Final evaluation Business Forum Uzbekistan 3 -project

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Uzbekistan
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2017
Completion Date:
12/2017
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
3,500

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Title Final evaluation Business Forum Uzbekistan 3 -project
Atlas Project Number: 00081932
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Uzbekistan
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2017
Planned End Date: 12/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.1. National and sub-national systems and institutions enabled to achieve structural transformation of productive capacities that are sustainable and employment - and livelihoods- intensive
Evaluation Budget(US $): 3,500
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 3,500
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Ulugbek Kamaletdinov National Consultant U.Kamaletdinov@gki.uz UZBEKISTAN
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Countries: UZBEKISTAN
Lessons
1.

There is a clear link between the performance of BFU and the extent to which the project meets the national priorities. Better focus on national priorities brought in more effective results which are noted by national partner of the project.


2.

Anchoring the project focus on major Government initiative (improving the business environment) enabled UNDP to develop, with limited resources and time, a small, well-thought-through and goal-oriented project to ensure long-term sustainable results.


3.

Roles and functions of the project staff were well-defined, stakeholders were involved at the initial stage and the implementation was effectively monitored, which served as a basis for "good links" with the Government for enacting the necessary legislation.


4.

Any achievements of BFU in the form of initiatives, recommendations or proposals by the end of the project have a limited chance to be sustainable in the future and can quickly disappear after the project is finished. Therefore, to increase the long-term impact and sustainability of project results, it is extremely important that the achievements are institutionalized and approved by the Government in the course of the project implementation.


5.

Use of adaptive management and flexible models of promotion of initiatives allows the project to manage events effectively and at the same time to maintain its effectiveness.


6.

Establishment of the multi-channelled co-financing of activities with strict adherence to UNDP project management procedures (mandate), such as procurement, recruitment and contracting, as well as a global link with access and exchange of international experience, may be preferable for the national partner-executor and the basis for increasing co-financing.


7.

Even the best implemented inclusive business models had so far limited impact on women. The social norms and expectations towards women-entrepreneurs, limited financial resources they possess, lack of business knowledge and skills among women makes it much harder to bring broad based entrepreneurship development among women. In this regard, focus on skills development and financial resource endowment will play critical role to succed in this area.


8.

Development of the project document (ProDoc), including BFU strategy, as well as guidelines concerning the development of the necessary capacities at three levels: a) individual; b) organizational; and c) national level ensures the effective implementation of measures with holistic approach and sustainability of results.


9.

When the project staff has operational experience in Government agencies, there is a better understanding of the Government functioning. As a result, it is easier to link the project with the relevant state and public structures, to establish partnerships, to implement project activities effectively and efficiently within a strict timeframe.


Findings
1.

The results of the project as a whole correspond to the expected results of the UNDAF 2010-2015 / 2016-2020, CPAP UNDP 2010-2015 and CPD 2016-2020, as well as the objectives included in the relevant Government programs in Uzbekistan from 2012 to 2017.


2.

The project has a great importance in the process of improving the business environment in the country, its positioning within the framework of the Government reform was an excellent "tactic" and undoubtedly contributed to its success.


3.

Four key concepts that were defined at the design stage, in fact, have become critical factors for success: commitment, institutionalization, adaptation and capacity building of relevant personnel.


4.

Project Management Unit (PMU) used actively and effectively an adaptive management, the Project Manager used Results-Based Management (RBM), change management, and linking the project's objectives to the interests of the Government, while not compromising the mandate and mission of UNDP.


5.

The aims and several key results planned according to the project were achieved in scheduled timeframe. These achievements exceeded the goals in which the project played a leading role, as evidenced by the Doing Business-2018 World Bank report.


6.

Having estimated the approach, wich was taken by PMU to develop CCI capacity, it can be stated that from the UNDP point of view, the following components of capacity development are of particular importance: organizational and functional positioning of UNDP-CO; creation of favorable regulatory and legal framework; horizontal and vertical coordination; basic business processes.


7.

Most of the project achievements have been institutionalized and are used by national partners. Having based on the project's achievements in the context of CCI reform initiative, the long-term impact of these achievements is significant.


8.

One aspect of the project that remained unchanged is the low participation of women in entrepreneurship, especially in high-tech industries and ICT. In Uzbekistan, women represent only 10-17% of all business entities.


9.

In case of continuing its activity the project will be a central part on promoting Roadmap directed at entending women’s involvement into entrepreneurship.


Recommendations
1

It is recommended to organize a seminar for exchanging experiences on implementation of this type of projects, with participation of potential beneficiaries and international development organizations to receive their feedback and raise possibilities for co-financing key project outputs.

2

It is recommended to post all major information products created by the project and not being confidential on the UNDP-CO and CCI web portals.

3

It is recommended to develop a concept for a new UNDP project (in partnership with CCI) based on the positive results of the project implementation, as well as on the objectives of the UNDAF 2016-2020 and the target parameters of the Action Strategy for the five priority development directions of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021. It is recommended to focus on five basic directions to cover the concept of the new project:

  • Development and implementation of the Gender Roadmap for involving women in entrepreneurship, with the broad participation of Government agencies, NGOs, and donors in the field of gender development. The Roadmap should cover the process of education of a new generation of women entrepreneurs based on the application of modern technologies, know-how, ICT, corporate governance, adaptation of banking services and microfinance;
  • Development of a methodological base and piloting several Public–private partnership (PPP) models, as well as inclusive business models based on mentoring;
  • Creation Youth Cluster in the field of ICT (in the vacant college buildings); development and implementation of new "Start-Up" initiatives in the field of ICT, their popularization in regional centers (universities) of the country. At the same time, it is necessary to establish clear quotas for girls aged 14-18 at a rate of at least 50%, involving interested donors in this process;
  • Continuation of the advisory support to CCI to develop proposals on improvement of the business environment in the country, accessibility of public services provided for businesses through e-Government;
  • Development and implementation of targeted measures, solely on the basis of co-financing, aimed at further strengthening the capacity, legal and methodological framework of the Centers for Entrepreneurship Development at CCI, as well as the OSS system.
4

It is recommended that UNDP-CO has to become an agency for implementation of the legal framework, methodology and models of PPP in Uzbekistan, including piloting PPPs, especially those aimed at empowering women-entrepreneurs.

In this regard, it is proposed to launch pilots in the following areas:

  • Development of private secondary and higher education;
  • Horizontal integration of exporting enterprises on PPP terms;
  • Development of outsourcing on PPP’s terms in service of the public catering facilities for medicine, education, defense; maintenance of passenger rail and air transport; transport service of state authorities and management.
1. Recommendation:

It is recommended to organize a seminar for exchanging experiences on implementation of this type of projects, with participation of potential beneficiaries and international development organizations to receive their feedback and raise possibilities for co-financing key project outputs.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/29]

The seminar to exchange experience and raise awareness about the ongoing project will be conducted by the newly launched ‘Business Climate Improvement in the regions of Uzbekistan’ project to build on already achieved results, and to mobilize resources for its implementation in 2018.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To include seminar with participation of national and international partners to exchange experience in the Private Sector Development and raise awareness about the new project in the Annual Wok Plan for 2018. Conduct the seminar after the staff is recruited and at the earliest date possible.
[Added: 2017/12/29] [Last Updated: 2019/01/10]
Sustainable Development Cluster 2019/01 Overdue-Initiated
2. Recommendation:

It is recommended to post all major information products created by the project and not being confidential on the UNDP-CO and CCI web portals.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/29]

All project publications in print were distributed to national stakeholders, and electronic copies uploaded to UNDP public website.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To upload all relevant publications and information materials to the UNDP public website.
[Added: 2017/12/29]
Cluster on Sustainable Development 2017/12 Completed All publications posted at UNDP web-site
3. Recommendation:

It is recommended to develop a concept for a new UNDP project (in partnership with CCI) based on the positive results of the project implementation, as well as on the objectives of the UNDAF 2016-2020 and the target parameters of the Action Strategy for the five priority development directions of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021. It is recommended to focus on five basic directions to cover the concept of the new project:

  • Development and implementation of the Gender Roadmap for involving women in entrepreneurship, with the broad participation of Government agencies, NGOs, and donors in the field of gender development. The Roadmap should cover the process of education of a new generation of women entrepreneurs based on the application of modern technologies, know-how, ICT, corporate governance, adaptation of banking services and microfinance;
  • Development of a methodological base and piloting several Public–private partnership (PPP) models, as well as inclusive business models based on mentoring;
  • Creation Youth Cluster in the field of ICT (in the vacant college buildings); development and implementation of new "Start-Up" initiatives in the field of ICT, their popularization in regional centers (universities) of the country. At the same time, it is necessary to establish clear quotas for girls aged 14-18 at a rate of at least 50%, involving interested donors in this process;
  • Continuation of the advisory support to CCI to develop proposals on improvement of the business environment in the country, accessibility of public services provided for businesses through e-Government;
  • Development and implementation of targeted measures, solely on the basis of co-financing, aimed at further strengthening the capacity, legal and methodological framework of the Centers for Entrepreneurship Development at CCI, as well as the OSS system.
Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/29]

The project document has been developed and approved at the LPAC meeting on 5 December 2017. The new project covers in general all areas with the exception of the creation of Youth cluster which will require a lot more resources than are available for the project. At the same the project does cover start-up initiatives listed in the same recommended area of work. The project document envisions development of recommendations for female entrepreneurship, support to PPP and OSS development, and provision of advisory support to CCI on improvement of the business environment in the country.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To implement the project as planned in the project document and report to the Project Board on progress achieved in each key area.
[Added: 2017/12/29] [Last Updated: 2019/01/10]
Sustainable Development Cluster, Resource Management Unit 2019/01 Overdue-Initiated
4. Recommendation:

It is recommended that UNDP-CO has to become an agency for implementation of the legal framework, methodology and models of PPP in Uzbekistan, including piloting PPPs, especially those aimed at empowering women-entrepreneurs.

In this regard, it is proposed to launch pilots in the following areas:

  • Development of private secondary and higher education;
  • Horizontal integration of exporting enterprises on PPP terms;
  • Development of outsourcing on PPP’s terms in service of the public catering facilities for medicine, education, defense; maintenance of passenger rail and air transport; transport service of state authorities and management.
Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/29]

Support to development of Public-Private Partnership and implementation of concrete projects are already envisioned in the Project Document of newly launched ‘Business Climate Improvement in the regions of Uzbekistan’. However, recommendation to focus on many specific areas listed is not feasible. The project in consultation with national partners will select 1 or 2 sectors where it will focus its efforts to achieve tangible progress in cooperation with all stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To organize a meeting with national and international partners to identify opportunities in a few focus areas, agree on division of labor and coordination mechanism, and start implementation. The progress is to be reported annually.
[Added: 2017/12/29] [Last Updated: 2019/01/10]
Sustainable Development Cluster 2019/01 Overdue-Initiated

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