Terminal Evaluation of UNDP/GEF Project: Slovakia Sustainable Mobility for the City of Bratislava

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Evaluation Plan:
2014-2017, RBEC
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
02/2015
Completion Date:
09/2014
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
13,500

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Title Terminal Evaluation of UNDP/GEF Project: Slovakia Sustainable Mobility for the City of Bratislava
Atlas Project Number: 00051351
Evaluation Plan: 2014-2017, RBEC
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2014
Planned End Date: 02/2015
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.1. National and sub-national systems and institutions enabled to achieve structural transformation of productive capacities that are sustainable and employment - and livelihoods- intensive
Evaluation Budget(US $): 13,500
Source of Funding: GEF
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Mr. Roland Wong International Consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
PIMS Number: 4012
Key Stakeholders: GEF, UNDP
Location of Evaluation: Country Level
Countries: SLOVAK REPUBLIC
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Future sustainable transport investments in Bratislava should be aligned with the Master Transport Plan for the Municipality of Bratislava to be completed in 2015. While this may already be occurring, master transport plans provide a holistic view of a sustainable transport measure that is integrated with land use planning, travel demand along a particular corridor and environmental impacts. A sustainable transport investment aligned with the Master Transport Plan will provide optimal and sustained returns on a public investment while minimizing risks of redundancy and overuse.
2 With the substantial investment commitments being made by the Municipality of Bratislava into sustainable transport, the Municipality should setup systems to conduct the appropriate surveys and monitoring systems that will provide further validation of GHG emission estimates generated from the SHMU model. This would include surveys for data related directly to GHG reductions from parking and modal switches to public transport, NMT and car pooling. There are a number of examples of surveys and monitoring systems that can be found in various CDM methodologies such as approved CDM Methodology AM0031 . The City should seek technical assistance for the design and conducting of surveys necessary to find: a) the number of passengers who have switched from private car trips to public transit, cycling or walking; b) the average distances and fuel consumption avoided by private car; c) the size of the survey or the number of respondents necessary for a reasonable confidence level of the survey that will account for the seasonal variations of public transit, NMT or car pooling usage; and d) the calculation of GHG reductions based on an approved methodology.
3 Future GEF project preparations either need more oversight by the implementing agency or more investment from GEF. The SMB Project has a design where there was an inherent high risk of failure to meet its targets and objectives. The Project either needs to have adequate baseline information at the commencement of the Project or have sufficient resources and identified activities during its implementation to collect this information during its commencement phase. This would reduce the risk of a project with poorly designed activities that are weakly linked with achieving outcomes and output targets.
4 GEF should re-consider investment of its resources for sustainable transport projects under USD 1.5 million and less than 5 years in duration, especially where sustainable transport awareness is low. Transport projects inherently have long gestation periods due to the long stakeholder consultation process and the larger sums of financing required from the public purse. The SMB Project struggled for its first two years to raise the awareness of sustainable transport with its primary stakeholder, the policy makers of the City. This left SMB with only 2 years to implement sustainable transport measures. If this Project had another year remaining, direct GHG reductions could have been achieved. With more funds, a well qualified full time Project Manager with related transport expertise could have been hired and provided the required leadership in terms of strategy and target setting of the indicators.
1. Recommendation: Future sustainable transport investments in Bratislava should be aligned with the Master Transport Plan for the Municipality of Bratislava to be completed in 2015. While this may already be occurring, master transport plans provide a holistic view of a sustainable transport measure that is integrated with land use planning, travel demand along a particular corridor and environmental impacts. A sustainable transport investment aligned with the Master Transport Plan will provide optimal and sustained returns on a public investment while minimizing risks of redundancy and overuse.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/04/27] [Last Updated: 2015/04/27]

All documents prepared by the project under each component will be included into the new Transport Master Plan that is under preparation and is expected to be finalized in 2015. Future investments in transport will be therefore aligned with this Master Plan. Namely: Parking strategy (adopted by the City Council), Principles for Designing and planning the NMT routes (passed by the City Council), Methodology for surveys of modal split of bicycle users, documents for implementation of Car-Sharing and Car-Pooling schemes, Analysis of tram corridors, Methodology for monitoring of CO2 emissions from transport. Municipality appreciates getting the detailed documentation for the implementation of tram priority pilot projects that will be replicated at remaining tram corridors in 2014-2015. Project has contributed to monitoring of permanent traffic intensity by installing 18 detectors of traffic intensity on non-highway entry roads. Data from detectors (collected centrally and analyzed) will improve quality of future transport emission assessments and will contribute to improved sustainable transport management. The investments into the sustainable urban transport in Bratislava have been significantly initiated by the Project. Implementations of these investments are planned for 4th quarter of 2014 and 2015.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Future transport investments will be aligned with the new Transport Master Plan under development by the Municipality. Project activities have stimulated new investments into sustainable transport and strategic documents prepared by the project, handed over to Bratislava Municipality, will be included in the Transport Master Plan.
[Added: 2015/06/10]
Bratislava Municipality 2014/09 Completed Strategic documents and technical equipment funded by the project handed over to Bratislava Municipality.
2. Recommendation: With the substantial investment commitments being made by the Municipality of Bratislava into sustainable transport, the Municipality should setup systems to conduct the appropriate surveys and monitoring systems that will provide further validation of GHG emission estimates generated from the SHMU model. This would include surveys for data related directly to GHG reductions from parking and modal switches to public transport, NMT and car pooling. There are a number of examples of surveys and monitoring systems that can be found in various CDM methodologies such as approved CDM Methodology AM0031 . The City should seek technical assistance for the design and conducting of surveys necessary to find: a) the number of passengers who have switched from private car trips to public transit, cycling or walking; b) the average distances and fuel consumption avoided by private car; c) the size of the survey or the number of respondents necessary for a reasonable confidence level of the survey that will account for the seasonal variations of public transit, NMT or car pooling usage; and d) the calculation of GHG reductions based on an approved methodology.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/04/27] [Last Updated: 2015/06/10]

Municipality is aware of the need of reliable and up-to-date transport data. Several surveys are planned as a background for the Transport Master Plan (to be finalized in 2015). Municipality also plans to extend the existing monitoring sensors implemented by the project to other major cross-roads. Cooperation between the SHMU and the Municipality on model developed by the project and set-up of a system to conduct surveys and monitoring of GHG emissions reductions from sustainable transport is under preparation (aside from GEF methodologies, a number of examples of surveys are available in various CDM methodologies). Municipality is to follow up on the most appropriate methodology.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Municipality is to follow up on the most appropriate methodology to conduct the appropriate surveys and monitoring that will provide further validation of GHG emission reductions from sustainable transport generated from the SHMU model (handed over to the Municipality by the project).
[Added: 2015/06/10]
Bratislava Municipality 2014/09 Completed SHMU model handed over to the Municipality.
3. Recommendation: Future GEF project preparations either need more oversight by the implementing agency or more investment from GEF. The SMB Project has a design where there was an inherent high risk of failure to meet its targets and objectives. The Project either needs to have adequate baseline information at the commencement of the Project or have sufficient resources and identified activities during its implementation to collect this information during its commencement phase. This would reduce the risk of a project with poorly designed activities that are weakly linked with achieving outcomes and output targets.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/04/27] [Last Updated: 2015/06/10]

Transport projects need more investment from GEF, as they need adequate baseline information to measure the effects of implemented measures. Collection of transport data requires extensive effort and is often expensive and may consume considerable portion of the budget. It is therefore important, during the project design phase, to carefully identify which data are necessary for monitoring and evaluation of the project for the chosen indicators and also collect the necessary baseline data. For this purpose a collaboration with the statistics unit of the municipality/research institutes/academia and use of their data (if available) to set the baseline and define the means of verifications is needed during the design phase.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Collection of transport data, as adequate baseline information to measure the effects of implemented measures, needs to be done during the design phase.
[Added: 2015/06/10] [Last Updated: 2015/09/30]
UNDP, GEF 2015/06 Completed Recommendations communicated to GEF.
4. Recommendation: GEF should re-consider investment of its resources for sustainable transport projects under USD 1.5 million and less than 5 years in duration, especially where sustainable transport awareness is low. Transport projects inherently have long gestation periods due to the long stakeholder consultation process and the larger sums of financing required from the public purse. The SMB Project struggled for its first two years to raise the awareness of sustainable transport with its primary stakeholder, the policy makers of the City. This left SMB with only 2 years to implement sustainable transport measures. If this Project had another year remaining, direct GHG reductions could have been achieved. With more funds, a well qualified full time Project Manager with related transport expertise could have been hired and provided the required leadership in terms of strategy and target setting of the indicators.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/04/27] [Last Updated: 2015/06/10]

Long gestation periods of transport projects are due to the long stakeholder consultation process linked to raising awareness of sustainable mobility and decision-making dependent on political will and election cycle. This is a long-term process that usually requires working of the project both ways, top-down and bottom-up, to support implementation of the measures and more realistic period of project implementation is approx. 6 years. UNDP is aware of the importance of the quality stakeholder engagement for a smooth implementation of a project already from the preparatory phase.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Transport projects should be 5 and more years long with budgets over $ 1.5M.
[Added: 2015/06/10] [Last Updated: 2015/09/30]
UNDP, GEF 2015/06 Completed Recommendations communicated to GEF.

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