Outcome Evaluation UNDP CO CPAP 2013-2017

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2013-2017, India
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
10/2016
Completion Date:
12/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Outcome Evaluation UNDP CO CPAP 2013-2017
Atlas Project Number: 00074680,00057120,00074411,00076037,00074682
Evaluation Plan: 2013-2017, India
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2016
Planned End Date: 10/2016
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
  • 2. Democratic Governance
  • 3. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
  • 4. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 5. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.1. National and sub-national systems and institutions enabled to achieve structural transformation of productive capacities that are sustainable and employment - and livelihoods- intensive
  • 2. Output 2.1. Parliaments, constitution making bodies and electoral institutions enabled to perform core functions for improved accountability, participation and representation, including for peaceful transitions
  • 3. Output 2.5. Legal and regulatory frameworks, policies and institutions enabled to ensure the conservation, sustainable use, and access and benefit sharing of natural resources, biodiversity and ecosystems, in line with international conventions and national
  • 4. Output 2.6. Legal reform enabled to fight discrimination and address emerging issues (such as environmental and electoral justice
  • 5. Output 3.2. Functions, financing and capacity of sub-national level institutions enabled to deliver improved basic services and respond to priorities voiced by the public
  • 6. Output 3.3. National institutions, systems, laws and policies strengthened for equitable, accountable and effective delivery of HIV and related services
  • 7. Output 7.3. National development plans to address poverty and inequality are sustainable and risk resilient
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 48,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Prof. Sudhakar Yedla Evaluation Team Meber s_yedla@yahoo.com INDIA
Mr. Ian Holland Evaluation Team Leader ianrholland@yahoo.com
Mr. Pradeep Sharma Evaluation Team Meber pradeepsharma0329@gmail.com INDIA
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: INDIA
Comments:

As proposed One single outcome evaluation for the CO in all thematic areas of work

Lessons
1.

Systems strengthening should be pursued in areas where institutional baselines can be established and performance is measurable.  Clear service delivery objectives and enhancements should be unambiguously stated, usually with an indicator for assessing last mile impact.  UNDP should be encouraged to support service delivery to achieve SDG 1 (end poverty) and SDG 10 (reduce inequalities), which apply to all sectors, as per the current UNDP Strategic Plan.
 


2.

Based on UNDPs recent track record of achievement in the railway and steel sectors, the portfolio on energy efficiencies and renewable energy technologies holds further prospects.


3.

Creating local exemplar projects for entrepreneurship, skilling and employment generation that have real potential for upscaling and private sector partnership


4.

Move from ‘design’ to ‘implementation’ with regard to the rural housing programme.  Here
UNDP should look to mobilize support for the implementation of integrated skills-build solutions to address the national rural housing mission utilizing the housing typologies developed under the GOALS project. A more comprehensive training and livelihoods programme wrapped around the delivery of scaled up housing solutions is within range for UNDP grounded in an area-based approach


5.

Creating integrated employment and poverty reduction programmes for urban and rural development for the poor


6.

Promoting social inclusion and social safety nets for poor and marginalized population groups around the design, piloting and roll out of single window access points would represent an important breakthrough in the challenge of ‘leaving no one behind’


7.

Investigate more thoroughly the options and prospects of alternative inclusive financial models for development.
 


Findings
1.

 In terms of strengthening the relationship between systemic institutional reforms UNDP should continue to support the judicial reform process and access to justice agenda.  Further assistance should be considered to help panchayats move towards freedom from poverty through local service delivery points and single window access.  Improvements to
innovations in governance, service delivery planning, convergence approaches and implementation will be important.  Finally, in line with population migration, work on urban governance challenges may be given higher priority


2.

UNDP should look to provide support for citizen centric approaches where budgets and planning are convergent for maximum SDG effect.  This should include in areas of special measures or population cohorts, such as the scheduled tribal areas where more sensitive approaches are required, around which UNDP can bring its particular comparative advantage


3.

UNDP has built a good foundation in climate change mitigation and adaptation, allied closely to a basis of work in disaster risk reduction.  These endeavours should be more closely integrated and pursued as one going forward.  The evaluation report contains suggestions and opportunities to expand climate change and DRR planning deeper into urban management and to other sectors through stronger participation of the private sector. This should be regarded as a strategic opportunity for UNDP


4.

A further technical area for UNDP to consider in the next cycle relates to chemical management, waste management and recycling.  There area are vital for a comprehensive approach to sustainable environmental management.


5.

Engage private sector in CSR development priorities.

Develop a cell for the promotion of public private partnerships

Foster a greater level of regional and global cooperation


 


Recommendations
1

Systems strengthening should be pursued in areas where baselines and performance is measurable, with clear service delivery enhancements in mind, usually for final mile impact.  UNDP should not be constrained by traditional parameters otherwise opportunities for working in the heath and other sectors would be lost

2

Capacity building support to line ministries and state authorities should be pursued where there is strong prospect of being able to influence and improve the implementation of national programmes and missions for final mile impact.  For capacity building Development Support Services (DSS) modalities it will be increasingly important to ensure capacity benchmarking and capacity development goals are established at the outset, and a regular monitoring mechanism mutually agreed to ensure that Government and UNDP are clear on the value added that is expected

3

UNDP should look to provide support for citizen centric approaches where budgets and planning are convergent for maximum SDG effect.  This should include in areas of special measures or populations cohorts, such as the scheduled tribal areas where more sensitive approaches are required, around which UNDP can bring its particular comparative advantage

4

UNDP has built a good foundation in climate change mitigation and adaptation, allied closely to a basis of work in disaster risk reduction.  These endeavours should be more closely integrated and pursued as one going forward.  The evaluation report contains suggestions and opportunities to expand climate change and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) planning deeper in to urban management and to other sectors through stronger participation of the private sector

5

UNDP has carried out some exciting project work in natural resource management, which should be expanded, as it includes the best features of providing integrated development solutions.  This applied in particular to coastal and mountainous areas, as well as prospectively India’s mighty river basins.  Area-based programming, although complex and challenging, entailing as it does cross-ministerial collaboration, is nevertheless a potential avenue of work from which a more robustly integrated development solution will emerge

6

Based on UNDPs recent track record of achievement in the railways and steel sectors, the portfolio on energy efficiencies and renewable energy technologies holds enormous promise.

7

Continuity in its endeavours of creating local exemplar projects for entrepreneurship, skilling and employment generation that have real potential for upscaling and private sector partnership

8

Develop further the rural housing typologies developed under the GOALS project as part of a skills-build local solution to supporting the national rural housing programme

9

Promoting social inclusion and social safety nets for poor and marginalized population groups

10

Investigate more thoroughly the options and prospects of alternative inclusive financial models for development

11

Engage private sector in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) development priorities.

12

Foster a greater level of regional and global cooperation

1. Recommendation:

Systems strengthening should be pursued in areas where baselines and performance is measurable, with clear service delivery enhancements in mind, usually for final mile impact.  UNDP should not be constrained by traditional parameters otherwise opportunities for working in the heath and other sectors would be lost

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26]

The CO demonstrated very successfully systems strengthening in the health sector in 11 states with a planned roll out in all states across India in 2017. Based on the successful demonstration and lessons learnt, systems strengthening will be pursued in few other areas in the next country programme beginning 2018.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

Capacity building support to line ministries and state authorities should be pursued where there is strong prospect of being able to influence and improve the implementation of national programmes and missions for final mile impact.  For capacity building Development Support Services (DSS) modalities it will be increasingly important to ensure capacity benchmarking and capacity development goals are established at the outset, and a regular monitoring mechanism mutually agreed to ensure that Government and UNDP are clear on the value added that is expected

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26] [Last Updated: 2016/12/26]

Capacity building is at the heart of the Development Support Services (DSS) modality financed by the Government. The projects have well defined capacity benchmarks and exit strategies built in at the design stage to the extent possible. DSS targets demand-based scalable interventions in support of the flagship programmes at the national and state level. The government procedures and approval processes quite often prove challenging resulting in delays in the implementation of the DSS projects.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

UNDP should look to provide support for citizen centric approaches where budgets and planning are convergent for maximum SDG effect.  This should include in areas of special measures or populations cohorts, such as the scheduled tribal areas where more sensitive approaches are required, around which UNDP can bring its particular comparative advantage

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26]

The recommendations is well noted and will be pursued in the new country programme.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

UNDP has built a good foundation in climate change mitigation and adaptation, allied closely to a basis of work in disaster risk reduction.  These endeavours should be more closely integrated and pursued as one going forward.  The evaluation report contains suggestions and opportunities to expand climate change and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) planning deeper in to urban management and to other sectors through stronger participation of the private sector

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26] [Last Updated: 2016/12/26]

Amongst the UN agencies in India, UNDP has been at the forefront in supporting community resilience and climate change adaptation and mitigation at the national and state level as acknowledged in the outcome evaluation report. The recommendation to strengthen integration and expand partnerships to include private sector in this area is well noted. It may be noted that urban management is hugely complex area in the Indian context and requires huge financial resources. UNDP India along with UN agencies is trying to identify a niche in this areas for the next CPD that can have impact at multiple levels.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

UNDP has carried out some exciting project work in natural resource management, which should be expanded, as it includes the best features of providing integrated development solutions.  This applied in particular to coastal and mountainous areas, as well as prospectively India’s mighty river basins.  Area-based programming, although complex and challenging, entailing as it does cross-ministerial collaboration, is nevertheless a potential avenue of work from which a more robustly integrated development solution will emerge

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26]

The recommendations is well noted and will be pursued in the new country programme.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

Based on UNDPs recent track record of achievement in the railways and steel sectors, the portfolio on energy efficiencies and renewable energy technologies holds enormous promise.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26]

The CO is already in discussion with the Ministry of Steel and Indian Railways to scale up with the government funds the successful pilot interventions demonstrated with UNDP support. 

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation:

Continuity in its endeavours of creating local exemplar projects for entrepreneurship, skilling and employment generation that have real potential for upscaling and private sector partnership

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26]

The recommendations is well noted. The CO has already begun the work in the proposed direction.

Key Actions:

8. Recommendation:

Develop further the rural housing typologies developed under the GOALS project as part of a skills-build local solution to supporting the national rural housing programme

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26]

The recommendations is well noted. The CO endeavors to consolidate skilling work across projects and sectors.

Key Actions:

9. Recommendation:

Promoting social inclusion and social safety nets for poor and marginalized population groups

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26]

The recommendation is well noted.

Key Actions:

10. Recommendation:

Investigate more thoroughly the options and prospects of alternative inclusive financial models for development

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26]

The recommendation is well noted. This is work in progress

Key Actions:

11. Recommendation:

Engage private sector in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) development priorities.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26]

The recommendation is well noted. CO has already begun engaging with the private sector and hired a technical expert to support programmes in forging private sector partnerships. A feasibility study on accessing CSR funds in India is nearing completion.

Key Actions:

12. Recommendation:

Foster a greater level of regional and global cooperation

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/26]

The recommendation is well noted. The CO support to the establishment of the International Solar Alliance in India is an example in this direction.

Key Actions:

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