Mid-term evaluation of energy efficiency in commercial building project (00084022)

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Viet Nam
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
06/2019
Completion Date:
07/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Mid-term evaluation of energy efficiency in commercial building project (00084022)
Atlas Project Number: 00084022
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Viet Nam
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 07/2019
Planned End Date: 06/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Goal
  • Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: Project budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title:
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-1
GEF Project ID:
PIMS Number: 5245
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Construction (MOC)
Countries: VIET NAM
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Revise Strategic Results Framework

The Project Log frame requires adaptations and rephrasing of some of the project indicators. The list of project indicators stipulated in the log-frame accordingly should be amended by reformulating some indicators while possibly omitting others to reduce the overall number.

2

Strengthen project focus on enforcement of the new building code

A mandatory building EE legislation and enforcement of the building code and other laws and regulations is crucial to ensure the long-term sustainability of the project results. Therefore, a main focus shall be on the finalization and delivery of outstanding activities considering the enforcement of the new building code requirements and capacity building among building professionals and public administration.

3

Ensure that institutional bodies take energy efficiency forward and market awareness is created in the longer term

Enforcement of the new building code and other (by-)laws and regulations will be required and thus public bodies to be created/assigned with specific tasks; although this development is at very early stage in Viet Nam so far and will need more time and efforts to create basic awareness among governmental and institutional stakeholders, building design and construction experts acting on the market, and the general public (mainly residents and users of buildings.

The Project shall emphasize to build a country-wide “Knowledge Center (KC) for Energy Efficiency in Buildings” by providing all information, reports, tools, training materials, publications, guidelines developed by the Project and make them publicly available online. MOC should maintain to be the KC for EE topics in the future.

Institutional building for developing a country building statistics and information base for building energy consumption in Viet Nam should be envisaged in the longer term, since it is understood that such institutions do not exist currently.

4

Introduce a higher level of public outreach and institutionalize public awareness measures in the frame of the country’s policy framework

The Project must improve the current level of information dissemination and public awareness creation activities throughout the remaining project period. An update of the Project’s communication strategy and plan is required.

 

Co-operation should be sought with national media and it should be possible to share several substantial success stories and provide specific awareness measures throughout the remaining project period (e.g. among building developers, building users). This plan also will make the EECB project in Viet Nam more consistent with other projects throughout the region, which are already actively documenting their projects’ successes via publications, internet, and mass media.

 

In terms of networking and know-how exchange, the Project shall establish exchange of experience and information through the UNDP network and engage with other on-going international projects supporting building EE in the region.

5

Monitoring & evaluation of GHG mitigation levels and project impacts to be reviewed

That relevant criteria will be considered for a GHG monitoring for the remaining duration of the Project and should thus be integrated into the overall monitoring activities under outcome 3. The PMU is doing well in monitoring the direct GHG impact of demonstration buildings that are receiving technical assistance through the Project; a weak point remains the monitoring of indirect GHG emission reductions, since required data (either from national energy statistics or specific building statistics, e.g. level of building construction, refurbishments, building energy consumption, etc.) is hardly available and requires high efforts for collection.

A "Lessons-learned report" shall be developed towards EOP summarizing the achievements and challenges the Project has overcome in regard to EE in buildings in Viet Nam, and outstanding support that is required for policies (enforcement), technologies and information sources to be replicated in the area of EE in buildings in the future (follow-up projects).

1. Recommendation:

Revise Strategic Results Framework

The Project Log frame requires adaptations and rephrasing of some of the project indicators. The list of project indicators stipulated in the log-frame accordingly should be amended by reformulating some indicators while possibly omitting others to reduce the overall number.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/31] [Last Updated: 2019/12/16]

Agreed and implemented

Based on the recommendation by the reviewers and in consultation with the project partners and the RTA, the project has revised the log-frame by omitting 6 indicators which are not relevant to the project’s impacts or are hardly measurable without conducting large scale studies that the project cannot afford. Of the 15 remaining indicators, 5 indicators are reformulated to better link the project results with expected outcomes and objectives. The most updated log-frame was approved by the RTA.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Revise the project results framework and update the project annual targets
[Added: 2019/10/31]
UNDP programme officer PMU Project Manager 2019/07 Completed
2. Recommendation:

Strengthen project focus on enforcement of the new building code

A mandatory building EE legislation and enforcement of the building code and other laws and regulations is crucial to ensure the long-term sustainability of the project results. Therefore, a main focus shall be on the finalization and delivery of outstanding activities considering the enforcement of the new building code requirements and capacity building among building professionals and public administration.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/31] [Last Updated: 2019/12/16]

Agreed

The Project has worked internally and then discussed at SC meeting and agreed with SC members on new activities that could better support the implementation of the building code and ensure the long-term sustainability of project results. These activities are: support to the inclusion of EE provisions into the revised law on construction; technical inputs on EE building is provided to the revision of the Decree 21 guiding the implementation of the Law on Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation; Update of the cost-norm to ensure the coverage of EE elements into the proforma cost for construction of public buildings and development of guidelines for design of EE buildings.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Provide technical inputs to MOC and NA on EE provisions to be included into the revised law on construction
[Added: 2019/10/31] [Last Updated: 2019/12/16]
The Project Management Unit and UNDP 2020/05 Initiated History
Provide technical inputs and conduct consultation workshops on EE buildings to the revision of the Decree 21 guiding the implementation of the Law on Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation
[Added: 2019/12/16]
The Project Management Unit and UNDP 2020/12 Not Initiated
Update the cost-norm to ensure the coverage of EE elements into the proforma cost for construction of public buildings
[Added: 2019/12/16]
The Project Management Unit and UNDP 2020/06 Not Initiated
Develop of guidelines for design of EE buildings
[Added: 2019/12/16]
The Project Management Unit and UNDP 2020/08 Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Ensure that institutional bodies take energy efficiency forward and market awareness is created in the longer term

Enforcement of the new building code and other (by-)laws and regulations will be required and thus public bodies to be created/assigned with specific tasks; although this development is at very early stage in Viet Nam so far and will need more time and efforts to create basic awareness among governmental and institutional stakeholders, building design and construction experts acting on the market, and the general public (mainly residents and users of buildings.

The Project shall emphasize to build a country-wide “Knowledge Center (KC) for Energy Efficiency in Buildings” by providing all information, reports, tools, training materials, publications, guidelines developed by the Project and make them publicly available online. MOC should maintain to be the KC for EE topics in the future.

Institutional building for developing a country building statistics and information base for building energy consumption in Viet Nam should be envisaged in the longer term, since it is understood that such institutions do not exist currently.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/31] [Last Updated: 2019/12/16]

The recommendation is dully noted. To ensure the institutional bodies take energy efficiency forward and market awareness is created in the longer term the projects has built capacity of government official and building practitioners on EE and developed relevant tools to support the implementation and monitoring of EE in building.

The project has been conducting 5 training workshops in 2019 to raise awareness and improve capacity of design, construction and acceptance of energy efficient buildings for architects, building assessors, DOC officials nationwide. Additional training workshop targeting building retrofits, building energy audits and knowledge and experience sharing workshops will be further conducted in 2020 to further raise awareness and strengthen capacity among building practitioners. The project is also working with the University of construction to develop training manuals on EE in building for the university training curriculum.

In addition, the project is developing specific energy consumption (SEC) profiles, energy consumption benchmarks for 2 building types (office and hotels); recommended labeling scheme and building M&V system that will be available by June 2020. Such will be the first steps for MOC to further develop information base for data collection and reporting of building energy consumption. Based on these preliminary results, the project also supports MOC and MOST to develop 04 national standards supporting definition, measurement and verification of energy performance in buildings.

The project also discussed with MOC the possibility of establishment of knowledge centre for energy efficiency in building under the MOC but this will not be feasible to set up a dedicated centre for EE in building. MOC has the communication center who manage MOC website portal and responsible for communication outreach of the ministry and information related to the buildings including the information of energy efficiency in buildings

Within the framework of the project, the project has been utilizing this network and website to update the project activities and maintain the data as resulted from the project (i.e. database on building materials and energy survey data) @ http://tietkiemnangluong.xaydung.gov.vn/project-c10.html. The project will further enhance the sharing of EE building practices and information through this website and other media channels.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
At least 2 training workshops on building energy audits and EE solutions targeting building retrofit
[Added: 2019/12/16]
The Project Management Unit and UNDP 2020/09 Initiated
Training manual on EE developed for University of Construction
[Added: 2019/12/16]
The Project Management Unit and UNDP 2020/12 Not Initiated
SEC profiles, energy consumption benchmark and M&V system, Labeling scheme for EE buildings are finalized and submitted to MOC
[Added: 2019/12/16]
The Project Management Unit and UNDP 2020/06 Initiated
04 standards supporting definition, measurement and verification of energy performance in buildings (i.e. EE benchmarking methodology, energy performance of building, measurement, calculation and verification of energy saving) are developed and submitted to MOC.
[Added: 2019/12/16]
The Project Management Unit and UNDP 2021/04 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Introduce a higher level of public outreach and institutionalize public awareness measures in the frame of the country’s policy framework

The Project must improve the current level of information dissemination and public awareness creation activities throughout the remaining project period. An update of the Project’s communication strategy and plan is required.

 

Co-operation should be sought with national media and it should be possible to share several substantial success stories and provide specific awareness measures throughout the remaining project period (e.g. among building developers, building users). This plan also will make the EECB project in Viet Nam more consistent with other projects throughout the region, which are already actively documenting their projects’ successes via publications, internet, and mass media.

 

In terms of networking and know-how exchange, the Project shall establish exchange of experience and information through the UNDP network and engage with other on-going international projects supporting building EE in the region.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/31] [Last Updated: 2019/12/16]

Agreed to update the Project Communication Plan and enhance the project communication activities

From mid- 2019, project activities has started delivering concrete results and lesson learnt based on which the project will continue communication products and communication outreach activities. In addition, the project also keeps regular contact with other agencies and networks or initiatives for possible collaboration in promoting EE in building i.e. the green building week, the Viet Nam Energy Partnership Group and will explore the potentials to work with real estate companies to identify activities to promote green buildings among end-users.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct dialogues with building owners on mainstreaming and promoting EE in building design, construction and operation
[Added: 2019/10/31] [Last Updated: 2019/12/16]
PMU and UNDP 2020/12 Initiated History
Conduct workshops targeting building owners and operator to introduce and disseminate building energy benchmarks and labeling schemes
[Added: 2019/12/16]
PMU and UNDP 2020/12 Initiated
Continue to engage and promote EE in building through national green building week and energy partnership groups.
[Added: 2019/12/16]
PMU and UNDP 2020/12 Initiated
Coordinate with the RTA to link the project with other international project on EE in the region to facilitate exchanges on relevant topics like EE policy options, financing and incentive mechanism on EE in buildings, etc.
[Added: 2019/12/16]
UNDP CO and RTA 2021/12 Initiated History
5. Recommendation:

Monitoring & evaluation of GHG mitigation levels and project impacts to be reviewed

That relevant criteria will be considered for a GHG monitoring for the remaining duration of the Project and should thus be integrated into the overall monitoring activities under outcome 3. The PMU is doing well in monitoring the direct GHG impact of demonstration buildings that are receiving technical assistance through the Project; a weak point remains the monitoring of indirect GHG emission reductions, since required data (either from national energy statistics or specific building statistics, e.g. level of building construction, refurbishments, building energy consumption, etc.) is hardly available and requires high efforts for collection.

A "Lessons-learned report" shall be developed towards EOP summarizing the achievements and challenges the Project has overcome in regard to EE in buildings in Viet Nam, and outstanding support that is required for policies (enforcement), technologies and information sources to be replicated in the area of EE in buildings in the future (follow-up projects).

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/31] [Last Updated: 2019/12/16]

Agreed

The project has engaged an expert team to develop M&E scheme for the project and to collect corresponding required data tracking of project impacts. At the time when the MTR was undertaken (February 2019), the project just started the survey thus the data was not available for consolidation and reporting. Since July 2019 and based on the demonstration projects that are being implemented, survey of energy consumption of 165 buildings and the data collected from the provincial departments of construction, the project has been able to monitor both direct and indirect GHG emission reductions on annual basis.

The project has resulted in a number of technical reports with good results and lessons learnt that would be documented and consolidated for publication, which will be further disseminated for awareness raising and for conveying key messages to decision makers for strengthening EE building policy framework.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop project lessons learnt report
[Added: 2019/10/31] [Last Updated: 2019/12/16]
PMU 2021/04 Initiated History

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