.). Such broadened partner base will not only increase funds and technical support but also increase quality responses as a broader partner base will allow more accurate and appropriate matching of offer and demand and hence lead to more sustainable partnerships between DC partners. ART will more closely coordinate and articulate its strategy with regional bureaus and their efforts and strategies for resource mobilization. The second focus will be laid on supporting the harmonization of DC partners within their countries of origin. ART will more closely cooperate with national and regional associations of local authorities to further harmonization between DC within a region and a country. An example can be the newly initiated cooperation with CONFOCOS, the national association of Spanish development cooperation funds. At the international level ART will further promote the harmonization between DC partners through a closer cooperation with intergovernmental organizations and international associations of local authorities and or civil society organizations, e.g. EC, UCLG, FOGAR, ICLEI, ALDA, etc. Thirdly there is an increased focus on thematic harmonization following the successful pilot of the ISIMED imitative. Concrete actions include an agreement with the French Government/DAECT on promoting harmonization of French DC actors in the sector of LED and an increased articulation of French DC within the ART framework (alignment). The ISIMED Initiative (ICT for development) is also currently being upscaled and will therefore further promote harmonization within DC partners within the ICT area. The II World Forum on LED in Brazil is also a means to harmonize actors (including DC) around the theme of LED and promote the formulation of policies. Finally will ART work with its partners to harmonize and align DC partners in support of the pilot countries selected for the implementation of UNDP?s integrated LG/LD strategy. This will allow DC actors to fully integrate with comprehensive national (and UN supported) frameworks and strategies for LG/LD and hence making their individual contributions more effective and better integrated within overall development processes. In this regard, the ART Initiative and BDP will jointly elaborate a Signature Product in order to orient UNDP practitioners on Decentralized Cooperation modality operating within a multilateral framework (this will further promote the alignment of DC actors towards the integrated LG/LD strategy). The rolling out of the ART local government development cooperation effectiveness measurement tool (and the more general promotion of local level cooperation effectiveness mechanisms) as well as the teamworks discussions on key policy areas (such as Governance for LED to be carried out with BDP in the framework of the II WF LED) involving UNDP staff as well as (national and local government) experts, LED relevant institutions, DC partners, etc. will further help integrating DC competencies within international policies and development interventions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Continue outreach activities to engage new DC partners such as in Germany, Nordic Countries, Turkey, Korea, Brazil and Japan.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative BERA Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres 2014/12 Completed History
6.2 Systematize the DC offer based on thematic competences, previous experience and established relations with programmes and territories, available good practices and resources through a DC database.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative 2013/12 Completed History
6.3 Finalizing the agreement with the French Government to further thematic harmonization within the LED sector.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative 2013/12 Completed History
6.4 Scale up the ISIMED initiative and thereby promoting DC partners? harmonization within the ICT sector.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs COs No due date Completed 2013/2014 History
6.5 Promote the alignment of DC actors towards the LG/LD pilot countries within existing ART/DC events.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres COs BDP No due date Completed continued History
6.6 Include specific activities promoting harmonization within work plans and cooperation strategies with partners such as CONFOCOS, UCLG, FOGAR etc.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative BDP BERA Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres 2013/12 Completed History
6.7 Improve information sharing on DC within house through well targeted knowledge products (e.g. signature product on DC, etc.)
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative BDP BERA Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres 2013/12 Completed History
7. Recommendation: 7) Enhancing knowledge management through improved monitoring systems tailored to ART specific value: Continue and sustain the crucial ongoing process aimed at generalizing the application of the instrument for measuring the added value of ART Consistently with and in parallel with the above process, consider integrating the global and the national/local levels, in order to systematically capture some key process-outcomes associated to ART-supported articulation, coordination and networking mechanisms. This could be done, for instance, by: (i) introducing a simplified set of basic transversal indicators, common to all framework programmes, encompassing the following variables: multi-level articulation of actors whiting and across territories, and relation with institutional frameworks and capacities; levels of synergy and integration between actors, competences and resources, within and across territories; introduction of innovative practice for improved local services and management functions; alignment and harmonization, which would obviously be related to the implementation of the existing Instrument; (ii) introducing specific variables and indicators associated to the global ART coordination and advocacy functions Identify options for systematizing the relation between monitoring processes and knowledge management and communication strategies.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/05/07]

The ART Initiative has undertaken efforts to improve knowledge management within the ART Initiative as well as with external partners such as DC. The tool for Measuring Effectiveness of Development Cooperation at the Local Level is worth mentioning (developed by Ecuador Framework Programme and implemented also by Morocco ART Programme) for its contribution to generate data that will be useful to strengthen the capacities of Local Governments to manage cooperation in a context of decentralization of the competences to manage international cooperation actors and interventions. ART will promote this instrument with at least four additional framework programmes. ART will also continue to systematize its processes and interventions at FP level through a set of different interventions, e.g. evaluations, programme systematisations and ownership studies, etc. Evaluations are currently planned for Senegal and are to be finalised for Morocco and Albania (Indonesia was recently finalised). Ownership studies and/or programme systematizations are planned for Ecuador as well as Morocco and Colombia. Based on the set of indicators developed for the sub national level (development cooperation effectiveness measurement tool) ART will consider elaborating a set of indicators that allows assessing the state of coordination/harmonisation/alignment of DC actors at national level. Such a tool could eventually promote the elaboration of national strategies for the management of DC within the respective partner countries. ART will furthermore initiate discussions with FPs and partners (including government counterparts) to see the relevance and demand for a set of more complex set of indicators that would allow capturing the level of horizontal (territorial development approach) as well as vertical articulation (multi level governance) between development partners. ART will continue to engage regional bureaus/regional centres (where pertinent) to explore existing approaches for knowledge management and how these can be of help, from an outsiders perspective, to capture ART Initiative added value and processes.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Roll out of the ART local government development cooperation effectiveness measurement tool to at least five more ART FPs (potentially also to LG/LD pilot countries) (see 3.3).
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres COs 2013/12 Completed History
7.2 Elaborate a set of indicators that will allow assessing the degree of harmonization and alignment of DC actors as well as institutional mechanisms in support of coordinating DC at national level of a partner country.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres 2013/12 Completed History
7.3 Explore the demand for a comprehensive set of indicators and existing alternative approaches that would allow capturing the level of horizontal (territorial development approach) as well as vertical articulation (multi level governance) between development partners
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs COs BDP Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres 2013/12 Completed History
8. Recommendation: 8) Enhancing ART Initiative mainstreaming and strategic development prospects: Further explore ? as priority issue in support to the mainstreaming process ? prospects for strategic development of the ART Initiative across global ? regional and national/local frameworks, in consideration of the ART consolidated experience and added value. A (necessarily generic as much as obvious) recommendation would be to concentrate the future focus of the AI in areas where its comparative advantage in relation to available resources emerges more clearly. In particular, concentrate efforts and consider options for optimizing the complementarity ? in light of available resources - between the role of ART as a global platform for networking and advocacy, and the piloting of innovative solutions through programmes? operations at national and local level. Through country level research, analysis, dialogue and advocacy, concentrate effort and further commitment in the framework of the mainstreaming process in building recognition ? as well as the strategic and operational relevance - of ART as a strategic framework for channelling integrated territorial action of different UNDP programmes and practice areas. As part of this, consider alternative ways of positioning ART programmes within COs ? as a basis to further their recognition as a transversal instrument common to different programmes. Consider options ? in agreement with UNDP ? to strengthen and consolidate the ART coordination team ? inclusive possible coverage of fixed costs under core budget - in order to stabilize its activity and allow broadening its scope in relation to an arguably growing range of crucial responsibilities. In particular, consider options for introducing UNDP core staff managing art at HQ and country levels.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/05/07]

Important progress has been made in mainstreaming ART within UNDP; at the international level through the inclusion of relevant elements of the ART approach within strategic documents (UNDP?s Strategy Paper ?Integrated Local Governance and Local Development?, UNDP?s Strategy for Working with the Private Sector, BDP/ KICG - Toolkit for Effective Development Cooperation; BCPR ? DRR at the local level). There still room to continue to strengthen coordinating and collaboration with Regoinal Bureaus, in particular wihere there is a number of ART iniciatives (e.g., LAC) ART?s main focus will be on supporting, in coordination where pertinent with Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres, the finalisation and roll out of the pilot phase of UNDP?s integrated LG/LD strategy. This can be considered the main strategic approach for further promoting the mainstreaming of ART?s mechanisms and instruments within cooperate policies as well as within CO?s, Regional Strategies,APs (CPAPs). Recent deployment of one formerly Geneva based ART staff in BDP/DGG NY is the latest effort to further strengthen the integration and mainstreaming process. This reassignment was done on a cost sharing principle between BDP and ART (this follows the successful insertion of two ART staff within the UNDP Brussels office). With the mainstreaming of the ART Initiative within corporate strategies and work streams a further consolidation and strengthening of the ART Coordination team will become necessary. In line with the recommendation 8, the ART coordination will continue negotiating with Senior a possible coverage of fixed costs under core budget in order to fully capitalize upon the existing potential of the ART Initiative.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Support the rollout of the LG/LD strategy in a number of UNDP COs where ART FPs are active (pending selection of pilot countries).
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative ART FPs COs BDP Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres No due date Completed Implementation of the LG/LD strategy pilot phase completed History
8.2 Agree with BDP on key areas where ART could further contribute towards ongoing policy formulations, e.g. urban governance, LED, etc.
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative BDP BERA Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres COs 2013/12 Completed History
8.3 Negotiate a further consolidation and strengthening of the ART Coordination team with senior management
[Added: 2013/05/07] [Last Updated: 2016/03/18]
ART Initiative BDP BERA Regional Bureaus/Regional Centres 2013/12 Completed History

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