Evaluation of CPD Outcome 6: Diversified Livelihoods, Private Sector Development and Public-Private Partnership

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Evaluation Plan:
2010-2014, Afghanistan
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
12/2013
Completion Date:
11/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
100,000

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Title Evaluation of CPD Outcome 6: Diversified Livelihoods, Private Sector Development and Public-Private Partnership
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2010-2014, Afghanistan
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2013
Planned End Date: 12/2013
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 6.1. From the humanitarian phase after crisis, early economic revitalization generates jobs and other environmentally sustainable livelihoods opportunities for crisis affected men and women
  • 2. Output 6.2. National and local authorities /institutions enabled to lead the community engagement, planning, coordination, delivery and monitoring of early recovery efforts
  • 3. Output 6.3. Innovative partnerships are used to inform national planning and identification of solutions for early recovery
  • 4. Output 6.4. Recovery processes reinforce social cohesion and trust and enable rapid return to sustainable development
Evaluation Budget(US $): 100,000
Source of Funding: Country Office's Extra Budgetary 11300
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Abhijit Bhattacharjee Evaluation Team Leader abhijit@results-matter.co.uk
Dale Wilfred Posgate Evaluation Team Member dposgate@islandnet.com
Henny Anderson Evaluation Team Member andersenhenny.ja@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Relevant line Ministies
Countries: AFGHANISTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Evaluation Recommendation 1: Undertake a review of country office?s capacity for senior level leadership on programming focused on poverty and exclusion, with knowledge management capacity to draw on experiences and good practices from other countries and UNDP programmes globally, and put in place appropriate team structures for evidence-based policies and programming for addressing poverty, vulnerability, disaster risks and conflict.
2 Evaluation Recommendation 2: UNDP needs to make a switch from acting predominantly as a funding mechanism for projects to the role of a strategic adviser and partner to the Government with ability to engage the latter on evidence-based policy making focused on poverty-alleviation and MDGs.
3 Evaluation Recommendation 3: Develop partnership with NGOs who have expertise in livelihoods and group financing model to scale up the rural savings and loans model currently implemented in one of the projects (RED-KAN), and working with UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF), develop regulatory framework for rural banking.
4 Evaluation Recommendation 4: UNDP to lobby GIRoA at appropriate levels to ensure that when the District Coordination Council (DCC) policy is approved and implemented, the principles and good practices put in place by DDAs are incorporated into district governance.
5 Evaluation Recommendation 5: Review NABDP's positioning vis-a-vis outcome 6 given that bulk of NABDP?s current focus is on areas which make only peripheral contribution to this outcome.
6 Evaluation Recommendation 6: NABDP's work on micro-hydro power projects may have potential for future expansion to provide viable energy source to rural people. UNDP/NABDP needs to undertake an impact assessment of this initiative before embarking on an expansion of this activity.
7 Evaluation Recommendation 7: Undertake a systematic outcome assessment of GEP programme in the next one-year, and based on the lessons learned, scale up the programme to reach a substantially larger number of communities.
8 Evaluation Recommendation 8: UNDP needs to define outcome indicators in terms of changes in behavior (access to loans and government services, food security) and relationships (participation, partnership, capacity) of people, groups and institutions with which the various projects work directly.
9 Evaluation Recommendation 9: Reinforce staff capacity on outcome monitoring, rights-based programming and in providing strategic programme support to project and implementing partner staff.
1. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation 1: Undertake a review of country office?s capacity for senior level leadership on programming focused on poverty and exclusion, with knowledge management capacity to draw on experiences and good practices from other countries and UNDP programmes globally, and put in place appropriate team structures for evidence-based policies and programming for addressing poverty, vulnerability, disaster risks and conflict.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/28] [Last Updated: 2014/01/30]

The Country Office has gone through a restructuring process. Under the new structure, the clusters are established to address different thematic areas including poverty reduction and economic development. Each cluster has developed a programme strategy to address the thematic areas that are identified as relevant and important for UNDP-Afghanistan. The five programmatic units have the lead for each cluster. To strengthen, the capacity of the programme teams on the thematic area of poverty reduction, the staff are using the regional Communities of Practice and workshops to learn from the experience of the other country offices. In addition, the Country Office will develop its new programme document for the areas of economic development in 2014. The aim is to work closely with the relevant counterparts and bring on short term experts who have expertise on designing sustainable livelihoods and economic empowerment. Through cluster working group, different clusters, particularly the Subnational Governance and Development Cluster and Poverty-Environment Cluster will work together to harmonize their activities in the area of poverty reduction, disaster risk management and conflict management.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Staff to take part in the Communities of Practice and trainings on poverty reduction programming
[Added: 2014/01/30] [Last Updated: 2014/12/23]
Senior Management 2014/12 Completed Sub-national Governance and Development programme team attended thematic capacity building trainings and benefited from study tours and exposure visits to learn from the experience of other countries.
Cluster working group will ensure harmonization of different cluster strategies in addressing the issues around poverty reduction and economic development
[Added: 2014/01/30] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
Cluster working group 2015/10 Completed Harmonization of different cluster strategies will be done by the newly established three programmatic pillars.
2. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation 2: UNDP needs to make a switch from acting predominantly as a funding mechanism for projects to the role of a strategic adviser and partner to the Government with ability to engage the latter on evidence-based policy making focused on poverty-alleviation and MDGs.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/28] [Last Updated: 2015/11/24]

Agreed. As emphasized by the evaluation as well as the new Country Programme Document, UNDP's programming is already shifting from funding mechanisms to Strategic Advisory as well as partnering with the government for policy making. The newly designed projects are mainly focused on the mentioned two areas i.e. Strengthening National Policy, Planning and Management Capacity.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation 3: Develop partnership with NGOs who have expertise in livelihoods and group financing model to scale up the rural savings and loans model currently implemented in one of the projects (RED-KAN), and working with UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF), develop regulatory framework for rural banking.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/28] [Last Updated: 2015/11/24]

Agreed. UNDP's new projects Local Economic Development in Afghanistan (LEDA) and Afghanistan Sustainable Energy for Rural Development (ASERD)have explicitly considered involvement of NGOs who have expertise in the relevant fields. This will ensure the effective and efficient implementation of the projects.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation 4: UNDP to lobby GIRoA at appropriate levels to ensure that when the District Coordination Council (DCC) policy is approved and implemented, the principles and good practices put in place by DDAs are incorporated into district governance.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/28] [Last Updated: 2014/01/30]

Policy for Improving Governance and Development in Districts and Villages (formerly known as DCC policy) was presented to the cabinet of GIRoA on December 30th 2013. The cabinet approved both the policy and terms of references for establishing and operating DCCs and tasked MRRD and other relevant ministries for implementation. UNDP through MRRD/NABDP and IDLG?s agreement, NABDP will support the implementation of the policy in to two pilot provinces in 2014. The policy implementation framework has fully considered the resources, principles and good practices that shall flow from DDAs to DCCs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Impalement the policy in to two pilot provinces
[Added: 2014/01/30] [Last Updated: 2015/10/25]
MRRD, NABDP/ ASGP 2015/07 No Longer Applicable The DCC policy is no longer in Afghan government agenda.
UNDP makes sure the implementation framework is followed for pilot provinces
[Added: 2014/01/30] [Last Updated: 2015/10/25]
SNGU 2015/07 No Longer Applicable The DCC policy is no longer in Afghan government agenda.
5. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation 5: Review NABDP's positioning vis-a-vis outcome 6 given that bulk of NABDP?s current focus is on areas which make only peripheral contribution to this outcome.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/28] [Last Updated: 2014/02/04]

- A Project evaluation is planned for 2014 to make sure the project is being implemented effectively and efficiently according to the project document. - A study on the DDAs is planned for 2014 that will help to both better implement the DCC policy and also to design the new program accordingly. - To assure the activities are toward the outcome, there will be a special focus on the provision of livelihood opportunities in the new program design. - The infrastructure projects and access to key services will be in larger scale so to have better impact on the income generation and life of the rural people in new program design.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NABDP evaluation
[Added: 2014/02/04] [Last Updated: 2014/09/10]
SNGD Unit 2014/06 Completed
A study on DDAs
[Added: 2014/02/04] [Last Updated: 2015/06/03]
SNGD Unit and NABDP 2015/07 Completed An independent evaluation of the NABDP project took place in mid 2014. The evaluation's final report is available on UNDP website. The evaluation looked at all the NABDP outputs including the one for DDAs and provided certain recommendations. However, considering the uncertainties around the DCC policy implementation and that the newly formed National Unity Government is yet to decide on the role of the district councils, a separate study on DDAs got canceled. Instead, UNDP has focused on the development of the new programme design on local economic development and livelihood that will replace NABDP. UNDP will continue its support to DDAs until clarity on the implementation of DCC policy through NABDP project till end of Dec 2015. UNDP also expect to continue the support to DDAs beyond Dec 2015 via its new programme on Local Economic Development for Afghanistan.
6. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation 6: NABDP's work on micro-hydro power projects may have potential for future expansion to provide viable energy source to rural people. UNDP/NABDP needs to undertake an impact assessment of this initiative before embarking on an expansion of this activity.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/28] [Last Updated: 2014/02/04]

UNDP convened a very comprehensive and inclusive approach to understand the causes and factors influencing success and failure of micro-hydro power projects as well as other rural energy initiatives. 55 individual meetings with relevant institutional entities and several consultative sessions provided essential ingredients for formulating a comprehensive rural energy programme for Afghanistan.

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation 7: Undertake a systematic outcome assessment of GEP programme in the next one-year, and based on the lessons learned, scale up the programme to reach a substantially larger number of communities.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/28] [Last Updated: 2014/02/04]

Agreed with the recommendation and findings. The Gender Equality Project is currently operating in four provinces (Regional Offices) and the project will be expanded to a number of provinces in 2014 to ensure the project reach to large number of beneficiaries at the sub-national level. The project will also be reviewed in mid-2014 to ensure that lessons are incorporated in the planning process of GEP programme.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
GEP Mid-term Evaluation.
[Added: 2014/02/04] [Last Updated: 2015/04/14]
CPU Unit 2015/03 Completed Mid-term evaluation is finalized. Currently we are working to develop a management response for each recommendations.
Impact study Economic empowerment component of GEP
[Added: 2014/02/04] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
CPU 2015/03 No Longer Applicable GEP II midterm evaluation covers this impact study, therefore there is no need for this study.
8. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation 8: UNDP needs to define outcome indicators in terms of changes in behavior (access to loans and government services, food security) and relationships (participation, partnership, capacity) of people, groups and institutions with which the various projects work directly.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/28] [Last Updated: 2014/02/04]

UNDP is in the process of developing its Country Progamme Document for the years of 2015 to 2019 based on the new UNDAF. In the UNDAF outcomes and UNDP CPD outputs, adequate emphasize is on outputs related to public services, livelihood opportunities and disaster risk management. In addition, the capacity development will be focused more on institutions and the enabling environment. Indicators and targets will be developed in a way to better measure the results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
CPD indicators will be selected appropriate to the results level. Outcome level indicators will be selected to measure outcome level changes.
[Added: 2014/02/04] [Last Updated: 2014/05/03]
SNGD Unit, SDU, Senior Management 2014/03 Completed The Results and Resources Framework (RRF) for the draft CPD has considered alignment between indicator are results level.
9. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation 9: Reinforce staff capacity on outcome monitoring, rights-based programming and in providing strategic programme support to project and implementing partner staff.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/28] [Last Updated: 2015/11/24]

Agreed. UNDP is shifting from project-based approach to programme-based approach. A comprehensive M&E framework is designed for organization-wide data collection and analysis, which will build the staff capacity to perform outcome level monitoring and data analysis. UNDP Country Office has also set up working groups in different areas of programme/project management i.e. M&E, Remote Management, HACT etc, that will ensure providing strategic support to project staff.

Key Actions:

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