Evaluation finale du projet "Intégration de la réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre dans le PRASE"

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2014-2018, Niger
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
02/2017
Completion Date:
12/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Evaluation finale du projet "Intégration de la réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre dans le PRASE"
Atlas Project Number: 00061591
Evaluation Plan: 2014-2018, Niger
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2016
Planned End Date: 02/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.4. Scaled up action on climate change adaptation and mitigation across sectors which is funded and implemented
SDG Goal
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG Target
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
  • 7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: PNUD/FEM
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 18,550
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Mamadou Dianka Consultant International mdianka21@gmail.com SENEGAL
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title:
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
GEF Project ID:
PIMS Number: 4119
Key Stakeholders: PNUD/Gouvernement
Countries: NIGER
Comments:

Evaluation finale du projet «PRASE-FEM».

Lessons
1.

The five main lessons (or experiences) drawn from this project evaluation are as follows:

1. PRASE-FEM is a very relevant project in line with the economic guidelines of the Government of Niger and all of the global initiatives that the Government supports, including the SDGs, SE4ALL and COP. However, the implementation of certain project components revealed problems in terms of effectiveness.

2. While only two-thirds of the planned resources were mobilized, the funds raised were used carefully and the technical execution rate is strong. This shows that the project's management unit, working with UNDP's supervision services, has developed strong managerial and adaptative capacities.

3. Despite the overall satisfactory results, the project has pilot project status, which covers only one commune (70,000 residents) of the country’s 268. It should be scaled up nationally, which would also provide additional experience with regard to the country’s cultural diversity.

4. Despite this pilot project status, the populations and the target beneficiary groups responded enthusiastically to the improved living conditions resulting from the energy services delivered to meet needs in the areas of health, education and revenue-generating activities, with indications of women’s empowerment around the multifunctional platforms. From this perspective, the project is a success story. Its achievements need to be consolidated, looking to meet the demand for biofuel from neem oil, expand animal traction (already well-introduced in the commune) and promote the biogas potential of livestock.

5. The project is making changes in beneficiaries’ daily lives, particularly those of women who are launching income-generating activities through the multifunctional platforms. The beneficiaries’ ownership of the ERTs and expansion of the DSO’s business into rural electrification and the low-carbon energy services access market segment thus constitute project achievements and assets that should be pursued and enhanced.


Findings
1.

1. The quality of the design of PRASE-FEM project could be improved, with fewer risks in the context of a wider-reaching program, first on a regional and, subsequently, a national scale.

2. Relationships among the Ministry of Energy, the project coordination and the UNDP Country Office are strong. Each party has played its role efficiently, working with the CNME (National Multisectoral Energy Committee), at least for the period during which facilitation was needed at this level.

2. Based on discussions with the populations and the targets, the project’s benefits are both positive and measurable  One challenge remains to be met: sustainability – in terms of the maintenance of the equipment and after-sales service. This is related to the size of the market - the more infrastructure installed, the likelier it is that an operator will make an effort to maintain these facilities – which seems to indicate that despite the results achieved through this pilot phase, the government and its partners must take steps to mainstream the approach.


Recommendations
1

To improve energy governance in Niger, the Government should adopt the Electricity Code’s implementation decrees and take appropriate measures and initiatives to significantly increase rural residents’ access to modern, low-carbon energy services. To that end, the roles of the ANPER and the CNPE should be strengthened, creating synergy among the institutions cooperating in rural electrification and pooling resources.

2

In consultation with the grassroots actors in the Commune of Safo, PRASE FEM should consider installing a neem- and jatropha curcas-based biofuel production plant, which could contribute further to women’s empowerment and generate income for young people. The National Solar Energy Centre (CNES), the West African Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use) and the School of Mining, Industry and Geology (EMIG) should be involved.

3

UNDP should develop, as soon as possible, a similar PRASE-FEM II program. It should be scaled to other suitable areas of the country, integrating animal traction and biogas promotion for clean cooking and lighting.

Next, a feedback workshop on this new program should be held in Maradi, to include the relevant technical and financial partners and the country’s potential DSOs. The agenda should include visits to the success stories in the project’s area of influence.

4

The Delegated Service Operators (DSO) should continue to provide energy services and supervise the WMCs and the young people in preparing funding requests for revenue-generating activities based on the project’s achievements and submit them to the SUNREF/AFD, SEFA/ADB and other windows. It should focus first on the renewable energy services market in the Maradi region.

1. Recommendation:

To improve energy governance in Niger, the Government should adopt the Electricity Code’s implementation decrees and take appropriate measures and initiatives to significantly increase rural residents’ access to modern, low-carbon energy services. To that end, the roles of the ANPER and the CNPE should be strengthened, creating synergy among the institutions cooperating in rural electrification and pooling resources.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/04]

The study on the framework and tools for governing rural electrification and rural residents’ access to modern energy services highlighted the project’s other studies. In addition, some of these tools were taken into account in the Electricity Code. However, specific texts to strengthen the roles of ANPER and the CNME have yet to be adopted; this would constitute full application of the frameworks and tools proposed by the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This recommendation falls within the purview of the Ministry of Energy. However, UNDP will continue to advocate for its implementation.
[Added: 2017/10/04] [Last Updated: 2018/01/09]
Maidaji Issa, DGE 2017/12 Completed The Government adopted the Electricity Code and its implementation decrees, taking into account the increase of rural residents’ access to modern, low-carbon energy services. History
2. Recommendation:

In consultation with the grassroots actors in the Commune of Safo, PRASE FEM should consider installing a neem- and jatropha curcas-based biofuel production plant, which could contribute further to women’s empowerment and generate income for young people. The National Solar Energy Centre (CNES), the West African Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use) and the School of Mining, Industry and Geology (EMIG) should be involved.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/04]

This recommendation could be taken into account as part of a future project to scale the PRASE-FEM actions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Formulate a program document to scale the PRASE-FEM actions.
[Added: 2017/10/04]
UNDP, Resilience team leader 2017/06 Completed Program document already formulated.
3. Recommendation:

UNDP should develop, as soon as possible, a similar PRASE-FEM II program. It should be scaled to other suitable areas of the country, integrating animal traction and biogas promotion for clean cooking and lighting.

Next, a feedback workshop on this new program should be held in Maradi, to include the relevant technical and financial partners and the country’s potential DSOs. The agenda should include visits to the success stories in the project’s area of influence.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/04]

This recommendation could be taken into account as part of a future project to scale the PRASE-FEM actions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Formulate a program document to scale the PRASE-FEM actions.
[Added: 2017/10/04]
UNDP, Resilience team leader 2017/06 Completed Program document already formulated.
4. Recommendation:

The Delegated Service Operators (DSO) should continue to provide energy services and supervise the WMCs and the young people in preparing funding requests for revenue-generating activities based on the project’s achievements and submit them to the SUNREF/AFD, SEFA/ADB and other windows. It should focus first on the renewable energy services market in the Maradi region.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/04]

Recommendation is relevant.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Encourage the DSO to continue its efforts in terms of supplying energy services to the beneficiaries.
[Added: 2017/10/04] [Last Updated: 2018/01/09]
Maidaji Issa, DGE 2017/12 Completed "Energy shops" created in the project intervention area in order to promote energy services and equipment for rural populations. History

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