PROJECT ON PROMOTING CHEMICAL SAFETY FOR CHILDREN IN RURAL AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITIES OF UGANDA

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2011-2015, Uganda
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
11/2013
Completion Date:
06/2014
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
1,500

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Title PROJECT ON PROMOTING CHEMICAL SAFETY FOR CHILDREN IN RURAL AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITIES OF UGANDA
Atlas Project Number: 00080060
Evaluation Plan: 2011-2015, Uganda
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2014
Planned End Date: 11/2013
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
Evaluation Budget(US $): 1,500
Source of Funding: project
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Andrew Othieno National Consultant andreothieno@yahoo.com UGANDA
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Pro-biodiversity Conservationists in Uganda (PROBICOU) ; Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development (Occupational Safety and Health Department), UNDP/GEF Small Grants Programme-Uganda, National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), Department of Crop Protection Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries
Countries: UGANDA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Legislation and some by laws to address chemical safety have been developed tbut not implemented. There is need for their implementation through the development of appropriate regulations, standards and guidelines. This can be coupled with a project on translation of relevant regulations and guidelines on safe chemical use into local languages. The current awareness raising tools are still limited to the literate yet they constitute a small percentage of people involved in rural agriculture (including children). The current status limits information flow and is identified as an area for possible future intervention.
2 Consideration can be given to a project to strengthen the capacity of farmers? leader?s to implement chemical safety programs. This evaluation highlighted limited coordination between farmer groups and district technical departments. A project to ensure and strengthen coordination at district level for better chemical management is recommended. It would target farmers? leaders, local council leaders and district technical departments such as National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) etc.
3 There must be developed a very clear delineation of obligations and responsibilities of key stakeholders affected by chemicals management between public and private sectors stakeholders, taking into account respective mandates, capacities and resources. Producers and importers should have the responsibility to generate and provide information on chemicals properties, hazards, risks and safety measures throughout the supply chain. The need for all stakeholders to build the required capacities for sound management of chemicals has to be addressed. Education and training is crucial ? especially for small and medium enterprises (SMEs), but taking into account the allocation of responsibilities between the public and private sectors. This should be clearly elaborated in the current National Environment Act review process currently being spearheaded by NEMA.
4 4. Following on from the development of a national inventory of dangerous chemicals, dangerous processes and endpoint discharges likely to affect working children in agriculture, it is recommended that this be built upon to create a national Chemical Use Database Clearinghouse which will document where all chemicals are made, where and how they are being used, and include all available safety data as well as identify the chemical constituents of consumer products. This could be a project in itself and its legal requirement could be included in the NEA review process being spearheaded by NEMA as indicated above. Given its broad nature, initial development could be limited to agrochemicals used in plantation agriculture
5 5. There is need to require Safer Technology and Alternatives in order to eliminate hazardous chemicals use and emissions by altering processes, substituting safer chemicals, redesigning products and systems, and rewarding innovation. A project along these lines focusing on chemicals used in plantation agriculture is recommended.
6 Regional cooperation can provide an effective and cost-efficient means for strengthening chemicals management in general. Cooperation with countries of the same region can provide opportunities for sharing of knowledge and resources. Mutual acceptance of information and/ or decisions as part of registration/ authorization systems should be considered when localized data and capacity are lacking.
1. Recommendation: Legislation and some by laws to address chemical safety have been developed tbut not implemented. There is need for their implementation through the development of appropriate regulations, standards and guidelines. This can be coupled with a project on translation of relevant regulations and guidelines on safe chemical use into local languages. The current awareness raising tools are still limited to the literate yet they constitute a small percentage of people involved in rural agriculture (including children). The current status limits information flow and is identified as an area for possible future intervention.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/06/25] [Last Updated: 2014/07/14]

UNDP agrees with the recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop agricultural sector specific guidelines and standards on management of chemicals.
[Added: 2014/07/14]
National Environment Authority (NEMA) 2015/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
2. Recommendation: Consideration can be given to a project to strengthen the capacity of farmers? leader?s to implement chemical safety programs. This evaluation highlighted limited coordination between farmer groups and district technical departments. A project to ensure and strengthen coordination at district level for better chemical management is recommended. It would target farmers? leaders, local council leaders and district technical departments such as National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) etc.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/06/25] [Last Updated: 2014/07/14]

UNDP agrees with the recommendation. Government through appropriate Ministries and Agencies should follow up on this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Strengthen coordination and information management on chemicals management
[Added: 2014/07/14]
NEMA 2015/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
3. Recommendation: There must be developed a very clear delineation of obligations and responsibilities of key stakeholders affected by chemicals management between public and private sectors stakeholders, taking into account respective mandates, capacities and resources. Producers and importers should have the responsibility to generate and provide information on chemicals properties, hazards, risks and safety measures throughout the supply chain. The need for all stakeholders to build the required capacities for sound management of chemicals has to be addressed. Education and training is crucial ? especially for small and medium enterprises (SMEs), but taking into account the allocation of responsibilities between the public and private sectors. This should be clearly elaborated in the current National Environment Act review process currently being spearheaded by NEMA.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/06/25] [Last Updated: 2014/07/14]

UNDP Agrees with this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Build capacity for sound management of chemicals 3.2. Elaborate public private partnerships for sound chemicals management in the National Environment Act under review
[Added: 2014/07/14]
NEMA 2015/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
4. Recommendation: 4. Following on from the development of a national inventory of dangerous chemicals, dangerous processes and endpoint discharges likely to affect working children in agriculture, it is recommended that this be built upon to create a national Chemical Use Database Clearinghouse which will document where all chemicals are made, where and how they are being used, and include all available safety data as well as identify the chemical constituents of consumer products. This could be a project in itself and its legal requirement could be included in the NEA review process being spearheaded by NEMA as indicated above. Given its broad nature, initial development could be limited to agrochemicals used in plantation agriculture
Management Response: [Added: 2014/06/25] [Last Updated: 2014/07/14]

UNDP Agrees with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1. Create an national chemical use database Clearing House 4.2. Incorporate requirement for a national chemical use data base clearing house mechanism in the relevant environmental laws
[Added: 2014/07/14]
NEMA 2015/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
5. Recommendation: 5. There is need to require Safer Technology and Alternatives in order to eliminate hazardous chemicals use and emissions by altering processes, substituting safer chemicals, redesigning products and systems, and rewarding innovation. A project along these lines focusing on chemicals used in plantation agriculture is recommended.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/06/25] [Last Updated: 2014/07/14]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Promote safer technologies and alternatives to eliminate hazardous chemicals use
[Added: 2014/07/14]
NEMA 2015/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
6. Recommendation: Regional cooperation can provide an effective and cost-efficient means for strengthening chemicals management in general. Cooperation with countries of the same region can provide opportunities for sharing of knowledge and resources. Mutual acceptance of information and/ or decisions as part of registration/ authorization systems should be considered when localized data and capacity are lacking.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/06/25] [Last Updated: 2014/07/14]

UNDP Agrees with this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1. Promote sharing of knowledge and resources among East African Countries on sound chemicals management.
[Added: 2014/07/14]
NEMA 2015/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
6.2. Promote mutual acceptance of information and/ or decisions as part of registration/ authorization systems on chemicals especially wher localized data and capacity are lacking.
[Added: 2014/07/14]
E&E Team 2014/12 Overdue-Not Initiated

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