End of Term Evaluation of the National Climate Change Project

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2012-2018, Malawi
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
05/2017
Completion Date:
05/2017
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
25,000

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Title End of Term Evaluation of the National Climate Change Project
Atlas Project Number: 69211
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2018, Malawi
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 05/2017
Planned End Date: 05/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
  • 2. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 3. Cross-cutting Development Issue
  • 4. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.4. Scaled up action on climate change adaptation and mitigation across sectors which is funded and implemented
Evaluation Budget(US $): 25,000
Source of Funding: TRAC
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 18,000
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Mthakati Alexander Phiri Dr. marphiri1996@yahoo.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Environmental Affairs Department, Department of Disaster Management Affairs and Department of Climate Change and Meteorological Services
Countries: MALAWI
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Develop a New Climate Change Management Programme following a Catchment Approach

Investments on climate change should follow a catchment management approach while maintaining the focus on the areas that most prone to the impacts of climate change. This approach will borrow a lot from Productive Public Works Programme (PPWP) under the Malawi Social Action Fund IV Project; which has already adopted a catchment management approach in its interventions.

the proposed catchment approach to consider the following activities which could be arranged into clusters, for example: Agriculture, Early warning, Social support, Education, Water, Health, and so on and include cross cutting issues of gender and social inclusion and keep in mind the special considerations on catchment conservation of the relationships between upper and downstream communities.   

2

UNDP should adopt a more Participatory Approach in the Next Programme.

UNDP needs to facilitate the development of a concept note for the next program which should be used as a selling tool to other development partners. The entry point to selling the ideas contained in the concept note will be the Donor Group on Environment, Natural Resources and Climate Change.

UNDP’s defined role in the implementation of this program should be coordination and provision of support to capacity building at all levels.

3

There is a need to finalize the Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) as a means to mobilize the donor community and other development partners around Climate Change, Environment and Natural Resources; UNDP should support the finalization of the SWAp for this sector.

4

Facilitate Establishment of a Climate Change Management Fund

The NCCMP proposes enhanced prioritization of financing for implementation and coordination of climate change management activities through increased national budgetary allocation, establishment of a Climate Change Management Fund, improved access to international climate financing (both multilateral and bilateral) and private sector investments.

As a guide to the design of the climate change management fund agency, whatever form it takes, it should have two components as follows: (1) A fully-fledged secretariat with a technical team that has technical know-how on Climate Change issues; and (2) A strong accounting office or system to manage the funds.

5

Need for a robust M&E system for climate change investments

To develop a robust and comprehensive M&E framework on climate change, where all agencies involved in implementing various climate change related activities (on adaptation and mitigation) should be reporting to this national M&E framework with clear indicators to which they are contributing. The comprehensive M&E Framework should be linked to the MGDS M&E system, which is the overarching system for monitoring development programmes in Malawi.

6

Consolidate Climate Change Management and Disaster Risk Management

It is recommended that the two coordination structures should be merged. However, collapsing the two structures should be limited to the Steering Committee (SC).

7

Create Awareness of the National Climate Change Management Policy

The National Climate Change Management Policy launched at the end of November 2016 should be taken as an opportunity for creating more awareness of Climate Change at all levels within the country.

The awareness creation should start with sensitization campaigns of the general public about the existence of the NCCMP, its purpose and objectives. Several tools for disseminating the messages could be used.

8

Establish a “Think-Tank” on Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management

There is a need to establish a “Think Tank” responsible for generating research results and packaging them in a way that policy makers and other decision makers could understand and use.

Information that demonstrates various impacts of climate change will demonstrate to policy makers including the Parliamentary Committee on Environment, Natural Resources and Climate Change that action is needed.

The information, research results, policy briefs etc could be used by government as reference materials in lobbying for more resources for the sector.

9

Design “Tailor-made” Mechanisms for Engaging with the Private Sector

Modalities of enticing the private sector and Civil Society Organizations to get engaged should also be devised.

1. Recommendation:

Develop a New Climate Change Management Programme following a Catchment Approach

Investments on climate change should follow a catchment management approach while maintaining the focus on the areas that most prone to the impacts of climate change. This approach will borrow a lot from Productive Public Works Programme (PPWP) under the Malawi Social Action Fund IV Project; which has already adopted a catchment management approach in its interventions.

the proposed catchment approach to consider the following activities which could be arranged into clusters, for example: Agriculture, Early warning, Social support, Education, Water, Health, and so on and include cross cutting issues of gender and social inclusion and keep in mind the special considerations on catchment conservation of the relationships between upper and downstream communities.   

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/27]


In principle, UNDP is in agreement with this recommendation. We see value in adopting attachment approach for the next CC program.  In formulating, the new program.  Consultative meetings will also be held at local level to validate the actions that will be included in the new program.  Targeting of interventions will link to existing initiative in the target areas.  Considerations of existing strategies, policies will form the back ground and will inform the type of interventions. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop TORs for the new Climate Change program that incorporates a catchment approach
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]
Resilience and Sustainable Growth 2018/05 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The Country Office is no longer engaging a consultant to prepare the project. Hence, ToR are no longer necessary. Having said, the catchment approach is already included in other initiatives which the office is considering, namely: the Malawi Partnership for Resilience and the Catalyzing Climate Change Resilience for Vulnerable Communities in Malawi.]
History
Formulate new project on climate change
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/11/11]
Resilience and Sustainable Growth (RSG) 2018/10 Completed History
Conduct consultative meetings at local level for the new project.
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/11/11]
RSG 2018/10 Completed Consultative meetings have been held during the formulation process of the project. History
2. Recommendation:

UNDP should adopt a more Participatory Approach in the Next Programme.

UNDP needs to facilitate the development of a concept note for the next program which should be used as a selling tool to other development partners. The entry point to selling the ideas contained in the concept note will be the Donor Group on Environment, Natural Resources and Climate Change.

UNDP’s defined role in the implementation of this program should be coordination and provision of support to capacity building at all levels.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]

This recommendation is consistent with the on-going initiatives to strengthen the donor working group on environment and climate change which has expanded its role to include resilience issues hence changed to DCERCC.  In 2017 as chair of the Donor Group on Environment and Climate Change, ToRs were revised and agreed to by all the donors.  A secretariat to support the group was created and is funded by UNDP.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support coordination fora for the exchange of information, research funding’s and foster joint approaches to assisting govt. on climate change, Disaster Risk Management and Poverty reduction and Environment Management e.g the Climate Change week
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]
RSG 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated History
3. Recommendation:

There is a need to finalize the Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) as a means to mobilize the donor community and other development partners around Climate Change, Environment and Natural Resources; UNDP should support the finalization of the SWAp for this sector.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]

This recommendation is consistent with its proposed activities for implementation during the bridging period where support for coordination activities has been given prominence. The actual finalization of the SWAP has been linked to the climate change fund which is envisaged to be sector-wide. This will be done as part of the new program on climate change yet to be developed. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support National coordination structures: Environment and Natural Resources Sector working groups
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/11/11]
RSG 2018/10 No Longer Applicable [Justification: There efforts to review the number of sector working groups. This is an initiative in reference to the MGDS III.]
History
Finalize the SWAp for Climate Change
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/11/11]
RSG 2019/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: There s no traction on sector working groups.]
History
Support establishment of climate change fund
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/11/11]
RSG 2018/12 Completed Mechanisms for establishment of a Climate Change Fund has been done. The rest of the work is beyond the influence of the project, History
4. Recommendation:

Facilitate Establishment of a Climate Change Management Fund

The NCCMP proposes enhanced prioritization of financing for implementation and coordination of climate change management activities through increased national budgetary allocation, establishment of a Climate Change Management Fund, improved access to international climate financing (both multilateral and bilateral) and private sector investments.

As a guide to the design of the climate change management fund agency, whatever form it takes, it should have two components as follows: (1) A fully-fledged secretariat with a technical team that has technical know-how on Climate Change issues; and (2) A strong accounting office or system to manage the funds.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/27]

This recommendation is also consistent with the proposed activities during the bridging period of 2017-2018, where resources have been allocated for development of a CC fund. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct a study on sources of domestic finance to capitalize the climate change fund.
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/11/11]
RSG 2018/12 Completed History
Support formulation of climate change fund
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/11/11]
RSG 2018/12 Completed History
Support Environmental Affairs Department (EAD) in Climate Finance readiness
[Added: 2017/12/27]
RSG 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Need for a robust M&E system for climate change investments

To develop a robust and comprehensive M&E framework on climate change, where all agencies involved in implementing various climate change related activities (on adaptation and mitigation) should be reporting to this national M&E framework with clear indicators to which they are contributing. The comprehensive M&E Framework should be linked to the MGDS M&E system, which is the overarching system for monitoring development programmes in Malawi.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]

This recommendation is also consistent with the proposed activities during the bridging period of 2017-2018,  where resources have been allocated for development of a CC fund.  TORs of the development of the new program will incorporate robust monitoring that links with the MGDS and the SDGs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Formulation of TORS for new program that incorporated a study to identify CC investments
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/21]
RSG 2018/08 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The exercise will be carried out in-house.]
Draft terms of reference for a study to explore sources of domestic financing have been developed to replace the Climate Change investment study. History
Support creation of Management Information System for climate finance
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/21]
RSG 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated Draft terms of reference ready. History
Inclusion of M&E system for CC investments in the new project
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/04/11]
RSG 2018/09 Overdue-Initiated This will be done as part of the project formulation exercise. History
6. Recommendation:

Consolidate Climate Change Management and Disaster Risk Management

It is recommended that the two coordination structures should be merged. However, collapsing the two structures should be limited to the Steering Committee (SC).

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/27]

This recommendation is consistent with on-going initiatives to combine the two Steering committee meetings.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Formalize the combining of the two steering committees through a consultative meeting to identify the chair and agree on TORs for the new steering committee.
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/05/02]
RSG 2018/04 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Following discussions and careful review of the scope and composition of the two steering committees, it has been recommended that it would not be appropriate to combine the steering committees of disaster risk management and national climate change projects. Instead, it was agreed that only the technical committees of the two projects can be combined.]
History
7. Recommendation:

Create Awareness of the National Climate Change Management Policy

The National Climate Change Management Policy launched at the end of November 2016 should be taken as an opportunity for creating more awareness of Climate Change at all levels within the country.

The awareness creation should start with sensitization campaigns of the general public about the existence of the NCCMP, its purpose and objectives. Several tools for disseminating the messages could be used.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/27]

We welcome this recommendation and will use every opportunity in 2018 to raise awareness on the new climate change policy.  Awareness raising will be combined with the plans on raising awareness about the amended Environment Management Act. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Sensitise stakeholders including the private and the public sector on the Environment Management Act and the new Climate Change policy
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]
RSG 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated History
Translate Climate Change management policy briefs into Chichewa in liaison with the Adapt Plan project for community level dissemination
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/05/02]
RSG and Adapt Plan Project Team 2018/10 Overdue-Not Initiated History
8. Recommendation:

Establish a “Think-Tank” on Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management

There is a need to establish a “Think Tank” responsible for generating research results and packaging them in a way that policy makers and other decision makers could understand and use.

Information that demonstrates various impacts of climate change will demonstrate to policy makers including the Parliamentary Committee on Environment, Natural Resources and Climate Change that action is needed.

The information, research results, policy briefs etc could be used by government as reference materials in lobbying for more resources for the sector.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]

We welcome this recommendation as it touches on some of the challenges with regard to what happens with the knowledge products from the different UNDP programs.

Several knowledge products have been developed from several UNDP projects, these will be reviewed in course formulation project development to identify gaps for further research

The available information will be publicized not only during the climate week as has been the norm but other innovative fora.  available to the and in the new program.

The programme initiated development of climate change research guidelines which will be finalized in 2018

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Review existing knowledge products developed in the RSG portfolio in the past five years in order to identify information gaps
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]
RSG 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated History
Review existing knowledge products developed in the RSG portfolio in the past five years in order to identify information gaps
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]
RSG 2018/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This action has been repeated.]
History
Support fora where different actors are appraised and can comment on the available information to guide further research work on CC
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/11/11]
RSG 2018/10 Completed Avenues are available to guide actors for research in CC, History
9. Recommendation:

Design “Tailor-made” Mechanisms for Engaging with the Private Sector

Modalities of enticing the private sector and Civil Society Organizations to get engaged should also be devised.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]

We welcome this recommendation. In the design of the new UNDP program, integration of the SDGs in an approach for UNDP support to the MGDS III in the next country program. Further there is an on-going initiative to strengthen the integration and linkages within the RSG portfolio  and with the RICE portfolio. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
TORs for new climate change program formulation to include involvement of the private sector
[Added: 2017/12/27] [Last Updated: 2018/08/03]
RSG 2018/05 No Longer Applicable [Justification: TOR ar no longer required as the project formulation exercise will be undertaken internally.]
History

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