Evaluación final del proyecto Manejo Integrado de Bifenilos policlorados

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Evaluation Plan:
2015-2018, Ecuador
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2018
Completion Date:
06/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Evaluación final del proyecto Manejo Integrado de Bifenilos policlorados
Atlas Project Number: 00087582
Evaluation Plan: 2015-2018, Ecuador
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2018
Planned End Date: 12/2018
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: project funds
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 15,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Guillermo Román Moguel
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Integrated and Environmentally Sound Management of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Ecuador
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4741
PIMS Number: 4827
Key Stakeholders: Ministerio del Ambiente Ministerio de Electricidad y Energía Renovable
Countries: ECUADOR
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

An ex post corrective measure to the project is the size of the inventory and its percentile corresponding to the amount eliminated

2

The scope of several goals mentioned before should be defined, in particular, the scope (dimension) of the inventory and its methodology.

3

Incorporate Ministerial Agreement 146 into the Organic Environmental Code (to continue institutionalization).

4

Strengthen the monitoring of compliance with the MA 146 and the National Management Plan by the electricity companies.

5

Elaborate, even if it was an estimated, a real feasibility study of PCB destruction, in order to contextualize by 2028 the resources required for this destruction and the most appropriate technical channels

6

Maintain the critical mass of personnel trained within the project, so that knowledge and experience permeate even more into MAE and MEER.

7

Implement the National PCB Management Plan throughout the country, combining the experience of the parties where it has already been carried out, and particularly reinforcing actions towards private owners of electrical equipment.

8

Evaluate the possible achievement of the additional financial resources for the elimination of PCB stocks that are determined at the end of the inventory, since the electric companies are mostly public and lack resources

9

Extend the knowledge and experiences towards other Persistent Organic Pollutants, so that the impact is replicated in other toxic substances.

1. Recommendation:

An ex post corrective measure to the project is the size of the inventory and its percentile corresponding to the amount eliminated

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/13]

This recommendation is about result B2 of the ProDoc, which indicates that the "National PCB inventory should be updated and improved; Labeling of stocks "

This goal does not have a clear indicator of verification and its compliance cannot be measured. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Calculate in greater detail the real inventory;
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • The estimated inventory of waste with PCB is done, 1244 tons of PCB waste are expected to be generated in Ecuador. (See Annex A). History
• Determine a reasonable elimination goal in comparison with other countries in the region.
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • The reasonable goal of PCB elimination is established in the Final Evaluation Report in point 4.1. (between 98 and 61 tons, if we compare with Mexico or Colombia, respectively).
2. Recommendation:

The scope of several goals mentioned before should be defined, in particular, the scope (dimension) of the inventory and its methodology.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/13]

See previous row.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Define the goal of inventory update as a percentage of the total number of equipment;
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • The Steering Committee, on a meeting the 24th of May 2018 resolve to approve a goal of 55% inventory advance for the project until the end of May, knowing that the inventory was started in 2016 and according to Ecuadorian regulations, it should be completed by 2020. In these 5 years, inventory should have a 20% advance per year. The actual advance of the inventory is 69% (To know the current progress of inventory See Annex B). History
• Define the scope of the "feasibility study" in order to make an estimate of the cost of eliminating all PCBs in Ecuador.
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • The feasibility study was elaborated (See Annex D, Analysis of treatment and elimination costs of PCBs wastes) and has a national scope including the equipment of private owners.
3. Recommendation:

Incorporate Ministerial Agreement 146 into the Organic Environmental Code (to continue institutionalization).

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/13]

As Ecuador elaborated a new Organic Environmental Code (COA), all regulations must be revised in order to adjust to this legal body.  In the case of Ministerial Agreement 146, it was revised with the legal department of the Ministry of Environment, it was found in compliance of the new COA and will be included in the secondary regulation of the COA, without changes.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Prepare document to include MA146 in COA;
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • The PCB Project prepared the request for the inclusion of MA 146 in the COA. This request was sent to the National Director of Environmental Control for the formal request to the corresponding areas of MAE (See Annex C), however, the Director did not send the request, because in not necessary in this case History
• Make the formal application for incorporation;
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • At the request of some areas, including the PCB Project, during the preparation of the COA Regulation, a transitory provision was defined, which establishes that any secondary regulations that do not oppose the COA will remain in force and be mandatory. For these reason, it has been indicated that a formal request is not necessary. History
• Incorporate AM146 into COA.
[Added: 2018/08/13] [Last Updated: 2018/11/23]
MAE 2018/06 Completed • The definitive incorporation of the MA 146 in the COA, will be a responsibility of MAE for the time when the ministerial agreements are being resolved by specific area. History
4. Recommendation:

Strengthen the monitoring of compliance with the MA 146 and the National Management Plan by the electricity companies.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/13]

The MA 146 and the Management Plan are instruments developed for the PCB Project and are in force, in addition to being known by the actors of the electricity sector and the largest holders of PCBs in the private sector.

These instruments set out the road map for compliance with the country's commitments as a signatory to the Stockholm Convention.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Implement the compliance monitoring system of AM146;
[Added: 2018/08/13]
UGP 2018/06 Completed • The PCB Management Plan 2018-2025 includes a "Sustainability Plan" where activities are established to comply with the adequate management of PCBs, timelines for compliance and those responsible (institutions or owners).
• Prepare and implement the monitoring system of the National Management Plan.
[Added: 2018/08/13] [Last Updated: 2018/11/23]
MAE / MEER / ARCONEL 2018/06 Completed • The implementation of the Sustainability Plan, which until now has been carried out by the PCB Project, must be continued by MAE, MEER and ARCONEL (or the institutions that replace them). These institutions are committed to the proper management and compliance with PCB regulations, as they have shown up to now and, as demonstrated the co-financing to the Project that has been higher than agreed during the design phase. The capacities of the two institutions have been strengthened by the project to fulfill the role of control authority. History
5. Recommendation:

Elaborate, even if it was an estimated, a real feasibility study of PCB destruction, in order to contextualize by 2028 the resources required for this destruction and the most appropriate technical channels

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/13]

Although in the National PCB Management Plan 2018-2025, there are chapters dedicated to the identification of the elimination methodologies and the steps to follow to finally manage the waste with PCBs. It was necessary to leave a document where it is analyzed, based on an estimated inventory of the amount of PCB that will be generated in the country, the costs that this management could have and the possible sources of financing.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Prepare a feasibility study based on present elimination costs;
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • The Feasibility Study for the elimination of the estimated PCB waste was prepared resulting in an amount of USD 14 million approximately, for the elimination of waste until 2025
• Determine more appropriate technical means of elimination;
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • This same document (Feasibility Study) includes the determination of the most suitable methods for the elimination of PCBs.
• Estimate the resources required, their gradual achievement and the potential sources of financing.
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • The necessary resources and a list of possible sources of financing are included in the Feasibility Study.
6. Recommendation:

Maintain the critical mass of personnel trained within the project, so that knowledge and experience permeate even more into MAE and MEER.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/13]

The PCB project staff has a strong technical capacity to support control of PCB holders, compliance with Ministerial Agreement 146 and Management Plan 2018-2025.

It was suggested that this same personnel who, hired by the MAE / MEER / ARCONEL, continue with the control of all the owners.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Hire at least two key people from the project's trained and experienced staff;
[Added: 2018/08/13]
MAE / MEER / ARCONEL 2018/06 Completed N/A. The country is implementing austerity measures and personnel hiring is restricted. The project has insisted on the need to keep the staff trained, but no further steps can be taken. Responsibility falls on MAE, MEER/ARCONEL or the institutions that replace them.
7. Recommendation:

Implement the National PCB Management Plan throughout the country, combining the experience of the parties where it has already been carried out, and particularly reinforcing actions towards private owners of electrical equipment.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/13]

In spite of the fact that the Sustainability Plan of the Project (Exit Plan), prepared and presented as part of the National PCB Plan 2018-2025, includes the mechanisms for the control of PCB management, for all holders, both public and private. There was the need to leave an individual document explaining the steps to follow for control.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Determine the private owners of contaminated equipment, from the inventory;
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • Within a document that explains the strategies for the implementation of the PCB Management Plan 2018-2025, a matrix was developed identifying private owners of contaminated equipment (See Annex E), this document was shared with MAE and ARCONEL and, it should be updated periodically from the SNIS-PCB.
• Monitor compliance with the National Management Plan by them;
[Added: 2018/08/13]
MAE / MEER / ARCONEL 2018/06 Completed • The monitoring of compliance with the National Management Plan is the responsibility of MAE and ARCONEL as control authorities, as explained in the recommendation 4 of this document.
• Strengthen compliance monitoring of National Plan by electricity companies.
[Added: 2018/08/13]
MAE / MEER / ARCONEL 2018/06 Completed • In Annex E - strategies for compliance with PCB management are identified, both for electricity companies and for private owners. MAE and ARCONEL shall monitor compliance.
8. Recommendation:

Evaluate the possible achievement of the additional financial resources for the elimination of PCB stocks that are determined at the end of the inventory, since the electric companies are mostly public and lack resources

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/13]

All electrical companies in Ecuador are public and, as such, have an allocation of funds that responds to the most urgent needs of the country. Many times, these needs do not include adequate waste management, so it is necessary to support the sector with external financing.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Based on the feasibility study and the estimated cost of total elimination, design a financing system for public and private companies.
[Added: 2018/08/13] [Last Updated: 2018/11/23]
PMU 2018/06 Completed Is important to state that the TE Consultant when defining a responsible part for this recommendation, he refers to the Project Management Unit (PMU) of a probable second phase of the PCB Project. The final evaluation report, performed in 2018, recommends the management of a second phase of the PCB Project, in which the electric sector can be supported with the elimination of most PCB waste, which should be inventoried until 2020. • Additionally, in Section 5 of the Feasibility Report, there is an analysis of the possible sources of financing (national and international) for a Phase II of the PCB Project History
9. Recommendation:

Extend the knowledge and experiences towards other Persistent Organic Pollutants, so that the impact is replicated in other toxic substances.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/13]

This suggestion was made to ensure that the experiences and lessons learned from the project are not only collected in a document, but also socialized.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prioritize the substances to which the scheme developed for PCB will be applied.
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed Is important to state that the TE Consultant when defining a responsible part for this recommendation, he refers to the Project Management Unit (PMU) of a probable second phase of the PCB Project. Nevertheless, the following has been already done: • The systematization report prepared by the project, established all the experiences and lessons learned, as well as, clear information on experiences that can be extended to the management of other POPs.
• Adapt the system to a wider spectrum.
[Added: 2018/08/13]
PMU 2018/06 Completed • Since 2017, a national communication campaign is been carried out, through workshops (See Annex F), of these lessons and experiences. In these trainings and workshops, all material refers to all POPs, not just PCBs.

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