Final Project Evaluation for the "Mainstreaming the Concept on Migration and Development into Relevant Policies, Plans and Actions in BiH" Project

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Evaluation Plan:
2015-2019, Bosnia and Hercegovina
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
10/2015
Completion Date:
10/2015
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
12,700
Since the Migration for Development (M&D) Project is basically a ?development-oriented? intervention, and since economic development is the most pressing need of BiH, then it is highly relevant to the country?s needs. The Project has been very effective at achieving outputs. Overall financial efficiency of Project resources remains high, at least for the horizontal component. It is apparent from the above figures that the financial efficiency of this component is excellent. Even if we factor in the entire Project costs (and not only the LG interventions costs) then the respective figures become: ? a USD 3150 per job safeguarded or created mean Project cost, which still compares favourably to other economic development incentives; and ? a 2.06 benefit/cost ratio, i.e. still a high efficiency rate. Finally, implementation costs are relatively high for country standards. Considering that this unit cost concerns specialized professional services and the relative lack of effective such services in the country, it is deemed reasonable. However, it should be decreased in the future. Local governments projects have mainly contributed to local development through the creation or safeguarding of jobs and through securing a stable income for the participating individuals. Also, the new income produced by the LG projects, through its multiplier effects (i.e. through an increase in local consumption), has the capacity to create more local economic activity. However, the magnitude of such impacts is expected to be very low due to a) the lack of ?critical mass? in any given locality. Another significant impact of the pilot projects is the increased demand from local populations for similar interventions by the respective local governments. This means that local governments will need more resources in order to accommodate such pressures. The last important expected impact of local priorities is on the way local communities communicate with the diaspora and on the way they incorporate M&D concepts in their local development programmes. Some types of results produced from the Project appear to be more sustainable than others. For example, the results achieved by the local government projects seem to be quite robust at least for the medium-term. The same cannot be said for the capacity-building activities, both at local level and at higher level. As ?knowhow? is something possessed by a specific individual, the sustainability of the capacity building actions depends on how widely within the organization this knowhow is spread, on whether this organization has a high turnover of staff, and to what extent this knowhow is ?institutionalized?. Taking these factors into account, it appears that capacity building at the local level is more sustainable than the capacity-building provided to the Ministry for Human Rights and Refugees of Bosnia and Herzegovina and to the policy working group on M&D.

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Title Final Project Evaluation for the "Mainstreaming the Concept on Migration and Development into Relevant Policies, Plans and Actions in BiH" Project
Atlas Project Number: 00057476
Evaluation Plan: 2015-2019, Bosnia and Hercegovina
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2015
Planned End Date: 10/2015
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
Evaluation Budget(US $): 12,700
Source of Funding: Project budget/donor resources
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 12,700
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Chrysoula Petritsi Evaluator
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Ministry for Human Rights and Refugees of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 10 partner local governments
Countries: BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 1. Increase the funding and effectiveness of the horizontal component.
2 2. Internal project logic and quality of design: The lack of specific focus of the Project ? which socio-economic fields are to be targeted and which diaspora resources to be mobilized - is a disadvantage. Project objectives seem overly-ambitious, while some of the risks within the Risk Analysis were underestimated.
3 3. It appears that Project visibility has been rather low and anemic at all levels but especially at national level.
4 4. Increase Project ownership by a BiH institution: share implementation responsibility.
5 5. Reinforce impacts and sustainability of results in already selected local governments through continued support (through successor or follow-up projects.
6 6. Include a component which will concentrate on selected systemic changes: focus on scientific knowhow transfer.
7 7. Concentrate on a small set of indicators.
1. Recommendation: 1. Increase the funding and effectiveness of the horizontal component.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/11/18]

1. Recommendation valid and accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. For eventual follow up interventions, UNDP will consider increasing the pool of funding in support of local priority initiatives putting migration in function of local development.
[Added: 2015/11/18] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
Rural and Regional Development Sector 2017/01 Completed Initiated through the second phase of the project. History
1.2. Any follow up interventions would apply a competitive selection process and work towards leveraging between 20-30% of diaspora/private contributions (with sound long term business propositions to diaspora and at the same time ensuring sustainability of investments), while local government contributions would be kept at 20%.
[Added: 2015/11/18] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
Rural and Regional Development Secto 2017/09 Completed Completed through the second phase of the project. History
2. Recommendation: 2. Internal project logic and quality of design: The lack of specific focus of the Project ? which socio-economic fields are to be targeted and which diaspora resources to be mobilized - is a disadvantage. Project objectives seem overly-ambitious, while some of the risks within the Risk Analysis were underestimated.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/11/18]

2. Issues raised valid and accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. For eventual follow up interventions, UNDP will ensure sharper programmatic focus of interventions in this domain.
[Added: 2015/11/18] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
Rural and Regional Development Sector 2017/01 Completed The follow up intervention commenced in Dec. 2016 with three specific outcomes. History
2.2. Any follow up interventions in this area will ensure realistic setting of the objectives, and more in-depth analysis of the risks, particularly those related to the overall political environment.
[Added: 2015/11/18] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
Rural and Regional Development Sector 2017/01 Completed Risk log of the follow up phase took in consideration the raised issue. History
3. Recommendation: 3. It appears that Project visibility has been rather low and anemic at all levels but especially at national level.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/11/18]

3. Issue raised is partially valid, but accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1. For eventual follow up interventions, UNDP will ensure a more in-depth preparation of communication strategy, with consideration of various communication tools (beyond these utilized in the pilot Project phase), as well as stronger connection with national electronic media, as well as information and communication channels of all partners.
[Added: 2015/11/18] [Last Updated: 2018/09/24]
Rural and Regional Development Sector 2020/12 Initiated 2nd phase commenced, the specific interventions expected in 2017. 24.09.2018: The Project prepared a Communication Strategy, that has been agreed upon with all project partners. The Strategy highlights key messages to be vocalized, as well as communication channels. Furthermore, the Project prepared a Communication Plan that highlights key products to be developed, including the preparation of success stories - and this plan is being followed within the project (throughout the project duration). To strengthen the communication channels, and expend the usage of electronic media, the Project supported creation of Diaspora Web Portal, that is institutionalized and maintained by Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees of BiH. This channel is being used by the Project, but more importantly, being marketed as a key information provider for diaspora topic. History
4. Recommendation: 4. Increase Project ownership by a BiH institution: share implementation responsibility.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/11/18]

4. Recommendation valid.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1. For eventual follow up interventions, national implementation responsibility should be further strengthened either through a dedicated project component within a broader partnership intervention, or a separate small-scale project implemented by the competent state-level institution (i.e. Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees). In both cases, clear definition of responsibilities would be required from the outset of the project implementation, while future intervention should place stronger focus on institutional capacity development, policy framework as well as innovative platforms and mechanisms for engaging BiH diaspora in productive and meaningful dialogue with authorities in BiH.
[Added: 2015/11/18] [Last Updated: 2018/09/24]
Rural and Regional Development Sector 2020/12 Initiated The Action has been initiated. 24.09.2018: Within D4D Project, one of the key project components is focused on strengthening institutional capacities related to diaspora engagement, including institutionalizing 'diaspora and development' concepts within the Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees. Within this effort, we had number of interventions, including creation of Diaspora Web Portal, establishment of Diaspora Representative Body in Germany, initiation of Strategy Cooperation with Diaspora. History
5. Recommendation: 5. Reinforce impacts and sustainability of results in already selected local governments through continued support (through successor or follow-up projects.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/11/18]

5. Recommendation valid.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1. In eventual future interventions, based on the achievements and lessons learnt by the Project pilot phase, UNDP will undertake sound baseline assessments within potential partner local governments, with specific focus on economic data, sectors within the local economy with highest potential for growth based on interaction with diaspora, etc., so as to ensure more focused assistance, better impact and sustainability of results at the local level (e.g. job creation, income generation, and service delivery to the benefit of BiH citizens). Further, global UNDP practices and experience will be tailored and transferred to the context of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Furthermore, UNDP will tap into the growing migration for local development community of practice and network implemented jointly at the global level via the JMDI supported by the Government of Switzerland.
[Added: 2015/11/18] [Last Updated: 2018/09/24]
Rural and Regional Development Sector 2020/12 Initiated The Action has been initiated.24.09.2018: As part of this initiate, JMDI expertise has been consulted, and in partnership with them we have organized a capacity building for national experts related to diaspora and development topics, with focus on engaging diaspora within development processes. This initiative provided a baseline capacity building for national consultants, who further supported the process of engaging diaspora within the realm of local development. Apart from this, the project analyzed the diaspora engagement potential within local government units, looking across sectors and potential investment opportunities. History
6. Recommendation: 6. Include a component which will concentrate on selected systemic changes: focus on scientific knowhow transfer.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/11/18]

6. Recommendation useful and feasible pending broader network of project partners.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1. The recommendations within the Final Evaluation related to scientific know-how transfer provided some interesting ideas to be explored in eventual future interventions in the broader sense of knowledge exchange and know-how transfer. While UNDP as such may not be directly engaged in direct initiatives linked to scientific transfer, there are plenty of promising and innovative practices to be utilized in terms of ?inward? and ?outward? knowledge transfer and exchange, including by using ICTs, innovative start-up accelerators with mentoring from diaspora, etc.
[Added: 2015/11/18] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
N/A 2017/01 Completed Know how transfer is specifically included in the Outcome 3 of the 2nd phase. History
7. Recommendation: 7. Concentrate on a small set of indicators.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/11/18]

Recommendation valid and accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1. For any follow up intervention, an appropriate set of strategic indicators would be selected around which the entire project strategic approach would be built.
[Added: 2015/11/18] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
Rural and Regional Development Sector 2016/12 Completed The Action undertaken during the design of the new project phase. History

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