Watershed services terminal evaluation

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2016-2021, Tanzania
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2020
Completion Date:
03/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
50,000

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Title Watershed services terminal evaluation
Atlas Project Number: 00086631
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2021, Tanzania
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2021
Planned End Date: 12/2020
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 2.5. Legal and regulatory frameworks, policies and institutions enabled to ensure the conservation, sustainable use, and access and benefit sharing of natural resources, biodiversity and ecosystems, in line with international conventions and national
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Evaluation Budget(US $): 50,000
Source of Funding: GEF, UNDP
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 50,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Nelson Gapare Mr gaparen@greensoftgmc.com
John Kessy Prof jfkessy2012@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Securing watershed services through SLM in the Ruvu and Zigi catchments (Eastern Arc Region).
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Land Degradation
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5463
PIMS Number: 5077
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Water, Vice President's Office, Local Government Authorities
Countries: TANZANIA (UNITED REPUBLIC OF )
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

While it is noted that all projects are now required to prepare theories of change at the design phase, the TE team further recommends that both risks and assumptions are explicitly stated and validated with stakeholders.  During the project design, inadequate funding was identified as a key barrier to successful SLM, but no further analysis was undertaken to validate other underlying assumptions such as policy and statutory limitations. Further questions should have been raised at that point to critically assess the underlying causes of inadequate funding and if any lessons could be learnt from previous attempts under REDD+.  While it is noted that all projects are now required to prepare theories of change at the design phase, the TE team further recommends that both risks and assumptions are explicitly stated and validated with stakeholders.  During the project design, inadequate funding was identified as a key barrier to successful SLM, but no further analysis was undertaken to validate other underlying assumptions such as policy and statutory limitations. Further questions should have been raised at that point to critically assess the underlying causes of inadequate funding and if any lessons could be learnt from previous attempts under REDD+

2

Projects are encouraged to adequately use tools such as theories of change, problem tree analysis, or SWOT analysis to validate at the design phase and ensure adequate due diligence on significant output proposals that require high level intervention and or political support

3

The TE recommends the preparation of a consolidated resource mobilization strategy for SLM upscaling and can be used as a basis for discussions with potential partners. Upscaling of SLM activities following the completion of this project should be considered a primary priority that will enhance sustainability of the project activities either in the two catchments or beyond. 

It is noted that project is facilitating the establishment of Tanga Water fund that is intended to take care of conservation activities in the catchment by mobilizing investments from water users and direct the funding toward the protection and restoration of key lands upstream. This is a good example that could form the basis for a fund mobilization strategy for other catchments

4

Competition for funding is increasing such that an assessment is necessary to determine the pros and cons of a focused fund or a multi-sectoral broad fund with innovative instruments such as a mix of grants, low interest loans that can attract private sector investments into SLM actions.

5

Assess options and measures to increase land tenure security to incentivize community-based environmental management stewardship.

The complex process in developing Village Land Use Plans through to Stage 6 requires further assessment on how to enable villages achieve Stage 6 at a lower cost. The project was able to push one plan through to stage 6 over a period of 5 years suggest an extremely complex process.

6

The project has prepared a wide range of knowledge products that provide valuable lessons for current and future policy decisions. It is highly recommended that a series of policy briefs be prepared and disseminated to policy makers and relevant stakeholders

7

Lessons learned from the implementation of IGAs should also be widely disseminated in the form of guidelines to wider communities and beyond the project area.

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