TERRITORIAL APPROACH TO CLIMATE CHANGE (TACC) PROJECT FOR THE MBALE REGION OFUGANDA

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2011-2015, Uganda
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
01/2014
Completion Date:
01/2014
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
29,000
The project was designed to assist the Mbale region of Uganda, encompassing the three districts of Mbale, Manafwa and Bududa, to realize low carbon and climate change resilient development. Towards this objective, the project was developed to assist the Mbale region to develop their Integrated Territorial Climate Plan (ITCP) to fully integrate climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies into their regional development planning, policy development and investment planning that will identify appropriate regulatory and financial instruments for the implementation of the actions that have been selected by the ITCP and assist the region to access, combine and sequence a variety of financial resources needed to implement the ITCP. Mbale will serve as a pilot region for scaling up to other regions within Uganda for this holistic territorial approach for addressing climate change. Successes:Key Successes The project contributed to the development of Integrated Territorial Climate Plan for mainstreaming climate change mitigation and adaptation in development plans. It has also established coordinating institutional mechanism called Regional Climate Change Forum that brings three districts (Mbale, Bududa & Manufwa) together to work jointly for addressing climate change issues of the entire Mbale region. Project has contributed to develop climate profile and also established knowledge management system which helps planner to develop strategy for addressing climate change in the country. Project helped to generate awareness from farmers? level to policy makers? level that helps future implementation of climate change programs and also take initiatives from all level to develop resilience to climate change impacts. The activities successfully implemented as part of small grant programs like livestock support, agro-forestry including species like coffee and fruits and bee keeping helped to improve household economy. Similarly, programs like bio-briquette, improved stove, bio-gas etc. helped to decrease pressure on the forest and also decreased carbon emission to the atmosphere. Likewise, carbon financing scheme not only provided additional financial support but also encouraged to plant trees and protect them. Plantation on steep lands helped to decrease landslide risks and soil erosion and increase in the number of trees improved carbon sequestration accelerating absorption of carbon from the atmosphere. These activities in overall increased resilience capacity of the community, decreased pressure on forests, contributed in stabilizing land from erosion and increased greenery that increased carbon sequestration. The increased awareness and economic support also helped farmers to send their children to school and improved their health. Enhance capacity of policy makers and planners will help to mainstream climate change in the future plans and policies and that will also support to increase resilience to climate change.

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document TORs for TACC Project Terminal Evaluation_Revised.doc tor English 220.00 KB Posted 454
Download document TACC TE Report Final (2).pdf report English 3156.60 KB Posted 1472
Download document Summary and lessons learnt.pdf summary English 304.05 KB Posted 738
Title TERRITORIAL APPROACH TO CLIMATE CHANGE (TACC) PROJECT FOR THE MBALE REGION OFUGANDA
Atlas Project Number: 00075753
Evaluation Plan: 2011-2015, Uganda
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 01/2014
Planned End Date: 01/2014
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 5.2. Effective institutional, legislative and policy frameworks in place to enhance the implementation of disaster and climate risk management measures at national and sub-national levels
  • 2. Output 5.3. Gender responsive disaster and climate risk management is integrated in the development planning and budgetary frameworks of key sectors (e.g. water, agriculture, health and education)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 29,000
Source of Funding: Project
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Dr. Arun Rijal International Consultant PAKISTAN
Dr. Langoya Council Dickson National Consultant UGANDA
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: District Local Government (DLG) of Mbale on behalf of Mbale, Manafwa and Bududa ;Ministry of Water and Environment; DANIDA,DFID and UNDP
Countries: UGANDA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 The project only identified the poor and women as target group. It is recommended that in similar future projects or second phase of this project, all vulnerable communities (including women, poor, youth, the elderly, widow/widower and HIV+ persons) be identified as the target group because they are also vulnerable to CC.
2 Project demonstrated very encouraging results of addressing root causes of Climate change. It is recommended to scale up and replicate lessons from this project to other districts of Uganda
3 Continue sensitization of district leaders involving those that were not involved in awareness activities of the first phase on the role of carbon projects and social safeguards. Involve these leaders in the design and approval of the projects to avoid contradictory messages to the public. Sensitization of local leaders and involving leaders in project committees also help to save project in politically unstable situations. Consultant needs recommend a second phase. Recommendation fits under sustainability and not design.
4 It is recommended to link the second phase (or future project) with District extension services to integrate CC adaptation. Such linkage also ensures complementarities and synergies between different project and TACC programs and help to disseminate project lessons. There is need to link and integrate future Climate change project interventions with District Extension services.
5 Studies indicated that use of improved stove (Lorena stove) could save 80% of fuel wood compared to traditional three stone open fire stove. However, using quantity of firewood saved as a basis for demonstrating the benefit is inadequate. Rather if this value is expressed in terms of monetary cost/ benefit, such information will be more effective to convince rural communities on advantages of improved stoves rather than just saying difference of wood use.
6 Monitoring and feedback mechanism is very important for strengthening project implementation. Hence, in the second phase of the project, make a detail monitoring program for all level i.e. for NGO/CBOs, PMU, UNDP and Local Government with reporting mechanism, method and schedule.
7 Adaptive management was adopted at the central level but there was lack of such practices at the field level. Hence in the second phase or implementing ITCP, field level monitoring and evaluation of activities should provide corrective measures on the spot
8 The project should prepare concept notes for marketing phase two of the project, as instructed by the Project Board. UNDP together with the government should conduct interaction with donors for generating support for the second phase of this project or implementation of ITCP.
9 The Knowledge management system developed by this project and linked to the Climate Change Unit website needs to be managed with updated information on a regular basis so that large audiences including planners, researchers and development workers can benefit.
10 Each of the three Districts of Mbale, Manafwa and Bududa should take responsibility and the facilitate their Climate Change Focal Point officer to help coordinate work of the Integrated Territorial Climate Plan (ITCP) in turns. Similarly, UNDP CO in the project property handover document (to the Local government) should include clause of coordination and financing for continuation of activities of Regional Climate Change Forum and ITCP. When such structures are formed in all regions of the country (covering all districts) then a national level structures like National CC Forum (NCCF) and a National Integrated Territorial Climate Plan (NITCP) will be needed to conduct these function at national level CC Unit of MWE. Various donors expressed their interest to support operation cost of RCCF and ITCP, UNDP should continue coordination/communication with them to generate support. But in the long run, UNDP need to lobby/communicate with the central and the local governments for arranging regular budget.
11 During the implementation of ITCP, there is need to strengthen technical and management aspects of small grant program to make forestry program more effective.
1. Recommendation: The project only identified the poor and women as target group. It is recommended that in similar future projects or second phase of this project, all vulnerable communities (including women, poor, youth, the elderly, widow/widower and HIV+ persons) be identified as the target group because they are also vulnerable to CC.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

Vulnerable communities should be integrated in climate change programming and projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Integrate youth in climate change programming
[Added: 2014/09/30]
Country Director;Team Leader E&E 2015/12 Overdue-Initiated
2. Recommendation: Project demonstrated very encouraging results of addressing root causes of Climate change. It is recommended to scale up and replicate lessons from this project to other districts of Uganda
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

UNDP agrees with the recommendation in order to reach the villages that were not covered training on Climate Change Adaptation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Need to develop more Climate change adaptation and mitigation projects in districts not reached by earlier programmes and projects need to focus on training and sensitization of local communities and their leaders on their role in carbon projects and social safeguards 2.2. Continue sensitization of district leaders especially those in Districts that were not involved in awareness activities of the first phase on the role of carbon projects and social safeguards. Involve these leaders in the design and approval of the projects to avoid contradictory messages to the public. Sensitization of local leaders and involving leaders in project committees also help to save project in political unstable situations.
[Added: 2014/09/30]
CD and Team Leasder E&E unit 2015/12 Overdue-Initiated
3. Recommendation: Continue sensitization of district leaders involving those that were not involved in awareness activities of the first phase on the role of carbon projects and social safeguards. Involve these leaders in the design and approval of the projects to avoid contradictory messages to the public. Sensitization of local leaders and involving leaders in project committees also help to save project in politically unstable situations. Consultant needs recommend a second phase. Recommendation fits under sustainability and not design.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

UNDP agrees that for future programming, there should be continued sensitization of district leaders who were not involved regarding carbon projects and social safeguards. However, this activity should be taken up and incorporated within relevant planned and ongoing District activities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Incorporate this recommendation in the asset hand over note
[Added: 2014/09/30]
UNDP Energy and Environment Unit 2014/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
4. Recommendation: It is recommended to link the second phase (or future project) with District extension services to integrate CC adaptation. Such linkage also ensures complementarities and synergies between different project and TACC programs and help to disseminate project lessons. There is need to link and integrate future Climate change project interventions with District Extension services.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

UNDP agrees to this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Train District extension staff on integrating Climate change adaptation and mitigation in their work 2014 - 2015
[Added: 2014/09/30]
Ministry of Water and Environment; Climate Change Unit 2014/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
5. Recommendation: Studies indicated that use of improved stove (Lorena stove) could save 80% of fuel wood compared to traditional three stone open fire stove. However, using quantity of firewood saved as a basis for demonstrating the benefit is inadequate. Rather if this value is expressed in terms of monetary cost/ benefit, such information will be more effective to convince rural communities on advantages of improved stoves rather than just saying difference of wood use.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

Management agrees with this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Disseminate the Terminal Evaluation report highlighting these recommendations to relevant stakeholders 6.2 Integrate these recommendations in future UNDP supported projects especially the Sustainable charcoal project and Sustainable for All Initiative.
[Added: 2014/09/30]
UNDP Energy and Environment Unit 2014/06 Completed
6. Recommendation: Monitoring and feedback mechanism is very important for strengthening project implementation. Hence, in the second phase of the project, make a detail monitoring program for all level i.e. for NGO/CBOs, PMU, UNDP and Local Government with reporting mechanism, method and schedule.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

UNDP will strengthen monitoring of subsequent projects involving NGO/ CBOs, PMU, UNDP and Local Government

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Integrate these recommendations in future projects. 7.2 Prepare and conduct regular project specific joint monitoring frameworks
[Added: 2014/09/30]
Climate Change Unit and District Local Governments Development partners, Government ministries and District Local Governments 2014/07 Overdue-Initiated Joint Monitoring Visits done
7. Recommendation: Adaptive management was adopted at the central level but there was lack of such practices at the field level. Hence in the second phase or implementing ITCP, field level monitoring and evaluation of activities should provide corrective measures on the spot
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

Agree with the recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Promote adaptive management in all Energy and Environment projects at least once a quarter
[Added: 2014/09/30]
UNDP Energy and Environment Unit 2014/07 Completed
8. Recommendation: The project should prepare concept notes for marketing phase two of the project, as instructed by the Project Board. UNDP together with the government should conduct interaction with donors for generating support for the second phase of this project or implementation of ITCP.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

Agree with the recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare concepts and mobilize resources for implementing the ITCP.
[Added: 2014/09/30]
Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development and Districts of Mbale, Manafwa and Bududa 2015/12 Overdue-Initiated
9. Recommendation: The Knowledge management system developed by this project and linked to the Climate Change Unit website needs to be managed with updated information on a regular basis so that large audiences including planners, researchers and development workers can benefit.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

Partially agree with the recommendation save for the proposal of MWE to coordinate with Universities to include relevant research in their regular research plan.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Maintain and manage the online Knowledge management system that was developed under the TACC project. 9.2 To better manage and update the Knowledge base, MWE should coordinate with the Universities to include relevant research in the universities? regular research plan and use information from them to update knowledge base
[Added: 2014/09/30]
Climate Change Unit in the Ministry of Water and Environment 2014/12 Overdue-Initiated The Knowledge Management System is currently hosted on the MWE/CCU Website but it needs to be regularly updated.
10. Recommendation: Each of the three Districts of Mbale, Manafwa and Bududa should take responsibility and the facilitate their Climate Change Focal Point officer to help coordinate work of the Integrated Territorial Climate Plan (ITCP) in turns. Similarly, UNDP CO in the project property handover document (to the Local government) should include clause of coordination and financing for continuation of activities of Regional Climate Change Forum and ITCP. When such structures are formed in all regions of the country (covering all districts) then a national level structures like National CC Forum (NCCF) and a National Integrated Territorial Climate Plan (NITCP) will be needed to conduct these function at national level CC Unit of MWE. Various donors expressed their interest to support operation cost of RCCF and ITCP, UNDP should continue coordination/communication with them to generate support. But in the long run, UNDP need to lobby/communicate with the central and the local governments for arranging regular budget.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

UNDP does not prepare project hand over document and it is the role of the Ministry of Water and Environment and Climate change unit as well as District Local Governments to lobby/communicate with the central government to arrange of regular budget for implementing the ITCP

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 Facilitate the District Climate Change Focal Points to coordinate implementation of the ITCP on an annual rotation basis between the 3 Districts of Mbale, Manafwa and Bududa 11.2. Lobby /communicate with the central government to arrange of regular budget for implementing the ITCP.
[Added: 2014/09/30]
District Local Government s of Mbale, Manafwa and Bududa Climate Change Unit in the Ministry of Water and Environment and relevant District Local Governments 2015/12 Overdue-Initiated The District Climate Change Focal Points and ITCP are in place
11. Recommendation: During the implementation of ITCP, there is need to strengthen technical and management aspects of small grant program to make forestry program more effective.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/30]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1. Conduct studies to identify appropriate species for plantation and land available for plantation and number of animal with household to supply dung for biogas plant. 5.2 Support field based technical assistance / community trainings on tree growing and management and apiculture among others 5.3 Advocate for establishment of more secure land tenure for tree management
[Added: 2014/09/30]
MWE and District Local Governments 2015/12 Overdue-Not Initiated

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org