Terminal Evaluation for Kidepo Project

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Uganda
Evaluation Type:
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


Title Terminal Evaluation for Kidepo Project
Atlas Project Number: 00072558
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Uganda
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 02/2020
Planned End Date: 07/2019
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.1. National and sub-national systems and institutions enabled to achieve structural transformation of productive capacities that are sustainable and employment - and livelihoods- intensive
SDG Target
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
  • 7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 40,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Richard Sobey international consultant timosobey@gmail.com
Michael Mbogga National consultant michael.mbogga@gmail.com UGANDA
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Threatened Savanna Woodland in the Kidepo Critical Landscape in North Eastern Uganda.
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4456
PIMS Number: 4592
Key Stakeholders: National Environment Management Authority (NEMA)
Countries: UGANDA

I will send the board minutes of 28th April 2017 in a separate email.


Once a conservation area has been legally established, which KCWA is, then an integrated conservation and development (ICD) model often used to be applied.  The preferred approach these days is collaborative management (co-management) of biodiversity conservation areas, which aims to bring and share management responsibility with the local communities and their local governments.  This has not really happened yet in the KCWA.  Rather piecemeal approaches are underway, such as the CWSs and the establishment of the Karenga Community Wildlife Association.  The exclusion of local government from the (co-) management of KCWA is thus a major oversight by UWA, with at least a section within UWA intent on keeping this status quo.    


The problem is that the main threat is land conversion which is not being addressed under the present UWA approach.  In 10-15 years maybe 30-40% of present habitat will be lost, especially with Karenga being developed into a new district.  Another threat is the increase in cattle which again is not under the remit of UWA, but rather local government as is concerns the management of natural resources.  Thirdly vegetation burning which is degrading the habitats, is uncontrolled and needs to be addressed by local government.



KCWA covers several sub-counties across three districts which adds to its management challenge, especially when local government are not coordinated for conservation of this area, and traditionally UWA’s work with them has been limited.  The KCWA Board of Trustee’s (BoT) purpose is to maximize revenue from sport-hunting.  KCWA lacks any management plan or active management team, or even committee that is representative of the local government offices with the responsibility for land tenure and natural resources management. 



Tourism is needed as the approach to raise sufficient revenue to make wildlife conservation more attractive than other land uses to local government and local indigenous and local communities (ILCs).  This also means that such revenues are transparent and shared in an equitable way.  For the KVNP / KCWA and its surrounds under UWA management, this is far from the case at present.

Communities need to become integral to the conservation management of KCWA.  At present, they get very limited in-kind benefits.  This does not empower them effectively for collaborative conservation management.  The ‘benefits’ they get can be equated with ‘welfare’ payments, thus it is highly likely that land conversion within the wildlife corridor will continue.  Involving communities in conservation should include wildlife monitoring, not just human-wildlife conflict reporting.  District and sub-county governments need to take responsibility for land conversion, as this aspect of conservation management is ‘conspicuous by its absence’, especially by Kaabong district government.



In 2018, Uganda began a review of its National Policy for the Conservation of Wetlands and Management of Wetland Resources, with the Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) as the lead.  This is an opportunity (for NEMA and NFA) to re-assess part of the KCL from a landscape ecology and habitat prospective.  In particular, to re-assess the seasonal wetlands in the Kacheri – Orom area, for gazettement as protected wetland estate.  The KCWA was established as a hunting concession, but is not fit for purpose for wildlife (habitat) protection.  UWA wish for full protected area status of KCWA4.  The opportunity is there to supersede the inflexibility of the KCWA trustee board and local government / village leaders, by raising the profile of this all-important wetland through a national level consultation, with a view to it becoming protected wetland, especially in its southern part.


Uganda is a signatory to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which promotes the protection of ecosystems, natural habitats and the maintenance of viable populations of species in natural surroundings.  It is known that KVNP alone is not a viable area for the large mammal (mainly ungulate) species present, especially in terms of sufficient all-year habitat and for out-breeding populations of certain species.  It needs to be augmented by Karenga Community Wildlife Area (KCWA) and the fuller wildlife migration and dispersal area with the KCL (see dispersal map in Annex 5).  


1.    Monitoring & Evaluation


2.    Implementing Agency (UNDP) & Executing Agency / Partner (NEMA) Execution


Overall quality of M&E


Overall quality of Implementation / Execution


M&E Design at entry


Quality of UNDP Implementation


M&E Implementation


Quality of Execution – NEMA / UWA / NFA


3.    Assessment of Outcomes


4.    Sustainability


Overall Project Outcome (Objective)


Overall Likelihood of Sustainability


Effectiveness of Outcome 1


Financial resources


Effectiveness of Outcome 2






Institutional framework & governance






5.    Impact












Evaluation Recommendation 1: The seasonal wetlands in the Kacheri – Orom sub-counties in Kotido and Kitgum (‘boot-shaped area of KCWA) should be proposed as national wetland estate, under the national review of wetlands [NEMA /NFA to propose to MWE]  


Evaluation Recommendation 2: The land conversion with the Nyangea - Napore Central Forest Reserve (CFR) needs to be addressed through land use planning and land allocation (LUPLA) with natural heritage areas (i.e. wildlife corridors) agreed as part of customary land use certificates issued by the Ministry of Lands, Housing & Urban Development (MLHUD), and the strict enforcement by three district governments.  [NEMA as holders of the KCL plan which includes land demarcation, together with MLHUD and the district government of Kaabong, Kitgum and Kotido, with an NGO – Uganda Land Alliance].  



Evaluation Recommendation 3: NEMA to include Inter-district Coordination Forum (IDCF) funding in its planning and budgeting cycle and to lead quarterly meetings [NEMA with MoFPED].  UWA to engage effectively with this new institutional set-up, by UWA mandating its attendance within it’s polices. [UWA]


Evaluation Recommendation 4:   KCL management plan funding should be secured and its implementation part of NEMA’s strategic plan; and NEMA staff member should be designated to deliver the plan [NEMA, with MoFPED].   


Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5:  To ensure that legal establishment of the Karenga eco-lodge benefit-sharing mode [UNDP with UWA]


Evaluation recommendation 6:  Uganda Export Promotion Board to continue to work with the Shea women’s groups in supporting primary processing, product development and market information and linkage.  The two information centres need to be utilized in Training the Shea women’s groups in the production of Shea nut and its products to standard. [UEPB]

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