Disability Right Initiative Mid Term Review

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2016-2018, Cambodia
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
10/2016
Completion Date:
07/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
35,000

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Title Disability Right Initiative Mid Term Review
Atlas Project Number: 77868
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2018, Cambodia
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 07/2016
Planned End Date: 10/2016
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
  • 2. Cross-cutting Development Issue
  • 3. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 2.3 Capacities of human rights institutions strengthened
Evaluation Budget(US $): 35,000
Source of Funding: DRIC Program - Multi-Donor Trust Fund
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 18,000
Joint Programme: Yes
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UN Agencies
  • Joint with UNICEF, WHO
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Maya Thomas Independent Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: CAMBODIA
Lessons
Findings
1.

On the whole, the DRIC programme is on track in achieving the outputs under this component, given the fact that the government (DAC) is the primary ‘driver’ of this component.   

National Disability Strategy Plan

This was developed and launched by DAC before the DRIC programme was initiated. DRIC role is to facilitate and support DAC in NDSP implementation.  The process of NDSP implementation is initiated, and the NDSP Review workshop of December 2015 has a set of clear follow up actions, that need to be monitored by DAC and DRIC jointly, keeping in mind what is feasible and realistic to achieve in the given time frame.

One of the significant international milestones is the initiation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) which replaces the earlier Millennium Development Goals.  DAC needs to include advocacy for monitoring of disability inclusion in relevant SDG in the NDSP implementation plan.

Revision of the 2009 Law

It is clear that the revision of the Law cannot take place before 2018, as it is a time consuming process that has to follow government procedure. Interestingly, the DRIC M&E Framework of February 2015 had omitted the output related to revision of the law, acknowledging that it would not be feasible to achieve. However, this matter was discussed in PMG and PB meetings and it appears that there was agreement to retain the output. During the MTR, it was agreed by all concerned stakeholders (DAC, UNDP, other sections of MoSVY), that while the process of law revision can be initiated, it will not be completed in the next 2 years.

Role clarity of key players in MoSVY

Following the recommendations of the Functional Analysis carried out with UN support, the Ministry is in the process of clarifying the roles and responsibilities of DAC, PwDF and the Department of Welfare for Persons with Disabilities, and a prakas is expected to be issued soon. This is essential for effective implementation of NDSP, as there is some continuing confusion about the roles of these agencies as perceived by themselves and by external stakeholders such as NGOs and DPOs.

Disability Action Working Groups

The DAWGs in line ministries are all less than a year in operation, and still in the process of formulating their actions, mainly at national levels at present.  In the Ministry of Women Affairs (MoWA) and Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training (MoLVT), disability inclusion was already in practice and both are good case studies to document and advocate for disability inclusion in other ministries.

Disability Action Council at provincial levels

At Kampong Cham, the provincial DAC is newly established, and the main activities have been meetings to discuss the NDSP, and assistance in preparing the CRPD report. There is no mechanism for regular meetings, although there is a proposal to hold quarterly meetings in the future.   From discussions with the PoSVY Director, it is clear that role clarity of provincial DAC and provincial PwDF is essential to avoid duplication of work and to promote better coordination with other sectors. 

Disability Action Council links with other DRIC components

With support and facilitation from UNDP, DAC is working with UNICEF and Handicap International (HI) to develop a web based directory of resources and with CDPO on advocacy. DAC has been involved and support the development of the sub-national disability inclusion training package that is funded through Component 4 of UNICEF’s work and is regularly involved in cross-programme consultations.

Financing from Government

This continues to be a challenge, as admitted by DAC SG, and other departments of MoSVY. In 2014, when PRC costs were included, Government spending on disability was $850,000 (30%), an increase from the 11% spent in 2011. There are plans to request for increased allocations from Ministry of Finance and Economy (MoEF), collectively by DAC and other ministries, for NDSP implementation. 


Recommendations
1

Monitor the National Disability Strategic Plan (NDSP) review workshop follow up actions, and include advocacy for monitoring of disability inclusion in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) implementation, as part of NDSP.

2

Clarify roles of provincial DAC and provincial Persons with Disability Foundation (PwDF) to avoid duplication and overlapping.

3

Develop more provincial Disabled People’s Organization (DPO) leaders, including women with disabilities, through training on leadership, language skills and exposure visits.

4

Develop links with other DPOs at district levels, including those supported by Cambodia Disability Inclusive Development Fund (CDIDF) of component 4, in building up provincial DPOs, instead of promoting new district and provincial level DPOs from scratch.

5

Institutionalize capacity building mechanisms for disability inclusion at sub-national levels

6

Highlight examples of  DRIC work  that reflect the current key words in DFAT – innovation, gender, private sector engagement – in reports and donor meetings.

7

Develop a few key indicators to capture change of a transformational nature, as pointed out in component recommendations above, and for DRIC as a whole. 

1. Recommendation:

Monitor the National Disability Strategic Plan (NDSP) review workshop follow up actions, and include advocacy for monitoring of disability inclusion in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) implementation, as part of NDSP.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/04/30]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Disability Action Council (DAC) will conduct the annual NDSP review workshop – it will be held in Nov/Dec 2016. UNDP will support DAC to follow up on the agreed action points from last year workshop. Some of the actions are being implemented.
[Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNDP/ DAC PCT 2017/09 Completed The NDSP reflection workshop took pace. One of the most important point of the agreed action to review the M&E framework of NDSP was done – DAC has developed the M&E implementation plan and in the discussion with UNESCAP to conduct a baseline survey for the new NDSP. History
With regards to advocacy to monitor the inclusion of SDGs, UNDP along with other agencies are supporting DAC for inclusion of disability –specific indicators within the Cambodian Sustainable Development Goals (CSDGs).
[Added: 2017/04/30] [Last Updated: 2017/12/19]
UNDP/ DAC PCT 2017/12 Completed Disability has been included into most of the key targets – poverty, education, gender, health/rehabilitation and reduce inequalities, and the last Cambodian target 18: landmine and victim assistance. History
2. Recommendation:

Clarify roles of provincial DAC and provincial Persons with Disability Foundation (PwDF) to avoid duplication and overlapping.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/04/30]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia (DRIC) has already initiated action corresponding to a similar recommendation of the Functional Analysis Report (2015).
[Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/04/30]
UNDP 2016/12 Completed History
3. Recommendation:

Develop more provincial Disabled People’s Organization (DPO) leaders, including women with disabilities, through training on leadership, language skills and exposure visits.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/04/30]

Agreed

The DRIC has already supported 22 DPOs including 09 DPOs for women with disabilities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Capacity building of the DPOs is an on-going process across the country to build the capacity of leadership/ management skill of the DPOs/Women with Disabilities Federations (WwDF) through Technical Support Group (TSG) and senior management group of CDPO. DPOs/WwDF are undergoing regular coaching, mentoring and training.
[Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/10/23]
UNDP 2017/12 Completed In terms of improved capacities, DPOs/WWDFs are able to advocate with local authority and public service provider to provide better support for persons with disabilities for instance the targeted community where DPOs support, they have access to ID poor, free health care treatment including transportation from home to hospitals, and WATSAN program. As of September 2017, 7 trainings including 2 refresher trainings on program management, disability rights based approach and political participation provided to DPOs and WWDFs. Coaching plan is being implemented. History
CDPO has developed the annual specific capacity development action plan for DPOs/WWDFs to align with the 5 years strategic plan of CDPO.
[Added: 2017/04/30]
UNDP 2016/12 Completed Coaching plan has been developed for the whole year of 2017
4. Recommendation:

Develop links with other DPOs at district levels, including those supported by Cambodia Disability Inclusive Development Fund (CDIDF) of component 4, in building up provincial DPOs, instead of promoting new district and provincial level DPOs from scratch.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/04/30]

Partially agreed

This recommendation is not clear. CDIDF grantees are not necessarily DPOs but rather NGOs working in other fields beside disability. UN doesn’t promote establishment of new DPOs but rather leave it up to people with disability to determine whether there is a need for new DPOs which will properly represent their voices and interests. However, we do recognize the need to reinforce the linkages and cooperation between various civil society organizations at subnational level (including those supported by DRIC under different components) and will use the following mechanisms to do so.

It is not within the programme budget to support more DPOs; for the remainder of the programme, the focus will be on informally building up leadership capacity within the existing pool of DPOs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Provide technical assistance to provincial DAC and CDPO to coordinate/convene stakeholders meetings at the provincial level.
[Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNDP, UNICEF, WHO, CDPO 2017/12 Completed It is ongoing support to coordinate the stakeholder meeting at provincial level. History
Invite select CDPO/DPO/Self Help Groups (SHGs) to CDIDF partners meetings and facilitate linkages between the current provincial DPOs and other DPOs and SHGs supported by other actors in the provinces including through component4.
[Added: 2017/04/30] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNDP, UNICEF, WHO, CDPO and CDIDF partners 2017/12 Completed UNICEF has included DPOs to be part of their partners’ capacity development training/workshop CDPO organized network meeting and training for DPOs related to political participation and project management. History
5. Recommendation:

Institutionalize capacity building mechanisms for disability inclusion at sub-national levels

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/04/30]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Finalize the draft Guiding Document on DAC, Disability Action Working Groups (DAWGs) and provincial DAC in both Khmer and English version.
[Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/10/23]
UNICEF/WHO/UNDP 2016/12 Completed Guiding documents completed. History
Sensitization workshop on guiding document on DAC, DAWGs and provincial DAC to the council and working group members and relevant stakeholders including DPOs.
[Added: 2017/04/30] [Last Updated: 2017/10/23]
UNICEF/WHO/UNDP 2017/12 Completed 6 sensitization workshops with DAWGs and provincial DAC (Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Women Affair, Ministry of Industry and Handicraft, provincial DAC in Kampong Som, Svay Rieng and Siem Reap) organized. History
Develop Disability Inclusion Guideline for DAC, DAWGs and provincial DAC.
[Added: 2017/04/30] [Last Updated: 2018/08/10]
UNICEF/WHO/UNDP 2018/05 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The DRIC programme was closed in May 2018. To ensure comprehensive consultation, more time is required to finalize the guideline which is beyond the DRIC timeframe. However, UNDP has prepared a proper exit plan with DAC to bring LFW on board to take forward the process ensuring the guideline being finalized.]
History
Support DAC to provide coordination and advisory role to DAWGs, provincial DAC and the cross sectoral agencies.
[Added: 2017/04/30] [Last Updated: 2018/04/05]
UNICEF/WHO/UNDP 2018/07 Completed DAC is providing regular coordination and advisory support to DAWGs, provincial DAC and cross sectoral agencies. History
Develop capacity development action plan for DAC-Secretary General (SG) and DAWGs.
[Added: 2017/04/30]
UNICEF/WHO/UNDP 2016/12 Completed
Technical support to provincial DAC under our convergent provinces (Battambang and Kampong Cham).
[Added: 2017/04/30] [Last Updated: 2017/12/19]
UNICEF/WHO/UNDP 2017/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Since the programme will be ending in March 2018, the PB decided not to implement this pilot activity due to time limited.]
Provincial DAC in Battambang committed to form the members of provincial DAC by 2017. History
Coordinate with DAC to provide technical support to DAWG of targeted ministries.
[Added: 2017/04/30] [Last Updated: 2017/09/18]
UNICEF/WHO/UNDP 2017/12 Completed UNDP has continued to support the DAC to provide on-going technical support to DAWG in collaboration with Unicef & WHO. History
6. Recommendation:

Highlight examples of  DRIC work  that reflect the current key words in DFAT – innovation, gender, private sector engagement – in reports and donor meetings.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/04/30]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
All the agencies will address these key concepts and highlight them in their reporting and meetings as found relevant and appropriate.
[Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/04/30]
All agencies/PCT 2017/01 Completed It is included into DRIC mid-years and annual report. History
7. Recommendation:

Develop a few key indicators to capture change of a transformational nature, as pointed out in component recommendations above, and for DRIC as a whole. 

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/04/30]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Document case studies that highlight transformational and qualitative change from the programme.
[Added: 2016/12/01] [Last Updated: 2017/04/30]
All agencies/PCT 2017/01 Completed Success story, cases studies are included into the DRIC annual report History
Capture qualitative change that has occurred in programmatic domains.
[Added: 2017/04/30] [Last Updated: 2017/10/23]
All agencies/PCT 2017/09 Completed The communication and advocacy officer of PCT has documented the cases studies and success story from all components. History

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