Evaluation of UNDP Reintegration Programmes

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Title Evaluation of UNDP Reintegration Programmes
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2009-2013, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
Evaluation Type: Thematic
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 02/2013
Planned End Date: 03/2013
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcomes (UNDP Strategic Plan 2008-20013)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 98,000
Source of Funding: UNDP
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Yvan Conoir Consultant
Paul Bonard Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Conflict analysis and development of alternative and complementary approaches need to be reinforced
2 Following an initial conflict/risk analysis, UNDP should question whether it wants to engage in situations where basic stability, peace, and political conditions are not in place; decision-making on ?grey? cases should rely on internal and external oversight.
3 UNDP BCPR should develop a sound and strategic Monitoring and Evaluation Unit in order to track, study, and disseminate reintegration lessons, practices, and operational models
4 An increased effort in UNDP BCPR knowledge management (M&E, Research, and Promotion/Dissemination) should favor the development of standard operating reintegration models in ?non-standard? approaches
5 UNDP CO should synergize IAWG?s financial, human and organizational resources to kick-start gender-and-DDR-related initiatives
6 In order to better evaluate DDR initiatives and to better coordinate with other stakeholders, UN programs should be less self-focused and more cognizant of wider political and strategic reintegration strategies
7 Strategic and operational requirements should take priority over agreements on structural integration
1. Recommendation: Conflict analysis and development of alternative and complementary approaches need to be reinforced
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/11]

In developing new reintegration programmes, UNDP, whenever feasible, will undertake robust conflict analysis to inform programme design and implementation. In 2013 UNDP has completed review and re-design of the Conflict-related Development Analysis (CDA) tool and methodology, with the purpose of supporting improved contextual and conflict analyses by UNDP country offices, particularly adopting a user-friendly approach ensure a more accessible tool, and applying strong emphasis on the application of conflict analysis for UNDP. UNDP is also committed to reviewing the various approaches that have been developed by its various units to better inform a corporate strategy in this regard and to strengthen the relevance and the quality of the CDA tool. With a stronger CDA tool, UNDP reintegration programming will be more conflict sensitive. UNDP will take advantage of this opportunity to link the CDA approach when planning for reintegration programmes. The CDA tool should be piloted, linking to reintegration programming, in identified countries during 2014. UNDP?s BCPR is also currently developing guidance and tools for DDR/Reintegration risk assessment. With these tools available UNDP country offices will be able to take informed decisions whether or not to engage in DDR programming. As an outcome of the risk assessment UNDP will clearly be able to justify the need for alternative and complementary approaches to DDR. Development and piloting of the risk assessment tool for DDR/Reintegration is currently in process. Full implementation of this approach is set to December 2014.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Finalize development of DDR/Reintegration Risk Assessment Tool
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/12 Completed The Reintegration Risk Assessment Tool was developed and finalized
1.2 Apply the conflict analysis and risk assessment tools and methodologies (i.e. Conflict-related Development Analyis (CDA), DDR/Reintegration Risk Assessment Tool in developing new reintegration programmes.
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/12 Completed The new UNDP conflict analysis tool (CDA) was rolled-out from July 2013, with training-of-trainers workshop for 30 UNDP practitioners, who subsequently delivered training for the priority country offices in Africa (Sept. 2013), and Asia (Oct 2013) regions. The new CDA tool was also applied in selected priority countries (total of 14), which include countries with active reintegration programmes, such as DRC and CAR.
1.3 Development and piloting of a Risk assessment tool specific to affecting the Reintegration of ex-combatants
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/12 Completed The piloting of the Risk Assessment Tool was completed in CAR, and is ongoing in DRC.
1.4 Utilization of the Human Rights Due Diligence Policy in Somalia to test UNDP capacity for conflict analysis and risk tolerance.
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2015/06/26]
BCPR 2015/06 No Longer Applicable While the process was initiated, the country office has withdrawn from its active engagement in the DDR area.
2. Recommendation: Following an initial conflict/risk analysis, UNDP should question whether it wants to engage in situations where basic stability, peace, and political conditions are not in place; decision-making on ?grey? cases should rely on internal and external oversight.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/11]

UNDP fully acknowledges the need to assess risk and opportunities prior to engaging in DDR activities and has already initiated a development process for DDR specific risk assessment guidance and a rapid assessment tool to be used for risk assessment in countries where DDR programmes are running or are being developed. Based on the objectives with DDR/Reintegration programmes in which UNDP wants to engage on the ground, a process will be initiated in which the organization identifies and defines the risks that to which it is/can be exposed to and how to mitigate the possible impact of these risks on the organization?s performance in terms of achieving these set objectives. Identified risk levels (impact and probability) for each identified risk will be compared to what level of risk UNDP is willing to accept in each different context. The outcome of any DDR risk assessment and the subsequent ?go/no-go? decision can then be better structured and shared between the country office level and the HQ level. Development and piloting of the risk assessment tool for DDR/Reintegration is currently in process. Full implementation of this approach is set to December 2014.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Identify two countries to undertake a pilot in systematic DDR risk assessment and put in place capacities to periodically update the assessment. Monitor the usage of the assessments for UNDP programming.
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/12 Completed The assessments are currently in progress in DRC and CAR.
2.2 Develop a guidance note on DDR specific risk assessment.
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/12 Completed The guidance note on DDR risk assessment was completed in November 2014
2.3 Develop a rapid assessment tool to be used for risk assessment in countries where DDR programmes are running or are being developed
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/12 Completed A rapid assessment tool to be used for risk assessment was developed in November 2014.
3. Recommendation: UNDP BCPR should develop a sound and strategic Monitoring and Evaluation Unit in order to track, study, and disseminate reintegration lessons, practices, and operational models
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/11]

Standard monitoring and evaluation practices are applied to reintegration programmes supported by the UNDP. In addition, efforts were made in several countries, for example in the DRC, Burundi and Sudan, for applying the ?Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards? developed by the IAWG on DDR, which include quite rigorous and specific monitoring and evaluation requirements. The new UNDP strategic plan 2014-2017 emphasizes the focus on results-based management and thus M&E as an integrated part of all UNDP programs, including reintegration programs. Already during the initial planning phase of DDR interventions it will be important to dedicate systematic application of country offices? M&E units to ensure that lessons learned and best practices are used when developing the programme. The new bureau BPPS, replacing BCPR and BDP will have a key role in capturing and communicating lessons learned and best practices from all UNDP M&E efforts.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Track, study, and disseminate reintegration lessons, practices, and operational models.
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/12 Completed The lessons-learned workshop was organized in Ivory Coast; Lessons learnt materials were produced in Colombia.
4. Recommendation: An increased effort in UNDP BCPR knowledge management (M&E, Research, and Promotion/Dissemination) should favor the development of standard operating reintegration models in ?non-standard? approaches
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/11]

UNDP is investing in developing knowledge products, guidelines and policy for Reintegration. Among other products UNDP has together with ILO developed a new IDDRS module 4.30 on Reintegration. This module will be processed and adopted by the IAWG during the 1st quarter of 2014. In view of the ongoing re-structuring process within UNDP the future development of knowledge products on DDR and Reintegration will be a management decision once the new structure for BPPS is defined. Increased efforts within knowledge management will be decided by BPPS once established.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Adoption of IDDRS module 4.30 by the IAWG
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/11 Completed The revised module was adopted at the IAWG DDR Principals meeting in May 2014
5. Recommendation: UNDP CO should synergize IAWG?s financial, human and organizational resources to kick-start gender-and-DDR-related initiatives
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/11]

UNDP?s mission and human development approach provide a strong foundation, clear framework, and comparative advantage to support increased attention and action to prevent and address gender-based violence and to work with gender related activities within the framework of reintegration programming. Specifically, UNDP is mandated to work on crisis prevention and recovery, which allows for a natural entry point through which GBV can be addressed at the earliest possible stage, which is critical for countries emerging from crisis. UNDP is co-chairing the IAWG on DDR and has therefore an opportunity to influence the workplan for 2014, currently under development, to include gender and DDR related initiatives

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Promote gender-targeted efforts in the IAWG for DDR WP 2014
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/12 Completed Reintegration programmes in DRC and CAR have made efforts to mainstream gender-related issues.
5.2. Support integration of gender-specific activities in new reintegration interventions developed by UNDP COs.
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/12 No Longer Applicable Following the UNDP structural change, there are no new reintegration programmes being developed by UNDP.
6. Recommendation: In order to better evaluate DDR initiatives and to better coordinate with other stakeholders, UN programs should be less self-focused and more cognizant of wider political and strategic reintegration strategies
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/11]

UNDP recognizes the importance to better coordinate reintegration programming with national and international partners. Efforts on this recommendation are already ongoing. For example UNDP is working closely together with the national commission in the DRC, the UN mission and other relevant UN agencies to develop the national strategy for DDR called PNDDRIII. In addition, UNDP recognizes the need to conduct and leverage conflict analysis assessing current responses of other UN agencies, national and international organizations. Such assessment contextualizes UNDP?s own response and identifies opportunities for complementary partnerships. Conducting conflict analysis-based response assessment reinforces UNDP?s knowledge-based decision-making practices to ensure effective engagement with local organizations to foster national ownership, and collaboration with international partners for the development of more robust and comprehensive responses. Furthermore, UNDP acknowledges that conducting joint analyses with national and international partners serves as the basis for a shared interpretation of the context, and a common understanding a current partner responses and response capacities. Such joint analysis creates the foundation for developing collaborative strategic and programming responses. The development of collaborative planning and response, based on common analysis, serves for effective coordination and sustainable partnerships to optimize UNDP?s response and to more comprehensively engage in reintegration strategies. BCPR will continue on-going work to monitor and better coordinate reintegration strategies with respective country offices.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Continue to support PNDDRIII in the DRC in terms of coordination with the UN mission, the national commission and other stakeholders.
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2014/12/12]
BCPR 2014/12 Completed Support is provided by the country office through consultants; 1 Consultant in the PNDDR for 4 months. 3 mission to DRC to support programming in 2014
6.2 Continue to support COs and stretch the importance of UNDP's coordination efforts in reintegration programming
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2015/06/26]
BCPR 2014/12 No Longer Applicable
7. Recommendation: Strategic and operational requirements should take priority over agreements on structural integration
Management Response: [Added: 2014/09/11]

UNDP recognizes the importance to better coordinate reintegration programming with national and international partners and to create common strategic frameworks drawing on advantages of each organization. This is particularly the responsibility of the DSRSG office in respective countries. It is important that the highest UN management level in each country works for common strategic frameworks when designing, planning and executing reintegration programming.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Ensure that common strategic frameworks for reintegration programming are being identified and implemented in each country context.
[Added: 2014/09/11] [Last Updated: 2015/06/26]
BCPR 2015/06 No Longer Applicable Strategic framework was developed in DRC

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