00068398 Strategic Planning and Action to Climate Resilience (SPARC) GEF Terminal Evaluation

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Indonesia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


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Download document ToR Terminal Evaluation Consultant.pdf tor English 351.22 KB Posted 64
Download document Final Terminal Evaluation UNDP SPARC Project Indonesia 2 May 2019 signed.pdf report English 1455.60 KB Posted 52
Title 00068398 Strategic Planning and Action to Climate Resilience (SPARC) GEF Terminal Evaluation
Atlas Project Number: 00068398
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Indonesia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2019
Planned End Date: 07/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Energy
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.5.1 Solutions adopted to achieve universal access to clean, affordable and sustainable energy
SDG Goal
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG Target
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: SPARC Project
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 18,318
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Dr. Brent Tegler
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Strategic Planning and Action to Climate Resilience
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4340
PIMS Number: 4549
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: INDONESIA

Some lessons learn revealed from the process of final evaluation; 

1. Success of the SPARC project can be attributed in large measure to the commitment and endorsement by national, provincial and district government staff. A high level of country ownership is reflected in the adoption the SPARC model in policies, planning documents and action plans promoted by all levels of government. Indonesia’s Village Law (Law No.6 of 2014) and the associated VDF provides vital ongoing government financial commitment to SPARC actions that will continue to support the communities directly involved in the project and which can support actions in new communities through scaling up initiated by district and provincial governments.

2. The high efficiency of SPACR implementation led to an expansion into additional villages and a new district and a two year extension without requiring an increased budget. Monitoring and evaluation reports and observations during the TE determined the intended outputs of SPARC have been achieved and in many cases exceeded. While SPARC was highly successful in meeting targets that verify the achievement of project outputs and outcomes, the project could have done more to ensure and support the scaling up of the successes demonstrated. Some of learning from project implementationat at the field are as follow; 

  •  Community facilitation is an effective and crucial project activity empowering women, men, youth and children, it forms community groups, utilizes local knowledge and introduces innovation.
  • Assessment of the incremental economic gains resulting from alternative income generating activities is an important measure of project success.
  • Capacity development was consistently reported as important element of the SPARC project by staff and stakeholders.
  • Working with government planning staff incorporating project activities into medium and long term planning documents contributes to project sustainability

3. Dispite of the achievements made, Challenges  may occur to sustain the institutional capacity created in government and for government to replicate the SPARC model in the villages, districts and provinces which did not directly participate in the SPARC project.



From the evaluation, it revealed findings as follow; 

1. The SPARC project design and implementation was highly effective in achieving the intended project outcomes. The high efficiency of implementation led to an expansion into additional villages and a new district and a two year extension without requiring an increased budget. Monitoring and evaluation reports and observations during the TE determined the intended

2. Project outputs of SPARC have been achieved and in many cases exceeded.
Typical of the majority of development projects, the number of communities which benefited from SPARC was limited. As Indonesia’s first CCA project, SPARC was a pilot project, testing a multi-sectoral, multi-hierarchical model of working with government to identify and work with communities at risk, in the implementation of CCA actions to increase resilience. There remain many thousands of communities across Indonesia which did not participate, but which are vulnerable, at-risk communities that could benefit from implementation of the SPARC model.

3. SPARC supports the UNDP primary outcome of integrating low emission climate resilient development in key-sectoral governance entities as well as the secondary outcome of strengthened capacity of developing countries to mainstream climate change adaptation into national development plans.

4. SPARC is Indonesia’s first nationally coordinated CC project financed through an instrument of the CC Convention (GEF Special Climate Change Fund) which worked with provincial and district governments to strengthen the climate resilience of rural communities. It is a pilot project that worked in one of Indonesia’s more vulnerable provinces, NTT, where it selected and worked with 46 villages in four districts based on a Village Vulnerability and Climate Risk Index developed by the project. The success of SPARC has potential for replication across Indonesia, given the ability of the national implementing partner, MoEF Directorate for Climate Change Adaptation, to work with other provincial and district governments to address the needs of vulnerable communities.

5. SPARC builds on existing government programs that support CCA (e.g. RAN-API), it supported planning mechanisms such as provincial and district planning committees (Bappeda) and their development of medium term development plans (RPJMD) where CCA policy was incorporated. SPARC supports the bottom-up approach to development promoted in Indonesia and this facilitates working directly with communities at risk through financial support available from the Village Development Fund (VDF).

6. At a global scale SPARC contributes to GEF objectives by reducing the vulnerability of the pilot rural communities to the adverse impacts of CC and increasing their adaptive capacity to respond to the impacts of climate change. SPARC contributed to UNDP country program outcomes (2011-2015 and 2016-2020) by incorporating CC policies into NTT provincial and district planning and policy documents which address rural communities’ needs in response to a changing climate and contributed to inclusive, sustainable economic growth for these communities.

7. SPARC outcomes also provide sustainable environmental benefits by introducing renewable forms of energy use (solar water pumps), water conserving agricultural methods (mulching, drip irrigation) and tree nursery and tree planting programs.

8. In overall, SPARC has produced satisfactory measurable development change as a result of the project inputs and activities. There has been effective use of financial, human and material resources with satisfactory implementation, expansion of the project at the mid-term and the successful achievement of all project outcomes. The implementation actions effectively mobilized government and community stakeholders resulting in active participation, new forms of collaboration, advocacy of the SPARC project model and commitments to sustain the project outcomes. Tangible outputs included new CCA policies and actions plans incorporated into government planning documents and CCA activities enhanced or introduced and adopted by project communities increasing their resilience to a more variable and changing climate.

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