China Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation final evaluation

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2011-2015, China
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
10/2013
Completion Date:
10/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
40,000

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Title China Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation final evaluation
Atlas Project Number: 198
Evaluation Plan: 2011-2015, China
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2013
Planned End Date: 10/2013
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Development plans and programmes integrate environmentally sustainable solutions in a manner that promotes poverty reduction, MDG achievement and low-emission climate-resilient development
  • 2. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 40,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Eugenia Katsigris Parnon Group
Li Ninghui Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-1
PIMS Number: 2277
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Outcomes 1: Baseline Survey, Demo and Replication Sites, Dissemination

  • Take measures to ensure 72 project sites are incorporated into national care, so that funding is provided for annual follow-up surveys.  

PMO: It is extremely likely the 72 sites will be incorporated into national care, e.g. the WRC conservation programme launched by the MoA.

  • Improve indicators. Indicators should be expanded to include invasive species and non-point pollution.

PMO: A SC entitled “Threat Evaluation of IAS on WRC” has been awarded to the CAAS. Follow-up actions will be taken accordingly.  

  • TE Team recommends guidelines for the mainstreaming-into-agriculture approach of WRC conservation (the MiA approach) should be developed and disseminated in a publication.
2

Outcome 2: Policy

  • Assess situation of IAS at all sites to see how common a threat it is. If it is common at project sites, guidelines should be developed for addressing.
  • Link future “mainstreaming-in-agriculture” approach WRC conservation site selection with poverty alleviation sites, if possible, so that dual benefits may be achieved.
  • When relevant, support direct utilization of conserved wild agricultural plants (such as a gynostemma processing machine in Tongbai, Henan)
  • Follow up regarding Seed Law revisions if needed.
  • Ensure that the MIA approach is a priority agenda item for discussion in upcoming expert meetings to design the 13th Five-Year Plan.
  • Consider work on ecological compensation for WRC conservation as a closing part of this project or as follow-up work.
3

Outcome 3: Capacity Building

  • Assess possibility and potential benefits of continued FFS at existing project sites.
  • Adopt not only participatory classroom approach of FFS in future projects, but also the multi-topic curriculum approach that incorporates farmer input into determining topics to be taught.  
  • For future projects targeting mindset change, reference CWRC’s success via utilization of a multi-pronged approach (training, livelihood incentives, discussions with officials, posters in village, etc.) and particularly the importance of focusing on livelihood benefits.  
4

Outcome 4: M&A System and Germplasm Research  

  • Make strong efforts to obtain approval for inclusion of the 64 sites (after confidential information is removed) in the online M&A system. Efforts might also be made to obtain approval for the same sort of inclusion of the 170 physical isolation sites.
  • Encourage follow-up germplasm research for the demo sites and new germplasm research for the replication sites. This should involve comprehensive outreach to germplasm researchers so that they can be aware of the opportunity (including plant types available) and benefits of working with in situ WRC resources. It will also involve the development of streamlined processes, so that researchers can easily understand what may be available and apply for access.
5

Other Recommendations  

  • Scope: For current project, in dissemination materials, clarify that scope of project objective has been two-fold: (1) to promote the “mainstreaming-in-agriculture” approach to WRC conservation, which is new to China; and (2) to promote conservation of WRCs in China more generally (regardless of approach) through capacity building, publicity, and policy improvements.
  • Extending livelihoods approach to other conservation efforts: Given success of project, consider extending the livelihoods approach to other conservation efforts, such as grassland conservation.
  • Ideas for Future Projects, e.g. An IAS project, with focus on WRCs or with more general scope, etc.
1. Recommendation:

Outcomes 1: Baseline Survey, Demo and Replication Sites, Dissemination

  • Take measures to ensure 72 project sites are incorporated into national care, so that funding is provided for annual follow-up surveys.  

PMO: It is extremely likely the 72 sites will be incorporated into national care, e.g. the WRC conservation programme launched by the MoA.

  • Improve indicators. Indicators should be expanded to include invasive species and non-point pollution.

PMO: A SC entitled “Threat Evaluation of IAS on WRC” has been awarded to the CAAS. Follow-up actions will be taken accordingly.  

  • TE Team recommends guidelines for the mainstreaming-into-agriculture approach of WRC conservation (the MiA approach) should be developed and disseminated in a publication.
Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/28]

PMO: the PMO facilitated deliberation on key issues raised in the TE report and developed MiA guidelines and a method for assessing conservation options (i.e. physical isolation versus MiA) at new sites. The PMO is in midst of preparing two books, one on WRC policy and one on the “MiA” approach, i.e. incentives. The PMO will include both the MiA guidelines and the conservation approach assessment methodology in the second book they are preparing. Besides, In Sept. 2013 (after submission of the draft version of TE report), the PMO, jointly with the UNDP CO, held a major conference in Kunming, Yunnan province including representatives from all of China’s provinces to further disseminate the guidelines on the “MiA” approach and relevant best practices.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

Outcome 2: Policy

  • Assess situation of IAS at all sites to see how common a threat it is. If it is common at project sites, guidelines should be developed for addressing.
  • Link future “mainstreaming-in-agriculture” approach WRC conservation site selection with poverty alleviation sites, if possible, so that dual benefits may be achieved.
  • When relevant, support direct utilization of conserved wild agricultural plants (such as a gynostemma processing machine in Tongbai, Henan)
  • Follow up regarding Seed Law revisions if needed.
  • Ensure that the MIA approach is a priority agenda item for discussion in upcoming expert meetings to design the 13th Five-Year Plan.
  • Consider work on ecological compensation for WRC conservation as a closing part of this project or as follow-up work.
Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/28]

PMO: A SC entitled “Threat Evaluation of IAS on WRC” has been awarded to the CAAS. Follow-up actions will be taken accordingly.

PMO: it has been integrated in the guidelines on the “MiA” approach and disseminated at the Kunming Conference.

PMO: The PMO and the MoA has recognized the need to address the issue, and has integrated it in the guidelines on the “MiA” approach. Actually, the project has supported sustainable utilizations of conserved WRCs by local villagers, e.g. Kiwi Fruit, wild tea and some other ones with commercial values except the Gynostemma.

PMO: The PMO has learnt from the MOA that the latter is going to propose adding WRC conservation into Seed Law revisions.

PMO: Both the PMO and the MoA believe the MIA approach is preferable, and is intent to make sure the MiA approach is a priority agenda item for upcoming 13th Five-Year Plan discussions. The MoA’s annual budget for WRCs will be expanded to include training and livelihoods work.

PMO: both the PMO and the MoA have recognized the need to address the issue, and is intent to make sure the issue, i.e. ecological compensation for WRC conservation, is a priority agenda item for upcoming 13th Five-Year Plan discussions.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

Outcome 3: Capacity Building

  • Assess possibility and potential benefits of continued FFS at existing project sites.
  • Adopt not only participatory classroom approach of FFS in future projects, but also the multi-topic curriculum approach that incorporates farmer input into determining topics to be taught.  
  • For future projects targeting mindset change, reference CWRC’s success via utilization of a multi-pronged approach (training, livelihood incentives, discussions with officials, posters in village, etc.) and particularly the importance of focusing on livelihood benefits.  
Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/28]

PMO: Both the PMO and the MoA have recognized the need to address the issue, and is intent to make sure the FFS will be an essential tool for setting up WRC conservation sites in the future. Moreover, The PMO has awarded a SC to develop curriculum (courseware) of agro-biodiversity, in particular WRC for agriculture universalities in China.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

Outcome 4: M&A System and Germplasm Research  

  • Make strong efforts to obtain approval for inclusion of the 64 sites (after confidential information is removed) in the online M&A system. Efforts might also be made to obtain approval for the same sort of inclusion of the 170 physical isolation sites.
  • Encourage follow-up germplasm research for the demo sites and new germplasm research for the replication sites. This should involve comprehensive outreach to germplasm researchers so that they can be aware of the opportunity (including plant types available) and benefits of working with in situ WRC resources. It will also involve the development of streamlined processes, so that researchers can easily understand what may be available and apply for access.
Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/28]

PMO: Agree. Both the PMO and the MoA have recognized the needs of this issue, and is making plans to make sure that the operator of M&A system will keep on doing so right after the approval by the MoA.

PMO: The MoA has enacted specific regulations governing the issue. The PMO will facilitate in publicizing further the regulations nationwide. 

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

Other Recommendations  

  • Scope: For current project, in dissemination materials, clarify that scope of project objective has been two-fold: (1) to promote the “mainstreaming-in-agriculture” approach to WRC conservation, which is new to China; and (2) to promote conservation of WRCs in China more generally (regardless of approach) through capacity building, publicity, and policy improvements.
  • Extending livelihoods approach to other conservation efforts: Given success of project, consider extending the livelihoods approach to other conservation efforts, such as grassland conservation.
  • Ideas for Future Projects, e.g. An IAS project, with focus on WRCs or with more general scope, etc.
Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/28]

PMO: The project is revising the project brochure accordingly, and will distribute it nationwide.  

PMO: Actions will be taken by both the PMO and the MoA to promote the best practices of the project including incentives (livelihoods approach) to other conservation efforts.

PMO: the PMO, in cooperation with the UNDO CO, is developing relevant GEF projects, e.g. PIF on capacity building and demonstration of IAS prevention and control in China, etc.    

Key Actions:

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