Midterm Evaluations for Electronic Waste project

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, China
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
01/2017
Completion Date:
12/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
40,000

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Title Midterm Evaluations for Electronic Waste project
Atlas Project Number: 00078105
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, China
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2016
Planned End Date: 01/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
SDG Goal
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 40,000
Source of Funding: Project budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 28,390
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Federico Magalini federico.magalini@cyrcle.it
Yaping Li leeya@craes.org.cn
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Reduction of POPs and PTS release by environmentally sound management throughout the life cycle of electrical and electronic equipment and associated wastes in China
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Persistent Organic Pollutants
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4862
PIMS Number: 5044
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment
Countries: CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Facilities are adopting technologies in line with the individual product needs but it is recommended to align (progressively) guidelines and standard with international ones, particularly EU WEELABEX/CENELEC. This will not only ensure an easier benchmarking with international standards and practices, but also leverage on the work already done to ensure best practices are adopted. It is suggested to try applying WEELABEX requirements to demonstration facilities to assess the gap between national and international standards.

2

It’s vital for the project to asse The monitoring data of the project by now is coming from a 3-day on-site monitoring in different demonstrations and with some uncertain parameter selection. This project launched the assessment of the pollutant one by one. The dismantling line can contain a variety of contaminants, such as PBDEs and Pb and other pollutants can be present together. Superimposed effect of toxic pollutants is still unknown, so the enterprises shall still make a good effort to protect the health and safety of staffs. ss the effect of the improvement of the demonstration enterprises implementing BAT/BAT with the scientific and credible monitoring results.

3

Wuhan Bo Wang Xing Yuan cannot carry out hydro-metallurgical process for PCB treatment on schedule. Although the demonstration enterprise applied the FECO with the registration certificate, there are still some risks to achieve the final outcome of the project

4

This project on safety treatment of CRT came up with two different ideas: while the demonstration enterprise of Hubei Jinyang Metallurgical Incorporated Co.Ltd. showed that it’s possible to successfully extract the lead form the CRT, in the other case the glass was simply used as flux agent, without recovery of the lead. It will be important to carefully assess the two different options.

5

It is also recommended, when developing processes to treat PCB to progressively increase the number of elements recovered, going beyond Copper, Silver and Gold, but also looking at other critical materials that are present in the PCB and that might be recovered.

6

In the majority of demonstration provinces the strategy to divert material from informal processing is to collect as much as possible directly from consumers but might not be enough especially where informal collection is still very effective. It is recommended to further exchange experiences and feedbacks with Jiangsu province who also developed a strategy for the inclusion of informal collection.

7

It is recommended to develop a dashboard of indicators to check the planned versus actual status of the budget at (i) activity level, (ii) outcome level, and (iii) component level; this to ensure a quicker and smoother control of the overall project progresses.

8

Given the majority of activities and outcome are still running and final results are only expected at the end of the project is suggested to organize virtual/physical bi-annual updates in the remaining 2 years with external experts, to ensure the project keeps working on track.

9

It is recommended to trace collection and recycling at individual product types (TV, Air-Con, PC, Washing Machines, Fridges). This detailed tracking is enabled by the IT system being developed in the project context and would increase the precision in the calculation of material recovered and input for GEF Tracking tool.

10

The proper tracking at individual product level could allow to feed data and experiences to the Fund Managers, particularly taking into account a proper accounting of all flows and the economics of their collection and recycling.

11

Project partners demonstrated good capability to engage external stakeholders and consumers for awareness raising activities. It is suggested to further reinforce the benefits of the project with exploitation of (i) training modules developed and (ii) awareness raising, for instance leveraging further on material developed, engaging in particular younger generations, or on structures like the GEM museum in Hubei province.

1. Recommendation:

Facilities are adopting technologies in line with the individual product needs but it is recommended to align (progressively) guidelines and standard with international ones, particularly EU WEELABEX/CENELEC. This will not only ensure an easier benchmarking with international standards and practices, but also leverage on the work already done to ensure best practices are adopted. It is suggested to try applying WEELABEX requirements to demonstration facilities to assess the gap between national and international standards.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

The project will continue to strengthen international exchanges in particular on guideline and standard developments through various occasions such as conferences, workshops, site visits, study tour and etc. Entities who are responsible for standards development will be highly recommend use EU WEELABEX/CENELEC as important reference and trickle down relevant contents into our own standards development.

Besides, the project will conduct study tours to US, America and some Southeastern Asian countries in 2017. We will take this chance to exchange thoughts on guidelines and standards with countries with different systems and contexts.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

It’s vital for the project to asse The monitoring data of the project by now is coming from a 3-day on-site monitoring in different demonstrations and with some uncertain parameter selection. This project launched the assessment of the pollutant one by one. The dismantling line can contain a variety of contaminants, such as PBDEs and Pb and other pollutants can be present together. Superimposed effect of toxic pollutants is still unknown, so the enterprises shall still make a good effort to protect the health and safety of staffs. ss the effect of the improvement of the demonstration enterprises implementing BAT/BAT with the scientific and credible monitoring results.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

The management team will discuss with monitoring and environmental assessment experts subcontracted under the project to re-evaluate the superimposed effect of different pollutants and also inform the factory managers to strengthen their routine monitoring and protection for workers.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

Wuhan Bo Wang Xing Yuan cannot carry out hydro-metallurgical process for PCB treatment on schedule. Although the demonstration enterprise applied the FECO with the registration certificate, there are still some risks to achieve the final outcome of the project

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

Hubei provincial PMO and Wuhan Bowang have figured out the solution to continue with hydro-metallurgical treatment of PCBs.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

This project on safety treatment of CRT came up with two different ideas: while the demonstration enterprise of Hubei Jinyang Metallurgical Incorporated Co.Ltd. showed that it’s possible to successfully extract the lead form the CRT, in the other case the glass was simply used as flux agent, without recovery of the lead. It will be important to carefully assess the two different options.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

Hubei Jinyang Metallurgical Incorporated Co.Ltd. is the candidate enterprise of CRT demonstration, and the final selection is still in progress.

The selection criteria has undergone many rounds of discussion with experts, enterprises and local EPBs. In order to yield more meaningful demonstrative impacts, secondary lead and primary lead smelting technologies will be considered, and the recovery rate also will be taken in to account in the selection process.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

It is also recommended, when developing processes to treat PCB to progressively increase the number of elements recovered, going beyond Copper, Silver and Gold, but also looking at other critical materials that are present in the PCB and that might be recovered.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

Current’s focus on copper, silver and gold might be related with technical difficulties, high investment or limited economic benefits. However in the long run, maximizing material recovery is one of the ultimate and sustainable goals of PCBs treatment. We will further discuss with experts and demonstration enterprise to find out bottlenecks and corresponding way out.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

In the majority of demonstration provinces the strategy to divert material from informal processing is to collect as much as possible directly from consumers but might not be enough especially where informal collection is still very effective. It is recommended to further exchange experiences and feedbacks with Jiangsu province who also developed a strategy for the inclusion of informal collection.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

The project will enhance information and experience sharing among 3 demonstration provinces. In addition to sharing led by national project management team, it is encouraged to use more flexible means to conduct exchange and communication at working levels.

In addition, the recycling models research will be conducted at national level and will provide technical support and advices to 3 LPMOs.

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation:

It is recommended to develop a dashboard of indicators to check the planned versus actual status of the budget at (i) activity level, (ii) outcome level, and (iii) component level; this to ensure a quicker and smoother control of the overall project progresses.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

The project has developed a dashboard of indicators to check the planned versus actual status of the budget at activity level and component level. The project will detail the dashboard and update the data timely.

Key Actions:

8. Recommendation:

Given the majority of activities and outcome are still running and final results are only expected at the end of the project is suggested to organize virtual/physical bi-annual updates in the remaining 2 years with external experts, to ensure the project keeps working on track.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

As the project will complete within 1 year, and thus we will frequent the sharing with external experts and stakeholders.

Key Actions:

9. Recommendation:

It is recommended to trace collection and recycling at individual product types (TV, Air-Con, PC, Washing Machines, Fridges). This detailed tracking is enabled by the IT system being developed in the project context and would increase the precision in the calculation of material recovered and input for GEF Tracking tool.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

3 LPMOs have the dismantling amounts at individual product types and will collect these data i and calculate the emission reductions in remaining project implementation period.

Key Actions:

10. Recommendation:

The proper tracking at individual product level could allow to feed data and experiences to the Fund Managers, particularly taking into account a proper accounting of all flows and the economics of their collection and recycling.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

The project will select an agency to conduct research and impact assessment of  WEEE recycling models in 3 PMOs. Relevant findings and advice will be submitted to fund management agency for reference.

Key Actions:

11. Recommendation:

Project partners demonstrated good capability to engage external stakeholders and consumers for awareness raising activities. It is suggested to further reinforce the benefits of the project with exploitation of (i) training modules developed and (ii) awareness raising, for instance leveraging further on material developed, engaging in particular younger generations, or on structures like the GEM museum in Hubei province.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/06/16]

The project has planned a series of creative communication plans targeting various groups such as the youth, kindergarten kids, community residents, schools and etc

Key Actions:

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