Youth Empowerment in Kuwait

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Evaluation Plan:
2015-2019, Kuwait
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2019
Completion Date:
12/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Youth Empowerment in Kuwait
Atlas Project Number: 00100028
Evaluation Plan: 2015-2019, Kuwait
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2019
Planned End Date: 12/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Governance
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.2.3 Capacities, functions and financing of rule of law and national human rights institutions and systems strengthened to expand access to justice and combat discrimination, with a focus on women and other marginalised groups
SDG Goal
  • Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
SDG Target
  • 10.2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
  • 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
  • 8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: Project fund
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 15,740
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Hanan Elguindy Evaluator hhhundp@gmail.com EGYPT
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of State for Youth Affairs, Public Authority for Youth, GSSCPD
Countries: KUWAIT
Lessons
1.

Most of the population in Kuwait is considered young. This project may lead to a difference to the level of youth empowerment as per the aspirations of Kuwait National Plan 2035. According to the Public Authority for Civil Information, the Kuwaiti adolescents and youth [from 15 till 29 years] make up of 368053 inhabitants which is the greater percentage of the population (35%). So this project could make a difference on the Kuwait efforts to position itself as regional and global leader for youth empowerment issues.

The allocated time as per the developed strategy of the project is reasonable and based on a careful planning and analysis. However this was not actually implemented on the ground. Due to the challenges faced that has been analyzed earlier in this report, the time needed and the duration necessary for obtaining results were not really allocated on the ground. Hence I certainly recommend extending the project as per the exact time suggested to achieve the planned outcome. This is in order to be able to achieve results and outcome. The reason for this is strongly recommendable is justified because of the efforts exerted so far. All initial preparatory steps have been implemented with satisfactory level. So continuation for and building on the achievement so far will lead to contributing to  enhancing youth capacities, skills and capabilities of MOYA and YPA to better serve young Kuwait men and men.

 

  • Analyze: The indicators of output achievement and their transformation into outcome tangible progress is strongly recommended to be utilized so as to be able to manage based on achieving results.

The management towards results achievement would have been made it quiet evident on how to achieve the overall objective rather than focusing on certain interim deliverable such as the communication plan that consumed considerable efforts and resources.  

  • Decide: How the overall interventions and performance process may be error-free processes and what are the lessons learned.  

National ownership has been evident in this project and I strongly recommend UNDP to work on it if we want to achieve efficiency and sustainability of the project.  Involvement of key officials only proved not to be effective as they could be changed; hence it should be useful to involve as much as relevant officials as possible. Middle management, executives, researchers, information Departments in addition to media may be involved all along the initial phase and once a while at the milestones achievements.

Inclusive partnership is also strongly recommended for the modalities of operation in most of the activities. This may result in additional running cost but on the other hand it will help sustain results and minimize starting from the beginning when a top leader is replaced

  • Means of Control: compare target performance in consideration of the results and how the means of control and correction may be replicated. 

The achievement somehow, although satisfactory for some outputs, was not tangible towards achieving the project overall outcome that affects and interlinked with the National Plan and Strategy of Youth Empowerment. The overall image, as below, need to be clear and in front of each stakeholder for several reasons that evolves around youth empowerment need partnerships and support from several partners not only the responsibility of MOYA. But the MOYA and / or YPA has a functional coordination role to achieve such outcome.

  • Beneficiaries Satisfaction: evaluate and analyze the results themselves in views of the end beneficiaries.

Beneficiaries’ satisfaction has been a challenge and will no longer be available as long as there is no sense of mutual accountability and commitment. Results chains will logically link input, outputs, outcomes and impact towards beneficiaries satisfaction. Results chains will be flexibly used by different development actors/ stakeholder enabling them to capture the development process and their contributions towards this achievement. It is central for achieving Therefore, the suggested results chain is a central tool in the UNDP efforts to define shared goals and objectives, create dialogue on results, and align results with the national vision and thus achieve sustainability.

Transfer Evaluation into Learning

In order to ensure the “Do No Harm” approach and increase effectiveness, I recommend designing and applying project approaches while involving all parties concerned/ stakeholders on wider scale not only top key officials taking into consideration as well the participation of the end beneficiaries who are the young men and women of Kuwait.

I also strongly recommend that when the (a) next phase is extended to address some of the challenges that the first phase faced in terms of greater inclusion and national ownership.


Findings
1.

In Kuwait, youth constitutes approximately 72% of the population so this show the massive importance of this project which is compatible to the steps of  Kuwait to position itself as a youth leader at  the national and the regional levels through youth empowerment. There is as well strong commitment from the government to develop youth which has been evident in the fifth national development plan along with the UNDP office support to the initiatives of the government through the UNDP Country program Action Plan.

The ultimate goal of this project is to develop programmes, activities and actions for implementation that will directly impact the efficient involvement and participation of youth in the development of their societies. The Final evaluation focused on the extent of project achievements in meeting the identified priority areas’ needs and the project’s response to those needs as they have evolved over the lifespan of the project.  The evaluation covered the project concept and activities, outputs, outcomes and provided information for further enhancement of the project’ s monitoring and evaluation strategy.


Tag: Effectiveness Relevance Capacity Building Youth

2.

The Evaluation Report covered the following :

  •  A systematic evaluation system that among other aspects assessing the next:
  • 1. Percentage of accomplishment of milestones, activities and results defined in the work plan of the project
  • 2. Degree of satisfaction of the beneficiary with quality of services provided, as analyzed through the interviews with beneficiaries, UNDP, and Official/ focal points/ representatives of different Government agencies involved (GSCPD and MOYA).
  • 3. Timely selection and deployment of resources approved and as determined by milestones specified in the work plan of the Contractor.
  • 4. Satisfaction levels and Visibility obtained for the programme and activities themselves as a result of the programme implementation and perception among key targeted groups.
  •  Evaluation report provided also an overall assessment of the projects achievements and, about the outcomes and impacts of the project. Components of the evaluation Report included: the project evaluation information on implementation results achievements and impacts with key project’ output and outcome indicators; analysis of achievements compared with the planned targets; problems identified and recommended actions to address them; and status of beneficiary consultations and their feedbacks.

Tag: Effectiveness Oversight

3.

Confronted Challenges Analysis

It is evident that the project confronted several challenges starting with the delay in the appointment and selection of the project manager. The diversity of the stakeholders and beneficiaries posed a challenge over the implementation. The project was extended for six months at no cost. Evaluator acknowledge some limitations of performing the assessment of impact using the comparative community groups in the absence of initial base line survey of the project and taking into consideration the challenges of implementation that hindered the many of the planned outcome of the project. The project as well focused mainly on studies and researches at the expense of the involving and achieving the “Splash and Ripple Effect” of Youth themselves which I hoped to have the stronger focus of the project.


Tag: Challenges Human and Financial resources Implementation Modality Results-Based Management Bilateral partners Country Government

4.

Further challenges were sensitized of the cooperation among the main stakeholders/ partners that lead to the non full achievement of the project planned results. Some of the reasons explored through analysis of the data and information collection meetings revealed the non continuation of the team in charge, whether in MOYA or in UNDP project officers. The repetitive change of the team resulted in losing the track of the main focus of the project on youth and rather paying more attention to the media component of the project which is important in its turn and has resulted in considerable discrepancy in the points of views.


Tag: Effectiveness Relevance Human and Financial resources Project and Programme management Country Government UN Agencies Youth

5.

Effectiveness: Is the project achieving satisfactory progress toward its stated objectives?

The project has not achieved all the planned results or the progress that we may evaluate effectiveness. But the process through which project has implemented so far has been satisfactory but not enough to state the project has been effective. Main results of involving youth and empowering MOYA and YPA still need to be followed although considerable preparatory efforts have been exerted.

 While there is room to improve the levels of effective in general, different awareness and strategies for the involvement of youth are needed. The financial resources allocated to activities looks to be disbursed as planned in the original project document but could not analyze after the instruction of the UNFPA as an implementing partner in addition to the previous working modalities.


Tag: Effectiveness Efficiency Human and Financial resources Country Government Capacity Building Youth

6.

Impact: What difference has the project made to beneficiaries? What are the social, economic, technical, environmental, and other effects on individuals, communities, and institutions – either short-, medium-, or longterm; intended or unintended; positive and negative; on a micro- or macro-level? How the project has supported the government in implementing the Kuwait National Development Plan (KNDP)? Which areas did the project support in regard to the KNDP? Which areas should the project focus on moving forward? How did the project support the government in establishing and promoting best governance practices?

Evidence demonstrates that the project has not fully accomplished its intended outcomes. The data show that the implementers made significant contribution towards outcome achievement but the final impact could be achieved so far with the level of progress. Certainly to achieve the aspired impact, addition time with well planned activities need to be granted/ approved. Interviewed key stakeholders of indicated that they felt “not fully achieved/ achieving.


Tag: Effectiveness Impact Project and Programme management Bilateral partners Country Government Youth

7.

Appropriateness: Is the project the appropriate solution to the problem?

The project strategy and planned outcomes presents strong solution and interventions strategy to achieve the results planned. If the project implementation would followed the planned methodology it would have been achieved considerable success for efficient involvement and participation of youth in the development of their societies.


Tag: Relevance Sustainability Strategic Positioning Youth

8.

Relevance: Are the project objectives still relevant? What is the value of the project in relation to other priority needs and efforts in the sector? Is the problem addressed still a major problem?

The project developed is still strongly relevant to the seeking of the Kuwait Government towards being regional and global leader for youth empowerment. It is strongly based on the Kuwait Capital of youth, 2017 and put it into effect through various inclusive strategies.


Tag: Relevance Sustainability Strategic Positioning Country Government Youth

9.

Results: Were the expected results achieved? Did the reach the expected number of target groups? Are the beneficiaries satisfied with the quality and delivery? What are the improvements and changes resulted directly by the project? Have the project indicators been achieved and how far along are they to being achieved?

The Results Achieved so far do not reflect neither the objectives of the governance nor UN organizations. The project design was consistent with strategic lines of national action for Youth empowerment and touches upon the importance required by the Country:
The goal of this project is to develop programmes, activities and actions for implementation that will directly impact the efficient involvement and participation of youth in the development of their societies.


Tag: Effectiveness Programme/Project Design Capacity Building Civil Societies and NGOs Youth

10.

Sustainability: Do the beneficiaries own up to the project, are they willing to continue, and is the host institution developing the capacity and motivation to administer it?

Will the government counterpart be able to carry on the activities supported by the project after the conclusion of the project? Have the consultants transferred knowledge/built capacity to the employees in the government counterparts?

I highly recommend working with youth themselves from the beginning of the project. Not only, to ensure participatory implementation but this will be the most effective factor in guaranteeing sustainability. Since the project did not involve youth from its inception, this led to absence of linking the project towards more sustainable approaches.


Tag: Sustainability Knowledge management Capacity Building Institutional Strengthening National Institutions Youth

Recommendations
1

Most of the population in Kuwait is considered young. This project may lead to a difference to the level of youth empowerment as per the aspirations of Kuwait National Plan 2035. According to the Public Authority for Civil Information, the Kuwaiti adolescents and youth [from 15 till 29 years] make up of 368053 inhabitants which is the greater percentage of the population (35%). So this project could make a difference on the Kuwait efforts to position itself as regional and global leader for youth empowerment issues.

2

The indicators of output achievement and their transformation into outcome tangible progress is strongly recommended to be utilized so as to be able to manage based on achieving results.

3

National ownership has been evident in this project and it is strongly recommend to UNDP to work on it if we want to achieve efficiency and sustainability of the project. Involvement of key officials only proved not to be effective as they could be changed; hence it should be useful to involve as much as relevant officials possible. Middle management, executives, researchers, information Departments in addition to media may be involved all along the initial phase and once a while at the milestones achievements.

Inclusive partnership is also strongly recommended for the modalities of operation in most of the activities. This may result in additional running cost but on the other hand it will help sustain results and minimize starting from the beginning when a top leader is replaced.

4

Compare target performance in consideration of the results and how the means of control and correction may be replicated.

5

The allocated time as per the developed strategy of the project is reasonable and based on a careful planning and analysis. However this was not actually implemented on the ground. Due to the challenges faced that has been analyzed earlier in this report, the time needed and the duration necessary for obtaining results were not really allocated on the ground. Hence I certainly recommend extending the project as per the exact time suggested to achieve the planned outcome. This is in order to be able to achieve results and outcome. The reason for this is strongly recommendable is justified because of the efforts exerted so far. All initial preparatory steps have been implemented with satisfactory level. So continuation for and building on the achievement so far will lead to contributing to enhancing youth capacities, skills and capabilities of MOYA and YPA to better serve young Kuwait men and men.

  • Analyze: The indicators of output achievement and their transformation into outcome tangible progress is strongly recommended to be utilized so as to be able to manage based on achieving results.
6

Beneficiaries Satisfaction: evaluate and analyze the results themselves in views of the end beneficiaries.

Beneficiaries’ satisfaction has been a challenge and will no longer be available as long as there is no sense of mutual accountability and commitment. Results chains will logically link input, outputs, outcomes and impact towards beneficiaries satisfaction. Results chains will be flexibly used by different development actors/ stakeholder enabling them to capture the development process and their contributions towards this achievement. It is central for achieving Therefore, the suggested results chain is a central tool in the UNDP efforts to define shared goals and objectives, create dialogue on results, and align results with the national vision and thus achieve sustainability.

7

The management towards results achievement would have been made it quite evident on how to achieve the overall objective rather than focusing on certain interim deliverable such as the communication plan that consumed considerable efforts and resources.

Decide: How the overall interventions and performance process may be error-free processes and what are the lessons learned.

National ownership has been evident in this project and I strongly recommend UNDP to work on it if we want to achieve efficiency and sustainability of the project. Involvement of key officials only proved not to be effective as they could be changed; hence it should be useful to involve as much as relevant officials as possible. Middle management, executives, researchers, information Departments in addition to media may be involved all along the initial phase and once a while at the milestones achievements.

8

Inclusive partnership is also strongly recommended for the modalities of operation in most of the activities. This may result in additional running cost but on the other hand it will help sustain results and minimize starting from the beginning when a top leader is replaced.

9

In order to ensure the “Do No Harm” approach and increase effectiveness, I recommend designing and applying project approaches while involving all parties concerned/ stakeholders on wider scale not only top key officials taking into consideration as well the participation of the end beneficiaries who are the young men and women of Kuwait.

I also strongly recommend that when the (a) next phase is extended to address some of the challenges that the first phase faced in terms of greater inclusion and national ownership.

10

Means of Control: compare target performance in consideration of the results and how the means of control and correction may be replicated.

The achievement somehow, although satisfactory for some outputs, was not tangible towards achieving the project overall outcome that affects and interlinked with the National Plan and Strategy of Youth Empowerment. The overall image, as below, need to be clear and in front of each stakeholder for several reasons that evolves around youth empowerment need partnerships and support from several partners not only the responsibility of MOYA. But the MOYA and / or YPA has a functional coordination role to achieve such outcome.

Management Response Documents
1. Recommendation:

Most of the population in Kuwait is considered young. This project may lead to a difference to the level of youth empowerment as per the aspirations of Kuwait National Plan 2035. According to the Public Authority for Civil Information, the Kuwaiti adolescents and youth [from 15 till 29 years] make up of 368053 inhabitants which is the greater percentage of the population (35%). So this project could make a difference on the Kuwait efforts to position itself as regional and global leader for youth empowerment issues.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/05] [Last Updated: 2021/02/03]

The current CPD ends 2019 and there is no chance to extend the project beyond 2019. UNDP will attempt to have a second phase in 2020 for the new CPD

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP senior management will attempt with the governement to have a second phase project included in the CPD
[Added: 2020/01/06] [Last Updated: 2020/09/02]
Senior Managament 2020/09 Completed Due to the COVID-19 pandemic & the current state of the economy, UNDP Kuwait has turned this into a cross-cutting issue tackled in several other projects, with a more focused approach and strategic interventions. History
2. Recommendation:

The indicators of output achievement and their transformation into outcome tangible progress is strongly recommended to be utilized so as to be able to manage based on achieving results.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/05] [Last Updated: 2021/02/03]

This will be taken into consideration in the future and in the new CPD

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This will be planned in our new projects for the new CPD when finalized
[Added: 2020/01/06] [Last Updated: 2020/09/16]
Senior Management/Team Leaders 2020/09 Completed Resolved by enhanced reporting and communication to multiple focal points as done in other projects. History
3. Recommendation:

National ownership has been evident in this project and it is strongly recommend to UNDP to work on it if we want to achieve efficiency and sustainability of the project. Involvement of key officials only proved not to be effective as they could be changed; hence it should be useful to involve as much as relevant officials possible. Middle management, executives, researchers, information Departments in addition to media may be involved all along the initial phase and once a while at the milestones achievements.

Inclusive partnership is also strongly recommended for the modalities of operation in most of the activities. This may result in additional running cost but on the other hand it will help sustain results and minimize starting from the beginning when a top leader is replaced.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/05] [Last Updated: 2021/02/03]

Well noted. It will be implemented in the future and in the new CPD.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
In the new projects for the new CPD, as many as relevant officials will be invloved in the projets depending on the neture of the project
[Added: 2020/01/06] [Last Updated: 2020/09/16]
Senior Management/Team Leaders 2020/09 Completed Diversification of implementing partners considered in new projects. History
4. Recommendation:

Compare target performance in consideration of the results and how the means of control and correction may be replicated.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/05] [Last Updated: 2021/02/03]

Well noted. It will be implemented in the future and in the new CPD.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
For future projects, the perfromance will be continously monitored and corrections will be done on time.
[Added: 2020/01/06] [Last Updated: 2020/09/16]
Team Leaders/ Projects staff/Senior Managament 2020/09 Completed Weekly portfolio meetings have been introduced to raise and manage any issues that arise in projects. History
5. Recommendation:

The allocated time as per the developed strategy of the project is reasonable and based on a careful planning and analysis. However this was not actually implemented on the ground. Due to the challenges faced that has been analyzed earlier in this report, the time needed and the duration necessary for obtaining results were not really allocated on the ground. Hence I certainly recommend extending the project as per the exact time suggested to achieve the planned outcome. This is in order to be able to achieve results and outcome. The reason for this is strongly recommendable is justified because of the efforts exerted so far. All initial preparatory steps have been implemented with satisfactory level. So continuation for and building on the achievement so far will lead to contributing to enhancing youth capacities, skills and capabilities of MOYA and YPA to better serve young Kuwait men and men.

  • Analyze: The indicators of output achievement and their transformation into outcome tangible progress is strongly recommended to be utilized so as to be able to manage based on achieving results.
Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/25] [Last Updated: 2021/05/10]

Well noted. Will be implemented in the next project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project progression will be closely monitored and indicators will be utilized
[Added: 2021/05/10]
Programme Team 2021/01 Completed
6. Recommendation:

Beneficiaries Satisfaction: evaluate and analyze the results themselves in views of the end beneficiaries.

Beneficiaries’ satisfaction has been a challenge and will no longer be available as long as there is no sense of mutual accountability and commitment. Results chains will logically link input, outputs, outcomes and impact towards beneficiaries satisfaction. Results chains will be flexibly used by different development actors/ stakeholder enabling them to capture the development process and their contributions towards this achievement. It is central for achieving Therefore, the suggested results chain is a central tool in the UNDP efforts to define shared goals and objectives, create dialogue on results, and align results with the national vision and thus achieve sustainability.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/02/03] [Last Updated: 2021/05/10]

Beneficiaries satisfaction is one of our main targets. We do note the issue of the Results Chain and will be considered in our future projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The mutual accountability will be highlighted in the new projects
[Added: 2021/05/10]
Programme Team 2021/01 Completed
The mutual accountability will be highlighted in the new projects
[Added: 2021/05/10]
Programme Team 2021/01 Completed
7. Recommendation:

The management towards results achievement would have been made it quite evident on how to achieve the overall objective rather than focusing on certain interim deliverable such as the communication plan that consumed considerable efforts and resources.

Decide: How the overall interventions and performance process may be error-free processes and what are the lessons learned.

National ownership has been evident in this project and I strongly recommend UNDP to work on it if we want to achieve efficiency and sustainability of the project. Involvement of key officials only proved not to be effective as they could be changed; hence it should be useful to involve as much as relevant officials as possible. Middle management, executives, researchers, information Departments in addition to media may be involved all along the initial phase and once a while at the milestones achievements.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/10]

We took note and we will involve more officials in future projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Involving as much as possible relevant officials, middle management, executives, etc. in the initial phases of the future projects.
[Added: 2021/05/10]
Programme Team 2021/01 Completed
8. Recommendation:

Inclusive partnership is also strongly recommended for the modalities of operation in most of the activities. This may result in additional running cost but on the other hand it will help sustain results and minimize starting from the beginning when a top leader is replaced.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/10]

We took note of the inclusive partnership and will be implemented in future projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inclusive partnership for the modalities of operations in most of future projects activities
[Added: 2021/05/10]
Programme Team 2021/01 Completed
9. Recommendation:

In order to ensure the “Do No Harm” approach and increase effectiveness, I recommend designing and applying project approaches while involving all parties concerned/ stakeholders on wider scale not only top key officials taking into consideration as well the participation of the end beneficiaries who are the young men and women of Kuwait.

I also strongly recommend that when the (a) next phase is extended to address some of the challenges that the first phase faced in terms of greater inclusion and national ownership.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/10]

Several attempts were made to have more inclusion but unfortunately it didn’t work. We will for sure do that again in the new projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Applying project approached while involving all concerned parties.
[Added: 2021/05/10]
Programme Team 2021/01 Completed
10. Recommendation:

Means of Control: compare target performance in consideration of the results and how the means of control and correction may be replicated.

The achievement somehow, although satisfactory for some outputs, was not tangible towards achieving the project overall outcome that affects and interlinked with the National Plan and Strategy of Youth Empowerment. The overall image, as below, need to be clear and in front of each stakeholder for several reasons that evolves around youth empowerment need partnerships and support from several partners not only the responsibility of MOYA. But the MOYA and / or YPA has a functional coordination role to achieve such outcome.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/05/10]

The achievements will be highlighted in the future 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Special attention will be made to highlight the achievements in the new projects
[Added: 2021/05/10]
Programme Team 2021/01 Completed N/A History

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