Gambia Protected Areas Network and Community Livelihood Project

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2017-2022, Gambia
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
10/2019
Completion Date:
12/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Download document UNDP GEFpan FTerminal Evaluation Terms of Reference TemplateRR Gambia April 2018.docx tor English 73.71 KB Posted 1194
Download document Final TE Report - PAN Gambia 8Dec2020 CLEAN.docx report English 1643.14 KB Posted 973
Title Gambia Protected Areas Network and Community Livelihood Project
Atlas Project Number: 00089259
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2022, Gambia
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2020
Planned End Date: 10/2019
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4. Scaled up action on climate change adaptation and mitigation across sectors which is funded and implemented
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 20,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Richard Crawford Prentice Lead consulant
Amadou Camara
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Protected area network and community livelihood
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5529
PIMS Number: 5000
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: GAMBIA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

The legal designation of Jokadu NP remains pending due to COVID19-related delays in the official approval of the submitted documents. DWNP should follow up on this to ensure that it takes place without delay.

2

The management plan for Bao Bolong WR was a key project deliverable that was not fully completed (the draft did not include the extension area). This should be completed as soon as possible to enable effective management of the whole PA.

3

According to PIR 2020, some budget deviations must be resolved as the project approaches closure.  These include some PMC discrepancies, misallocation of DPCs under activity budget lines, DPCs being slightly exceeded, and the addition of new budget lines not provided for in the Project document. No justification has been given, over 5% of the total grant. The UNDP Regional PA is recommended to work closely with the UNDP CO, IP, and project team to resolve these deviations.

4

As indicated in PIR 2020, an independent review report released in March 2020 stated some gaps in identifying and rating safeguards risks. It recommended that the SESP risk rating should be raised to Moderate. It was too late to make the recommendations during implementation. However, some recommendations should be included in the project's closure report to assist the IP with ongoing monitoring and management of any safeguard-related risks to sustainability. 

5

Facilitate ongoing liaison with and support for PACs and communities adjacent to PAs to maintain harmonious engagement in co-management, and control over external threats to biodiversity.

6

Facilitate ongoing collaboration with agricultural, rural development and environmental initiatives around the targeted PAs to sustain and replicate livelihood benefits (eg SLM farmer field packages, community woodlots, bee-keeping, saline tolerant rice varieties and fuel-efficient cookstoves) to surrounding communities and reduce pressure on natural resources (eg through the IFAD ROOTS project)

7

Align UNDP-led projects with the respective outcomes to support the continued flow of socio-economic and environmental benefits. (eg, Rapid Response Facility, Small Grants Programme, climate change resilience and governance/democracy projects that empower citizens to take control of their environment, BIOFIN, etc.)

8

Align UNDP-led projects with the respective outcomes to support the continued flow of socio-economic and environmental benefits. (eg, Rapid Response Facility, Small Grants Programme, climate change resilience and governance/democracy projects that empower citizens to take control of their environment, BIOFIN, etc.)

9

A systemic improvement approach is needed to break the lack of progress achieved from the projects. This should be a programmatic approach that aims to build systemic capacity for biodiversity conservation and PA management to become self-sustaining (perhaps through a regional programme). Such systemic capacity development should take account of the IUCN Global Register of Competences for Protected Area Practitioners (which is being applied in China through the GEF C-PAR Programme)


 


 

Management Response Documents
1. Recommendation:

The legal designation of Jokadu NP remains pending due to COVID19-related delays in the official approval of the submitted documents. DWNP should follow up on this to ensure that it takes place without delay.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/12]

The Director has shared trails of follow-ups on the issue. He has advised that notification will be sent out in case of complaints and then official gazettement. No timeframe could be given. However, the Programme Unit will consistently engage with the department to close the matter by the end of 2021.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

The management plan for Bao Bolong WR was a key project deliverable that was not fully completed (the draft did not include the extension area). This should be completed as soon as possible to enable effective management of the whole PA.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/12]

The Department of Parks and Wildlife Director has informed the Programme unit that the plan will be complete to cover the entire protected area and validated by December 2021.

In the meantime, the completion of the management plan is pending. The department manages the park in its entity, including the extension areas, and all relevant works and studies (international and national) entail data of the whole park.

 

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

According to PIR 2020, some budget deviations must be resolved as the project approaches closure.  These include some PMC discrepancies, misallocation of DPCs under activity budget lines, DPCs being slightly exceeded, and the addition of new budget lines not provided for in the Project document. No justification has been given, over 5% of the total grant. The UNDP Regional PA is recommended to work closely with the UNDP CO, IP, and project team to resolve these deviations.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/12]

The CO will reach out to the regional office to identify the exact discrepancies between the DPC allowed and the DCP charged and liaise to resolve the matter by the end of 2021. The Country Office has already investigated how much DPC the CO has charged to the project as a whole. This information will be shared with the regional office in (August 2021) to start resolving the matter

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

As indicated in PIR 2020, an independent review report released in March 2020 stated some gaps in identifying and rating safeguards risks. It recommended that the SESP risk rating should be raised to Moderate. It was too late to make the recommendations during implementation. However, some recommendations should be included in the project's closure report to assist the IP with ongoing monitoring and management of any safeguard-related risks to sustainability. 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/12]

The project closure report will be drafted, and the identified risk incorporated by Q4 of 2021.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

Facilitate ongoing liaison with and support for PACs and communities adjacent to PAs to maintain harmonious engagement in co-management, and control over external threats to biodiversity.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/12]

Thus far, there is harmonious engagement in co-management over external threats to biodiversity, with the PACs independently conducting meetings and monitoring activities since the project’s closure. This particular aspect of the management plan is discussed at the PAC meetings. The UNDP Programme unit will continue to engage with DPWM to follow up on whether the current arrangements continue. UNDP will not be facilitating these meetings as this defeats the matter of sustainability.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

Facilitate ongoing collaboration with agricultural, rural development and environmental initiatives around the targeted PAs to sustain and replicate livelihood benefits (eg SLM farmer field packages, community woodlots, bee-keeping, saline tolerant rice varieties and fuel-efficient cookstoves) to surrounding communities and reduce pressure on natural resources (eg through the IFAD ROOTS project)

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/12]

Collaboration is mainstreamed at the ANR level and maintained at the field level through the TAC. Through technical input and training, projects in PA areas integrate PAN activities, especially the SLM components.

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation:

Align UNDP-led projects with the respective outcomes to support the continued flow of socio-economic and environmental benefits. (eg, Rapid Response Facility, Small Grants Programme, climate change resilience and governance/democracy projects that empower citizens to take control of their environment, BIOFIN, etc.)

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/12]

Alignment fully considered with the RFF targeting the PAs peripheral communities to cope with the impacts of COVD-19. Other UNDP-led projects in the process. Generally, the alignment processes and results are satisfactory.

Key Actions:

8. Recommendation:

Align UNDP-led projects with the respective outcomes to support the continued flow of socio-economic and environmental benefits. (eg, Rapid Response Facility, Small Grants Programme, climate change resilience and governance/democracy projects that empower citizens to take control of their environment, BIOFIN, etc.)

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/12]

Alignment fully considered with the RFF targeting the PAs peripheral communities to cope with the impacts of COVD-19. Other UNDP-led projects in the process. Generally, the alignment processes and results are satisfactory.

Key Actions:

9. Recommendation:

A systemic improvement approach is needed to break the lack of progress achieved from the projects. This should be a programmatic approach that aims to build systemic capacity for biodiversity conservation and PA management to become self-sustaining (perhaps through a regional programme). Such systemic capacity development should take account of the IUCN Global Register of Competences for Protected Area Practitioners (which is being applied in China through the GEF C-PAR Programme)


 


 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/12]

This will be considered when developing future projects to build upon the successes of the PAN project in this area

Key Actions:

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