Mainstreaming Sustainable Land Management in Agro-pastoral Production Systems of Kenya

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Evaluation Plan:
2014-2018, Kenya
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
12/2016
Completion Date:
12/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
50,000

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Title Mainstreaming Sustainable Land Management in Agro-pastoral Production Systems of Kenya
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2014-2018, Kenya
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2016
Planned End Date: 12/2016
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
Evaluation Budget(US $): 50,000
Source of Funding: Project Funds
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Oliver Chapeyama International Consultant ochapeyama@yahoo.co.uk
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Mainstreaming Sustainable Land Management in Agro-pastoral Production Systems of Kenya
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Land Degradation
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-1
GEF Project ID: 3370
PIMS Number: 3245
Key Stakeholders: Kenya Forestry services, National Environment Management Authority GEF UNDP
Countries: KENYA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1
  1. Project interventions should include the participation of the youth in the areas where they are implemented to ensure intergenerational transfer of knowledge and experiences.
2

2. SLM projects are part of the Terra-Africa initiative. Individual project results and experiences should be documented and disseminated to other regions of the continent. The experiences and results of the interventions under the SLM Kenya project would be useful in informing project interventions in Southern Africa. While UNDP will upload evaluation report onto their knowledge sharing platform, more could be achieved through exchange visits involving community groups and staff exchanges between UNDP Country Offices.

3

3. There has been a plethora of SLM and SLM related projects implemented in Kenya over the past five to ten years. It is recommended that a review of all these projects be conducted for purposes of distilling and document lessons learned so as to avoid duplication of effort as successor projects are designed.

4

4. GEF needs to review the distinction between their focal areas, particularly the Land Degradation and Climate Change focal areas as the project interventions that are developed under these largely speak to the same core issues. Responses to Land Degradation, especially in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands, are akin to Climate Change Adaptation measures.

5

5. SLM interventions with elements of improving agricultural productivity and value addition to products need to have a component which speaks to sustainable energy input as without energy supplies agro-processing, which is the first stage in value addition in rural communities, will remain a distant mirage.

6

6. As recommended by the MTR on this project UNDP should identify opportunities for developing programmes and initiatives that address SLM at eco-regional scale as the issues transcend national borders.

7

7. The project management structure that was used for the pilot phase should be retained for the follow-on SLM Phase II as it provided for the building of sub-county level project management and implementation capacity. Beneficiary communities did not have to wait for decisions to be made at the Nairobi based PMU since each District Management Team was equipped to respond to community queries.  

1. Recommendation:
  1. Project interventions should include the participation of the youth in the areas where they are implemented to ensure intergenerational transfer of knowledge and experiences.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/14]

The youth already participate but are overshadowed by the adults who mainly speak out on behalf of the beneficiaries. Youth range ages 18 to 35 in the Kenyan context, and a majority of the beneficiaries fall in this age bracket, especially those already married. As recommended the active engagement of the young and single that belong to their parents’ households will be mainstreamed. Their proposed livelihood and enterprise interventions that suit their status will be actively established and supported. The project also established SLM award scheme in primary and secondary school in the pilot districts to inculcate the concept of environmental conservation among the youth and children.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

2. SLM projects are part of the Terra-Africa initiative. Individual project results and experiences should be documented and disseminated to other regions of the continent. The experiences and results of the interventions under the SLM Kenya project would be useful in informing project interventions in Southern Africa. While UNDP will upload evaluation report onto their knowledge sharing platform, more could be achieved through exchange visits involving community groups and staff exchanges between UNDP Country Offices.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/14]

A Lessons Learnt, Best Practice and success stories on Mainstreaming Sustainable Land Management in Agro –Pastoral Production Systems of Kenya has been document. A publication will soon be produced and shared with the Terra-Africa Initiative. South to south partnerships and learning will be sought, taken up and opportunities for exchange study tours included in future programming.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

3. There has been a plethora of SLM and SLM related projects implemented in Kenya over the past five to ten years. It is recommended that a review of all these projects be conducted for purposes of distilling and document lessons learned so as to avoid duplication of effort as successor projects are designed.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/14]

Opportunities for the stakeholders in the SLM sector to create a knowledge and best practices (knowledge management) hub will be explored and preferably domiciled within the relevant government agency. This would be baseline and resource information for the design and development of programmes and projects by the stakeholders. It would also be the depository for further lessons learnt and best practices.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

4. GEF needs to review the distinction between their focal areas, particularly the Land Degradation and Climate Change focal areas as the project interventions that are developed under these largely speak to the same core issues. Responses to Land Degradation, especially in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands, are akin to Climate Change Adaptation measures.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/14]

Overlaps are acknowledged given that land degradation and climate change could be causal or resultant of each other. Future programming to have objectives and indicators to clearly track delivery for either land degradation or climate change.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

5. SLM interventions with elements of improving agricultural productivity and value addition to products need to have a component which speaks to sustainable energy input as without energy supplies agro-processing, which is the first stage in value addition in rural communities, will remain a distant mirage.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/14]

Sustainable energy use technologies will be explored and built into the future phases of the SLM interventions. 

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

6. As recommended by the MTR on this project UNDP should identify opportunities for developing programmes and initiatives that address SLM at eco-regional scale as the issues transcend national borders.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/14]

From its experience with past and ongoing regional scale projects UNDP Kenya with the RTC will explore opportunities for developing SLM eco-regional programmes and initiatives. 

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation:

7. The project management structure that was used for the pilot phase should be retained for the follow-on SLM Phase II as it provided for the building of sub-county level project management and implementation capacity. Beneficiary communities did not have to wait for decisions to be made at the Nairobi based PMU since each District Management Team was equipped to respond to community queries.  

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/14]

The project management structure is a documented best practice and has been proposed as the structure to use in follow-on Phase II and even disseminated for adoption by projects that are implementable under similar conditions.

Key Actions:

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