Final Evaluation for Yellow Sea Internationals Waters Project

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, China
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2020
Completion Date:
12/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
47,830

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Title Final Evaluation for Yellow Sea Internationals Waters Project
Atlas Project Number: 74724
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, China
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2020
Planned End Date: 12/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
SDG Target
  • 14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Evaluation Budget(US $): 47,830
Source of Funding: Project budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 36,920
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
James Lenoci International Consultant (Team Leader) james@lenociltd.com
Liu Shuo National Consultant liushuo@caas.cn
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title:
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-1
GEF Project ID:
PIMS Number: 4552
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment
Countries: CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

A sustainability plan should be prepared prior to project closure.

2

Identify YSLME champions for sustaining the Yellow Sea Partnership.

3

Building upon the existing technical cooperation structures for the YSLME regional governance mechanism is sensible.

4

A follow-up GEF project should focus more on regional issues and have a narrower scope.

5

The Joint Fisheries Committee (JFC), associated with the 2001 Fishery Agreement between ROK and China, should be engaged in the ecosystem-based management of the YSLME.

6

Regional MPA initiatives offer opportunities for further strengthening joint collaboration.

7

Broaden stakeholder engagement among the agriculture and water resources management sectors.

8

Promote development of a regional integrated coastal management strategy that consolidates or clusters local level ICM plans.

9

Strengthen regional NGO collaboration on innovative approaches, training, and public awareness

1. Recommendation:

A sustainability plan should be prepared prior to project closure.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

A Technical Specialist was contracted as Technical Specialist by UNOPS to prepare the sustainability plan. The draft was submitted to PRC and ROK for review by PR China and RO Korea.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare a sustainability plan.
[Added: 2020/12/28]
UNOPS 2020/12 Completed Completed, with the sustainability plan uploaded. History
2. Recommendation:

Identify YSLME champions for sustaining the Yellow Sea Partnership.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

An institution to be designated by the International Cooperation Department of MNR/PRC and KOEM of MOF/ROK will review and implement the sustainability plan and to help define the details of the regional governance mechanism as agreed in the MOU to be signed between the two countries. Care will be taken as to the nature of the YSP to avoid the confusion among stakeholders of the YSP and the regional governance mechanism in the making.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To identify an institution in PR China by MNR to review and implement the sustainability plan and to help define the details of the regional governance mechanism
[Added: 2020/12/28]
MNR/PRC and MOF/ROK 2020/12 Completed North China Sea Branch of SOA of MNR has been designated as the institution to push forward the implementation of the plan
3. Recommendation:

Building upon the existing technical cooperation structures for the YSLME regional governance mechanism is sensible.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

Building on the existing marine scientific cooperation platform or designating new institutions by MNR/PRC and MOF/ROK will be considered for establishing the YSLME regional governance mechanism. In furtherance of the purposes of the MOU under preparation for signing on YSLME regional ocean governance mechanism, the cooperation will go beyond the scientific communities of the two countries but to engage government administration, civil society and business association with the key mandate of coordinating the implementation of YSLME SAP 2020-2030 and review progress of implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Build on the existing marine scientific cooperation platform or designate new institutions by MNR/PRC and MOF/ROK to establish the YSLME regional governance mechanism
[Added: 2020/12/28]
ICC 2021/09 Initiated The cooperation will go beyond the scientific communities of the two countries but to engage government administration, civil society and business association with the key mandate of coordinating the implementation of YSLME SAP 2020-2030 and review progress of implementation.
4. Recommendation:

A follow-up GEF project should focus more on regional issues and have a narrower scope.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

If both countries are interested in pursuing any follow-up projects, the focus can be aligned with the objectives and targets as agreed in the YSLME SAP 2020-2030. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Expression of interest of pursing another phase by UNDP, PR China and RO Korea
[Added: 2020/12/28]
ICC, UNDP 2020/06 Completed While UNDP expressed support to a third phase, consensus between PRC and ROK has not yet been achieved.
Consult on the scope of the project.
[Added: 2020/12/28]
ICC, UNDP 2020/12 Completed
5. Recommendation:

The Joint Fisheries Committee (JFC), associated with the 2001 Fishery Agreement between ROK and China, should be engaged in the ecosystem-based management of the YSLME.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

At the ICC meetings and on other occasions of YSLME Phase II Project, MOA and subsequent MARA of PRC made it clear that JFC is a separate issue with YSLME and the current competent authority on fisheries management does not wish to combine the two mechanisms into one which will create institutional complexity at a time when the YSLME regional governance mechanism is still at the design stage.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

Regional MPA initiatives offer opportunities for further strengthening joint collaboration.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

As an initial step, the two countries and partners can build on the results of studies and assessment of the YSLME Phase II Project and focus on review and endorsement of the YSLME Biodiversity Conservation Plan 2020-2030, and Spotted Seal Management Plan, and rolling out of the YSLME MPA Network. Bridging the spatial conservation gaps identified by the FIO, NMEMC, IGSNRR, and partners in ROK in application for UNESCO WHS inscription for five sites of the eastern YS, for marine mammals and migratory birds may also be considered as a part of the implementation of the YSLME SAP 2020-2030.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Submit for inscription of the five sites of tidal flat in ROK as UNESCO World Heritage Site
[Added: 2020/12/28]
ICC 2021/06 Initiated Proposal was submitted by ROK, awaiting review and decision. History
Endorse the YSLME Biodiversity Conservation Plan
[Added: 2020/12/28]
ICC 2021/12 Initiated A draft was cleared by RWG-H
7. Recommendation:

Broaden stakeholder engagement among the agriculture and water resources management sectors.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

In the 3rd YSLME Science Conference, experts on agriculture runoff were invited to share experiences in reducing nutrients from fertilizers and livestock. Current partners such as FIO have strong team working on the interrelationships of seasonal water flow with estuarine biodiversity and fisheries spawning due to hydrological modification. Watershed modeling has also been used in ROK to address nutrient loading issues under the YSLME II. In this future, engagement of agriculture and water resource sectors can continuously be pursued through symposium, workshops and seminars for exchanges of information and good practices. The capacity of regional mechanism in coordinating the participation of water resources and agriculture sector should also be considered.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Organize workshops to include water resources and agriculture under future Science Conference
[Added: 2020/12/28]
ICC 2022/12 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

Promote development of a regional integrated coastal management strategy that consolidates or clusters local level ICM plans.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

Partially agree. ICM is defined by boundaries and currently is proactively advocated at national and subnational level through development and implementation of ICM programs facilitated by PEMSEA, an IGO in the East and Southeast Asia both countries have joined. A regional strategy – Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia (SDS-SEA) is in place and therefore ensuring good coordination between the two countries under this framework facilitated by PEMSEA will be an option the countries may wish to consider. Limited by ICM boundaries, feasibility of conducting joint early warning systems for ecosystem changes should be further assessed. Sharing of experiences among and beyond YSLME community will provide good opportunity for national and local governments of both countries and the East Asian region to improve the sustainable coastal development through planning and implementation of ICM programs.  The responsible parties to promote the implementation of the management measures will be the institution to be designated by the MNR/PRC and KOEM of MOF/ROK in collaboration with regional working groups of the regional governance mechanism to be reset up

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
YSLME coordinates with PEMSEA on the development of the regional ICM strategy for YSLME
[Added: 2020/12/28]
ICC 2021/12 Initiated Recommendation and management response were sent to PEMSEA for review and consensus building
9. Recommendation:

Strengthen regional NGO collaboration on innovative approaches, training, and public awareness

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

Agree. After the adoption of the YSLME SAP 2020-2030, a mapping of activities, plans and programs of YSLME stakeholders including NGOs that will contribute to achievement of the objectives and targets of the YSLME SAP 2020-2030 was suggested by the PMO at the ICC-5.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct stakeholder mapping
[Added: 2020/12/28]
ICC 2021/06 Initiated SAP is yet to be signed

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