Final Evaluation: Sustainable Management Model for Local Government Organisations to Enhance Biodiversity Protection and Utilization in Selected Ecosystem

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Thailand
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
09/2020
Completion Date:
04/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
35,000

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Title Final Evaluation: Sustainable Management Model for Local Government Organisations to Enhance Biodiversity Protection and Utilization in Selected Ecosystem
Atlas Project Number: 00086180
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Thailand
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 04/2020
Planned End Date: 09/2020
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.1. National and sub-national systems and institutions enabled to achieve structural transformation of productive capacities that are sustainable and employment - and livelihoods- intensive
SDG Goal
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Evaluation Budget(US $): 35,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 31,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
José Antonio CABO BUJÁN
Walaitat WORAKUL
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Sustainable Management Model for Local Government Organisations to Enhance Biodiversity Protection and Utilization in Selected Ecosystem
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5726
PIMS Number: 5271
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: THAILAND
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

UNDP and BEDO should follow up on the formal commitment to the adoption of the biodiversity health index and its inclusion into local government planning and evaluation adopted at the national workshop on biodiversity mainstreaming held last March. A concrete roadmap must be formally agreed upon by the mains stakeholders, DLA/MoI and MoNRE, which can be connected to the new GEF-7 project in Phetchaburi.

2

BEDO and DLA should continue to support its champion TAO (Laem Yai), which has adopted the BHI, and PAOs, (Samut Songkhram and Samut Prakarn), which could be adopting the BHI guidelines to provide practical examples to other LGO. This support entails also investing funds in developing the capacity of LGOs and DLA to implement the BHI, for instance, as suggested by DLA and BEDO, through the provincial structures of MoNRE and training capacities of KPI.

3

BEDO and the Department of Fisheries should continue efforts with the fisherfolk in Don Hoi Lot towards sustainable fishing practices. These efforts should likely involve more stakeholders, including tourism entrepreneurs, and the Department of Coastal and Marine Resources. Given the opportunities presented by its tourism potential, the adoption of a voluntary good practices code could show the way for similar agreements in other areas of the country, including the Petchaburi province focus of the coming GEF-7 biodiversity mainstreaming project.

4

BEDO and the DLA could consider, within the bounds of political propriety, encouraging the discussion of environmental and biodiversity goals in the political debate of the coming local elections, by showing local officials that people, and hence votes, are interested in measures taken to promote a healthy environment.  

5

BEDO and the Thailand Wetland Foundation should ensure the promotion of birdwatching tourism, which may provide a necessary economic incentive for local government to continue monitoring biodiversity. The advance of community-based sustainable shrimp powder that has shown promising results if linked to a code of good practice for the Acetes spp. fishery, together with the ongoing efforts related to the Solen regularis fishery. BEDO support will be necessary for the newly developed products (shrimp powder) and services (birdwatching tourism) in Don Hoi Lot.  Income-generating projects developed in Don Hoi Lot pose more challenges than the more established GI mango production in Bang Khachao.

1. Recommendation:

UNDP and BEDO should follow up on the formal commitment to the adoption of the biodiversity health index and its inclusion into local government planning and evaluation adopted at the national workshop on biodiversity mainstreaming held last March. A concrete roadmap must be formally agreed upon by the mains stakeholders, DLA/MoI and MoNRE, which can be connected to the new GEF-7 project in Phetchaburi.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/13]

Agreed. Executive Management of BEDO has already met with the Executive of DLA. They discussed the effective way to disseminate the BHI manual to all local government offices nationwide. The work programme on BHI dissemination has been developed for mainstreaming within different business united under BEDO as well as use as basis for new proposal to GEF7. BEDO has already submitted BHI to the Thailand Environmental Fund’s Sub-Committee on Proposal Review Committee on Natural Resources, under the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP).         

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Development of road map towards a BHI adoption within MoI
[Added: 2020/09/13] [Last Updated: 2021/01/22]
BEDO 2021/02 Completed This BHI roadmap development has been included into the GEF-7 project document. History
Working with consultant from Suan Dusit University to expand the training to the LGO’s personnel in potential Tambons (Sub-district), Provinces
[Added: 2020/09/13] [Last Updated: 2021/03/08]
BEDO 2021/02 Completed BEDO has already embed the training materials and curiculum into their annual work plan and regular budget. The training will be delivered by BEDO and Suan Dusit University by the end of Dec 2021 (unlock down, Covid situation improved). Also, BEDO has already added training ciricular for LOG into the actvity and output (strengthen LGO's capacity in planning and budgeting) in the PPG for GEF-7 on Sustainable Tourisym. The project area in Phachob Kerikhan provice is a terget group of this training delivery in the first year work plan. History
2. Recommendation:

BEDO and DLA should continue to support its champion TAO (Laem Yai), which has adopted the BHI, and PAOs, (Samut Songkhram and Samut Prakarn), which could be adopting the BHI guidelines to provide practical examples to other LGO. This support entails also investing funds in developing the capacity of LGOs and DLA to implement the BHI, for instance, as suggested by DLA and BEDO, through the provincial structures of MoNRE and training capacities of KPI.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/13]

Agree, BEDO has planned to proceed continuously in both provinces under the mission of BEDO through mechanism of organizations in MoNRE. Laem Yai and others potential Subdistrict and work with BEDO in many provinces. These will be prototype local organization to expand implementation of the BHI in plan and budget management.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Coordinate with Provincial Offices for Natural Resources and Environment and Provincial Office for Local Administration for developing potential of Local government organization in target Tambons, Provinces
[Added: 2020/09/13] [Last Updated: 2021/01/22]
BEDO 2021/03 Completed It has been included into the 20-year plan of MoNRE. History
3. Recommendation:

BEDO and the Department of Fisheries should continue efforts with the fisherfolk in Don Hoi Lot towards sustainable fishing practices. These efforts should likely involve more stakeholders, including tourism entrepreneurs, and the Department of Coastal and Marine Resources. Given the opportunities presented by its tourism potential, the adoption of a voluntary good practices code could show the way for similar agreements in other areas of the country, including the Petchaburi province focus of the coming GEF-7 biodiversity mainstreaming project.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/13]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Coordinate with Department of Fisheries and Organizations under MoNRE including provincial organization for proceeding continuously from SLBT project
[Added: 2020/09/13] [Last Updated: 2021/03/08]
BEDO 2021/02 Completed The GCF NAP Marine and Coastal project has started. UNDP project team has already reviewed the BBI and plan to present to the Department of Fishery and relavant organization under MoNRE incuding provincial organizations. The BBI will also guide the LGOs along the Gulf of Thailand (18 provinces) to prepare their's Climate Change Adaptation Plans. History
4. Recommendation:

BEDO and the DLA could consider, within the bounds of political propriety, encouraging the discussion of environmental and biodiversity goals in the political debate of the coming local elections, by showing local officials that people, and hence votes, are interested in measures taken to promote a healthy environment.  

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/13]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Coordinate with DLA -MOI and related organizations for considering the importance of policy Local Administration in Environment and Biodiversity Resource Management
[Added: 2020/09/13] [Last Updated: 2021/06/06]
Need to identify the potential Chief of Tambon Administration Office (elected person) who joined the Plant Genetic Conservation Project under Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn. Work with these champion group for change making process. 2021/05 Completed Due to Covid19 Outbreak from 1-3 wave, the Chief of Tambon Administration Offices nationwide got overwhelming on their Covid-19 response actions in supporting relief, safeguard, public health. So, the biodiversity management tasks were put at lower priority. Then, UNDP will transfer this action to the new innitiative in supporting the capacity building to DLA-MoI through the partnership development work for UNDP Thailand Country Office and the GEF-7 funded project with BEDO (to be apporved in late 2021/early 2022). History
5. Recommendation:

BEDO and the Thailand Wetland Foundation should ensure the promotion of birdwatching tourism, which may provide a necessary economic incentive for local government to continue monitoring biodiversity. The advance of community-based sustainable shrimp powder that has shown promising results if linked to a code of good practice for the Acetes spp. fishery, together with the ongoing efforts related to the Solen regularis fishery. BEDO support will be necessary for the newly developed products (shrimp powder) and services (birdwatching tourism) in Don Hoi Lot.  Income-generating projects developed in Don Hoi Lot pose more challenges than the more established GI mango production in Bang Khachao.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/13]

Agree. BEDO will conduct under ordinary mission of organization and consider through annual budget.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Development of community enterprises for conducting bioresources business.
[Added: 2020/09/13]
BEDO 2021/12 Initiated Follow through the annual programme evaluation of BEDO
Upgrade products and services to create an economy based on biological resources.
[Added: 2020/09/13]
BEDO 2021/12 Initiated Follow through the annual programme evaluation of BEDO

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