Evaluation of UNDP/UNESCO/UNICEF Dialogue for the Future (DFF) Project Final Report

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Evaluation Plan:
2015-2020, Bosnia and Hercegovina
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
07/2016
Completion Date:
07/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
28,000

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Title Evaluation of UNDP/UNESCO/UNICEF Dialogue for the Future (DFF) Project Final Report
Atlas Project Number: 00079091
Evaluation Plan: 2015-2020, Bosnia and Hercegovina
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 07/2016
Planned End Date: 07/2016
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Democratic Governance
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 5.6. Mechanisms are enabled for consensus-building around contested priorities, and address specific tensions, through inclusive and peaceful processes
Evaluation Budget(US $): 28,000
Source of Funding: UNESCO, UNDP
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 13,807
Joint Programme: Yes
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UN Agencies
  • Joint with UNICEF, UNESCO
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Samir Šoševic External Evaluation Consultant/Team Leader sosevic.samir@gmail.com BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA
Amir Cesic Assistant Evaluation Consultant amir.cesic@gmail.com BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Countries: BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Established Dialogue Platform is to be further developed along with support to peacebuilding local civic initiatives, in order to enable establishment of the safe spaces for decision makers and civil society, contributing to first Region-wide peacebuilding process. There is a need for institutions from all administrative levels in BiH, in charge of the issues of youth, education and culture, to get more involved in the process of creation a space for dialogue and trust building, to include the Dialogue Platform as the initiative in their policies and to support financially the organisation of the Dialogue Platforms events in the future in order to take dialogue process forward. As part of the Dialogue Platform, there is a need for continuation of work on development of a work stream (umbrella initiative) that provides youth and youth civil society with an opportunity to influence policy making in order to increase their participation, awareness and influence on policy dialogue in BiH, impacting entire Reform Agenda. In possible future best-case scenario, when it comes to effective institutional changes, project should aim for an increased likelihood of government policy change that results in policy commitments and appropriate action plans to address conclusions and issues discussed through Dialogue Platform.

2

For a follow up DFF initiative youth issues that need to be addressed more prominently are economic integration of youth, prevention of radicalization of youth and political participation of youth. Youth in BiH is marginalized, socially excluded and without proper and continuous institutional representation. Such position offers plethora of opportunities for radicalization, hate speech, violence and social unrests. This could also be addressed through in/formal education system but also in creating stronger links between culture and educational projects in the country. Institutional youth mechanisms should be reconsidered and positioned within BiH Council of Ministers (and governments (Entity level) and not within specific ministries which incorporate issues of youth. Youth as a cross-sectorial issue needs to be streamlined into all governments' work Projects. 

3

Joint Declaration on Peacebuilding/Trust Building signed with BiH Presidency should remain as a base for scaling up the project to a regional initiative, as per the Presidency’s recommendation, involving senior leaders from neighbouring countries. The eventual regional Dialogue Platform should ideally result in a Peacebuilding strategy and/or action plan with clearly elaborated managing structures. Endorsing the idea through a regional process such as Brdo Brijuni would undoubtedly add weight to the prospects of its realization but the operability of the Project with multiple agencies and country offices would require close attention and good elaboration.

4

 Future interventions including follow up DFF Project need to be well linked with the Sustainable Development Goals and 2030 Agenda of the country, in particular SDG 16.

5

As far as the sustainability of future initiatives in this area is concerned, there is a need to “anchor” Dialogue Platform to BiH institutions, so that they accept it as their “own” initiative to build upon and not an external phenomenon to the existing decision-making administrative system (when it comes to dealing with PB matters). Relevant institutions have to be empowered and capacitated to support dialogue and trust building initiatives and to manage small funds and grants facilities for projects on peacebuilding and intercultural understanding.

6

Implementation modus operandi for the future initiatives (of this or similar kind) could be improved and more synergistic modus operandi for JPs is most important for success. If concrete outcomes cannot be jointly implemented, then at least RUNOs should strive to strengthen their synergies. It is strongly advisable to ensure implementation of the UNCT modalities for managing Joint projects adopted in 2015.

7

The capacity of relevant institutions to support intercultural dialogue and trust building have to be enhanced, in order to ensure future sustainability of the initiative itself. 

8

Additional space needs to be created where the importance of peacebuilding and diversity in education can be discussed. This is important given that DFF Platform in its nature is an alternative space and institutional discussion on peace building in education to be effective needs dedicated space/forum where the education is used as a pivotal channel for promotion of social cohesion and educating new generations on importance of peace building.

9

For any future initiative it is advised to work much more closely with the civil society using a participatory, bottom-up approach with the partners, particularly during projects’ design development phase in order to assure their full participation in development initiatives.

10

Agencies need to have in JP common denominators. In this particular case, organization of outcomes, instead of being organized around three RUNOs mandates (youth UNDP, education UNICEF and culture UNESCO), more synergistic effects and joint results would have been achieved if organized around joint topics like intercultural understanding, social cohesion, trust building and appreciation of diversity, etc.

11

All future Small Grants Facility (SGF) Projects need to be clearly linked to overarching “umbrella” initiative and collaboration and information exchange between SGF Projects needs to be strengthened. Current SGF Projects are interesting initiatives which do not have common denominator and links with each other, thus their cumulative effect is not as great as it could be. Before advertising public call for CSOs, a clear strategic vision of the “umbrella” initiative has to be defined in the first place. When looking at DFF SGFs’ results from the collective level, it does not appear that small projects were mutually supportive enough, or that they created additional spin-offs, or that they contributed collectively to a significant change in the longer-term that is easily recognizable. 

12

In case of grass-roots CSOs and work with them, it is necessary to constantly monitor their work and to develop their capacities in the course of the entire project implementation.

13

The role of culture and intercultural dialogue needs to be continually fostered through the Dialogue Platform and citizens’ participation (particularly vulnerable groups) in order to enable them to increasingly participate in intercultural activities, in particular whole communities that need to have a greater role in the process of achievement of peacebuilding goals.

14

Additional donor funds and co-financing arrangements should be sought to fund individual activities conducted under the overarching umbrella of the Dialogue Platform (e.g. for conferences, workshops) and to increase the number of positive grass-roots initiatives. Possibility of involving other international donors like EU Delegation, bilateral donors and actors such as USAID, UK, Swiss, OSCE, etc. should be explored. In particular cofounding and in kind contribution needs to be sought from the institutional partners.

15

Grant Facility Scheme should be based on obligatory co-financing. Co-financing is to ensure wider commitment of partners, and to encourage, Joint ventures of CSOs/citizens/individuals/private sector with public institutions. Such a system is also to support establishment a solid track record of delivery, and results obtained in support to sustaining the peace and promoting dialogue.

16

In terms of creation of space for dialogue and trust building, all levels of government in BiH are advised to maximize the opportunities for people to engage in culture, sports, science and arts, and to have access to “neutral spaces where politics and ethno-national affiliations do not interfere” and where youth can come together. This would contribute to the creation of a pluralistic and inclusive society, which is a central precondition for building trust, peace and economic development in the country. Clarity in terms of expectations and engagement of BiH institutions in further strengthening and sustainability of Dialogue Platform needs to be discussed at the earliest opportunity.

1. Recommendation:

Established Dialogue Platform is to be further developed along with support to peacebuilding local civic initiatives, in order to enable establishment of the safe spaces for decision makers and civil society, contributing to first Region-wide peacebuilding process. There is a need for institutions from all administrative levels in BiH, in charge of the issues of youth, education and culture, to get more involved in the process of creation a space for dialogue and trust building, to include the Dialogue Platform as the initiative in their policies and to support financially the organisation of the Dialogue Platforms events in the future in order to take dialogue process forward. As part of the Dialogue Platform, there is a need for continuation of work on development of a work stream (umbrella initiative) that provides youth and youth civil society with an opportunity to influence policy making in order to increase their participation, awareness and influence on policy dialogue in BiH, impacting entire Reform Agenda. In possible future best-case scenario, when it comes to effective institutional changes, project should aim for an increased likelihood of government policy change that results in policy commitments and appropriate action plans to address conclusions and issues discussed through Dialogue Platform.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05]

This recommendation is valid and will be considered for implementation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Further promotion and scaling up, as appropriate, of the Dialogue Platform initiative will be strongly considered during the next phase of project drafting. This project draft, will also include important lessons learned and will put an emphasis on the importance of youth participation in decision making processes, policy making and the Reform Agenda.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
RCO, UNDP, UNICEF, UNESCO 2017/09 Completed The DFF II, Project Document for BiH was developed and submitted to PBF for further feedback. History
2. Recommendation:

For a follow up DFF initiative youth issues that need to be addressed more prominently are economic integration of youth, prevention of radicalization of youth and political participation of youth. Youth in BiH is marginalized, socially excluded and without proper and continuous institutional representation. Such position offers plethora of opportunities for radicalization, hate speech, violence and social unrests. This could also be addressed through in/formal education system but also in creating stronger links between culture and educational projects in the country. Institutional youth mechanisms should be reconsidered and positioned within BiH Council of Ministers (and governments (Entity level) and not within specific ministries which incorporate issues of youth. Youth as a cross-sectorial issue needs to be streamlined into all governments' work Projects. 

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05]

The recommendation is partially valid. State level youth mechanism is institutionalized through the Commission for Coordination of Youth Issues in BiH within the Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH and there is no valid reason why it should be taken out of the Ministry’s domain or whether that would be possible in any case. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Economic integration of youth, prevention of youth radicalization and political participation of youth, among others, will be considered and addressed during the implementation of ongoing UN projects in BiH as well as during elaboration on the new UN Joint Program.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNDP, UNICEF, UNESCO 2017/09 Completed History
2.2 Publication on prevention of violent extremism/hate speech Translation and mainstreaming of UNESCO’s first Teacher’s Guide on the Prevention of Violent Extremism targeting policy-makers within ministries of education. The objective is to help teachers create a classroom climate that is inclusive, and conducive to respectful dialogue, open discussion and critical thinking.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/12/29]
UNESCO 2017/03 Completed UNESCO’s Teacher’s Guide on the Prevention of Violent Extremism has been translated into BHS language(s) and mainstreamed as planned. History
2.3 The UN DFF Youth Forums, which will be organized in multiple locations, getting together youth from all over the country, specifically small, passive communities, will serve as forums for identifying, discussing and designing local, problem oriented initiatives in areas of integration, prevention of radicalization and political participation of youth.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
UNDP 2016/12 Completed History
3. Recommendation:

Joint Declaration on Peacebuilding/Trust Building signed with BiH Presidency should remain as a base for scaling up the project to a regional initiative, as per the Presidency’s recommendation, involving senior leaders from neighbouring countries. The eventual regional Dialogue Platform should ideally result in a Peacebuilding strategy and/or action plan with clearly elaborated managing structures. Endorsing the idea through a regional process such as Brdo Brijuni would undoubtedly add weight to the prospects of its realization but the operability of the Project with multiple agencies and country offices would require close attention and good elaboration.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05]

The recommendation is valid and will be considered for implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Strategic positon of UNCT s to continue with peacebuilding activities and to respond to the Presidency of BiH request to expand the project activities on the Western Balkans region. Series of meetings will be organized in order to initiate the process and Presidency of BiH will be contacted to include the initiative into next Brdo Brijuni process meeting.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UN RCO 2017/09 Completed History
3.2 One of the themes to be discussed at the Dialogue Platform Conference with the participants will be the scaling up of the initiative.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNDP 2017/09 Completed History
4. Recommendation:

 Future interventions including follow up DFF Project need to be well linked with the Sustainable Development Goals and 2030 Agenda of the country, in particular SDG 16.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05]

The recommendation is valid and will be considered for implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Themes of the SDG’s in the context of BiH during the Dialogue Platform Conferences will be prioritized, including within the drafting of the concept note for the second phase of the project .
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
RCO, UNDP, UNICEF, UNESCO 2017/04 Completed History
5. Recommendation:

As far as the sustainability of future initiatives in this area is concerned, there is a need to “anchor” Dialogue Platform to BiH institutions, so that they accept it as their “own” initiative to build upon and not an external phenomenon to the existing decision-making administrative system (when it comes to dealing with PB matters). Relevant institutions have to be empowered and capacitated to support dialogue and trust building initiatives and to manage small funds and grants facilities for projects on peacebuilding and intercultural understanding.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2016/12/09]

The recommendation is valid and will be considered for implementation. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Further capacity development of BiH institutions will be considered during the next phase of the project.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNDP, UNESCO and UNICEF 2017/06 Completed Further capacity development of BiH institutions have been considered in development of the Project document for the new phase, with the focus on local level institutions. History
6. Recommendation:

Implementation modus operandi for the future initiatives (of this or similar kind) could be improved and more synergistic modus operandi for JPs is most important for success. If concrete outcomes cannot be jointly implemented, then at least RUNOs should strive to strengthen their synergies. It is strongly advisable to ensure implementation of the UNCT modalities for managing Joint projects adopted in 2015.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2016/12/05]

The recommendation is partially valid and will be considered for implementation. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 UNCT Guidelines for implementation of joint programmes will be implemented
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNCT 2017/12 Completed History
7. Recommendation:

The capacity of relevant institutions to support intercultural dialogue and trust building have to be enhanced, in order to ensure future sustainability of the initiative itself. 

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05]

The recommendation is valid and will be considered through recommendation no. 5. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Will be considered within implementation of recommendation no. 5.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNDP, UNESCO and UNICEF 2017/06 Completed History
8. Recommendation:

Additional space needs to be created where the importance of peacebuilding and diversity in education can be discussed. This is important given that DFF Platform in its nature is an alternative space and institutional discussion on peace building in education to be effective needs dedicated space/forum where the education is used as a pivotal channel for promotion of social cohesion and educating new generations on importance of peace building.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05]

The recommendation is valid and will be considered for implementation. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 The Dialogue Platform Conference will be further promoted as an alternative space for institutional discussion on peacebuilding in education (one of the thematic areas to be discussed) during the project design process;
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNDP, UNESCO and UNICEF 2017/06 Completed History
8.2 Roundtable with relevant stakeholders from education sector will be organized in order to capture lessons learned and best practices in implementation of peacebuilding projects in education
[Added: 2016/12/05]
UNICEF 2016/10 Completed
8.3 Voices of Youth Analysis and Theory of Change: As a follow-up to the recent country-wide Voices of Youth study (conducted as part of DFF), UNICEF will develop a comprehensive Theory of Change on the participation and engagement of adolescents in society. This will help inform thinking around a realistic framework development of the second phase of DFF.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2016/12/20]
UNICEF 2016/11 Completed History
9. Recommendation:

For any future initiative it is advised to work much more closely with the civil society using a participatory, bottom-up approach with the partners, particularly during projects’ design development phase in order to assure their full participation in development initiatives.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05]

The recommendation is valid and will be considered for implementation. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Civil Society Organizations will be included into the project design phase and will have a consultative role during the process.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2018/10/31]
RCO, UNDP 2018/10 Completed Civil Society Organizations will be included into the project design of the regional component of the intervention, in accordance with the new approach in the development of the Project's phase II. 10-08-2018: Civil society organizations are involved in consultations for design of the Project Document for the regional interventions. Design of the Regional Initiative is in its final stage. History
9.2 This will be addressed through implementation of Action 6.1 of the Recommendation no. 6
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNCT 2017/09 Completed History
10. Recommendation:

Agencies need to have in JP common denominators. In this particular case, organization of outcomes, instead of being organized around three RUNOs mandates (youth UNDP, education UNICEF and culture UNESCO), more synergistic effects and joint results would have been achieved if organized around joint topics like intercultural understanding, social cohesion, trust building and appreciation of diversity, etc.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05]

The recommendation is valid and will be considered for implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 The new joint programmes elaboration, in tandem with the drafting of the concept note for the 2nd phase will consider more synergistic modes of implementation among the agencies through action recommended under Recommendation no. 6.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNCT 2017/06 Completed History
11. Recommendation:

All future Small Grants Facility (SGF) Projects need to be clearly linked to overarching “umbrella” initiative and collaboration and information exchange between SGF Projects needs to be strengthened. Current SGF Projects are interesting initiatives which do not have common denominator and links with each other, thus their cumulative effect is not as great as it could be. Before advertising public call for CSOs, a clear strategic vision of the “umbrella” initiative has to be defined in the first place. When looking at DFF SGFs’ results from the collective level, it does not appear that small projects were mutually supportive enough, or that they created additional spin-offs, or that they contributed collectively to a significant change in the longer-term that is easily recognizable. 

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05]

Management Response: Not valid. Clear strategic connection among the initiatives had been defined. The Guidelines for Project Applicants to the SGF clearly defined peace and trust building as a joint denominator off all initiatives. All applicants were strongly encouraged to include several mandatory themes into their project design. Project implementing parties were active members of the Dialogue Platform meetings and served as representatives of the Civil Society from their communities. The project beneficiaries were included into the Dialogue Platform’s Youth Forums across the country through 2015.

Key Actions:

12. Recommendation:

In case of grass-roots CSOs and work with them, it is necessary to constantly monitor their work and to develop their capacities in the course of the entire project implementation.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05]

The recommendation is valid and will be considered for implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12. The Monitoring Guidelines will be further strengthened for future projects/programmes.
[Added: 2017/12/29]
RCO, UNDP, UNESCO and UNESCO 2017/06 Completed
13. Recommendation:

The role of culture and intercultural dialogue needs to be continually fostered through the Dialogue Platform and citizens’ participation (particularly vulnerable groups) in order to enable them to increasingly participate in intercultural activities, in particular whole communities that need to have a greater role in the process of achievement of peacebuilding goals.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/12/29]

This recommendation is valid and will be considered for implementation. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
In cooperation with National Museum of BiH, Museum of Contemporary Art of the Republika Srpska and relevant ministries responsible for culture at various level, UNESCO will continue supporting activities and programmes that increase citizens’ participation and promotes the role of culture and intercultural dialogue, and stronger cohesion within the society, in particular to the vulnerable groups.
[Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/12/29]
RCO, UNDP, UNESCO and UNESCO 2017/12 Completed UNESCO supported the publication of the catalog titled "Space, Form, Touch", adapted for the blind and visually impaired, that is accompanying the exhibition of the same name at the Museum of Contemporary Art of the Republika Srpska. History
14. Recommendation:

Additional donor funds and co-financing arrangements should be sought to fund individual activities conducted under the overarching umbrella of the Dialogue Platform (e.g. for conferences, workshops) and to increase the number of positive grass-roots initiatives. Possibility of involving other international donors like EU Delegation, bilateral donors and actors such as USAID, UK, Swiss, OSCE, etc. should be explored. In particular cofounding and in kind contribution needs to be sought from the institutional partners.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/12/29]

This recommendation is partially valid and will be partially considered.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
14.1 Multi donor approach for funding peace building initiatives in BiH will be considered for future programming
[Added: 2017/12/29]
RCO 2017/12 Completed
15. Recommendation:

Grant Facility Scheme should be based on obligatory co-financing. Co-financing is to ensure wider commitment of partners, and to encourage, Joint ventures of CSOs/citizens/individuals/private sector with public institutions. Such a system is also to support establishment a solid track record of delivery, and results obtained in support to sustaining the peace and promoting dialogue.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/05] [Last Updated: 2017/12/29]

This recommendation is partially valid and will be partially considered.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
15. 1 Co-financing and in kind contributions will be considered and strongly encouraged during the Public Call for Proposals design phase, as per agency-specific policies, procedures and guidelines (e.g. on whether they are made mandatory or not for the smaller grass-roots organizations).
[Added: 2017/12/29]
UNDP, UNESCO and UNICEF 2017/07 Completed
16. Recommendation:

In terms of creation of space for dialogue and trust building, all levels of government in BiH are advised to maximize the opportunities for people to engage in culture, sports, science and arts, and to have access to “neutral spaces where politics and ethno-national affiliations do not interfere” and where youth can come together. This would contribute to the creation of a pluralistic and inclusive society, which is a central precondition for building trust, peace and economic development in the country. Clarity in terms of expectations and engagement of BiH institutions in further strengthening and sustainability of Dialogue Platform needs to be discussed at the earliest opportunity.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/29]

This recommendation is not relevant for the UN agencies. 

Key Actions:

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