Reducing Barriers for Development of Biomass Markets in Serbia

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Serbia
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
04/2017
Completion Date:
02/2017
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000
  1. Although the Project was approved in January 2014, the signing of the Project Document was four months delayed (May 21, 2014) because of early elections in Serbia. Besides, the implementation of the Project faced a six months delay upon signing the Project Document due to the state of emergency caused by the heavy floods in May 2014.
  2. The National Project Director was appointed in August 2014 and the Project office was established in September 2014. The Biomass Support Unit (BSU) started with operations only in the second half of December 2014 after the appointment of its members. The Project Manager was in place as of January 2014. The BSU Coordinating Officer was recruited in December 2014 and started his duties in January 2015, while the Project Assistant was recruited in October 2014.
  3. The project had a slow start, and had to approach implementation under significantly changed circumstances, than anticipated by the ProDoc, as described later on in the report. However, the project team reinvented its implementation strategy very successfully and adapted to the changing conditions and, as a result, has already achieved its key end-of-project targets.
  4. At the same time regulatory, financial and market framework conditions in Serbia have also improved.
  5. The fact that among the six awarded projects under the Investment Grant Mechanism (IGM) there was not a single wood biomass project needs to be further assessed and addressed.
  6. Having this in mind some project activities have to be modified or cancelled, and others reinforced or introduced in order to address actual circumstances under which the Project will continue to operate.
  7. The Project could benefit from a no-cost duration extension to capitalize on the current momentum generated by quick implementation of IGM and give time for additional activities which are to be implemented to get traction and produce results.

 


 

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Title Reducing Barriers for Development of Biomass Markets in Serbia
Atlas Project Number: 74238
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Serbia
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 02/2017
Planned End Date: 04/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.5. Inclusive and sustainable solutions adopted to achieve increased energy efficiency and universal modern energy access (especially off-grid sources of renewable energy)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 27,000
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Zoran Morvaj International consultant zmorvaj@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Reducing Barriers for Development of Biomass Markets in Serbia
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID:
PIMS Number: 4382
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: SERBIA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Make changes to the current project log-frame with the following objectives: a) Retain outputs and activities that are relevant to the Project; b) Reduce the targets for some indicators (like number of seminars or studies) and modify activities so that they have relevance to the Project overall objective and outcomes; c) set targets so that they are achievable and realistic within the timeframe of the Project. 

2

Focus on strengthening monitoring and evaluation of supported biogas plants.

3

Strengthen outreach to municipalities, regional development agencies and private sector agro-businesses for promoting biomass potential in the sector.

4

For any future engagement of project staff and assistance to project partners clear targets and deliverables should be defined and achieved under the Project management and control (outsourcing staff to project partners without clear deliverables specified and project management control exercised has proven to yield little specific results if any).

5

Request a no-cost extension for 12 months to allow for monitoring implementation of pilot projects, as well as project’s indirect impacts, including GHG emissions reductions.

1. Recommendation:

Make changes to the current project log-frame with the following objectives: a) Retain outputs and activities that are relevant to the Project; b) Reduce the targets for some indicators (like number of seminars or studies) and modify activities so that they have relevance to the Project overall objective and outcomes; c) set targets so that they are achievable and realistic within the timeframe of the Project. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/05]

The project logframe will be revised in line with the recommendations made

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Revision of the project logframe
[Added: 2017/06/05]
Project, UNDP CO 2017/06 Completed
2. Recommendation:

Focus on strengthening monitoring and evaluation of supported biogas plants.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/05]

An initial monitoring plan for the supported biogas plants was developed in summer 2016 and was also shared with those biogas plant operators that had their plants connected to the grid by then.  The systematic data compilation is still to be started, however, and will be done during the remaining project implementation period. Beside the expected voluntary contributions, the project is also supporting the preparation of complementary secondary legislation defining the type of data that all biomass energy plants receiving public grant support (or subject to premium feed-in tariffs) are oblige to compile and share with the responsible Ministry

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The methodology for calculating electricity and heat generated form biomass/biogas plants, which obtained the status of privileged power producer (PPP) and model report of PPP to Ministry of Mining and Energy ME incl. report on CO2 savings developed. The methodology and model report are the mandatory elements of Decree on the Requirements and Procedure of Acquiring the Status of PPP and shall be used by all PPP which produce power from biomass/biogas.
[Added: 2017/06/05]
Project 2017/06 Completed
Development of methodology for monitoring and evaluation of supported biogas plants in line with GEF guidelines, incl. both GHG emission reduction and socio-economic aspects.
[Added: 2017/06/05] [Last Updated: 2018/01/09]
Project 2017/10 Completed Project has supported development of methodology and format for annual reporting on operation of biomass fired CHP plants which complements the Decree on requirements and procedures for acquiring the status of privileged producer of electricity, temporary privileged producer, and producer of energy from renewable sources ("The Official Gazette of RS" No. 56/2016), Article 27, para 1, item 9). The methodology and format have already been adopted by the MME. Now it is an official tool for monitoring biomass CHP plants by means of which each investor must prepare and submit an annual report to MME; History
Monitoring and evaluation of supported biogas plants in line with GEF guidelines, incl. both GHG emission reduction and socio-economic aspects
[Added: 2017/06/05] [Last Updated: 2018/06/11]
Project 2018/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Permanent activity]
Permanent process which will take place once the facilities start operating with full capacity History
Developing a report on environmental and socio-economic impacts of each CHP facility supported by the project.
[Added: 2017/06/05] [Last Updated: 2018/06/11]
Project 2018/06 Completed Within the project following three reports were produced: • Social cost-benefit analysis of biogas facilities in line with EU methodology for CBA, • Financial barriers for investments in biogas facilities in the Republic of Serbia and the proposed measures for their neutralisation, • Technical barriers in the process of obtaining a building permit, approvals for the connection to the grid and for the construction of biomass/biogas-fired CHP facilities (Reports presented on 07 June) History
3. Recommendation:

Strengthen outreach to municipalities, regional development agencies and private sector agro-businesses for promoting biomass potential in the sector.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/05]

As suggested by the MTR, the focus of the project technical assistance shall be shifted to use of agri-waste for small to medium scale biogas CHP facilities as well as to growing energy crops

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Distribution of materials produced by the project (including the film about the CHP plants supported by the project) to municipalities, agri-business associations, regional development agencies, provincial institutions, ministries and departments for replication of experience.
[Added: 2017/06/05] [Last Updated: 2018/06/11]
Project 2018/06 Completed In the period January – March 2018, in cooperation with the Serbian Chamber of Commerce Sector for agriculture, the UNDP Project “Reducing Barriers to Accelerate the Development of Biomass Markets in Serbia” organized 15 lectures held at regional chambers of commerce on the topic “Presentation of the Republic of Serbia IPARD II Programme” In the second part of the presentation, UNDP representatives presented the UNDP Project “Reducing Barriers to Accelerate the Development of Biomass Markets in Serbia” which is financed by the Global Environment Fund and implemented by UNDP, Ministry of Mining and Energy, and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Water Management. A film was shown on the topic of development of biogas markets and construction of biogas plants in Serbia. During these lecturers project team distributed promo materials. History
Reviewing and updating the project outreach strategy and finalizing a concrete work plan for the remaining project outreach activities by building on a consultative process with the targeted stakeholders in order to get a better idea on the type of information and outreach that from their point of view would best work as a "game changer" i.e what particular information should be compiled and analyzed and in which form it should be presented so as to make it most attractive, applicable and digestible to the targeted municipalities, while also able to provide a clear "roadmap" on the steps to be taken for any municipality and/or local investors/farmers interested in proceeding with the biomass energy. The specific outreach activities can include, but are not limited to: - work with administrative districts and municipalities in which the pilot CHP plants were constructed to provide a wider knowledge dissemination and sharing experience related to pilot projects and their environmental, economic and social impacts. - identification of areas with intense generation of agro-waste (such as manure, effluents from food production, residues form plant production, etc.) exist and promotion of biomass and agro waste to energy solutions. - identification of areas with much low-grade quality agricultural land/marginal land/devastated land on which the energy crops could be planted, cultivated and harvested. This also includes identifying spatial planning and logistical issues relevant for grooving energy crops. - Work with municipalities and private agricultural holdings/producers on promotion of growing energy crops on low-grade quality agricultural land/marginal land/devastated land
[Added: 2017/06/05] [Last Updated: 2018/01/09]
Project 2017/12 Completed UNDP has signed agreements with 29 municipalities to introduce the Energy Management System and to use of locally available biomass for energy generation. Foreseen activities are in progress History
Identification of areas with intense generation of agro-waste (such as manure, effluents from food production, residues form plant production, etc.) exist and promotion of biomass and agro waste to energy solutions.
[Added: 2017/06/05] [Last Updated: 2018/08/30]
Project 2019/03 Initiated Engagement of consultants History
Identification of areas with much low-grade quality agricultural land/marginal land/devastated land on which the energy crops could be planted, cultivated and harvested. This also includes identifying spatial planning and logistical issues relevant for grooving energy crops.
[Added: 2017/06/05] [Last Updated: 2018/06/11]
Project 2018/03 Completed The Report “Opportunities for growth of short-rotation energy crops in agricultural land“analyses the legislative framework relevant to the possibility for growth of short-rotation energy plantations in agricultural land, the potential area of agricultural land for growth of short-rotation energy plantations (according to the Terms of Reference) and potential land which had been or is used for exploitation of mineral raw materials. The Report also includes recommendations for improved agricultural policies in order to grow short-rotation energy crop plantations in agricultural land. History
Work with municipalities and private agricultural holdings/producers on promotion of growing energy crops on low-grade quality agricultural land/marginal land/devastated land.
[Added: 2017/06/05] [Last Updated: 2018/11/22]
Project 2018/11 Completed Promotion of energy crops issues will be organized through 5 regional workshops in the period October-November 2018 History
4. Recommendation:

For any future engagement of project staff and assistance to project partners clear targets and deliverables should be defined and achieved under the Project management and control (outsourcing staff to project partners without clear deliverables specified and project management control exercised has proven to yield little specific results if any).

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/05]

As suggested by the MTR, the assistance to the Ministry of Mining and Energy by paying the costs of a legal person sitting in the Ministry will be discontinued.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The modality of assistance to project partners changed
[Added: 2017/06/05]
Project, UNDP CO 2017/06 Completed As of February 2017 only IC modality of engaging experts shall be applied
5. Recommendation:

Request a no-cost extension for 12 months to allow for monitoring implementation of pilot projects, as well as project’s indirect impacts, including GHG emissions reductions.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/05]

The recommendation is accepted.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Finalization of a request for a no-cost extension of 12 months
[Added: 2017/06/05] [Last Updated: 2018/01/09]
Project, UNDP CO 2017/10 Completed Biomass project extension has been approved History

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