Final Evaluation of Strengthening local-level capacities for disaster risk reduction, management and coordination in Mongolia

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2012-2016, Mongolia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
09/2016
Completion Date:
11/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
23,230

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document FINAL DRR FE report 2016_hodge.docx report English 498.26 KB Posted 390
Download document TOR DRR Final evaluation.docx tor English 26.32 KB Posted 337
Download document Executive Summary of FE DRR Mongolia.docx summary English 34.19 KB Posted 260
Title Final Evaluation of Strengthening local-level capacities for disaster risk reduction, management and coordination in Mongolia
Atlas Project Number: 00072800
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016, Mongolia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2016
Planned End Date: 09/2016
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
  • 2. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 3. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 5.2. Effective institutional, legislative and policy frameworks in place to enhance the implementation of disaster and climate risk management measures at national and sub-national levels
Evaluation Budget(US $): 23,230
Source of Funding: Luxembourg
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 23,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Stephanie Hodge shodge1@gmail.com
Boldbaatar Shagdar boldbaatar23@yahoo.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Prime Minister's Office, GoM (NEMA), local aimag and soum governments, Ulaambaatar city
Countries: MONGOLIA
Comments:

The evaluation concluded that the project was highly relevant to Mongolia’s current development and disaster risk reduction interests, supporting both national and international development priorities and formulation of numerous resolutions and policy updates (outlined in report). Most significant has been project relevance to the appendix to the 2015 resolution #416 that outlines the institutional framework and legal arrangement for disaster warning dissemination. The project addressed a key gap in operationalization of this policy in line with the organigram cited as the institutional framework through capacity strengthening and piloting soum-level disaster protection planning and services. Piloting the decentralized local emergency coordinators and establishing links to the district-level NEMA offices played a significant role in the local disaster prevention planning and fine-tuning a workable mass messaging and early warning mechanism.

Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

NEMA to scale up project results (refer to the TE rport for detailed activities recommended).

2

(a) Continue to scale project-supported work on DRR curriculum and community level DRR.

(b) Make an effort to include safe living and disaster risk programme in training programme in all primary and secondary schools.

3

3a: Work with NEMA CB DRM approach and with UNDP support  to continue to develop small scale fodder production farms piloted by the project and expand to 3–4 middle and large-scale enterprises in each aimag, especially in steppe and Gobi region.

3b: Continue scale-up of Mongolian traditional herding knowledge programme for junior herdsman, prepared by Mr. Dambii Sukhiin.

4

4a: Continue the positive collaboration on conservation agriculture for CCA and DRR with UNDP global technical support;

4b: Continue to partner on early warning initiatives with NEMA.

5

5 a: Mainstream DRM and CCA programme into local development policy and planning, allocating some budget from local development fund;

5 b: Continue community-based disaster risk management programme initiated by the project and scale-up piloted activities by small grants ensuring self-reliance and self-sufficiency of herder communities and forest communities in times of disaster;

5 c: Strengthen activities of established DRRPC at aimag and soum level within project initiatives to achieve effective disaster risk reduction and response through cooperation and collaboration of education, agriculture, health, environment, local communities and citizens and volunteers, etc.

6

6 a: Continue supporting CCA DRR and strategic planning in Mongolia. Build on its comparative advantage to provide continued support to implement the new laws; Continue financial support for the implementation of NP for Community Participatory DRR;

6 b: Focus on developing an intersectoral commission above ministries on climate change and DRR in Mongolia. Involve the ministries of finance, planning, health, education, infrastructure, NEMA, agriculture and environment;

6c: Continue to develop the national volunteerism programme for local community-based DRR and include UN volunteers and Red Cross;

6d: Support government development of a new project focus on urban DRR flood, earthquake and house fire and include an urban livelihoods project focus to address the poverty gap.

6e: Showcase and scale up the work on education for DRR together with the Ministry of Education.

7

7a: The results of the earthquake risk assessment show that the level of damage and fatalities is expected to be high due to the poor condition of the existing public school building buildings. The probability of collapse for typical public school buildings in Ulaanbaatar is several times higher than the accepted rate implied in standards for the design of buildings in seismic zones. Therefore, a scaled-up public awareness programme resulting from phase IV of the project is to be targeted to the students of the most vulnerable schools of UB city, as well as Darkan and Erdenet cities, implementing systemically increased awareness and knowledge, using all possible and available tools and mechanisms. New targeted programming is needed.

7 b: Given the many drivers of flood risk in Ulaanbaatar, the historical approach of expanding structural flood control measures in the city will not be sufficient to manage the growing risk.  Therefore, local communities need to request more funding from the local development fund of the capital city and District Citizen’s Representative Khural to enhance engagement of local communities, groups and volunteers to clear, repair and maintain sediment and fill with solid waste that reduces flood exposure and vulnerability of poor households. Action is needed by local communities in this area.

7 c: The project has achieved tremendous results in climate change adaptation and reduction of drought and dzud risks in target rural areas. However, the scattered primitive and self–sustained farmers, especially vulnerable herder groups, need support from government, especially the Ministry of Agriculture and State Reserve under NEMA, for enhancing the domestic fodder production market and implementing alternative income generation programmes. For that, it is strongly recommended that government help establish small and medium enterprises of fodder production within 5–7 soums in one aimag and to initiate a nationwide programme. This area identifies the need for a group (key recommendation).

1. Recommendation:

NEMA to scale up project results (refer to the TE rport for detailed activities recommended).

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/03] [Last Updated: 2017/01/03]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Reflect the recommendations in the project Exit Strategy
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/11 Completed Sections 1.1; 1.2; 1.4; 1.5; 2.1; 2.4; 2.5; 2.9 of the project Exit Strategy contains responses to the particular recommendations under this. History
1.2 Conduct training and exercise on risk assessment methodology
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/11 Completed History
1.3 Organize project learning exercise
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2017/01 Completed History
2. Recommendation:

(a) Continue to scale project-supported work on DRR curriculum and community level DRR.

(b) Make an effort to include safe living and disaster risk programme in training programme in all primary and secondary schools.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/03] [Last Updated: 2017/01/03]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
a.1. Reflect the recommendation in the project Exit Strategy
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/11 Completed It was is reflected in the section 2.3 of the Exit Strategy. History
b.1. Discuss the issue with the Ministry of Education
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/11 Completed The meeting with the State Secretary of MoE was organized on 9 November.
b.2. Get recommendation from official authorities to include safe living and disaster risk reduction into school curriculum
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/12 Completed
3. Recommendation:

3a: Work with NEMA CB DRM approach and with UNDP support  to continue to develop small scale fodder production farms piloted by the project and expand to 3–4 middle and large-scale enterprises in each aimag, especially in steppe and Gobi region.

3b: Continue scale-up of Mongolian traditional herding knowledge programme for junior herdsman, prepared by Mr. Dambii Sukhiin.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/03]

a. Agree in general to promote fodder production, however the detailed activity level recommendation is up for a discussion/debate. The project concept of GCF includes some of the relevant actions.

b. Agree in general as the project promotes the particular programme as part of the workplan. The acceptance and implementation will depend upon the Ministry’s own priorities and the procurement process which should be competitive.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3a.1. Reflect the recommendation in the project Exit Strategy; 3a.2. Extend fodder production in the project target sites providing with fodder making equipment; 3a.3. Prepare and disseminate TV lesson on fodder production
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/11 Completed 3a.1. It was is reflected in the section 3.3 of the Exit Strategy. 3a.2. Mandal soum and Tunkhel bagh were provided by equipment.
3b.1. Submit to Ministry of Agriculture CDs with lessons on traditional knowledge of Mr. Dambii Sukhiin for further dissemination.
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/12 Completed
4. Recommendation:

4a: Continue the positive collaboration on conservation agriculture for CCA and DRR with UNDP global technical support;

4b: Continue to partner on early warning initiatives with NEMA.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/03]

4a. Agree. Close collaboration with the line ministries and the relevant agencies are important for good results. The project concept of GCF contains detailed approach and strategy on the partnership.

4b. Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.a.1. Reflect recommendation in the project Exit Strategy; 4. b.1. Reflect recommendation in the project Exit Strategy.
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/11 Completed It was is reflected in the section 2.9 of the Exit Strategy.
5. Recommendation:

5 a: Mainstream DRM and CCA programme into local development policy and planning, allocating some budget from local development fund;

5 b: Continue community-based disaster risk management programme initiated by the project and scale-up piloted activities by small grants ensuring self-reliance and self-sufficiency of herder communities and forest communities in times of disaster;

5 c: Strengthen activities of established DRRPC at aimag and soum level within project initiatives to achieve effective disaster risk reduction and response through cooperation and collaboration of education, agriculture, health, environment, local communities and citizens and volunteers, etc.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/03]

Agree. The issue is reflected in the project concept of GCF.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.a.1. Support development of national implementation plan of Sendai Framework reflecting DRM and CCA; 5.b.1. Reflect recommendation in the project Exit Strategy; 5.b.2. Support development of national implementation plan of Sendai Framework reflecting CBDRM; 5.c.1. Reflect recommendation in the project Exit Strategy;
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/12 Completed It is reflected in the section 3.1 of the Exit Strategy. History
6. Recommendation:

6 a: Continue supporting CCA DRR and strategic planning in Mongolia. Build on its comparative advantage to provide continued support to implement the new laws; Continue financial support for the implementation of NP for Community Participatory DRR;

6 b: Focus on developing an intersectoral commission above ministries on climate change and DRR in Mongolia. Involve the ministries of finance, planning, health, education, infrastructure, NEMA, agriculture and environment;

6c: Continue to develop the national volunteerism programme for local community-based DRR and include UN volunteers and Red Cross;

6d: Support government development of a new project focus on urban DRR flood, earthquake and house fire and include an urban livelihoods project focus to address the poverty gap.

6e: Showcase and scale up the work on education for DRR together with the Ministry of Education.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/03]

Agree. UNDP’s priorities in this sector is reflected in CPD (2017-2021).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.a.1. Support development of national implementation plan of Sendai Framework reflecting CCA, DRR and NP for Community Participatory DRR; 6.a.2. Reflect the recommendation in the project concept of GCF.
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU- NEMA 2016/11 Completed
6.b.1. Reflect recommendation in the project Exit Strategy
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/11 Completed It is reflected in the section 1.1 of the Exit Strategy
6c: Continue to develop the national volunteerism programme for local community-based DRR and include UN volunteers and Red Cross.
[Added: 2017/01/03]
6.c.1. Reflect recommendation in the project Exit Strategy 6.c.2. Register volunteers in the project target sites in line with the newly approved Common Guidelines on Disaster Protection Volunteers. 2016/11 Completed It is reflected in the section 2.8 of the Exit Strategy.
6.d.1. Raise awareness of vulnerable people in ger district on building fire and provide with metal ash-boxes
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/11 Completed In total of 160 vulnerable families in UB and Darkhan were provided by the opportunity.
6.e.1. See actions indicated above under 2.b. under Ministry of Education recommendation. Discussion with the Ministry of Education and get recommendations on the curriculum.
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU and NEMA 2016/11 Completed The meeting with the State Secretary of MoE was organized on 9 November.
7. Recommendation:

7a: The results of the earthquake risk assessment show that the level of damage and fatalities is expected to be high due to the poor condition of the existing public school building buildings. The probability of collapse for typical public school buildings in Ulaanbaatar is several times higher than the accepted rate implied in standards for the design of buildings in seismic zones. Therefore, a scaled-up public awareness programme resulting from phase IV of the project is to be targeted to the students of the most vulnerable schools of UB city, as well as Darkan and Erdenet cities, implementing systemically increased awareness and knowledge, using all possible and available tools and mechanisms. New targeted programming is needed.

7 b: Given the many drivers of flood risk in Ulaanbaatar, the historical approach of expanding structural flood control measures in the city will not be sufficient to manage the growing risk.  Therefore, local communities need to request more funding from the local development fund of the capital city and District Citizen’s Representative Khural to enhance engagement of local communities, groups and volunteers to clear, repair and maintain sediment and fill with solid waste that reduces flood exposure and vulnerability of poor households. Action is needed by local communities in this area.

7 c: The project has achieved tremendous results in climate change adaptation and reduction of drought and dzud risks in target rural areas. However, the scattered primitive and self–sustained farmers, especially vulnerable herder groups, need support from government, especially the Ministry of Agriculture and State Reserve under NEMA, for enhancing the domestic fodder production market and implementing alternative income generation programmes. For that, it is strongly recommended that government help establish small and medium enterprises of fodder production within 5–7 soums in one aimag and to initiate a nationwide programme. This area identifies the need for a group (key recommendation).

Management Response: [Added: 2017/01/03]

7a. Agree

7b. Agree

7c.Agree on the importance of fodder production and alternative incomes. The details of coverage and programme should be based on rigorous analysis and the priorities of the government.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.a.1. Reflect recommendation in the project Exit Strategy; 7.a.2. See actions indicated above under 2.b.; 7.b.1. Reflect recommendation in the project Exit Strategy; 7.c.1. See actions indicated above under 3.a. under Ministry of Agriculture recommendation
[Added: 2017/01/03]
PIU, NEMA and UNDP 2016/11 Completed 7a and b. It is reflected in the section 1.2 of the Exit Strategy. 7c.The project concept of GCF includes relevant actions.

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org