Evaluation finale du projet « Adaptation basée sur les écosystèmes »

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Haiti
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2020
Completion Date:
12/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Evaluation finale du projet « Adaptation basée sur les écosystèmes »
Atlas Project Number: 81100
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Haiti
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2020
Planned End Date: 12/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Resilience
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.3.1 Data and risk-informed development policies, plans, systems and financing incorporate integrated and gender-responsive solutions to reduce disaster risks, enable climate change adaptation and mitigation, and prevent risk of conflict
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 13.3 Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
  • 14.4 By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
  • 15.a Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,450
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Enhancing the resilience of vulnerable ecosystems and communities to climate change and anthropic threats through a "ridge to reef" approach to biodiversity conservation and watershed management
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-1
GEF Project ID:
PIMS Number: 4648
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: HAITI
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Recommendation or issue 1: The UNDP office should put in place, in connection with point III "Administration and risk management" of the UNDP DCP- (2017-2021) in Haiti, a management guide for programme units on administrative procedures and communication for projects, in particular with GEF projects.

This guide should address the following main points:

  1.  More time during the first year for start-up should be built into the planning. This means dealing with administrative and personnel issues - about 6 months. Time must also be allowed at the end of the project for closure (3 months).
  2. First period of six months develop a communication and consultation strategy from the start of the project that informs the project's monitoring and evaluation plan. And ensure a balance between developing support through consultation and engaging in activities. This should be addressed in the planning phase of the project.
  3. To improve communication and synergy, ensure that project teams have close contact with the main national counterpart. Ideally, by situating them together.
  4. Any future project should use the skills, knowledge and mandate of the steering committee to assist in implementation and decision-making, as well as to ensure broad political acceptance of project activities.
  5. Make sure to consult with key stakeholders - various representatives of institutions that are members of the steering committee - on the appropriate date for the availability of all before sending a formal invitation, to avoid absences from the session.

In any future project, plan the targets for results indicators (output-effect-impact) over a [Min - Max] interval of achievement, taking into account a contingency of 15% due to contextual factors likely to cause possible fluctuations in the implementation of the programmed activities.

2

Recommendation or issue 2:  The strategic planning of future projects, in particular GEF projects, should take into account the following elements.

  1. In future GEF projects that cut across several GEF programmes, it is important to involve all relevant focal points in the strategic planning phase.
  2. As part of strategic project planning, ways of improving communication between central agencies and their departments should be identified where necessary, such as the use of a third party. For example, the Departmental Directorates Coordination Unit (UCDD) of the MOE.
  3. Future projects should seek to improve existing relationships with organizations at the local level where possible and relevant, and to build their capacity. If EBA approaches are extended to other areas, consideration should be given to using some of these organizations to help build capacity in new areas.
3

Recommendation or issue 3:  Build understanding and awareness of activities that have been successful in providing short-term benefits to help replicate them and generate local interest in investments (such as reforestation and slope stabilization, beekeeping, and FCD). This strategic choice to raise awareness of alternative income is directly linked to the UNDP's DCP (2017-2021) in Haiti, which aims to "reduce poverty" by promoting inclusive growth, social inclusion and strengthening of the agricultural sector through a collaborative working mechanism defined between UNDP and the public (technical/strategic) ministries concerned.

4

Recommendation or issue 4:  In projects of the same nature, set a target of 40-45% inclusion of women. Maintain the focus on ongoing gender mainstreaming, including gender equality and women's empowerment, in addition to better integration into local interest structures. Achieving this goal of promoting women's inclusion is part of the Country Office's commitment to the "gender equality label" to strengthen gender mainstreaming, in line with the UNDP DCP (2017-2021), which sets out the monitoring and evaluation of related indicators.

5

Recommendation or issue 5 :  Seek funding to consolidate the progress made in the three target complexes (investments to provide fishermen's associations with appropriate equipment for FCD fishing in the three complexes, additional support for better management of the National Natural Parks (PNN-SOR and PNN-LDH) and energy forest in the North-East). In terms of consolidating the gains of the EBA, UNDP will continue to support the Haitian government on the environment and disaster risk reduction as stipulated in the "Reducing Vulnerability and Building Resilience" pillar of UNDP's FAD (2017-2021) in Haiti within the framework of bilateral and multilateral cooperation partnerships aimed at reducing vulnerability to natural disasters and their impacts in Haiti.

6

Recommendation or issue 6 :  Depending on funding and capacity, it is recommended that the EBA approach be extended to other similar areas in Haiti. In particular, the successful approach to developing alternative income sources such as beekeeping or aquaculture. This would address poverty issues and improve the climate resilience of local communities, which are fundamental objectives of the UNDP Haiti FCP.

1. Recommendation:

Recommendation or issue 1: The UNDP office should put in place, in connection with point III "Administration and risk management" of the UNDP DCP- (2017-2021) in Haiti, a management guide for programme units on administrative procedures and communication for projects, in particular with GEF projects.

This guide should address the following main points:

  1.  More time during the first year for start-up should be built into the planning. This means dealing with administrative and personnel issues - about 6 months. Time must also be allowed at the end of the project for closure (3 months).
  2. First period of six months develop a communication and consultation strategy from the start of the project that informs the project's monitoring and evaluation plan. And ensure a balance between developing support through consultation and engaging in activities. This should be addressed in the planning phase of the project.
  3. To improve communication and synergy, ensure that project teams have close contact with the main national counterpart. Ideally, by situating them together.
  4. Any future project should use the skills, knowledge and mandate of the steering committee to assist in implementation and decision-making, as well as to ensure broad political acceptance of project activities.
  5. Make sure to consult with key stakeholders - various representatives of institutions that are members of the steering committee - on the appropriate date for the availability of all before sending a formal invitation, to avoid absences from the session.

In any future project, plan the targets for results indicators (output-effect-impact) over a [Min - Max] interval of achievement, taking into account a contingency of 15% due to contextual factors likely to cause possible fluctuations in the implementation of the programmed activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/13]

Recommendation partially accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Ensure better involvement of steering committee members in future projects - Develop a communication plan at the early stage of project implementation - Situate project teams and national counterpart together
[Added: 2021/01/13]
UNDP 2021/12 Initiated History
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation or issue 2:  The strategic planning of future projects, in particular GEF projects, should take into account the following elements.

  1. In future GEF projects that cut across several GEF programmes, it is important to involve all relevant focal points in the strategic planning phase.
  2. As part of strategic project planning, ways of improving communication between central agencies and their departments should be identified where necessary, such as the use of a third party. For example, the Departmental Directorates Coordination Unit (UCDD) of the MOE.
  3. Future projects should seek to improve existing relationships with organizations at the local level where possible and relevant, and to build their capacity. If EBA approaches are extended to other areas, consideration should be given to using some of these organizations to help build capacity in new areas.
Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Ensure better involvement of focal points in the strategic planning phase - Develop better relationships with organizations at local level and build their capacity
[Added: 2021/01/13]
UNDP 2021/03 Initiated This recommendation will be taken into consideration by the CO in future GEF-Funded projects
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation or issue 3:  Build understanding and awareness of activities that have been successful in providing short-term benefits to help replicate them and generate local interest in investments (such as reforestation and slope stabilization, beekeeping, and FCD). This strategic choice to raise awareness of alternative income is directly linked to the UNDP's DCP (2017-2021) in Haiti, which aims to "reduce poverty" by promoting inclusive growth, social inclusion and strengthening of the agricultural sector through a collaborative working mechanism defined between UNDP and the public (technical/strategic) ministries concerned.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Support a local community organization for strengthening of beekeeping activities in the localities Bois Chadèque and Terre Rouge, pertaining to the commune of Grand Gosier. - Support to a CBO located in Anse-a-Pitres for the consolidation of activities of mangrove planting, restoration and development of alternative activities
[Added: 2021/01/13]
Project team 2021/03 Initiated Those activities are being validated by the UNDP CO and will be implemented during the project remaining operational time. They will consolidate previous livelihood activities implemented with local organizations in targeted areas.
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation or issue 4:  In projects of the same nature, set a target of 40-45% inclusion of women. Maintain the focus on ongoing gender mainstreaming, including gender equality and women's empowerment, in addition to better integration into local interest structures. Achieving this goal of promoting women's inclusion is part of the Country Office's commitment to the "gender equality label" to strengthen gender mainstreaming, in line with the UNDP DCP (2017-2021), which sets out the monitoring and evaluation of related indicators.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Continue to maintain a focus on the ongoing gender mainstreaming in the design of future projects.
[Added: 2021/01/13]
UNDP/ Gender focal point 2021/11 Initiated The country office will continue to work to empower women and integrate gender in its strategy and future initiatives. Upcoming capacities building initiatives on gender mainstreaming in project and programme are planned by CO for 2021.
5. Recommendation:

Recommendation or issue 5 :  Seek funding to consolidate the progress made in the three target complexes (investments to provide fishermen's associations with appropriate equipment for FCD fishing in the three complexes, additional support for better management of the National Natural Parks (PNN-SOR and PNN-LDH) and energy forest in the North-East). In terms of consolidating the gains of the EBA, UNDP will continue to support the Haitian government on the environment and disaster risk reduction as stipulated in the "Reducing Vulnerability and Building Resilience" pillar of UNDP's FAD (2017-2021) in Haiti within the framework of bilateral and multilateral cooperation partnerships aimed at reducing vulnerability to natural disasters and their impacts in Haiti.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/13]

Recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Provide local fishermen in PNN-LDH with equipment (e.g boat) for better management of natural resources.
[Added: 2021/01/13]
Project team 2021/03 Initiated The process to consolidate the progress made by the project is initiated and will be strengthened by substantial support to local fishermen.
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation or issue 6 :  Depending on funding and capacity, it is recommended that the EBA approach be extended to other similar areas in Haiti. In particular, the successful approach to developing alternative income sources such as beekeeping or aquaculture. This would address poverty issues and improve the climate resilience of local communities, which are fundamental objectives of the UNDP Haiti FCP.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- This recommendation should be shared with MDE and ANAP that manage biodiversity conservation for integration of EBA into their budget - Support MDE and other governmental structures for identifying and designing projects that address poverty issues and improve climate resilience of local communities
[Added: 2021/01/13]
UNDP / Project team 2021/07 Initiated The project team will share the terminal evaluation recommendations with main stakeholders during the upcoming steering committee meeting.

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