Tuvalu National Programme of Action: Increasing Resilience of Coastal Areas and Community Settlements to Climate Change in Tuvalu

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Evaluation Plan:
2013-2017, Fiji
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2014
Completion Date:
02/2017
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Tuvalu National Programme of Action: Increasing Resilience of Coastal Areas and Community Settlements to Climate Change in Tuvalu
Atlas Project Number: 58214- Tuvalu NAPA,NAPA 1 and NAPA +1
Evaluation Plan: 2013-2017, Fiji
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 02/2017
Planned End Date: 12/2014
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
  • 2. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 3. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.4. Scaled up action on climate change adaptation and mitigation across sectors which is funded and implemented
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: GEF LDCF and AusAID
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 15,510
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Bruce Jefferies Planning and Management Consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Tuvalu National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) NAPA-I and NAPA-I+
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
GEF Project ID: 58214
PIMS Number: 4163
Key Stakeholders: Department of Environment under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Trade, Tourism, Environment and Labour (MFATTEL), Island Kaupules (Councils), NGOs and Communities of 9 islands covered
Countries: FIJI
Comments:

The Tuvalu NAPA-I project, “Increasing Resilience of Coastal Areas and Community Settlements to Climate Change in Tuvalu”, was the first national project to address priorities identified in the Tuvalu National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA). The project encompasses all 9 islands of the Tuvalu.

The project had a total budget of USD 4,369,000, of which USD 3,300,000 was provided by the GEF administered Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) and USD 1,069,000 was an additional grant granted by AusAID.  

The main objective of the project was to increase the protection of livelihoods in coastal areas from the dynamic risks related to climate change and climate variability in all inhabited islands of Tuvalu. This was to be achieved through three main outcomes: 1) Enhanced capacity to plan for and respond to climate change risks; 2) Implementation of practical community-based adaptation measures (relating to water security, coastal protection and food security); and 3) Capturing, analysing and disseminating project knowledge and lessons learned. 

The objective of the Terminal Evaluation (TE) was to: assess the achievement of project results, and to draw lessons that can both improve the sustainability of benefits from this project, and aid in the overall enhancement of UNDP programming.

Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

UNDP and the Government of Tuvalu take active steps to maintain the momentum and interest generated by NAPA 1

2

UNDP and the Government of Tuvalu mainstream Climate Change adaptation principles into all future development and resource management processes.

3

All projects (existing and proposed) make provision for technical support to PMUs from qualified and experienced technical advisors

4

Technical advisors be retained for a set number of months spread over the life of the project to; provide technical inputs and coordination for consultancies, sub-contracts, support for setting up and maintaining a robust monitoring and evaluation framework, review and comment on reports from COs, organise training courses, and generally provide technical and planning support to the PMU

5

A scoping exercise be carried out to assess the feasibility of locating project staff on each outer island or groups of islands

6

CROP agencies be included in annual work plans and provided with adequate time to schedule input and add their experience from CC projects in other PICs

7

In view of the projects capacity issues all new projects take steps to build capacity in climate change adaptation planning and mitigation

8

Capacity building interventions use demonstration projects and target training and mentoring activities to PMU staff and Community Organisers.

9

Each outlying island prepare a close-out report, based on a template to be developed by UNDP and the PMU, aimed at identifying stakeholders’ views on what worked, what didn’t work and why, and pointing to priorities for future projects

10

The steep learning curve the NAPA 1 project experienced is evaluated and integrated into all going CC projects

11

Ensure that lessons and experiences that the project accumulated are synthesized and translated into SMART indicators that can be applied to project monitoring and evaluation systems

1. Recommendation:

UNDP and the Government of Tuvalu take active steps to maintain the momentum and interest generated by NAPA 1

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13]

Current Projects including National Ridge to Reef and NAPA 2 Project expand support for food security

 

 

 

GCF project commencing in 2017  will implemental costal protection measure in 3 islands

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project such as National Ridge to Ridge to Reef to implement replanting of coconut trees, Pulaka pits and home gardening. Environmental impact assessments and coastal protection measures
[Added: 2017/02/13] [Last Updated: 2020/02/05]
UNDP and Government 2020/01 Completed 3000 mangroves was planted along coast at avalua island,Funafuti. History
2. Recommendation:

UNDP and the Government of Tuvalu mainstream Climate Change adaptation principles into all future development and resource management processes.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13] [Last Updated: 2017/02/16]

Community based demonstration activities integrated in island strategic plans.

One island has successfully mobilized some funds for from the government for climate change adaptation work on the island.

This mainstreaming will be continued in the Ridge to Reef, NAPA 2 and Global Climate Fund (TCAP) Projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NAPA 2 Project supporting outer islands revision of island strategic plans with inclusion of climate change priorities. 5/9 have been supported by project by December 2016
[Added: 2017/02/13] [Last Updated: 2017/12/10]
Tuvalu Government 2017/12 Completed Apart from R2R, NAPA 2 and GCF (TCAP), UNDP and Government are currently liaising for a NAP proposal. Update (June,2017): NAPA 2 project has supported 3 outer islands to revise and integrate climate change to island strategic plan. Finalisation of revise strategic plan for othere islands in progress History
3. Recommendation:

All projects (existing and proposed) make provision for technical support to PMUs from qualified and experienced technical advisors

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13]

At request of Government, UNDP is also supporting engagement of   technical advisers who have regional and international experience and/or have worked in Small Island Developing states.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NAPA 1 and NAPA 2 Projects have engaged services of regional and national consultants. Of significance is the example of engagement of the Chief Technical Adviser (CTA) for the Tuvalu R2R project and GCF TCAP to provide technical support especially for acceleration of specific activities
[Added: 2017/02/13] [Last Updated: 2017/12/11]
UNDP and Government 2017/12 Completed Technical support is an ongoing activity through project life of existing projects. Wherever possible, recruitment of advisors with necessary experience in Small island developing States will be supported as well as national consultants e.g. biodiversity survey and management of Marine Protected Areas. 1.Update (June,2017): Technical support is an ongoing activity through project life of existing projects. Wherever possible, recruitment of advisors with necessary experience in Small island developing States will be supported as well as national consultants e.g. biodiversity survey and management of Marine Protected Areas History
4. Recommendation:

Technical advisors be retained for a set number of months spread over the life of the project to; provide technical inputs and coordination for consultancies, sub-contracts, support for setting up and maintaining a robust monitoring and evaluation framework, review and comment on reports from COs, organise training courses, and generally provide technical and planning support to the PMU

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13]

Recommendation  noted and to be implemented for future projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Recommendation to be discussed with Government and Project Coordination Units
[Added: 2017/02/13] [Last Updated: 2017/12/11]
UNDP and Government 2017/12 Completed In 2016, R2R Project staff had induction training in Suva. They also had technical discussions with University of the South Pacific, Secretariat of the Pacific Community and the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area Network. In 2017, some of the Ridge to Reef stakeholders from Nauru travelled to Tonga for South – South exchange and participants travelled to Fiji for knowledge exchange on best practices and participated in field visits. It is envisaged that Tuvalu will join the South – South annual initiative. 1. Update (June,2017): Plans are underway between Tuvalu R2R and LMMA. History
5. Recommendation:

A scoping exercise be carried out to assess the feasibility of locating project staff on each outer island or groups of islands

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13]

Future projects to consider this possibility. In addition, it is essential that future project sign a Memorandum of Agreement with respective island Councils which could host officers on each islands and jointly undertake training initiatives.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ridge to Reef Project has recruited island officers for all 9 islands. They have been formally presented to the respective islands councils (Kaupules)
[Added: 2017/02/13]
Tuvalu Government 2016/12 Completed The Ridge to Reef Project island Officers were presented to respective island councils, which is critical to ensuring successful implementation of demonstration activities and ownership of project
6. Recommendation:

CROP agencies be included in annual work plans and provided with adequate time to schedule input and add their experience from CC projects in other PICs

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13]

CROP agencies are keys stakeholders providing technical support for implementation. SPC is already extensively engaged in the project e.g. proving seedlings/home gardening during NAPA 1. SPC also produced a climate change documentary on the work in Tuvalu which was freely aired on SPC’s allocated air time on Pacific and Fiji Television.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ongoing project to include Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Program (SPREP)
[Added: 2017/02/13]
Tuvalu Government 2016/12 Completed An ongoing activity as regional agencies will be engaged over project duration. Participation will also depend upon availability of regional agencies and availability of funding. Since 2016 Secretariat of the Pacific Community has started charging countries/projects for services rendered. This may have some implications on level and extent of engagement of regional agencies. Currently Ridge to Reef Project is engaging SPC to undertake water assessment in 2017
7. Recommendation:

In view of the projects capacity issues all new projects take steps to build capacity in climate change adaptation planning and mitigation

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13]

This is reflected in NAPA 2, R2R and GCF (TCAP) projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Combined Missions are undertaken to outer islands for training in home gardens, Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) maintenance, identification of climate change priorities and associated budgeting
[Added: 2017/02/13] [Last Updated: 2017/12/10]
Government/ UNDP 2017/12 Completed Update (June,2017): Approach currently implemented by the NAPA II project, fisheries officers and department of rural development officers and department of environment officers as well as other stakeholders such as Red Cross are examples of combined missions taken in outer islands. A similar approach is also undertaken by the R2R project, once implementation starts, the GCF project will adopt a similar approach. History
8. Recommendation:

Capacity building interventions use demonstration projects and target training and mentoring activities to PMU staff and Community Organisers.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13]

Capacity building is an key component of UNDP/GEF supported projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
New Projects such as Ridge to Reef have engaged all PMU staff and island officers for biodiversity surveys. In 2017, island officers will be engaged in other technical training. NAPA 2 Project PMU staff continue to participate in surveys and support reviews of island strategic plans
[Added: 2017/02/13] [Last Updated: 2017/12/11]
Government /Project Implementation Units 2017/12 Completed Capacity building for current projects is an on - going activity 1.Update (June, 2017): Ridge to reef project officers based on all outer islands continue to participate in annual trainings and are engaged in applying this at the islands through specific activities such as biodiversity surveys which were recently completed in all islands in Tuvalu. These officers will engage in all activities such as review of biodiversity surveys and reviews of LMMAs History
9. Recommendation:

Each outlying island prepare a close-out report, based on a template to be developed by UNDP and the PMU, aimed at identifying stakeholders’ views on what worked, what didn’t work and why, and pointing to priorities for future projects

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13]

Not possible given operational closure and expiry of contracts of officers who were previously based on each island

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
This will be done for new projects being implemented
[Added: 2017/02/13] [Last Updated: 2021/01/06]
Government /Project Implementation Units 2020/12 Completed Completed History
10. Recommendation:

The steep learning curve the NAPA 1 project experienced is evaluated and integrated into all going CC projects

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13]

NAPA 1 project provided a good learning curve given that this was the first UNDP/GEF supported project with activities on all 9 island in Tuvalu.  Project formulation of all new environmental projects will take heed to lessons learnt

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Design of new projects such as Ridge to Reef and Green Climate Fund Project are inclusive of key lessons learnt
[Added: 2017/02/13] [Last Updated: 2017/12/11]
Government and UNDP 2017/12 Completed Application of learning is an ongoing through project life of on- going projects 1. Update (June,2017): Tuvalu GCF and R2R project's design were informed by key lessons learnt. However, any new projects in Tuvalu will continue to ensure that lessons learnt are integrated in its design. History
11. Recommendation:

Ensure that lessons and experiences that the project accumulated are synthesized and translated into SMART indicators that can be applied to project monitoring and evaluation systems

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/13]

This will be carried out and used for future projects. This work commences with NAPA 2, R2R and GCT (TCAP)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Design of new projects such as Ridge to Reef and Green Climate Fund Project are inclusive of key lessons learnt
[Added: 2017/02/13] [Last Updated: 2017/12/11]
Government and UNDP 2017/12 Completed There will be attempts for realignment between these smart indicators and existing ones from; -log frames - other assessments e.g. bio-indicators from biodiversity surveys 1. Update (June,2017): Lessons learnt from NAPA project informed that design of the Tuvalu R2R and GCF projects History

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