Final Evaluation Fostering Regional and Local Development in Georgia

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Georgia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
11/2017
Completion Date:
10/2017
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Final Evaluation Fostering Regional and Local Development in Georgia
Atlas Project Number: 80250
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Georgia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2017
Planned End Date: 11/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Democratic Governance
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 3.2. Functions, financing and capacity of sub-national level institutions enabled to deliver improved basic services and respond to priorities voiced by the public
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: ADA/SCO
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 12,700
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Olena Krylova International Evaluator lena.krylova@bluewin.ch
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Ministry oif regional Development and Infrastructure
Countries: GEORGIA, REPUBLIC OF
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Provide further TA to MRDI in finalizing and putting into implementation the Decentralization Strategy

2

Support MRDI in developing a monitoring framework for tracking progress of the Decentralization Strategy implementation

3

As launching the reform will be a dynamic and demanding process, build in a degree of flexibility for provision of technical assistance to MRDI and other national partners in some emerging strategic areas of reform implementation (possibly through establishing a Contingency Fund for on–demand TA provision with transparent rules for funds use)

4

Intensify involvement of the Parliament with its Committee on Regional Policy and Self-Government and the Budgetary Office

5

Enhance further inter-ministerial coordination and cooperation using already tested instruments, and also through establishing a formal coordination body at the supra-Ministerial level (e.g. through reanimating the work of the State Committee on Regional Development and expanding its mandate to “decentralization and regional development”, or establishing an inter-Ministerial WG or TF at the Prime-Minister/ Cabinet of Ministries level).

6

Start active dialogue between different stakeholders (consider establishing a WG) on the issue of advancing the NTS. 

7

Establish dialogue and coordination between MRDI and MoF on the issue of linking regional and municipal planning and budgeting instruments (e.g. including transforming BDD from a spending and accounting tool to a development oriented and holistic budget policy and management instrument). 

8

Pay adequate attention to internal capacity-building of municipal authorities to formulate development policies and strategies, as well as to greater involvement of elected councilors. 

9

Revise the regional and local development methodologies, in order to make the strategies more strategic, more focused on regional and local growth potentials, and with more effective guidance in economic development. 

10

Further streamlining of different planning instruments – RDSs, MDDs, spatial plans and national programs – will be required for future investment of resources to be coherent and strategic.

11

Coordinate future intervention in the regional development domain with the EU that has a traditional leading role, know-how and relevant instruments for supporting regional development. Consider piloting the RDA model in one of the future target regions, if the RDA approach becomes part of the Regional Development Policy in Georgia.  

12

Give special attention to the issues impacting regional and LED in the new Decentralization Strategy design and its implementation. 

13

UNDP will need to step out of its traditional attachment to MRDI and extend its partnership to other Ministries that are instrumental for advancing the LSG role and capacities in managing economic development, including the Ministry of Economy and the MoF

14

Focus future provision on technical assistance to partner municipalities on LED instruments and LSG capacity to manage such development without distorting the market and interfering in the private sector. 

15

Linked to the previous recommendation, in the future the SGPs can be used to fund demo-projects that will be a prototype/ showcase what LSG can do in support of LED. 

16

Seek better synergies with MDF for targeting economically viable investments in project municipalities. 

17

Systematically analyze the experience related to promoting the LSG role in LED (an analytical component). 

18

UNDP strategies to support of cross-border economic activities should build on strategies based on solid analysis of the situation and issues to be resolved to facilitate economic cross-border cooperation, as well as providing a link to policy dialogue where relevant.

19

The future project may consider drawing on the experience of donor countries (Switzerland and Austria) that have some expertise in the area of the LSG role in LED (instruments), as well as suggesting effective approaches to mountainous areas development, tourism, spatial planning, etc. 

20

While formulating the new project proposal, clearly articulate and visualize the linkages and synergies with other UNDP and non-UNDP interventions. 

1. Recommendation:

Provide further TA to MRDI in finalizing and putting into implementation the Decentralization Strategy

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD project has been providing TA to MRDI to develop the Good Governance/Decentralization strategy and action plan. The RLD 2 will provide further support to finalize and implement the strategy/action plan. The project will also provide support to strategy/action plan implementation.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP MRDI 2021/11 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Support MRDI in developing a monitoring framework for tracking progress of the Decentralization Strategy implementation

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted with comments

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP project “Support to Public Administration Reform in Georgia is already working on the development of Government-wide performance tracking and monitoring system, which will systematize all GoG strategies/action plans and provide a unified monitoring
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP 2020/12 Initiated UNDP project “Support to Public Administration Reform in Georgia is already working on the development of Government-wide performance tracking and monitoring system, which will systematize all GoG strategies/action plans and provide a unified monitoring
3. Recommendation:

As launching the reform will be a dynamic and demanding process, build in a degree of flexibility for provision of technical assistance to MRDI and other national partners in some emerging strategic areas of reform implementation (possibly through establishing a Contingency Fund for on–demand TA provision with transparent rules for funds use)

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Both upcoming projects (SDC/ADA and DANIDA) envisage provision of the on-demand support to MRDI and other national/local partners.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP MRDI MoF 2021/11 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Intensify involvement of the Parliament with its Committee on Regional Policy and Self-Government and the Budgetary Office

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The Parliament of Georgia has been one of the main partners of RLD. It is expected that the close cooperation will be continued during the second phase.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP Parliament of Georgia 2021/11 Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Enhance further inter-ministerial coordination and cooperation using already tested instruments, and also through establishing a formal coordination body at the supra-Ministerial level (e.g. through reanimating the work of the State Committee on Regional Development and expanding its mandate to “decentralization and regional development”, or establishing an inter-Ministerial WG or TF at the Prime-Minister/ Cabinet of Ministries level).

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted with comments, subject to new set up for the inter-ministerial coordination to be established during the development/implementation of the decentralization strategy/action plan.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The thematic groups are expected to be established to coordinate the work of various line ministries and state agencies engaged in development of decentarlziation/good governance strategy. The RLD 2 will provide technical and administrative support to the working groups.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP 2021/12 Initiated History
6. Recommendation:

Start active dialogue between different stakeholders (consider establishing a WG) on the issue of advancing the NTS. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted with comments, subject to the new capacity development system for civil servnats. The CSB is in the process of developing the legal act to define the national system for professional development of the civil servants, which will define the overall framework at national and local level. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 will provide support to further upgrade and operationalize the NTS. Also, support to NTS will be one of the major components of the upcoming project funded by DANIDA.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP DANIDA 2022/06 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Establish dialogue and coordination between MRDI and MoF on the issue of linking regional and municipal planning and budgeting instruments (e.g. including transforming BDD from a spending and accounting tool to a development oriented and holistic budget policy and management instrument). 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
During the development of the Good Governance/Decentralization strategy, thematic working groups will be established with engagement of MRDI, MoF and other line ministries and state agencies. The working group meetings will serve as a platform to coordinate activities of various institutions. One of the topics for discussion will be linking MDDs with municipal priority documents and municipal budgets so that to integrate strategic planning and budgeting instruments. Working group meetings will be facilitated by RLD 2.
[Added: 2017/12/28] [Last Updated: 2019/04/15]
UNDP MRDI MoF 2019/12 Initiated The first draft of 2019-2025 Decentralization Strategy document, elaborated with the project support through involvement of multi-stakeholder working groups, states that the law will regulate linking of municipal development planning documents with municipal budgets (Ref: Objectives 1.1. and 3.1. of the draft Strategy Document). Once the Strategy and two-year Action Plan is approved by the GoG, the project will foster implementation of relevant interventions for linking municipal and budgeting instruments. History
8. Recommendation:

Pay adequate attention to internal capacity-building of municipal authorities to formulate development policies and strategies, as well as to greater involvement of elected councilors. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 will provide support to national and local institutions to create and upgrade capacity development systems for municipalities. This will include the National Training System as well as other mechanism for strengthening the capacities of the municipal leadership and local civil servants.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP MRDI 2021/11 Not Initiated
9. Recommendation:

Revise the regional and local development methodologies, in order to make the strategies more strategic, more focused on regional and local growth potentials, and with more effective guidance in economic development. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 will upgrade MDD methodology to establish budget links.
[Added: 2017/12/28] [Last Updated: 2019/04/15]
UNDP MRDI 2019/12 Not Initiated In 2019, FRLD 2 will update Municipal Development Documents along with their methodology with a focus on LED and gender/youth mainstreaming. Upon updating MDDs, in cooperation with MRDI, UNDP will advocate with relevant authorities to operationalize MDDs and link them with municipal budgets History
10. Recommendation:

Further streamlining of different planning instruments – RDSs, MDDs, spatial plans and national programs – will be required for future investment of resources to be coherent and strategic.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 will ensure all strategic documents developed within the project framework are synchronized and in line with other national documents.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP 2021/12 Not Initiated
11. Recommendation:

Coordinate future intervention in the regional development domain with the EU that has a traditional leading role, know-how and relevant instruments for supporting regional development. Consider piloting the RDA model in one of the future target regions, if the RDA approach becomes part of the Regional Development Policy in Georgia.  

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 will continue close collaboration with the EU Reg Pol initiative, which is in charge of the development of the Regional Development Programme 2018-2021. Possible piloting of the RDA model will be discussed and agreed with project donors and MRDI.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP 2021/12 Initiated
12. Recommendation:

Give special attention to the issues impacting regional and LED in the new Decentralization Strategy design and its implementation. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 is the major supporter to MRDI in designing the decentralization strategy/action plan. The strategy envisages to cover the proposed topics.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP MRDI 2021/12 Initiated
13. Recommendation:

UNDP will need to step out of its traditional attachment to MRDI and extend its partnership to other Ministries that are instrumental for advancing the LSG role and capacities in managing economic development, including the Ministry of Economy and the MoF

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 will provide support to GoG, including MoF, MoE and other line ministries, state agencies and municipalities engaged in implementation of the decentralization strategy/action plan as well as high mountainous development strategy/action plan. The MRDI will stay, however, the main implementing partner under the National Implementation Modality
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP MRDI MoF MoE 2021/12 Not Initiated
14. Recommendation:

Focus future provision on technical assistance to partner municipalities on LED instruments and LSG capacity to manage such development without distorting the market and interfering in the private sector. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 will provide capacity development support to municipalities with the focus on LED
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP MRDI 2021/11 Not Initiated
15. Recommendation:

Linked to the previous recommendation, in the future the SGPs can be used to fund demo-projects that will be a prototype/ showcase what LSG can do in support of LED. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 will operate small grants scheme to support CSOs to implement participatory initiatives with focus on LED (with a special focus on initiatives targeting or led by women, youth and minorities)
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP 2021/11 Not Initiated
16. Recommendation:

Seek better synergies with MDF for targeting economically viable investments in project municipalities. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 will explore the possibilities for better synergies with MDF and will discuss/agree potential cooperation opportunities with donors and MRDI
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP MDF MRDI 2021/12 Not Initiated
17. Recommendation:

Systematically analyze the experience related to promoting the LSG role in LED (an analytical component). 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The RLD 2 will provide institutional development support to NALAG and facilitate its advocacy and lobbying initiatives to enhance business friendly environment at the local level and address specific problems and issues hindering LED process. NALAG will propose specific policy or programmatic initiatives for the attention of legislative and executive authorities.
[Added: 2017/12/28] [Last Updated: 2019/04/15]
UNDP 2018/12 Completed With the project support, NALAG conducted needs assessment of 63 municipalities and developed 12 recommendations (9 short term actions and 3 long term proposals) to address the identified issues hindering LED, covering the following three directions: legislative changes, building local capacities, and promoting good governance at the local level. Meetings with local and national authorities to advocate for the policy proposals supporting LED are underway within the frames of ongoing decentralization reform process. History
18. Recommendation:

UNDP strategies to support of cross-border economic activities should build on strategies based on solid analysis of the situation and issues to be resolved to facilitate economic cross-border cooperation, as well as providing a link to policy dialogue where relevant.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Cross-border initiatives under the RLD 2 will be based on the findings of May 2018 assessment of the Trade Opportunities in the South Caucasus that will help to identify the regions as well as thematic areas with the most potential for cross-border cooperation.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP 2021/12 Not Initiated
19. Recommendation:

The future project may consider drawing on the experience of donor countries (Switzerland and Austria) that have some expertise in the area of the LSG role in LED (instruments), as well as suggesting effective approaches to mountainous areas development, tourism, spatial planning, etc. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Examples and experiences will be drawn during the RLD 2 project implementation. The project will also cooperate with other SDC/ADA initiatives and establish synergies where possible.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP 2021/12 Not Initiated
20. Recommendation:

While formulating the new project proposal, clearly articulate and visualize the linkages and synergies with other UNDP and non-UNDP interventions. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/28]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A special section titled “Partnership” is provided in the project document of RLD 2 to highlight the linkages with other initiatives.
[Added: 2017/12/28]
UNDP 2017/12 Completed

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