Proj 96640 - ARG 16G23: Modelos de negocios sostenibles para la producción de biogás a partir de residuos sólidos urbanos orgánicos (Mid-Term evaluation)

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2021, Argentina
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


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Title Proj 96640 - ARG 16G23: Modelos de negocios sostenibles para la producción de biogás a partir de residuos sólidos urbanos orgánicos (Mid-Term evaluation)
Atlas Project Number: 96640
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2021, Argentina
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2020
Planned End Date: 09/2020
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.5.1 Solutions adopted to achieve universal access to clean, affordable and sustainable energy
SDG Target
  • 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
  • 13.3 Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
Evaluation Budget(US $): 25,500
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 25,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Enrique Riegelhaupt M ARGENTINA
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Modelos de negocios sostenibles para la producción de biogás a partir de residuos sólidos urbanos orgánicos.
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5734
PIMS Number: 5345
Key Stakeholders: Ministerio de Ambiente; Municipios participantes
Countries: ARGENTINA

Financial delivery, starting from 6% in September 2019, will probably not reach more than 10% by the end of this year. The project will start year 2020 with 90% of its budget not executed, and only 25% of its time life remaining. The main danger is that there will be no time left to achieve most of the outcomes. Two adaptive measures may be considered:

a) to speed-up the execution of planned activities, trying to execute as much as possible in 2020; and / or

b) to extend the project duration for one year, until December 2021.


The policies and regulations needed to shape an enabling environment for the future adoption / dissemination / multiplication of the new business models to be developed by the Project are not yet in place; and the business models themselves are not fully developed a nd tested. Since a new administration will take some time to consider and take decisions. Also, the associated investment costs are not yet clear


Too high expectations were deposited on the viability of small-scale biogas-to-power systems, grid-connected, selling electricity to CAMMESA in the context of RENOVAR Program, by means of a special agreement or a waiver to the currently applying rules. This goal -related to Outcome 1(MSW-based biogas energy technologies incorporated in the national GIRSU programme for deployment in municipal and regional waste plants) and Outcome 2 (Demonstration biogas energy technologies using MSW feedstock are procured and fully operational) -seems to be still quite far away. It is advisable to give more attention to alternatives that may generate power for self-consumption in towns below 500,000 residents which are the focus of the Project.


The monitoring and evaluation system gave clear and early warnings about the increasing arrears in the financial execution and the late -or failed- delivery of products /outcomes. However, arrears and delays kept occurring in 2017, 2018, and 2019. The causes of these delays -mostly of administrative nature- were discussed in the second Directive Board session (July 2019); but it is not clear whether effective corrective actions were taken by the national implementing agency.


No environmental benefits have resulted to date from Project´s activities, since no reduction of GHG emissions was achieved, and the installations for burning or using landfill gas are not yet part of the projects financed by GIRSU.


Generation of electricity for the national grid should not be the main goal of the project, since the capacity attainable in most sites does not allow for grid connection. The project should focus more on options for off-grid power generation and thermal utilization of biogas / landfill gas, testing and demonstrating these options.


Some ways to contract the execution of “packages of activities” with agile and flexible organizations must be found, to achieve faster advances of project activities. Implementation of some activities by third parties may help to achieve fastest execution.


Monitoring, evaluation and reporting should follow a detailed “critical path” of activities, with clearly marked and well defined milestones, allowing for decisions to be made by the Project team according to the progress made /not made, and achievements attained / not attained


It is necessary to define a critical path to implement the pilot projects, setting the technical and economic pre-conditions, identifying milestones and deadlines, and adopting clear rules of decision (of the “GO / NO GO” type).


To start talks with the Government in order to agree on, and then to prepare, a proposal for a major revision, aiming to extend the Project duration until the end of year 2021 and also redefining its outcomes, outputs and budget.

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