Mid Term Evaluation of the project: Promotion and up-scaling of climate-resilient, resource efficient technologies in a Tropical Island Context (Resource Efficiency

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2017-2020, Seychelles
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
04/2017
Completion Date:
05/2017
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Mid Term Evaluation of the project: Promotion and up-scaling of climate-resilient, resource efficient technologies in a Tropical Island Context (Resource Efficiency
Atlas Project Number: 00079923
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2020, Seychelles
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 05/2017
Planned End Date: 04/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.4. Scaled up action on climate change adaptation and mitigation across sectors which is funded and implemented
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Jiri Zemann Mr. jirkazeman@seznam.cz CZECH REPUBLIC
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Mid Term Evaluation of the project: Promotion and up-scaling of climate-resilient, resource efficient technologies in a Tropical Island Context (Resource Efficiency
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5316
PIMS Number: 4913
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, Seychelles Energy Commission, Ministry of Finance, UNDP
Countries: SEYCHELLES
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Facilitate development and adoption of resource efficient legislation and regulations and implementation of minimum energy/water performance standards and labels

This recommendation is made to  MEECC with input from SEC and PM.

2

Fully integrate water savings technologies into all project activities (in addition to energy savings appliances), including regulations, standards and labels, practical information dissemination and trainings for end-users and retailers, preferential financing schemes, etc. Extend the project implementation team to include authority empowered to regulate water appliances (minimum standards for water efficiency).

This recommendation is directed to: MEECC, PM and SEC

3

Facilitate with the MEECC and LWMA development of a solid waste management policy implementation plan specifically for recycling and safe disposal of e-waste and appliances, including the collection system, and costs estimates.

This recommendation is made to MEECC, LWMA with SEC, PM.

4

Request no-cost project extension for additional 0.5 to 1 year.

This recommendation is for the PM/PCU

5

Develop a simple savings monitoring scheme for practical utilization

This Recommendation is made to: PM/SEC

6

Address opportunities in new governmental building development (housing program and public buildings)

This recommendation is directed to PM, SEC

7

Utilize and strengthen local capacities – internally and externally

This recommendation is for PM, SEC

8

Analyze opportunities and barriers for development of store financing/leasing and its costs for financing resource efficient appliances

This recommendation is directed to the PM.

9

Explore opportunities to utilize international registries of energy efficiency appliances

This recommendation is made to PM, SEC.

10

Revise project logframe

  • Do not limit the target group to some sectors, nor to specific source of financing only
  • Pilot sites available to public, not necessarily households
  • Remove the second target “Policy and institutional mandate (MoU signed by LWMA) in place by end of year 1” of Outcome 4.1 “Recycling of non-EE residential appliances mandated in policy and institutional responsibilities”
  • Remove the last logframe indicator – “average electricity use per household (kwh/year) participating in SEEREP or other RSE financing platform”
  • Rephrase the 5th indicator and target of output/outcome 1.1

This recommendation is directed to the PM, Steering Committee

11

Secure funding for new/additional activities related to the project implementation for SEC, SRC, SIT, and SBS from the state budget

This recommendation is directed to GOS, MEECC

12

Open a discussion with policy makers on full pricing of electricity and water to reflect actual costs, combined with introduction of addressed social support to low-income households

This recommendation is directed to: PM, SEC

1. Recommendation:

Facilitate development and adoption of resource efficient legislation and regulations and implementation of minimum energy/water performance standards and labels

This recommendation is made to  MEECC with input from SEC and PM.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/07/21]

The recommendations are not properly directed in this case.  The legislation is currently with SEC and supported by the project; the Policy is with MEECC and is being supported by SXEC and the project.  Also, the rather detailed actions proposed by the consultant are not fully in line with the processes underway, so these have been refined to the action points listed below. A large group of stakeholders are involved in the process, including MEECC, PUC, AGs, MLUH, Finance, Trade, SRC, SBS, and consultations are taking time.  UNDP agrees with the conclusion of the consultant that the completion of the legislation and policy are urgent to support the project, and particularly that without the legislation the importation of energy inefficient goods will continue and this will impact project targets, including emissions targets.  However, the time frame given below is what stakeholders are currently working to.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Development of Resource Efficiency Legislation and subsidiary legislation which includes but not limited to MEPS, Labelling and Standards, rules and operational procedures
[Added: 2017/07/21] [Last Updated: 2018/07/19]
SEC, PM 2018/09 Overdue-Initiated History
1.2 Review and amend other legislation such as the VAT Act to further RE development.
[Added: 2017/07/21]
SEC, PM 2017/09 Overdue-Initiated
1.3 Review and amend the Energy Policy 2010-2030. This will take a consultative approach where the general public as well as institutional stakeholders are engaged.
[Added: 2017/07/21]
MEECC, SEC, PM 2017/11 Overdue-Initiated It is expected that the revised draft of the policy will be sent to AGs office for finalization at the end of the 3rd or 4th Quarter of 2017.
1.4 Develop the RE and EE Strategic and Implementation Plan
[Added: 2017/07/21]
SEC, MEECC, PM 2018/05 Overdue-Initiated The strategic plan is expected to be completed by late 2017 but roll-out may happen only in 2018.
2. Recommendation:

Fully integrate water savings technologies into all project activities (in addition to energy savings appliances), including regulations, standards and labels, practical information dissemination and trainings for end-users and retailers, preferential financing schemes, etc. Extend the project implementation team to include authority empowered to regulate water appliances (minimum standards for water efficiency).

This recommendation is directed to: MEECC, PM and SEC

Management Response: [Added: 2017/07/21]

The rationale behind this recommendation is to try to compensate for non-delivery of inputs that were expected to contribute to the project targets, particularly emissions targets.  However, UNDP feels that most of the recommendations and actions proposed are not within the scope of the project, and would require substantial financing not available to the project (or co-financing that has also not been identified at this point).  There is similarly no scope for extending the project team. 

 

Issues of water policy and water-efficient appliances are being explored to a small extent by a different project (UNEP IWRM project).  Rain Water Harvesting systems are eligible for financing under the SEEREP scheme. The IWRM project will be launching a communication campaign to promote the importation and installation of RWH devices as soon as they finalize recruitment of a communications officer, but the scale of installation is not likely to be significant.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Coordinate with the UNEP IWRM project regarding how to reach end-use water savings
[Added: 2017/08/04] [Last Updated: 2018/07/19]
IWMR project, PUC, PM 2019/09 Initiated IWRM communication officer to be recruited in Q3 2017 History
3. Recommendation:

Facilitate with the MEECC and LWMA development of a solid waste management policy implementation plan specifically for recycling and safe disposal of e-waste and appliances, including the collection system, and costs estimates.

This recommendation is made to MEECC, LWMA with SEC, PM.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/04]

Review of the existing solid waste policy has been underway since 2015.  A Technical Working Group is in place to oversee the process, including the RE Project manager.  A project budget line is available for facilitation of the evaluation, collection and recycling of e-waste appliances when the policy is agreed. A survey on the waste characterization is being done, the results will be fed into the solid waste management policy, from which the master plan will be finalized and then implemented

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Recruit a national consultant to undertake a revision of the Solid Waste Policy, to include e-waste.
[Added: 2017/08/04]
PCU, LWMA, MEECC – Environment Division, consultant 2017/12 Overdue-Initiated History
3.2 Complete new Solid Waste Policy (including an action plan, with deadlines, responsible parties, and indicative costs/budget)
[Added: 2017/08/04]
PCU, LWMA, MEECC – Environment Division- consultant 2017/12 Overdue-Initiated History
3.3 Facilitate involvement of key local stakeholders and external funding to initiate a scheme for collection, recycling and safe disposal of e-waste and energy appliances.
[Added: 2017/08/04] [Last Updated: 2017/09/04]
PCU, LWMA, MEECC – Environment Division 2018/03 Overdue-Not Initiated this has now been postponed to 2nd quarter 2018 History
4. Recommendation:

Request no-cost project extension for additional 0.5 to 1 year.

This recommendation is for the PM/PCU

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/04]

Based on the results of the project MTR, the project Steering Committee will consider a proposal to UNDP-GEF for an extension of one year (considered necessary to have any chance of approaching emissions targets for the project).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Justification for 1 year extension prepared
[Added: 2017/08/04]
PCU, UNDP (inputs from stakeholders) 2017/05 Completed This has been captured in the SC minutes of May 24th 2017. History
4.2 Submission of request with justification to RTA
[Added: 2017/08/04]
PCU, UNDP 2017/06 Completed History
4.3 RTA to take the proposal forward to GEF
[Added: 2017/08/04]
UNDP-GEF RTA 2017/09 Overdue-Initiated History
5. Recommendation:

Develop a simple savings monitoring scheme for practical utilization

This Recommendation is made to: PM/SEC

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/04]

The project’s International Advisor has been working on a monitoring tool for some time, but it was not finalized at the time of the MTR and is still pending agreement of a number of issues, including the variety of appliances to be included under MEPS.  Without the tool the project is having considerable difficulty in estimating impacts, particularly putting a figure to emissions reductions attributable to the project.  A draft tool has been circulated, and the project, SEC and others need to determine what can actually be applied within the remaining lifetime of the project, for example whether EU regulations regarding MEPS can be used as the likely legislation to be applied in Seychelles and thus inputted into the tool.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Finalize the delayed energy and water savings monitoring scheme at least with the data or estimates that are readily available
[Added: 2017/08/04] [Last Updated: 2017/09/04]
SEC, PM 2017/12 Overdue-Initiated History
5.2 Commence populating the tool with available information
[Added: 2017/08/04]
SEC, PM 2017/10 Overdue-Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Address opportunities in new governmental building development (housing program and public buildings)

This recommendation is directed to PM, SEC

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/04]

The consultant has recommended that the project should address governmental and private buildings project investors, developers, and designers to increase their awareness of RE appliances, and share experience from design of a new MEECC ‘green’ building, and potentially also on opportunities in energy efficient building design.  The consultant has acknowledged, however, that this might not be appropriate under the current project as it is complex and really needs its own project. 

 

UNDP notes that initial training on ‘Green Building’ was undertaken in 2013 under another project, but that there was little interest in carrying it forward at that time.  However, this may be becoming more appropriate and relevant as the Government embarks on its renewable energy agenda, and UNDP also notes that SEC is planning to launch an Energy Efficiency Programme specifically for Public Buildings during 2017.  SRC has received a budget allocation to implement the program. This is primarily a co-financed initiative, although the RE project will support this program through putting into place the framework for energy auditors and energy managers. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Proposal for EE Programme for Public Buildings to be submitted to cabinet for approval.
[Added: 2017/08/04]
SEC 2017/12 Overdue-Initiated History
6.2 Launch of the EE Programme for Public Buildings
[Added: 2017/08/04]
SEC 2017/12 Overdue-Initiated
6.3 RE project to develop a framework for energy auditors and energy managers which is planned for Q3-Q4 2017
[Added: 2017/08/04]
PM, RE International Advisor 2018/01 Overdue-Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Utilize and strengthen local capacities – internally and externally

This recommendation is for PM, SEC

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/04]

The recommendation is appropriate for Seychelles as the energy sector is reasonably new and local capacities are still under developed. The project has been promoting capacity building through its implementation thus far and will continue to do so as part of the implementation of the Seychelles Energy Strategy.  A capacity assessment is planned by the project to ensure that further capacity building is prioritized and coordinated.

 

UNDP notes that a particular recent achievement of the project are the Primary and Secondary School Teachers’ Guides, which have recently been introduced to teachers, and which will be followed up at science fairs, where students and teachers can showcase what they’ve learnt in regard to renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Undertake a national capacity assessment
[Added: 2017/08/04]
Agency for Human Resource Development, Seychelles National Youth Council, PM 2018/04 Overdue-Not Initiated
7.2 Incorporate elements of the above related to energy efficiency into project capacity building initiatives
[Added: 2017/08/04]
SEC 2018/07 Overdue-Not Initiated
8. Recommendation:

Analyze opportunities and barriers for development of store financing/leasing and its costs for financing resource efficient appliances

This recommendation is directed to the PM.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/04]

This issue was discussed recently at a high-level meeting organized by the Central Bank of Seychelles. The legislative environment for in-store financing/leasing is being developed at national level.  As this is being handled by Government the project will not initiate parallel actions.

Key Actions:

9. Recommendation:

Explore opportunities to utilize international registries of energy efficiency appliances

This recommendation is made to PM, SEC.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/04]

UNDP notes that the project has developed synergy with the IOC ‘Energie’ initiative, and ’Energie Reunion’, for purposes of information sharing. Support is also being sought from IEC Africa for clarifications on certification processes, and to compile information from other countries in the region which are undergoing similar processes leading to the verification of energy efficient standards and certificates submitted by importers/ sellers.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Compile information on certification processes and the verification of energy efficient standards and certificates submitted by importers/sellers
[Added: 2017/08/04]
SEC, PM 2017/12 Overdue-Initiated
10. Recommendation:

Revise project logframe

  • Do not limit the target group to some sectors, nor to specific source of financing only
  • Pilot sites available to public, not necessarily households
  • Remove the second target “Policy and institutional mandate (MoU signed by LWMA) in place by end of year 1” of Outcome 4.1 “Recycling of non-EE residential appliances mandated in policy and institutional responsibilities”
  • Remove the last logframe indicator – “average electricity use per household (kwh/year) participating in SEEREP or other RSE financing platform”
  • Rephrase the 5th indicator and target of output/outcome 1.1

This recommendation is directed to the PM, Steering Committee

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/04]

  • This is noted: it does not require specific adjustment to the logframe.The EE monitoring tool under development is broadened across sectors and will report as much direct and indirect emissions reductions as are influenced by the project.
  • The target under outcome 2.1 indicates that all pilot sites should be open to the public, this therefore does not require a change to the logframe.The project is making pilot sites highly visible – such as the SCAA demo at the international airport.
  • This is agreed and the modification made, the MOU is not consequential upon the legislation related to solid waste disposal.
  • Agreed.  Household electricity use is highly variable, depending to some extent on the size of the household and number of appliances etc. installed, such that this indicator seems ambiguous
  • Agreed, changes made.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 Revise the logframe based on recommendations of the MTR
[Added: 2017/08/04]
PCU 2017/05 Completed
10.2 Present the revision to a Steering Committee for comment and approval
[Added: 2017/08/04]
PCU, SC 2017/05 Completed
10.3 Submit the revision as part of the Management Response to the UNDP-GEF RTA.
[Added: 2017/08/04]
PCU 2017/05 Completed
11. Recommendation:

Secure funding for new/additional activities related to the project implementation for SEC, SRC, SIT, and SBS from the state budget

This recommendation is directed to GOS, MEECC

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/04]

Recommendation is addressed to GOS through the Steering Committee.  Individual Ministries and agencies will consider the recommendation as they prepare their 2018 budgets, a process starting in June 2017.

Key Actions:

12. Recommendation:

Open a discussion with policy makers on full pricing of electricity and water to reflect actual costs, combined with introduction of addressed social support to low-income households

This recommendation is directed to: PM, SEC

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/04]

A tariff rebalancing program has been in place since 2012. This is a 10-year program to rebalance the tariff and remove cross-subsidies, and is expected to result in a cost reflective tariff.  While this is on-going, UNDP notes that there is an urgent need for a review of the process, and particularly of clarifying the position of Government with regards to tariff implementation. UNDP notes that for the last two years a tariff rebalancing was not implemented, a decision taken by cabinet and likely based more on political than on practical issues. Establishing a cost-reflective tariff is an urgent step towards reforming the energy sector and encouraging uptake of renewable energy and energy efficiency.  However, this argument is ably taken forward by Minister MEECC and cannot really be addressed by the project.

From the project side, the issue will be brought to the attention of the Steering Committee which will then escalate this to Government as it has implications for the development of other projects to be submitted to the GCF.

Key Actions:

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