Evaluation of UNDP support to disability-inclusive development

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2014-2017, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
Thematic
Planned End Date:
01/2017
Completion Date:
12/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
350,000

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document Disability Evaluation- Full Report.pdf report English 2371.26 KB Posted 2681
Download document Disability Evaluation - Illustrated Summary.pdf summary English 4777.25 KB Posted 1234
Title Evaluation of UNDP support to disability-inclusive development
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2014-2017, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: Thematic
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2016
Planned End Date: 01/2017
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 350,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 350,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Lessons
Findings
1.

Chapter 3 STRATEGIC RELEVANCE OF DISABILITYINCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT FOR UNDP

The evaluation sought to answer some overriding strategic questions, including whether and how UNDP’s objective to help the poorest of the poor and most marginalized members of society extends to persons with disabilities. While subsequent sections delve into specific programming activities, this chapter takes a broader focus by (1) assessing UNDP’s programmatic policies relating to the inclusion of persons with disabilities in the UNDP Strategic Plan and policy guidance; and (2) addressing UNDP’s involvement in fostering partnerships within the UN system and with key stakeholders in the disability-inclusive development arena.

3.1 UNDP’S POLICY AND PROGRAMMATIC RESPONSE

The programing principles and approaches that guide UNDP in its development work align with the animating principles of disability rights and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). The CRPD sets external and internal expectations for UNDP and other UN agencies, insofar as it should trigger efforts to align programmatic efforts, as well as organizational policies, with the CRPD principles of non-discrimination, participation, inclusion, accessibility and gender equality. 

Finding 1. UNDP is well positioned to play a prominent role in advancing the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities at global and country levels. The organization has not fully embraced this role, due to limited capacities and resources committed at corporate, regional and country levels in promoting the rights enshrined in the Convention.


Tag: Relevance Human rights Strategic Positioning Disabilities Inclusive economic growth

2.

Finding 2. The guidance note issued in 2012 on programming represents a positive initial step highlighting the relevance of disability inclusion for UNDP and its strategic objectives. Unfortunately, its dissemination was not given much prominence and there has been limited application of this guidance in programming on the ground.


Tag: Relevance Human rights Integration Monitoring and Evaluation Policies & Procedures Disabilities

3.

3.2 DISABILITY-INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIPS

Partnerships are an essential tool for UNDP and include a broad range of government, inter-governmental, non-governmental and private actors. UNDP is frequently asked by its Executive Board and government partners to identify ways to ‘deliver as one’, through joint programming with other UN agencies. It is expected that such joint programming can improve inter-agency coordination and raise the quality of service delivery. Joint programming is a hallmark of the work of the UN on disability-inclusive development, recognizing the multiple entry points for support, including job creation, skills development, human rights and legal norms, access, and social protection.

The role of partnerships in advancing the CRPD is reflected in Article 32, which references the importance of partnerships between States and international and regional organizations and civil society, in particular organizations of persons with disabilities. Partnerships are also underscored as a component of facilitation of CRPD implementation in Article 38 and are reflected in the post-2015 Development Agenda, in SDG 17, on partnerships for sustainable development.

UNDP played a leadership role in launching the UNPRPD in 2011 as a direct response to the ratification of the CRPD.

3.3 UN PARTNERSHIP TO PROMOTE THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (UNPRPD)

Finding 3. The United Nations Partnership to Promote the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNPRPD), with its focus on partnership building, mobilizing joint efforts by United Nations country teams (UNCTs) and giving voice to disabled people’s organizations, has proven to be a viable and innovative instrument to promote multisectoral interventions in support of the Convention.


Tag: Coherence Effectiveness Multi Donor Trust Funds Human rights Joint UN Programme Knowledge management Partnership Civil Societies and NGOs Country Government UN Agencies UN Country Team Disabilities Advocacy Agenda 2030 SDG Integration

4.

Finding 4. In spite of initial understaffing and resource constraints, the work of the UNPRPD technical secretariat is considered exemplary by many key stakeholders. The secretariat is aware of bottlenecks affecting the performance of the UNPRPD and in 2016 revised the strategic and operational framework to address identified issues.


Tag: Effectiveness Efficiency Human and Financial resources Operational Efficiency Policies & Procedures

5.

Finding 5. Programme results from the first funding round for the UNPRPD suggest that programmes have achieved more outcome-level objectives than anticipated from the initial programme proposals.


Tag: Effectiveness Impact Human rights Monitoring and Evaluation Results-Based Management Disabilities Jobs and Livelihoods Data and Statistics

6.

Finding 6. Survey responses suggest that there is limited awareness of the UNPRPD mechanism across UNDP, although UNCTs show growing interest in participating.


Tag: UN Country Team

7.

Finding 7. UNPRPD programming recognizes the engagement of disabled people’s organizations as a priority, and UNPRPD has facilitated several significant results in relation to promoting the meaningful participation of persons with disabilities at global, regional and country levels. Evidence suggests, however, that further efforts will be necessary to strengthen participation as a requirement for UNPRPD project proposals and actual practice on the ground.


Tag: Civic Engagement Human rights Programme/Project Design Disabilities

8.

Chapter 4 DISABILITY-INCLUSIVE PROGRAMMING RESULTS 

The evaluation team sought to determine whether UNDP had played a significant role assisting countries in implementing the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). Answering this requires determining if UNDP has effectively mainstreamed attention to persons with disabilities across its three major areas of work: sustainable development pathways, governance and peacebuilding, and resilience. This section also takes up the question of whether UNDP social and environmental standards screen for accessibility and inclusiveness of persons with disabilities.

4.1 GLOBAL PROJECT PORTFOLIO

Finding 8. Obtaining data and information on the UNDP contribution to disability-inclusive development was challenging, as UNDP has not consistently tracked this support. 


Tag: Challenges Policies & Procedures

9.

MAINSTREAMED PROJECTS

Finding 9. Mainstreaming by UNDP of a disability dimension reveals a mixed picture. In some instances, country-level leadership on disability inclusion has resulted in concerted, and at times innovative, efforts to find entry points for disability inclusion in mainstream UNDP programming. Elsewhere, it is evident that very limited attention has been given to mainstreaming persons with disabilities into the broader development work of UNDP. A lack of prioritization and gaps in technical expertise are limiting UNDP results in promoting disability-inclusive development.


Tag: Effectiveness Human rights Justice system Rule of law Innovation Integration Ownership Civil Societies and NGOs Country Government UN Country Team Capacity Building Jobs and Livelihoods Micro-credit

10.

SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS

Finding 10. UNDP has put in place social and environmental standards to help the organization avoid or mitigate unintended negative consequences of its programming. These include expectations that UNDP should refrain from providing support for activities that may contribute to violations of a State’s human rights obligations and the core international human rights treaties, including the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.


Tag: Vulnerable Effectiveness Impact Human rights Policies & Procedures Programme/Project Design Project and Programme management Disabilities SDG Integration

11.

4.2 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PATHWAYS

A cornerstone of UNDP’s Strategic Plan is to help countries develop sustainable development pathways that address poverty reduction, social protection, energy and the environment, and issues with wide-ranging social and economic impacts such as HIV and AIDS. These focus areas and the SDGs in relation to them intersect with disability-inclusive development and the obligations set out in the CRPD. The following section assesses UNDP programme results in the four areas of poverty reduction and livelihoods, social protection, environment, HIVAIDS and health.

POVERTY REDUCTION & LIVELIHOODS

Finding 11. UNDP supports many different types of projects related to the promotion of employment of individuals with disabilities, with varying degrees of success. Although most disability-inclusive projects are designed to cover all individuals with disabilities, many programmes end up covering persons with specific types of disabilities.


Tag: Effectiveness Impact Civic Engagement Human rights Integration Country Government UN Agencies Capacity Building Disabilities Jobs and Livelihoods Micro-credit Poverty Reduction Technology SDG Integration

12.

SOCIAL PROTECTION

Finding 12. There is evidence of UNDP including persons with disabilities in its social protection programming. UNDP could play an important role in advocating for stepped-up deinstitutionalization efforts and better support for community-based living programmes.


Tag: Effectiveness Human rights Integration Policies & Procedures Disabilities Social Protection Leaving no one behind

13.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Finding 13. While there are some good examples of how UNDP environmental programming addresses the needs of persons with disabilities, overall, due to the specific type of UNDP environmental projects and the fact that the multilateral environment agreements that provide a framework for this work focus on other types of vulnerabilities, the rights of persons with disabilities have not been an explicit focus of its environmental protection support.


Tag: Forestry Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Drinking water supply Energy Environment Policy Extractive Industries Green Economy Natural Resouce management Sanitation Waste management Water resources Global Climate Fund Global Environment Facility fund Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Human rights Integration Bilateral partners Country Government Disabilities Poverty Reduction

14.

HIV-AIDS AND HEALTH-RELATED PROGRAMMING

Finding 14. Very limited efforts have been made to integrate persons with disabilities into UNDP activities related to health, including work related to HIV/AIDS, and projects funded by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.


Tag: Effectiveness Global Fund Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Human rights Parliament Health Sector HIV / AIDS Pandemic Integration Programme Synergy Disabilities Education Social Protection

15.

4.3 GOVERNANCE AND PEACEBUILDING 

UNDP work in the area of governance and peacebuilding is based on the premise that strengthening governance can result in an enabling law and policy environment that is responsive to the needs of society’s most vulnerable individuals. Laws, policies and processes to address social exclusion, especially inequalities based on disability and other status-based discrimination, are an essential dimension of work to advance democratic governance. Expanding the participation of persons with disabilities and advancing their independence and autonomy can enhance access to the environment, employment, land, livelihoods, and credit, as well as government services, including justice and policing services. The CRPD advances disability-inclusive democratic governance in numerous obligations and, crucially, underscores as a principle and general obligation the participation of persons with disabilities in law and policy reform. At its core, support for disabilityinclusive democratic governance aims to reduce deeply entrenched inequalities experienced by persons with disabilities and, in so doing, help advance the SDGs, 10 and 16 in particular. 

Advancing democratic governance for persons with disabilities entails the identification and dismantling of barriers that inhibit full participation in society, with attention to human rights and rule of law strengthening, civil society empowerment, and governance work and inclusive political processes. The CRPD sets forth State obligations for guaranteeing equality and non-discrimination in the enjoyment of all human rights, for ensuring that persons with disabilities have an effective voice in decision-making and political processes, and for facilitating effective access to justice. It also supports strong human rights machinery, operative at national and subnational levels and internationally, through the UN human rights machinery. Moreover, the general principles of the CRPD and human rights law more generally – non-discrimination, participation and inclusion – underpin the rights that support democratic governance for persons with disabilities.

UNDP’s 2014-2017 Strategic Plan recognizes that strengthening democratic governance is a core effort of the organization. Consequently, there is far-reaching potential for UNDP to advance the rights of persons with disabilities and realization of the SDGs generally through activities in democratic governance. The following section assesses UNDP programming in the four broad areas of human rights, rule of law and access to justice, elections, and data and statistics.

HUMAN RIGHTS

Finding 15. The results of the evaluation suggest missed opportunities for UNDP to promote disability-inclusive development programming through its support for human rights. The 2005 UNDP Practice Note on Human Rights has not been updated to include reference to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, although UNDP has emphasized the human rights-based approach in the Guidance Note on Disability.


Tag: Coherence Effectiveness Civic Engagement Human rights Rule of law Integration MDGs Policies & Procedures SDG Integration

16.

Finding 16. The evaluation found some evidence of UNDP support in advancing a disability rights dimension into the strengthening of national human rights systems at the country programme level.


Tag: Human rights Justice system Public administration reform Rule of law Health Sector Integration Disabilities Education

17.

RULE OF LAW AND ACCESS TO JUSTICE

Finding 17. Several country assessments suggest that UNDP programming has been instrumental, and in some cases a major force, in helping to develop and strengthen disability law and policy frameworks, consistent with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. UNDP has also had marked success in playing a neutral convener role in bringing government and civil society actors together as required by the Convention. 


Tag: Effectiveness Civic Engagement e-Governance Human rights Justice system Rule of law Innovation Country Government Disabilities Social Protection Coordination

18.

INCLUSIVE POLITICAL PROCESSES AND ELECTIONS SUPPORT

Finding 18. Aside from a few isolated examples, the evaluation found little evidence that UNDP is advancing disability inclusion in a strong and consistent manner in its engagement with electoral processes and institutions. There is also a lack of practical guidance and lessons available within the organization on how to address the complex social, environmental, legal, information and technical barriers to equal political participation and citizen engagement by persons with disabilities.


Tag: Civic Engagement e-Governance Election Human rights Knowledge management Disabilities Advocacy Technical Support

19.

DATA AND STATISTICS

Finding 19. UNDP has provided limited support to strengthening disability-related data and statistics at country and global levels. Of 11 countries visited, three indicated that UNDP provided support in the collection of disability-related data and statistics: Albania, Belarus and South Africa. In addition, the UNPRPD has supported work on disability statistics implemented by various United Nations organizations.


Tag: Effectiveness Human rights Innovation Knowledge management UN Agencies Disabilities Social Protection Data and Statistics

20.

4.4 RESILIENCE

The CRPD mandates the protection and safety of persons with disabilities in situations of risk, including armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and natural disasters, in Article 11. It calls for international humanitarian law – which largely reflects a paternalistic and bio-medical approach to disability – and humanitarian response to be filtered through a human rights lens. Illustrative interventions contemplated in this context, and those with a specific connection to UNDP programming, include support for policy reforms in how governments prepare and respond to humanitarian emergencies consistent with the CRPD; dissemination of accessible information at all stages of emergencies; coordination, participation and meaningful consultation with persons with disabilities and DPOs; and capacity development for stakeholders, including both military and civilian, peacekeeping personnel, and other field workers intervening in emergency situations regarding the rights of persons with disabilities. The following sections assess UNDP results in the three broad areas of response and recovery, mine action and victim assistance, risk reduction and preparedness. A major contribution of the sub-working group on Article 11 of which UNDP is a part, was its participation in the preparatory phase of the World Humanitarian Summit and the development of the Charter on Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities in Humanitarian Action. The IASG and UNDP are both endorsing stakeholders of the Charter.

RESPONSE AND RECOVERY

Finding 20. UNDP crisis response and recovery support tends to be subsumed under the rubric of addressing all vulnerable groups and does not identify or respond to the particular barriers faced by persons with disabilities affected by crisis.


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Vulnerable Human rights Conflict Crisis prevention Humanitarian development nexus Resilience Disabilities

21.

MINE ACTION AND VICTIM ASSISTANCE

Finding 21. UNDP remains an active participant in mine action, with support still under way in 20 countries. While its victim assistance portfolio is small, there are good examples of the work that UNDP is doing in the area of development and mine victim assistance. There are some instances where this assistance has broadened into more comprehensive support for persons with disabilities.


Tag: Mine Action Human rights Justice system Monitoring and Evaluation Civil Societies and NGOs Country Government UN Agencies Capacity Building Disabilities

22.

RISK REDUCTION AND PREPAREDNESS

Finding 22. There is limited recognition in UNDP of the need to ensure disability inclusion within risk reduction and preparedness initiatives. Where this recognition does exist, there is a need for enhanced technical support on how to design and implement disability-inclusive programmes.


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Vulnerable Effectiveness Human rights Knowledge management Monitoring and Evaluation Policies & Procedures Programme/Project Design Project and Programme management Country Government Disabilities Social Protection Technical Support

23.

4.5 GENDER AND DISABILITY

The continuing advancement of human development depends on women and girls being able to fully realize their rights in all spheres of life. UNDP is sensitive to women and girls facing multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination and requires that gender equality and women’s empowerment be integrated into all of the organization’s focus areas. Gender equality, centred on human rights, is recognized both as a development goal on its own and as vital to accelerating sustainable development. The CRPD, in highlighting the multidimensional discrimination faced by women and girls with disabilities, obligates States Parties to take into account the unique needs of women and girls with disabilities. Gender and age-related concerns throughout the CRPD offer tools for advancing disability-inclusive gender programming at UNDP.

Finding 23. The UNDP Gender Equality Strategy, 2014-2017 does not reference the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities as a salient global commitment guiding UNDP efforts to advance gender equality. As is common throughout UNDP programme guidance, disability is referenced under the overall rubric of ‘vulnerable groups.’ The evaluation found only a few examples of targeted interventions where women with disabilities were included in programming.


Tag: Vulnerable Coherence Effectiveness Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Gender-Based Violence Women's Empowerment Human rights Integration Policies & Procedures Programme Synergy Civil Societies and NGOs UN Agencies Disabilities

24.

Chapter 5 ORGANIZATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL ASPECTS OF DISABILITY INCLUSIVENESS

This chapter presents findings in relation to key aspects of UNDP’s organizational policy, culture and practices in creating an enabling environment for persons with disabilities. Findings cover issues of organizational strategy, training recruitment practices, reasonable accommodation, accessibility and universal design.

Finding 24. UNDP is not a welcoming organization for persons with disabilities. Although it has taken some positive steps to create an enabling work environment at all levels, significant progress has yet to be made. While UNDP does not exclude people with disabilities from any recruitment process or otherwise discriminate against such applicants, there has not been a strong corporate drive to employ persons with disabilities or to set quotas for the hiring of persons with disabilities, and few persons with disabilities work for the organization.


Tag: Human rights Human and Financial resources MDGs Policies & Procedures Capacity Building Disabilities

25.

5.5 ACCESSIBILITY AND UNIVERSAL DESIGN

Finding 25. UNDP operates under United Nations Development Group comprehensive guidelines on common premises and has set minimum levels of functional accessibility for its offices. The extent of compliance with these guidelines is uneven across country offices and other duty stations, reflecting various resource constraints.


Tag: Efficiency Human rights Policies & Procedures Country Government Disabilities Jobs and Livelihoods Technology

Recommendations
1

A. STRATEGIC AND CORPORATE

The next UNDP strategic plan, for the period 2018-2021, should give significantly greater prominence and attention to the rights of persons with disabilities, with outcomes and outputs designed to align substantively with the breadth of the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and situate UNDP as a leading provider of disability-inclusive expertise. UNDP should then develop an action plan on disability that publicly details the UNDP approach with clear goal(s), targets and specific indicators within a revised integrated results and resources framework (IRRF).

2

A. STRATEGIC AND CORPORATE

In its efforts to help Governments achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, UNDP should pay special attention to disability-inclusive targets, emphasizing Goal 16, promoting peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, providing access to justice for all and building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels, where UNDP is an acknowledged lead agency. The aim of UNDP to support Governments in the implementation of disability-inclusive development targets under the Goals should be noted in the new strategic plan and IRRF.

3

A. STRATEGIC AND CORPORATE

The UNDP Disability Guidance Note should be revised and reissued to articulate recommendations for programme design and implementation that are aligned to the Sustainable Development Goals. This guidance should include a ‘toolkit’ for how to include disability in the various areas of UNDP programming and operations.

4

B. GLOBAL PARTNERSHIPS

UNDP management at the country level should work through the resident coordinator system and United Nations country team counterparts to ensure that all United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAFs) identify persons with disabilities as a vulnerable group, and specify outcomes for targeted and mainstreamed programming that address implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and disability-inclusive development actions, consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals. Persons with disabilities, disabled people’s organizations and civil society groups working on disability inclusion should be consulted as part of the UNDAF planning process.

5

B. GLOBAL PARTNERSHIPS

Expansion and increased funding for the The United Nations Partnership to Promote the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNPRPD) is strongly urged. In addition to current donor support, the technical secretariat should facilitate a discussion within the policy board on the possibility of partnerships with private sector entities and foundations as part of an expanded resource mobilization effort.

6

B. GLOBAL PARTNERSHIPS

UNDP should deepen its partnerships with disabled people’s organizations to utilize their expertise on disability inclusion for both programming and human resource issues.

7

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

UNDP efforts in support of employment and livelihood improvement should be aligned with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, including their right to freely choose their work on an equal basis with others. Whenever feasible, UNDP should promote programmes that reach the full diversity of the disability community.

8

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

UNDP support to social protection programming should include measures to make social protection systems fully accessible to individuals with disabilities. Commensurate with this focus, and in keeping with the Convention, UNDP should make clear its commitment to deinstitutionalization, by championing government efforts to plan and carry out transitions to community-based living arrangements.

9

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

Specific activities targeting disability access must be included in all UNDP electoral assistance projects, including support to partner Governments on electoral access in law, policy and practice.

10

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

In its work in countries that are highly vulnerable to natural disasters and in environments affected by conflict, UNDP should pay make specific reference to the needs of persons with disabilities in crisis prevention planning and risk assessments, early recovery and post-crisis development planning.

11

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

At headquarters, regional and country levels, UNDP should pay particular attention to and provide support for improving the collection of data on disability, consistent with Article 31 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Through its results-oriented annual reporting mechanism, UNDP should periodically track and report on country-level programming and lessons that address the rights of persons with disabilities as participants in and beneficiaries of development.

12

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

UNDP should review and revise pertinent documentation used for programme design, monitoring and evaluation to ensure that disability inclusion in development is appropriately addressed (e.g., the UNDAF, Gender Equality Strategy, Gender Marker and Seal, Social and Environmental Standards and Programme Design), and is consistent with Sustainable Development Goal frameworks and indicators that reference persons with disabilities.

13

D. UNDP INTERNAL CULTURE AND PROCEDURES

UNDP should survey its staff to better determine the number of employees with disabilities and the types and costs of reasonable accommodation measures that have been provided. A line item should be added to the UNDP human resources budget on reasonable accommodation to ensure appropriate funding of reasonable accommodation support. A disability accommodation fund could be established to help secure needed funding. The United Nations Children's Fund's Greening and Accessibility Fund presents an innovative model for UNDP to consider.

14

D. UNDP INTERNAL CULTURE AND PROCEDURES

The UNDP diversity and inclusiveness strategy should be revised to make clear that the organization will adequately support staff with disabilities in all phases of the full employment continuum, including recruitment, retention and retirement, and through sufficient financial resources for workplace accommodation. In addition, policies and grievance procedures should make clear the recourse persons have where their needs for accommodation are not met. To expand understanding of the rights of persons with disabilities across the organization, UNDP should update, relaunch and make mandatory the e-learning module on disabilities and promote it among all staff at all levels.

15

D. UNDP INTERNAL CULTURE AND PROCEDURES

UNDP should implement a recruitment initiative to bring persons with disabilities into the organization, including through targeted advertisements on disability networks. In vacancy announcements, it should specifically encourage persons with disabilities to apply, and adopt affirmative action-like policies that give preference to persons with disabilities who are as equally qualified as other applicants. UNDP should also consider establishing a paid internship programme for qualified persons with disabilities, which could provide a potential pathway to full-time employment.

16

D. UNDP INTERNAL CULTURE AND PROCEDURES

An accessibility audit of UNDP premises and work environments should be carried out to identify existing barriers to inclusion and practical steps that can be taken to eliminate them. This should include a review of information technology security arrangements to ensure their compatibility with relevant accessibility standards. UNDP should set a date by which all of its premises are to accessible, regardless of local building codes.

1. Recommendation:

A. STRATEGIC AND CORPORATE

The next UNDP strategic plan, for the period 2018-2021, should give significantly greater prominence and attention to the rights of persons with disabilities, with outcomes and outputs designed to align substantively with the breadth of the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and situate UNDP as a leading provider of disability-inclusive expertise. UNDP should then develop an action plan on disability that publicly details the UNDP approach with clear goal(s), targets and specific indicators within a revised integrated results and resources framework (IRRF).

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

Contingent on the inclusion of disabilities as part of the new strategic plan for 2018-2021, clear goals, targets and indicators of the IRRF will be disability-inclusive. This includes ways to consider both disability-specific indicators at the corporate level and country-specific disaggregations of data on disability. Consideration will be given to the feasibility of including disability-disaggregated indicators, taking into account national statistical capacities and cost effectiveness of disaggregated data collection in key areas over the new strategic plan period.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. The organization will take into account the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Persons with Disabilities during its process to identify the highest priority outcome and output areas to which it can contribute through the new strategic plan. Subject to this, disability-specific targets and indicators will be considered as part of IRRF development.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/03/28]
Executive Office, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Development Impact Group) 2018/12 Completed April 2017: People with disabilities are being considered as part of UNDP’s more sophisticated approach to targeting for the next Strategic Plan 2018-2021. The IRRF includes targets, outputs, as well as outcome and output indicators disaggregated by disability. History
2. Recommendation:

A. STRATEGIC AND CORPORATE

In its efforts to help Governments achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, UNDP should pay special attention to disability-inclusive targets, emphasizing Goal 16, promoting peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, providing access to justice for all and building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels, where UNDP is an acknowledged lead agency. The aim of UNDP to support Governments in the implementation of disability-inclusive development targets under the Goals should be noted in the new strategic plan and IRRF.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP welcomes the recommendation to emphasize the promotion of peaceful, just and inclusive societies in work on disability-inclusive targets in the Sustainable Development Goals, including Goal 16 and related targets. It is critical to note the contributory nature of the work of UNDP, in conjunction with other stakeholders in the arena.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Review and integrate disability inclusion into elements of the UNDP Global Programme of support for Member States on Sustainable Development Goal 16 and peaceful, just and inclusive societies more broadly.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/05/02]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Governance and Peacebuilding Cluster 2018/06 Completed Issues of disability were featured strongly in the workshops of the Global Alliance and as part of methodologies of indicators where UNDP is interim custodian UNDP has taken note of the recommendations on promoting democratic governance reforms and Goal 16 related intergovernmental agreements on peace building and State-building. UNDP SP proposes signature solutions developed to strengthen effective, accountable and inclusive governance focusing on supporting diverse pathways towards building peaceful, just and inclusive societies. This solution will seek to build inclusive institutions and mechanisms for the peaceful resolution of conflict and for advancing social cohesion with the inclusion of women, youth, people with disabilities and other traditionally excluded groups. UNDP is a custodian agency for three SDG 16 global indicators that currently lack an internationally agreed methodology and has assumed responsibility for developing a methodology and metadata by the end of 2018 that will enable all countries to track and report on progress against the indicators. Two of the indicators under target 16.7 – inclusive and responsive institutions and decision making - explicitly require disaggregation by disability: SDG 16,7.1 – Proportions of positions (by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups) in public institutions (national and local legislatures, public service, and judiciary) compared to national distributions; and SDG 16.7.2 – Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group. Over the last 18 months, and as part of its custodianship for the 3 SDG 16 global indicators, UNDP has established expert working groups to resolve the conceptual, definitional, methodological and implementation issues and produce recommended metadata for each of the indicators. The metadata for all three indicators will encourage disaggregation by sex, age groups, disability and population groups . UNDP has also been working with experts in the Washington City Group on disability statistics to test the feasibility of the Washington Group survey questions (short-set) for collecting data on disability in the public service; parliament and in the judiciary. Surveys have been undertaken with more than 60 national statistics offices and other stakeholders within the national statistical system of how they are collecting disability data for these indicators and the challenges they face. This mapping will help to inform the support needed from UNDP and other partners to help countries produce disability disaggregated statistics as the indicators come on stream. UNDP is also working with a few selected NSOs as case studies for developing guidance on good practices for producing disability data from public institutions. UNDP is one of the co-Secretariat of The Global Alliance for Reporting Progress on Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies (SDG 16 Alliance) which supported joint Member State-government-civil society delegations of 12 countries in the Latin America and Caribbean and European regions to include persons with disabilities in the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Disabilities Specialist of the Organisation of American States (OAS) supported these national delegations to understand how and why to include persons with disabilities in the national planning, monitoring and reporting processes that support national implementation of the 2030 Agenda. Each country developed ‘mini plans’ identifying specific measures to include persons with disabilities, and generated data disaggregated for persons with disabilities. We are continuing to work with the Disabilities Advisor at the OAS, to enable her to support the new Quito Declaration (committing justice systems throughout the region to support implementation of the 2030 agenda and SDG 16 in particular), as well as work in Colombia led by the legal aid clinic at the University of Los Andes. History
2.2. UNDP will consider the most effective way to reflect its contribution to supporting the implementation of Goal 16 targets within its new strategic plan and IRRF.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/04/11]
Executive Office, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Development Impact Group 2018/12 Completed ‘UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021 identifies persons with disabilities as a critical target group in its multi-sectoral integrated poverty eradication efforts, as well as the inclusion of civil society representing persons with disability crucial in country efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda and in mechanisms for the peaceful resolution of conflict and for advancing social cohesion. The SP IRRF hasintegrated indicators related to SDG target 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels. History
3. Recommendation:

A. STRATEGIC AND CORPORATE

The UNDP Disability Guidance Note should be revised and reissued to articulate recommendations for programme design and implementation that are aligned to the Sustainable Development Goals. This guidance should include a ‘toolkit’ for how to include disability in the various areas of UNDP programming and operations.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP has provided guidance on how to apply the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in UNDP programming in 2012, and also contributed to United Nations Development Group guidance for United Nations country teams. UNDP welcome the recommendation to further elaborate on the existing guidance in the framework of the recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1. UNDP will reissue updated guidance on how to apply the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in its programming in light of the Sustainable Development Goals and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/12/19]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS), Regional Bureaux 2018/12 Completed UNDP guidance will need to be aligned with updated UNDESA guidance which has not yet commenced being developed Dec 2018 update: UNDP issued a Guidance Note on Disability Inclusive Development for all UNDP staff on 03 December 2018. This was widely consulted upon throughout UNDP, within the UN system and with organizations of persons with disabilities and academia. See here http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/democratic-governance/human_rights/disability-inclusive-development-in-undp.html in ECIS region, IRH supported the ratification process of CRPD in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. As a result for UNDP/UN support, the CRPD was ratified in Tajikistan in March 2018. UNDP in ECIS also supported the implementation of CRPD in Albania, Armenia, Belarus and Moldova. History
4. Recommendation:

B. GLOBAL PARTNERSHIPS

UNDP management at the country level should work through the resident coordinator system and United Nations country team counterparts to ensure that all United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAFs) identify persons with disabilities as a vulnerable group, and specify outcomes for targeted and mainstreamed programming that address implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and disability-inclusive development actions, consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals. Persons with disabilities, disabled people’s organizations and civil society groups working on disability inclusion should be consulted as part of the UNDAF planning process.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP should certainly promote it to a much greater degree and scale up targeting of persons with disabilities in its programmes and projects. UNDAFs are nationally owned programmes for which selection of targeted groups in line with national priorities is crucial. In the new UNDAF guidance, definition of target groups includes people with disabilities and targeting is a critical parameter of quality in joint programming. Leaving no one behind is the overarching principle of integrated programming. UNDP contributes to UNDAF formulation as part of multi-agency consultations which are driven largely by analysis and evidence of vulnerable and marginalized groups affected by a particular development challenge, coupled with consideration of national priorities and specific resource constraints. While taking note of this recommendation, UNDP recognizes that UNDAFs are based on national priorities and availability of resources.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1. Review and revise guidance and templates used for programming design and monitoring to ensure that disability is appropriately addressed, including as part of consultative planning processes.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/12/19]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/Development Impact Group/ Governance and Peacebuilding Cluster, Regional Bureaux, Executive Office 2018/12 Completed The new UNDAF guidance, including companion guidance on theory of change and the CCA, includes people with disabilities as a core targeted group whose unique needs and concerns should be mainstreamed as part of the programme planning process. The next update of the CPD template and guidance will also highlight this. Corporate Guidance developed by HQ and implemented in the ECIS region in Albania, Armenia and Moldova. http://www.kg.undp.org/content/kyrgyzstan/en/home/presscenter/articles/2018/11/the-convention-is-a-road-map-to-realize-the-rights-and-freedoms-.html Ratification is expected in 2019 see external link 1 external link 2 http://www.tj.undp.org/content/tajikistan/en/home/presscenter/speeches/2018/07/16/launch-of-national-disability-inclusion-campaign--statement-by-d.html http://www.un.uz/eng/news/display/285 http://www.al.undp.org/content/albania/en/home/presscenter/articles/2018/putting-people-with-disabilities-on-the-map.html http://www.am.undp.org/content/armenia/en/home/projects/improving-access-to-services-and-participation-of-persons-with-d.html History
5. Recommendation:

B. GLOBAL PARTNERSHIPS

Expansion and increased funding for the The United Nations Partnership to Promote the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNPRPD) is strongly urged. In addition to current donor support, the technical secretariat should facilitate a discussion within the policy board on the possibility of partnerships with private sector entities and foundations as part of an expanded resource mobilization effort.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP, in its capacity as UNPRPD technical secretariat, recognizes the need to expand resources for the UNPRPD and welcomes this recommendation. The technical secretariat will initiate a discussion at the level of the Policy Board on the possibility of partnerships with private sector entities and foundations.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1. UNDP, as part of the UNPRPD technical secretariat, to include in the proposed UNPRPD workplan 2017-2018 a discussion with the Policy Board on resource mobilization expansion, including partnerships with the private sector and foundations.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/12/13]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ UNPRPD Technical Secretariat, Governance and Peacebuilding Cluster 2018/12 Completed Medium term perspective note has been approved by the Policy Board. Based on this note a strategy to expand resources mobilization efforts including with the private sector will be developed. - Communication and resource mobilization strategy in place since March 2018. - Production of communication materials, including development website. - Initial draft of paper on possible collaboration between the UNPRPD and the private sector. - Exploratory meetings with Private Sector Advisory Group. - Bilateral meetings with potential donors and planning of a donors breakfast. - Technical Secretariat human resources will be strengthen by Dec. 2018 to support resource mobilization strategy implementation. Dec 2018 update: Technical Secretariat human resources strengthening process to support resource mobilization strategy implementation will be completed by Dec. 2018. Paper on collaboration with private sector will be submitted to Management Committee in December 2018. History
6. Recommendation:

B. GLOBAL PARTNERSHIPS

UNDP should deepen its partnerships with disabled people’s organizations to utilize their expertise on disability inclusion for both programming and human resource issues.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP welcomes the recommendation to continue to deepen its partnerships with disabled people’s organizations to continue to utilize their expertise on disability inclusion for both programming and human resource issues. UNDP senior management currently engages with a stakeholder from the disability community through the Administrator’s Civil Society Advisory Committee, which is a formal mechanism for a dialogue between civil society and UNDP senior management on key issues of policy and strategy.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1. Revisions to the UNDP civic engagement strategy will involve consultations, including with the UNDP Civil Society Advisory Committee, which currently includes a member of a disabled persons' organization (noting that Committee members serve in their individual capacities, not as organizational representatives).
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2019/08/15]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Governance & Peacebuilding Cluster 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated Overall arrangements for the civic engagement portfolio (including if, when and how a corporate strategy should be developed) are currently under review. Any new guidance on civic engagement will have a strong focus on inclusion (including inclusion of persons with disability). History
7. Recommendation:

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

UNDP efforts in support of employment and livelihood improvement should be aligned with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, including their right to freely choose their work on an equal basis with others. Whenever feasible, UNDP should promote programmes that reach the full diversity of the disability community.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP concurs with the recommendations from the evaluation. Aligning UNDP work on employment and livelihoods to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, including ensuring that UNDP-supported programmes reach the full diversity of the disability community, aligns with the UNDP approach on 'leaving no one behind' in the quest for poverty eradication and significant reduction of inequalities and exclusion. Research has shown that people with disabilities are disproportionately represented among the most vulnerable. Therefore, incorporating them in employment and livelihood support will improve their economic prosperity as well as address larger issues of poverty, inequality and exclusion.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1. UNDP will develop guidance and /or a checklist on how to align employment and livelihoods improvement with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, including their right to freely choose their work on an equal basis with others.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/08/06]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Sustainable Development Cluster 2018/06 Completed Guidance has been developed and will be publicly available soon. History
7.2. UNDP will integrate disabilities in its employment and livelihoods programmes by ensuring that at least 10 per cent of programme resources /funds reach the diversity of the disability community.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/08/07]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Sustainable Development Cluster 2018/06 Completed Completed and ongoing. A few countries re already doing this e.g. Iraq, Syria and Nigeria History
8. Recommendation:

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

UNDP support to social protection programming should include measures to make social protection systems fully accessible to individuals with disabilities. Commensurate with this focus, and in keeping with the Convention, UNDP should make clear its commitment to deinstitutionalization, by championing government efforts to plan and carry out transitions to community-based living arrangements.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP welcomes this recommendation. Making social protection systems accessible to individuals with disabilities is fully aligned with the UNDP approach of inclusive social protection. As outlined in the recently published, 'Leaving No One Behind: A Social Protection Primer for Practitioners', UNDP work to implement social protection systems includes reforms that tackle social exclusion - such as legal and policy reforms to change disempowering and discriminatory social norms and practices - and enable and encourage the most marginalized to register, access and benefit from social protection.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1. UNDP will develop guidance on how to make social protection systems fully accessible to individuals living with disabilities. This guidance will include best practices from around the world on improving the accessibility of social protection systems.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/12/31]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Sustainable Development Cluster 2019/03 Overdue-Initiated Full draft to be completed by the end of the year and then circulated for peer review. History
9. Recommendation:

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

Specific activities targeting disability access must be included in all UNDP electoral assistance projects, including support to partner Governments on electoral access in law, policy and practice.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP advocates for all societal groups having access to institutions and political processes. UNDP agrees that disability access should be mainstreamed in all UNDP electoral assistance programming, and when approved by the Focal Point for Electoral Assistance, include specific support to partner Governments and stakeholders on electoral disability access in law, policy and practice. The parameters and areas of United Nations involvement in electoral assistance are defined by the Focal Point for Electoral Assistance (Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs) on the basis of the recommendations of an electoral needs assessment that is undertaken as response to a request for electoral assistance by a Member State.  UNDP will work with the Department of Political Affairs and other members of the Inter-Agency Coordination Mechanism for Electoral Assistance to review the Guidelines for Electoral Needs Assessments to better include the area of disabilities. UNDP takes note of the fact that further knowledge and tools are needed to help country offices to adequately mainstream disabilities in electoral assistance.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1. Work within the Inter-Agency Coordination Mechanism for Electoral Assistance to revise Needs Assessment Mission Guidelines to include a section and checklist on disability.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2019/08/20]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Governance and Peacebuilding Cluster 2020/12 Initiated While the importance of disability issue was acknowledged and the need to comply to the existing policy directive ‘Promoting the electoral rights of Persons with Disabilities through UN Electoral Assistance’ was emphasized, the discussion to develop a disability checklist is still under consideration. The revision of the Needs Assessment Mission Guidelines has always been a center of discussion; however, as this is the broader issue considering the structure of UN electoral assistance, it takes sufficient time and dialogues until the revision takes place. History
9.2. Develop further tools and guidance on mainstreaming disability access in electoral assistance
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/03/28]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Governance and Peacebuilding Cluster 2018/12 Completed During 2017 a policy document was developed entitled “Ensuring the Participation of People with Intellectual and/or Psychosocial Disabilities in Political and Public Life” History
10. Recommendation:

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

In its work in countries that are highly vulnerable to natural disasters and in environments affected by conflict, UNDP should pay make specific reference to the needs of persons with disabilities in crisis prevention planning and risk assessments, early recovery and post-crisis development planning.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP welcomes the recommendation and will review crisis response and early recovery guidance and procedures in order to refine and improve tools and process which ensure that the rights and needs of persons with disabilities are met in crisis and post-crisis contexts. UNDP will integrate specific guidelines on addressing needs of people with disabilities in the corporate policy on recovery. Efforts will be made to assess the impacts of disasters on people living with disabilities in post-disaster needs assessments and include specific plans for addressing needs of people with disabilities in the organization's ' own post-disaster recovery plans and programmes. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1. Review and integrate disability/inclusion/vulnerability in the crisis response packages.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2019/07/31]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Crisis Response Unit (CRU) 2019/07 Completed The technical teams in charge of the programme guidance material for the crisis response packages (previously in BPPS and now with the Crisis Bureau) have included content on targeting persons with disabilities in recovery activities in the guidance notes. Last year we have also carried out an online consultation on Yammer to collect COs experiences working with persons with disabilities in crisis contexts. Those experiences have been featured in the UNDP guidance note on working with persons with disabilities. History
10.2. Review and raise awareness on disability/inclusion/vulnerability in the Global Cluster on Early Recovery capacity-building, particularly in relation to conflict and disaster settings or persons with disabilities as a result of conflict/disaster.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/12/13]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Crisis Response Unit (CRU) 2018/12 Completed - The ER cluster has in 2016-2017 conducted 6 trainings of cluster coordinators and early recovery advisors, reaching some 150 experts. The cluster has increased awareness of its roster members on inclusion and vulnerabilities through substantial sessions in each training on inclusion, vulnerability awareness, conflict sensitive approaches, gender and age mainstreaming and accountability to the affected people. However, the vulnerabilities training doesn’t explicitly focus on disabilities. Dec 2018: Awareness has been raised in the Global Cluster on Early Recovery. The Global Cluster will soon be discontinued. History
10.3. Ensure that the UNDP policy on recovery addresses the needs of people with disabilities in post-crisis contexts and in crisis preparedness.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2019/07/30]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Strategic and Policy Support Unit and Climate and Disaster Risk Reduction Unit 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated The UNDP Recovery policy that was drafted by BPPS with support from CRU included content on working with persons with disabilities. Unfortunately the Recovery policy has not yet been launched due to the transition from BPPS to the Crisis Bureau. The recent SURGE plan in support of UNDP response to cyclone Idai in Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe (May 2019) has however also included content and specific programme activities to target persons with disabilities in the recovery programme (this is also linked to 10.5). Finally, the Crisis Bureau plans to include specific content on working with persons with disabilities in the revision of SURGE and crisis preparedness and response training material (about to start and to be completed by the end of 2019); this is linked to 10.1 as well as the crisis packages are utilized to develop and implement UNDP SURGE plans. History
10.4. Post-disaster needs assessments and recovery plans take into account specific impacts of disasters on people with disabilities with disaggregated data and a separate component dealing with recovery needs and interventions for people with disabilities.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/12/13]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Climate and Disaster Risk Reduction Unit/Development Impact Group 2018/12 Completed The Human Impact assessment guidelines currently being finalized includes a section on assessing impacts of people living with disabilities Dec 2018: All PDNAs have a chapter on Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) which covers the issues of people with disabilities. The latest PDNA was one conducted in Kerala and in the GESI chapter, the needs of people with disabilities was analyzed and recommendations were made to address their specific needs. History
10.5. UNDP recovery programmes following disasters target/prioritize a minimum of 10 per cent of UNDP funds to assist households of people with disabilities.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2019/07/30]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/ Climate and Disaster Risk Reduction Unit and Sustainable Development Cluster 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated The recent SURGE plan in support of UNDP response to cyclone Idai in Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe (May 2019) has included content and specific programme activities to target persons with disabilities in the recovery programme. History
11. Recommendation:

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

At headquarters, regional and country levels, UNDP should pay particular attention to and provide support for improving the collection of data on disability, consistent with Article 31 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Through its results-oriented annual reporting mechanism, UNDP should periodically track and report on country-level programming and lessons that address the rights of persons with disabilities as participants in and beneficiaries of development.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

Whether UNDP should track and report on the rights of persons with disabilities as participants and beneficiaries of development interventions in the results-oriented annual reports (ROAR) is a decision that needs to be taken in line with the positioning of the next strategic plan. The ROAR will collect data that are relevant within a given strategy or framework and for corporate and/ or national purposes. The 2014 ROAR included detailed questions on measures that have been taken to increase accessibility of products and services provided by country offices and regional bureaux to beneficiaries with disabilities, and measures taken to increase inclusion of persons with disabilities in personnel and staff. The 2014 data provided an initial picture of the actions UNDP country offices and bureaux have taken to support the rights of people with disabilities, in line with the UNPRPD, for which UNDP acts as technical secretariat.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1. Review and revise guidance and templates used for the ROAR to periodically track and report on country-level programming and lessons that address the rights of persons with disabilities as participants in and beneficiaries of development.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/11/16]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS)/Development Impact Group, Regional Bureaux, Executive Office 2018/12 Completed UNDP introduced a new set of Project Markers in 2018. The WHOs Marker (or Leaving No One Behind Marker) includes persons with disabilities as one of UNDP’s key target groups. The Project Marker data has been integrated in the Power BI dashboards for periodical tracking of UNDP’s projects that target persons with disabilities as beneficiaries. In addition, the 2018-2021 ROAR template approved by OPG on 24 October 2018 enables UNDP to track and report on country-level programming and lessons that address the rights of persons with disabilities. History
12. Recommendation:

C. UNDP PROGRAMMING

UNDP should review and revise pertinent documentation used for programme design, monitoring and evaluation to ensure that disability inclusion in development is appropriately addressed (e.g., the UNDAF, Gender Equality Strategy, Gender Marker and Seal, Social and Environmental Standards and Programme Design), and is consistent with Sustainable Development Goal frameworks and indicators that reference persons with disabilities.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP welcomes this recommendation, and will identify opportunities to strengthen disability inclusion across its corporate standards and tools.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1. UNDP will initiate a review and update of the Social and Environmental Standards in 2017. As part of this review, UNDP will identify opportunities to further address disability inclusion in development in the standards and related procedures, tools and guidance. UNDP will incorporate reference to disabilities in the forthcoming gender equality strategy to be developed in 2017.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2020/01/14]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support / Development Impact Group/ Gender Team 2019/12 Completed The Social and Environmental Standards (SES) were revised and approved in 2019, including provisions addressing the rights of persons with disabilities. The updated SES are expected to be rolled out in 2020 pending the elaboration and approval of a related Business Plan for strengthening related institutional capacities and arrangements for implementation. Revisions specific to people with disabilities include specific provisions in Human Rights, Community Health and Safety, Displacement, Assessment, Stakeholder Engagement, and Access to Information sections of the SES. In addition, considerations related to persons with disabilities are incorporated into the Social and Environmental Screening Procedure (SES) guidance and checklist. In addition, UNDP has incorporated references to disabilities in the UNDP Gender Equality Strategy 2018-2021, which delineates how UNDP will work to advance equality and women’s empowerment across its commitments outlined in UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-20201. In particular, the strategy affirms UNDP commitment to ensure that situation analysis, performance monitoring and reporting explicitly document progress in achieving gender equality in line with the principles and standards of (human rights treaties including ) the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Moreover, the strategy also affirms UNDP commitments to address multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination including those based on disability and working explicitly to enhance access to health, social, justice and protection services for women and girls living with disabilities, including survivors of gender-based violence. adding doc. History
13. Recommendation:

D. UNDP INTERNAL CULTURE AND PROCEDURES

UNDP should survey its staff to better determine the number of employees with disabilities and the types and costs of reasonable accommodation measures that have been provided. A line item should be added to the UNDP human resources budget on reasonable accommodation to ensure appropriate funding of reasonable accommodation support. A disability accommodation fund could be established to help secure needed funding. The United Nations Children's Fund's Greening and Accessibility Fund presents an innovative model for UNDP to consider.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP largely agrees with the recommendation, with a caveat that based on leading practice, candidates applying for UNDP jobs and existing employees cannot be forced to disclose disabilities unless they voluntarily choose to do so. Having said this, UNDP will survey its offices to get a more comprehensive overview of issues and existing practices related to the inclusion of people with disabilities in the UNDP workplace. With regard to funding for reasonable accommodation, UNDP will look into the establishment of a requisite funding mechanism. Its exact configuration and management arrangements are to be determined.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1. Analyse results of the Global Staff Survey with regard to issues faced by persons with disabilities.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2017/12/28]
Office of Human Resources 2017/03 Completed Results were presented to the senior management and informed the development of an initial assistance project on advancing the inclusion of PwD in UNDP, which was approved in late May 2017. History
13.2. Launch a survey of UNDP offices to collect information and review existing practices and opportunities for improvement with regard to accessibility, reasonable accommodation and support for employees with disabilities and those who have family members with disabilities.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2017/12/28]
Office of Human Resources 2017/09 Completed The survey was conducted, as planned, and results were shared with senior management and individual Bureaus. Results of the survey informed UNDP’s approach to the inclusion of PwD and the choice of offices to participate in the development of the new talent programme for PwD. Some data validation activities and further research will be conducted in 2018, subject to the availability of resources. History
13.3. Design and operationalize a centrally managed funding mechanism to fund reasonable accommodation costs by UNDP offices
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2019/07/26]
Office of Financial Resources Management, Office of Human Resources 2019/05 Completed OHR received an allocation of US$100,000 to cover ad hoc reasonable accommodation costs in 2019. A capital investment fund to fund more significant infrastructure needs is in place and fully operational. History
14. Recommendation:

D. UNDP INTERNAL CULTURE AND PROCEDURES

The UNDP diversity and inclusiveness strategy should be revised to make clear that the organization will adequately support staff with disabilities in all phases of the full employment continuum, including recruitment, retention and retirement, and through sufficient financial resources for workplace accommodation. In addition, policies and grievance procedures should make clear the recourse persons have where their needs for accommodation are not met. To expand understanding of the rights of persons with disabilities across the organization, UNDP should update, relaunch and make mandatory the e-learning module on disabilities and promote it among all staff at all levels.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP agrees with the recommendation. Provisions regarding inclusion of people with disabilities are already included in the UNDP Diversity and Inclusiveness Strategy, but will be revised and detailed as required. UNDP has a well-established process for management of grievances; provisions related to the lack of/non-provision of reasonable accommodation will be detailed, as needed. The online learning course, 'Persons with Disability, Ability, Capability, Employability', which provides information and important insights on various issues related to including and working with people with disabilities, will be updated and rolled out, as required.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
14.1. Revise the UNDP Diversity and Inclusiveness Strategy with a view to strengthen provisions related to inclusion of people with disabilities in UNDP.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2019/07/26]
Office of Human Resources 2019/04 Completed A newly approved People for 2030 Strategy includes a chapter on diversity and inclusion in UNDP. Disability inclusion is mentioned in it as an explicit focus area. UNDP has also adopted an UN-wide disability inclusion strategy which will guide respective actions in the next serval years. History
14.2. Develop and provide detailed guidance to offices with regard to reasonable accommodation for people with disabilities and their needs, including various support options and a mechanism to resolve situations when accommodation is not provided/refused.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2019/07/26]
Office of Human Resources, Office of Financial Resources Management (funding), Central Procurement Unit (long-term agreement for assistive technology), Office of Information Management & Technology 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated A draft Guidance Note is being formulated and is expected to be issued by Q4. History
14.3. Update the online learning course 'Persons with Disability, Ability, Capability, Employability' and roll out an updated version across UNDP. Consider making the course mandatory for some roles.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2019/07/26]
Office of Human Resources 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated The work on the course is on-going. It is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2019. History
15. Recommendation:

D. UNDP INTERNAL CULTURE AND PROCEDURES

UNDP should implement a recruitment initiative to bring persons with disabilities into the organization, including through targeted advertisements on disability networks. In vacancy announcements, it should specifically encourage persons with disabilities to apply, and adopt affirmative action-like policies that give preference to persons with disabilities who are as equally qualified as other applicants. UNDP should also consider establishing a paid internship programme for qualified persons with disabilities, which could provide a potential pathway to full-time employment.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP largely agrees with the recommendation. Over time, as UNDP progresses with efforts to become more accessible for people with disabilities, in terms of both physical accommodations and culture-wise, UNDP will be more purposeful in attracting people with disabilities into UNDP jobs. As the first step, UNDP will expand existing internship programmes for people with disabilities and launch other talent acquisition initiatives. While UNDP may not be in the position to provide paid internships, the organization will ensure (and cover the costs of) all reasonable accommodations. UNDP will also strengthen messaging regarding employment of people with disabilities in the UNDP employment website, e-recruit, forms, templates, etc. to support the attraction/employment of people with disabilities in UNDP. Feasibility of the proposed affirmative action is to be assessed, given the existing 'order of retention' policy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
15.1. Review lessons learned from existing internship programmes in country offices and issue corporate guidance in internships for persons with disabilities, with a focus on reasonable accommodation.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2017/12/28]
Office of Human Resources 2017/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Following additional analysis (based on several new internships of persons with disabilities in 2017), UNDP concluded that the current internship policy is sufficient to cover all needs related to the engagement of interns with disabilities. See point 14.2 for comments on guidance on reasonable accommodation. ]
History
15.2. Conduct a 'disability audit' of key human resources functions including recruitment, policies, procedures, tools, forms and templates to ensure that they are 'disability-friendly' and foster employment and retention of persons with disabilities in UNDP. Explicitly stress in vacancy announcements as well as on the UNDP employment website that UNDP encourages candidates with disabilities to apply.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2017/12/28]
Office of Human Resources 2017/12 Completed A review of HR polices has been completed by the National Organization on Disability (NOD) that UNDP has partnered with to advance the PwD inclusion. Recommendations are being reviewed for future action. The UNDP job site and a vacancy announcement template were revised, as recommended. History
15.3. Finalize arrangements with the United Nations Volunteers programme to use volunteerism as a mechanism for employment of people with disabilities.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2017/12/28]
Office of Human Resources 2017/09 Completed The pilot UNDP/UNV talent programme for PwD is confirmed to use volunteerism as a mechanism for employment of PwD. History
15.4. Finalize and launch a new talent acquisition programme for young leaders with disabilities.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/12/13]
Office of Human Resources 2018/12 Completed The design of the pilot programme is completed and resource mobilization efforts are underway to enable implementation. UNDP in close collaboration with UNV, is implementing the first ever in the UN system talent programme for young professionals with disabilities. The objective of the programme is to: 1) enhance the employability and career prospects of young professionals with disabilities through work experience with UNDP offices; and 2) build a talent pipeline of highly qualified professionals with disabilities who can contribute to the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at national and global levels. The programme has been launched and the recruitment and deployment of several candidates is on-going. The extension of the programme is subject to funding. History
16. Recommendation:

D. UNDP INTERNAL CULTURE AND PROCEDURES

An accessibility audit of UNDP premises and work environments should be carried out to identify existing barriers to inclusion and practical steps that can be taken to eliminate them. This should include a review of information technology security arrangements to ensure their compatibility with relevant accessibility standards. UNDP should set a date by which all of its premises are to accessible, regardless of local building codes.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/16] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP will employ a systematic approach in assessing and defining standards on accessibility of premises and work environments in order to determine the feasibility of implementation. Based on this feasibility study, a date will be set in line with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
16.1. Conduct assessment of accessibility of premises and work environment
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2018/12/13]
Office of Operations, Legal & Technology Services /General Operating Unit 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated The internal self-reporting survey included a review of the accessibility of premises and other aspects of the working environment, and provided a high level overview of the current status. Some validation will take place in 2018. A more formal accessibility assessment could be conducted subject to availability of funding An internal self-reporting survey conducted in 2017 included a review of the accessibility of premises and other aspects of the working environment, and provided a high level overview of the current status. The TORs for a more formal accessibility assessment have been developed and potential partnerships have been identified. The implementation of this initiative is subject to the availability of funding. History
16.2. Review information technology security arrangements.
[Added: 2017/01/30] [Last Updated: 2017/12/29]
Office of Operations, Legal & Technology Services/ Office of Information Management & Technology 2017/09 Completed History

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org