Joint UNDP BCPR and DFID review of the Community Security and Arms Control project

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Evaluation Plan:
2012-2016, South Sudan
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
01/2013
Completion Date:
02/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
15,000

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Title Joint UNDP BCPR and DFID review of the Community Security and Arms Control project
Atlas Project Number: 00064257
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016, South Sudan
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 02/2013
Planned End Date: 01/2013
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. National and local institutions have the capacities to prevent, reduce and mitigate the impact of conflict
  • 2. National and local institutions have the capacities to fulfill key functions of government for recovery in early post-crisis situations
  • 3. National and local institutions have the capacity to deliver improved justice and security, including safeguarding citizen security, in conflict-affected settings
SDG Goal
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
SDG Target
  • 16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
Evaluation Budget(US $): 15,000
Source of Funding: DFID
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UNDP BCPR and DFID
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, CSAC Bureau, SSPRC, Local government ministries
Countries: SOUTH SUDAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Enhance collaboration between South Sudan national partner institutions
2 Build on existing CSAC project gains: Given the leadership, resource and capacity constraints affecting Bureau operations at state level, CSAC may consider focusing its immediate attention on developing operations in states where its capacities are strongest, and are therefore likely to provide the greater return on investment to capacities building.
3 Establish and support implementation of legal frameworks on small arms and light weapons control - The Bureau should continue to be supported in signing and ratifying regional and international protocols, treaties and conventions on small arms and light weapons control with the Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Foreign Affairs. These efforts will help catalyse and strengthen its own national (draft) legislation process and ensure any future civilian disarmament process is conducted within the rule of law, but also within a coordinated and harmonized manner amongst South Sudan?s neighbours.
4 Promote systems and processes for voluntary civilian disarmament: While the situation may not be ripe for national voluntary disarmament campaigns at this juncture, the Bureau should begin to develop strategies, policies and other guidelines on voluntary civilian disarmament, and establish meaningful coordination forums at the national level amongst key security actors. Focus should be on identifying and developing key systems and processes that can effectively manage voluntary disarmament processes under the ?right? conditions as opposed to measures that merely respond to short-term considerations.
5 Weapons management, storage and stockpiling: Since other partners are investing in supporting the Bureau on stockpile management issues, UNDP should support the Bureau?s capacity to coordinate, with other partners, stockpile management issues including: conducting assessments for stockpile management needs for all organized forces; training organized forces in stockpile management; construction of new safe storage facilities for weapons; supporting gun marking processes; disposal of obsolete weapons as well as weapons collected from civilians; developing guidelines for registration and licensing of civilian held weapons, and providing training to the police and other relevant government institutions to implement the registration.
6 Disarming the minds: Support a national campaign that informs, educates and sensitizes communities across South Sudan, particularly areas that are conflict prone, inaccessible or otherwise marginalized, on issues directly related to arms use and possession, disseminate laws and policies on SALW to communities, and prompt public debate among communities and local leaders on the unhelpful cultural practices that promote violence and indignity. However, changes in attitudes, behaviours and mind-sets will not be seen overnight and will therefore require sustained, multi-year timelines, and development of indicators to assess the effectiveness of the engagement. The latter is challenging, but can be achieved through periodic perception-mapping surveys that measure changes in community-identified behavioural indicators; however, this is largely dependent on the establishment of robust baseline information, either at an early stage of the process or done retrospectively).
7 Increase support to county planning and budgeting.
8 Focus on usability, utilization and sustainability of the assets provided: Through supporting government budgeting and planning processes, CSAC should continue to monitor and evaluate projects that have been completed, as well as those that are on-going, in order to ensure effective end-user usability, utilization, sustainability and impact. Focus should be placed on ensuring that the assets provided have sufficient institutional integration to be effectively managed and sustainably implemented through respective line ministries
9 UNMISS (UNPOL) and support to police training: Wherever possible, UNPOL should provide co-location, mentoring and training support to the SSPS deployed in CSAC-constructed police posts, particularly in the areas of advanced radio operation and community policing. Conversely, wherever possible, UNDP CSAC should engage with UNPOL in the design phases of its police/prisons projects to identify areas where UNPOL can offer co-location support in order to ensure maximum support to CSAC-supported policing projects. In addition, CSAC?s Police Audit Survey Tool can help identify key emerging issues based on comparative analysis of the Tool?s findings and support broader policy-level policing issues.
10 Define SSPC mandate: CSAC should assist the SSPC to define its mandate as a policy development institution, and strengthen its capacity to provide technical advice to national initiatives, such as the development of the national reconciliation process that has been advocated for by the Vice-President, as well as local processes, such as that currently underway in Jonglei.
11 Support the SSPRC in coordination; Support the SSPC and state governments to develop clearer roles and responsibilities
12 Support SSPC to develop capacity of local administrations: CSAC should assist the SSPC to develop and deliver training in conflict-sensitive development planning for state, county and payam administration staff involved in budgeting and planning processes.
13 Align budgets and SPPs: CSAC should support SSPC and state governments to align state budgets to implement SPPs, and use them as the coordinating documents for external support in the areas of peace and security.
14 Reaching Critical Mass and Scale: The joint SSPC-UNDP Conflict Transformation Facilitation approach puts forth a compelling methodology and approach to local conflict mitigation and peace building. If the pilot phase yields success, significant resources will be required, both in terms of staff and activity costs, to bring the initiative to scale. In addition, an integrated ?hardware? component, whereby micro-level projects can be implemented to meaningfully address resource-based conflicts, will be necessary to actualize peace and to cement the peace building link. This provides yet another opportunity for communities (and UNDP) to influence local budgeting and planning processes.
15 c. Capacity and institution building: Government needs to augment the capacity of the SSPC by appointing individuals based on their competencies and the ability to take on the mantle and challenge of peace building. Leadership, managerial, mediation and other functional competency trainings should be further explored for individuals who have first demonstrated a commitment to their roles/responsibilities.
16 Ensure actualization of the CSB concept (and not merely its components): While the CSB concept can be disaggregated into its two sub-components?platforms (implemented by UNMISS) and portals (implemented by UNDP CSAC)?its full actualization will be void without delivery of both components in a timely manner. As such, and given the advanced stage of the CSB portals, the DSRSG/RC/HC should lobby UNMISS to prioritize completion of the CSB platforms to enable UNCT and INGOs to provide services to the under-served remote counties as per the original design of the concept
17 Consolidation of Existing Gains: Multi-year funding for CSAC.
18 Consolidation of Existing Gains: Document existing gains
19 Consolidation of Existing Gains: Address instances of elite capture relating to CSAC resources and equipment.
20 Consolidation of Existing Gains: Fast track the operationalisation of County Support Base (CSBs) Development Portals
21 Consolidation of Existing Gains: Enhance focus on women?s security priorities
22 Expand the strategic vision of the Conflict Transformation (CT) approach.
23 Addressing inter-ethnic and trans-boundary disputes:
1. Recommendation: Enhance collaboration between South Sudan national partner institutions
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/02]

In the interim, the role of the pending UN P4 seconded to the Bureau include a focus on working with the UN Technical Adviser (separated in March 2013; post upgraded to P5) to the SSPRC in order to enhance collaboration between the CSAC Bureau and the SSPRC on national level issues, including the proposed national reconciliation and healing and public information and community awareness raising initiatives.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Recruitment of P4 for SSBSAC completed and seconded to Bureau.
[Added: 2013/08/02] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
UNDP 2013/10 Completed P3 Technical specialist works with the SSBSAC
Recruitment of UN P5 Technical Adviser for SSPRC ongoing
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP 2013/06 Completed P5 staff recruited to support the SSPRC History
Establish inter-institution working groups on technical areas to promote collaboration on key thematic areas
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
SSPRC/BCSSAC, with technical support from UNDP 2013/09 Completed working groups established and convened meetings in 2013 History
2. Recommendation: Build on existing CSAC project gains: Given the leadership, resource and capacity constraints affecting Bureau operations at state level, CSAC may consider focusing its immediate attention on developing operations in states where its capacities are strongest, and are therefore likely to provide the greater return on investment to capacities building.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

The CSAC project is currently focusing on six states and will prioritize its capacity building support to these six states. Capacity building support will also focus on those areas that can have greatest impact on project activities being jointly implemented with the Bureau (as outlined in the 2013 CSAC Annual Work Plan). Capacity building support should be flexible to cater for the unique requests and circumstances of each state office and also ensure a minimum and equitable degree of support across the six offices.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Capacity of 10 state offices strengthened with institutional and technical support in line with the Bureau's capacity building strategy.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP in support of the BCSSAC 2016/01 Completed 8 mid level management technical position filled including an appointment of a substantive Chairperson. This has strengthened the capacity of the BCSSAC to execute her mandate as evidenced in the passage of the Firearms Bill and SALW baseline survey History
Resources support for the Bureau offices at State level
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP in support of the BCSSAC 2016/12 Completed 8 mid level management technical position filled including an appointment of a substantive Chairperson. This has strengthened the capacity of the BCSSAC to execute her mandate as evidenced in the passage of the Firearms Bill and SALW baseline survey History
Conduct joint monitoring missions with UNPOL and UNMISS Corrections to UNDP-supported police posts and prisons
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP in partnership with UNPOL 2014/12 Completed Ongoing activity, completed for accessible areas
3. Recommendation: Establish and support implementation of legal frameworks on small arms and light weapons control - The Bureau should continue to be supported in signing and ratifying regional and international protocols, treaties and conventions on small arms and light weapons control with the Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Foreign Affairs. These efforts will help catalyse and strengthen its own national (draft) legislation process and ensure any future civilian disarmament process is conducted within the rule of law, but also within a coordinated and harmonized manner amongst South Sudan?s neighbours.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

The Bureau has successfully helped key line ministries and security institutions to complete a draft legislation on SALW control, currently awaiting approval from the Office of the President. CSAC has included support to the Bureau to support implementation and ?operationalization? of the legislation through development of regulations, Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and the national public information campaign. Additional support to the Bureau will be provided through regional and international forums, specifically sign and ratify regional and international protocols, treaties and conventions on small arms and light weapons control, in consultation with the Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MoFIC).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Promote and facilitate implementation of the SALW Control policy, legislation and other national frameworks
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/12/31]
BCSSAC with technical support from UNDP 2016/12 Completed SALW Bill passed into law in June 2016 History
Support to undertake cross-border and regional study tours as mission sharing experiences.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
BSSAC with technical support from UNDP 2016/12 Completed
Support to the Bureau to pursue engagement and ratification of international protocols, treaties and agreements on SALW control
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2018/08/24]
BCSSAC 2017/12 Completed Priorities shifted from ratification of protocols and treaties to passing the Firearms Act History
Support the dissemination of the SALW Control policy and legislation through public information and community outreach, particularly targeting youth.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/12/31]
CSSAC with support from UNDP 2017/12 Completed Dissemination began in 2012 following enactment of the Firearms Act in 2016. History
4. Recommendation: Promote systems and processes for voluntary civilian disarmament: While the situation may not be ripe for national voluntary disarmament campaigns at this juncture, the Bureau should begin to develop strategies, policies and other guidelines on voluntary civilian disarmament, and establish meaningful coordination forums at the national level amongst key security actors. Focus should be on identifying and developing key systems and processes that can effectively manage voluntary disarmament processes under the ?right? conditions as opposed to measures that merely respond to short-term considerations.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

While South Sudan may not be ready for comprehensive national voluntary disarmament process at this juncture, the Bureau has begun to foster a conducive environment for a voluntary and civilian-led disarmament process in the future. This includes support to national and international legislation on small arms control, developing and implementing conflict-sensitive initiatives to address socio-economic drivers of violent conflict, a national public information and sensitization campaign and engagement with other partners on stockpile management, weapons storage and management (see Recommendation 30(f)). Furthermore, the implementation of conflict-sensitive development projects through the Bureau?s community consultation process has facilitated the extension of state authority and rule of law in a tangible fashion. As a result, this has delivered security benefits in many communities. In complement, the roll out of the Conflict Transformation Training, which targets traditional and opinion leaders provides another alternative to augment the capacity of local actors to resolve local disputes peacefully. Collectively, these efforts seek to undermine the demand for the use of small arms. Once brought to scale, they provide a strategy to supporting systems and processes that can eventually lead to a peaceful civilian disarmament process.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
National public information & community sensitization campaign on SALW.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
CSSAC Bureau with support from UNDP 2016/12 Completed Sensitization campaigns conducted, leading to enactment of the SALW Bill History
Promotion /facilitation of implementation of the SALW Control policy, legislation and other national frameworks.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
CSSAC Bureau with support from UNDP 2016/12 Completed UNDP continues to advocate for and support implementation of the Bill History
Implementation of the joint SSPRC-UNDP Conflict Transformation Trainings
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
SSPRC with support from UNDP 2016/12 Completed Conflict transformation training conducted around the country covering the main volatile states of Jonglei, Upper, Unity, Warrap and Eastern Equatoria History
Support to conflict sensitive development planning and implementation
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
CSSAC Bureau, in partnership with state and county governments and with support from UNDP 2016/12 Completed Conflict sensitive development planning conducted at county level in the volatile states - Warrap, Eastern Equatoria History
5. Recommendation: Weapons management, storage and stockpiling: Since other partners are investing in supporting the Bureau on stockpile management issues, UNDP should support the Bureau?s capacity to coordinate, with other partners, stockpile management issues including: conducting assessments for stockpile management needs for all organized forces; training organized forces in stockpile management; construction of new safe storage facilities for weapons; supporting gun marking processes; disposal of obsolete weapons as well as weapons collected from civilians; developing guidelines for registration and licensing of civilian held weapons, and providing training to the police and other relevant government institutions to implement the registration.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

Since other partners are investing in stockpile management issues such as, UNMISS and BICC, UNDP will continue to support the Bureau in establishing national and state-level coordination forums whereby partners working in these areas of the Bureau?s mandate can better align their support through the Bureau?s leadership. UNDP will also engage in these forums to ensure its support to the Bureau?s mandate is in congruence with initiatives in stockpile management and weapons storage

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support to applied research, assessments, lessons learned studies and production of knowledge products on technical areas of the Bureau's mandate.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2018/08/24]
CSSAC Bureau with support from UNDP 2017/12 Completed UNDP supported the Bureau to conduct a Baseline study on the proliferation of small arms and light weapon, publish the Fire Arms Act and the Regulation to the Firearms Act. History
Support the Bureau to coordinate partners on weapon management, storage and stock piling at national level.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2018/08/24]
CSSAC Bureau with support from UNDP 2016/07 Completed Issues of stock piling addressed in the Firearms Act that was passed with UNDP's support History
Provision of institutional and capacity building support with technical inputs including gender and youth dimensions at national level.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
CSSAC Bureau with support from UNDP 2016/01 Completed UNDP supported BCSSAC to develop a peaceful and voluntary civilian disarmament strategy that was validated by security committees in Lakes, Jonglei and Eastern Equatoria states. History
6. Recommendation: Disarming the minds: Support a national campaign that informs, educates and sensitizes communities across South Sudan, particularly areas that are conflict prone, inaccessible or otherwise marginalized, on issues directly related to arms use and possession, disseminate laws and policies on SALW to communities, and prompt public debate among communities and local leaders on the unhelpful cultural practices that promote violence and indignity. However, changes in attitudes, behaviours and mind-sets will not be seen overnight and will therefore require sustained, multi-year timelines, and development of indicators to assess the effectiveness of the engagement. The latter is challenging, but can be achieved through periodic perception-mapping surveys that measure changes in community-identified behavioural indicators; however, this is largely dependent on the establishment of robust baseline information, either at an early stage of the process or done retrospectively).
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2013/08/04]

Starting in late 2012, CSAC supported national campaigns that informed, educated and sensitized communities across South Sudan using interactive radio programmes as well as a mobile theatre group, particularly in areas that are conflict prone, inaccessible, or otherwise marginalized. Messages were developed on the use and possession of small arms, laws and policies on SALW and unhelpful cultural practices in South Sudan that can perpetuate armed conflict. The very aim of this campaign seeks to ?disarm the minds? through fostering public dialogue and debate, promoting awareness on the dangers of small arms and providing alternative means that promote peaceful conflict resolution. Greater support will be required to ensure the programme can continue beyond just 2013 given the inherently longer-term approach required to alter attitudes and practices on small arms.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Public Information & Community Sensitization Campaign on SALW Control, ensuring inclusion of youth and young women.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
CSSAC Bureau with support from UNDP 2013/12 Completed
7. Recommendation: Increase support to county planning and budgeting.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

The CSAC consultation methodology has demonstrated its ability in using participatory, consultative and conflict-sensitive processes to targeted development projects. CSAC is focusing on integrating this methodology through the Local Government Planning and Budgeting Guidelines, thereby institutionalizing its process to ensure government budgetary allocations are premised on community participation and principles of conflict-sensitivity.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Integration of participatory and conflict sensitive approaches into county-budgeting and planning processes in pilot counties in Unity and Eastern Equatoria
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP, in partnership with State and local governments 2013/12 No Longer Applicable In consultation with DFID, the activity was dropped to reallocate resources for the baseline and end-line CSAC perception surveys History
Development of Tool-kit with the Local Government Board and Ministry of Finance.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP, in partnership with State and local governments 2013/12 No Longer Applicable In consultation with DFID, the activity was droped to reallocate resources for the baseline and endline CSAC perception surveys History
8. Recommendation: Focus on usability, utilization and sustainability of the assets provided: Through supporting government budgeting and planning processes, CSAC should continue to monitor and evaluate projects that have been completed, as well as those that are on-going, in order to ensure effective end-user usability, utilization, sustainability and impact. Focus should be placed on ensuring that the assets provided have sufficient institutional integration to be effectively managed and sustainably implemented through respective line ministries
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

CSAC continues to conduct regular monitoring mission and evaluations/assessments, particularly in areas where the project has completed projects in order to assess impact and document changes in the local security environment. Additional evaluations are planned for 2013, such as the joint SSRF-CSAC perception survey, which aims to provide statistically reliable data on the extent to which CSAC and SSRF infrastructure projects have contributed to community security objectives.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Joint CSAC-SSRF perception survey (outcome-level)
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
CSAC and SSRF 2014/12 Completed Perception survey completed
Ongoing review of usability, utilization and sustainability of all the conflict sensitive supported assets, (starting with Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei and Upper Nile) as part of lessons learned in second phase states (Unity, Lakes and Warrap) and to rectify shortcomings in phase one states, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, and Upper Nile.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
CSSAC 2014/01 Completed
9. Recommendation: UNMISS (UNPOL) and support to police training: Wherever possible, UNPOL should provide co-location, mentoring and training support to the SSPS deployed in CSAC-constructed police posts, particularly in the areas of advanced radio operation and community policing. Conversely, wherever possible, UNDP CSAC should engage with UNPOL in the design phases of its police/prisons projects to identify areas where UNPOL can offer co-location support in order to ensure maximum support to CSAC-supported policing projects. In addition, CSAC?s Police Audit Survey Tool can help identify key emerging issues based on comparative analysis of the Tool?s findings and support broader policy-level policing issues.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

UNDP continues to engage with UNPOL, UNDP Rule of Law, GIZ, DFID?s Access to Justice Programme and other development partners working in the policing sector in order to draw in technical expertise to help maximize the impact of new policing equipment and infrastructure provided by CSAC

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Use of CSAC?s Police Audit Survey Tool to identify key emerging issues based on comparative analysis of findings and support for broader policy-level policing.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
UNDP 2014/12 No Longer Applicable Police Audit Survey Tool could not be administered due to prevailing insecurity
Expanded LPU concept from 50 to 150-person Unit in partnership with UNPOL
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP in partnership with UNPOL 2014/12 No Longer Applicable UNDP and UNPOL no longer supporting LPU activities
Conduct joint monitoring missions with UNPOL and UNMISS Corrections to UNDP-supported police posts and prisons.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP in partnership with UNPOL 2014/12 Completed
Engage with UNPOL on co-location plans, particularly in areas where CSBs can function as support hubs
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP in partnership with UNPOL 2014/12 Completed
10. Recommendation: Define SSPC mandate: CSAC should assist the SSPC to define its mandate as a policy development institution, and strengthen its capacity to provide technical advice to national initiatives, such as the development of the national reconciliation process that has been advocated for by the Vice-President, as well as local processes, such as that currently underway in Jonglei.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

CSAC will continue to assist the SSPRC to publicize its mandate and strengthen its capacity to provide technical advice to national initiatives such as the development of the national reconciliation and healing process

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support to the development of national policies, strategies and frameworks.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/12/31]
SSPRC, with support from UNDP 2016/12 Completed National strategy for SSPRC developed and disseminated History
Capacity building and institutional support, particularly at state-level
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/12/31]
SSPRC, with support from UNDP 2016/12 Completed Capacity building support extended to subnational entities History
Recruitment of P5 Peace & Development Advisor
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2013/12 Completed
Printing, dissemination and follow-up missions to states to publicize the new SSPRC Bill
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
SSPRC, with support from UNDP 2013/12 No Longer Applicable SSPRC Bill not finalised History
11. Recommendation: Support the SSPRC in coordination; Support the SSPC and state governments to develop clearer roles and responsibilities
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

UNDP will continue to support the SSPRC at both national and state-levels to establish and chair coordination forums in order to increase collaboration, complementarities and ownership of peacebuilding efforts. Under the coordination of the SSPRC at national level, UNDP will also support the SSPRC state offices to implement peacebuilding activities at the state and county levels

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will continue to support the SSPRC to coordinate actors working in the areas of peacebuilding at both national and state levels (incl. setting up database of actors and activities).
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2013/12 Completed
Implementation of the joint SSPRC-UNDP Conflict Transformation Strategy in the six target states
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/12/31]
ssprc WITH SUPORT FROM undp 2016/12 No Longer Applicable Activity no longer a priority due to insecurity History
12. Recommendation: Support SSPC to develop capacity of local administrations: CSAC should assist the SSPC to develop and deliver training in conflict-sensitive development planning for state, county and payam administration staff involved in budgeting and planning processes.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

Through the joint SSPRC-UNDP Conflict Transformation Training, the project aims to support a local network of peace actors/mobilizers who can work with local administrators as well as county/state governments to support early warning, conflict mitigation and peacebuilding measures.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Implementation of the joint SSPRC-UNDP Conflict Transformation Strategy in the six target states
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
SSPRC, with support from UNDP 2016/01 Completed SSPRC through the National Platform for Peace and Reconciliation has organised training for the NPPR leaning CSOs and other interest groups - the youth, women in grassroots peace and reconciliation work History
UNDP will continue to support the SSPRC to coordinate actors working in the areas of peacebuilding and conflict/early warning
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/12/31]
SSPRC, with support from UNDP 2016/12 Completed SSPRC has, with UNDP's technical support coordinated activities on peace at national and subnational level History
13. Recommendation: Align budgets and SPPs: CSAC should support SSPC and state governments to align state budgets to implement SPPs, and use them as the coordinating documents for external support in the areas of peace and security.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

Ensuring budget alignment with SSPs will continue to prove difficult while austerity measures persist. In the meantime, CSAC will support the State Peace Commissions to establish and use state coordination forums where the SSPRC?s state plans can be discussed and supported in collaboration with relevant UN, NGO and CBO partners.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support to SSPRC to establish and host regular state coordination meetings with key partners to align partner?s support to state priorities. Where such plans do not yet exist, UNDP can support the SSPRC to initiate such a planning process.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/12/31]
SSPRC, with support from UNDP 2016/12 Completed SSPRC has, in 2016 conducted coordination meetings with peace actors in the country History
14. Recommendation: Reaching Critical Mass and Scale: The joint SSPC-UNDP Conflict Transformation Facilitation approach puts forth a compelling methodology and approach to local conflict mitigation and peace building. If the pilot phase yields success, significant resources will be required, both in terms of staff and activity costs, to bring the initiative to scale. In addition, an integrated ?hardware? component, whereby micro-level projects can be implemented to meaningfully address resource-based conflicts, will be necessary to actualize peace and to cement the peace building link. This provides yet another opportunity for communities (and UNDP) to influence local budgeting and planning processes.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

The CSAC project team welcomes the positive preliminary findings of the review team. Based on the current pilot?s lessons learned, CSAC will review the concept, its implementation modality and overall approach to ensure it continues to be contextually relevant and can deliver the type of results it has set out to achieve. Longer-term financing will be key towards achieving the project?s milestones and multi-year targets, which the project will seek support from its donors

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Pilot local conflict mitigation and peacebuilding
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/12/31]
SSPRC with support from UNDP 2016/12 No Longer Applicable Activity constrained by the volatile security situation History
Conduct regular feedback sessions and lessons learned to address challenges and scale up good practices
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2018/08/24]
SSPRC with support from UNDP 2017/07 Completed Project board meetings and CSAC evaluation provided platforms for addressing challenges,and picking lessons to inform programming. The recommendation was taken in to consideration in the new Peace and Community Cohesion Programming which is a predecessor of CSAC History
Finalise toolkit and methodology in preparation for the training?s expansion and utilization by other partners
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2018/08/24]
SSPRC, with support from UNDP 2017/07 Completed Tool kit for training of CSOs finalised and currently available for use by different agencies and donors for CSO institutional capacity building History
15. Recommendation: c. Capacity and institution building: Government needs to augment the capacity of the SSPC by appointing individuals based on their competencies and the ability to take on the mantle and challenge of peace building. Leadership, managerial, mediation and other functional competency trainings should be further explored for individuals who have first demonstrated a commitment to their roles/responsibilities.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

UNDP remains committed to the longer term development of the SSPRC?s capacity. This will continue to be a priority area for UNDP at both the national and state-level, with a particular focusing on increasing the level of coordination between national and state offices.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Finalise recruitment of a UNDP P5-level of Technical Advisor to the SSPRC
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
SSPRC/CSAC 2013/12 Completed
Complete a capacity assessment of the SSPRC and development of implementation plan
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2013/06 Completed
Provision of material support (equipment and furniture)
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
SSPRC, CSAC 2013/12 Completed
Continue co-location of three UNDP Conflict Transformation Officers to SSPRC national office.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
SSPRC/CSAC 2013/12 Completed
16. Recommendation: Ensure actualization of the CSB concept (and not merely its components): While the CSB concept can be disaggregated into its two sub-components?platforms (implemented by UNMISS) and portals (implemented by UNDP CSAC)?its full actualization will be void without delivery of both components in a timely manner. As such, and given the advanced stage of the CSB portals, the DSRSG/RC/HC should lobby UNMISS to prioritize completion of the CSB platforms to enable UNCT and INGOs to provide services to the under-served remote counties as per the original design of the concept
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

UNDP will continue to provide regular updates on the progress of the CSB Development Portals to the DSRSG/Resident Coordinator?s office in order to help facilitate information flow and sequencing between the UNMISS-led CSB Platforms and UNDP-led CSB Development Portals. UNDP plans to hand over all CSB Development Portals by Q3 2013 and will begin monitoring use and utilization by developing a ?log? sheet, which will be able to account for the extent of use, end-users served and other related information.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Complete construction, furnishing, equipment installation and hand over all 19 CSB Development Portal facilities
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP 2013/09 Completed 22 CSBs were completed however the utilization of the CSBs in SPLM/IO controlled areas couldnâ??t be verified due insecurity. The CSBs in government controlled areas were used to support humanitarian organizations during conflict History
Continue to liaise with DSRSG/RC?s office on status of CSB Development Portals
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2013/12 Completed
Develop log sheet to track use and satisfaction of CSB Development Portal facilities
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP and UNMISS RRP 2012/06 Completed
17. Recommendation: Consolidation of Existing Gains: Multi-year funding for CSAC.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

The project underscores the importance of multi-year funding to ensure predictability of resources against multi-year programming targets. Multi-year funding also provides the project with the flexibility to (re) prioritize activities within a volatile political, security and economic environment and ensure programmatic relevance to the dynamic environment the project aims to impact upon.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Development of concept for multi-year funding framework
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2013/12 Completed
Donor advocacy and partnership for resources mobilization
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2014/12 Completed
Donor contracting and reporting
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2014/12 Completed
18. Recommendation: Consolidation of Existing Gains: Document existing gains
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

The project is committed to enhancing its M&E and producing timely reports and other knowledge products that can accurately reflect the impact made through delivering project outputs. Several M&E reports have been produced to this effect, but the project will take steps to produce these in a systematic fashion.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Produce end of action reports for each Conflict-Sensitive Development Project (CSDP) implemented in Lakes, Warrap and Unity
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP 2014/12 Completed CSAC Perception survey successfully conducted and its findings widely disseminated. The project plans to conduct an end line study in November 2016 History
Design an implement an independent impact assessment of SSRF and CSAC ?supported infrastructure.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
UNDP/SSRF 2014/12 Completed SSRF outcome evaluation completed
19. Recommendation: Consolidation of Existing Gains: Address instances of elite capture relating to CSAC resources and equipment.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

Elite capture has negatively impacted a relatively small portion of project outputs and continues to be documented through CSAC monitoring missions, which aims to track proper use of project outputs. Such situations will continue to be raised in formal and official meetings/communications with government counterparts and UNDP, as well as through CSAC?s donors.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Regular monitoring and documentation of elite capture and/or misappropriation of project outputs
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP No due date Completed Regular monitoring and documentation in the form of quarterly and annual reports History
Direct communication with government counterparts and CSAC donors to advocate for the proper use of project outputs as required
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP No due date Completed UNDP maintained regular contact with donors, appraising them of project developments. History
20. Recommendation: Consolidation of Existing Gains: Fast track the operationalisation of County Support Base (CSBs) Development Portals
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

CSBs are well underway and scheduled completion of the CSB by end of second quarter 2013. However, due to inflation costs, additional funds will be required to complete the remaining 6 CSBs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Discussion with donors on funding shortfall and appeal for additional funds
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2013/02 Completed Ongoing process. Has yielded funding for project activities
Once additional funding has been secured: construction, renovation and equipping of local government infrastructure
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2013/06 Completed
Equipment installation and furnishing of infrastructure
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2013/06 Completed
21. Recommendation: Consolidation of Existing Gains: Enhance focus on women?s security priorities
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

CSAC?s community consultations provide an effective forum whereby women?s security priorities can be documented and advocated for. The introduction of new gender-sensitive tools, such as the Gender Daily Calendar, also provides enhanced insight into the particular security concerns faced by women. CSAC remains committed to ensuring gender-disaggregated reporting is completed and can reveal the impact projects have on the lives of women and also ensure new programme initiatives take gender dimensions into account. The Conflict Transformation Trainings will also give women a chance to address security issues that regularly affect their lives.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ensure all relevant project targets in the 2013 Annual Work Plan include gender
[Added: 2013/08/04]
UNDP 2013/01 Completed
All reporting and data collection forms should include specific sections on women to ensure evidence / findings can be disaggregated by gender
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP 2014/01 Completed All reports, to the extent possible are sex dis aggregated History
All final reports , assessments and evaluations should disaggregate findings by gender, where appropriate, and/or make specific mention of gender roles and its relation to project targets.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2016/06/09]
UNDP 2013/08 Completed All reports, to the extent possible are sex dis aggregated History
22. Recommendation: Expand the strategic vision of the Conflict Transformation (CT) approach.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

CSAC is currently undertaking an internal review of how best to file, manage and utilize the breadth of information being collected through its Conflict Transformation Training reports. After preliminary internal discussions, the project is considering developing multiple products for different stakeholders including, the SSPRC at state level, SSPRC at national level and for internal UNDP purposes in order to strengthen programming and partnerships with other government, UN and NGO initiatives.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop an effective knowledge management system that allows for effective information sharing and analysis on conflict transformation by relevant stakeholders (SSPRC, UNDP, UN RCO, etc)
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
CSAC in partnership with SSPRC 2013/12 Completed
Support in developing state government?s capacity in conflict analysis and reporting
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP in partnership with SSPRC 2013/12 Completed
Production of relevant knowledge products that can strengthen conflict transformation and peacebuilding programming in South Sudan
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP in partnership with SSPRC 2013/12 Completed
Through the development of local capacities for inter-ethnic confidence building through peace cadres, with support from local authorities and traditional leaders.
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2015/05/07]
UNDP 2013/12 Completed
23. Recommendation: Addressing inter-ethnic and trans-boundary disputes:
Management Response: [Added: 2013/08/04]

The project?s Conflict Transformation training aims to first address intra-communal violence in order to ensure trainees understand the utility of the tools and demonstrate effective use of the training content. Subsequently, communities are brought together to address inter-communal threats. While the ultimate aim is to address inter-communal issues across (identity) boundaries, the approach is not time-bound and is instead based on each community?s ability and willingness to peacefully settle disputes.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Pilot local conflict mitigation and peacebuilding
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2018/08/24]
UNDP in partnership with SSPRC 2017/07 Completed Peace committees estabished at the local level work on managing local level conflicts. See 2017 Annual Report for the work by, and through peace committees History
Conduct regular feedback sessions and lessons learned to address challenges and scale up good practices
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2018/08/24]
UNDP in partnership with SSPRC 2017/07 Completed Project board meetings provided opportunities for feedback sessions and lessons learned sessions History
Collect names, titles and contact details of peace cadres who can serve as local mediators or peace agents in community level peacebuilding processes
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2018/08/24]
UNDP in partnership with SSPRC 2017/07 Completed Distribution of peace cadres is attached History
Provide additional training/technical support as required to state and county counterparts involved in facilitating Conflict Transformation trainings
[Added: 2013/08/04] [Last Updated: 2018/08/24]
UNDP in partnership with SSPRC 2017/07 Completed Training provided through NTLI. Sample training report attached History

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