Evaluation of Economic and Social Empowerment for Roma and Egyptians - a booster for social inclusion project

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Albania
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
04/2019
Completion Date:
05/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Evaluation of Economic and Social Empowerment for Roma and Egyptians - a booster for social inclusion project
Atlas Project Number: 86605
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Albania
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 05/2019
Planned End Date: 04/2019
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 13,248
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Rea Nepravishta Evaluation Specialist
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth
Countries: ALBANIA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Develop a project proposal for a next ESERE phase and actively mobilize funds (with the EU).

2

Strengthen the Roma and Egyptian inclusion model and use this opportunity to provide a tested and strong model for mainstreamed social inclusion in Albania

3

Advocate with the government to take over the implementation of the NAPIRE, instead of just accompanying it in the implementation.

4

Introduce an Inclusive Social Housing Model in Albania with facilitating criteria for the most vulnerable categories.

5

Further strengthen the employment component. Consider grant schemes to Support the Social Enterprise model with high growth potential (Educated Roma) employed mixed communities. Lobby for the Government of Albania to provide incentives specifically for Social Enterprises integrating Roma and Egyptians (livelihood component).

6

Provide perspective of institutionalized employment to ESERE Community Mediators, and other involved ESERE staff so as to preserve the relationship between the municipality and community.

7

Prioritize settlements with the attribute of ghettos as those are priority locations in terms of social exclusion and need for assistance.

8

Use ROMALB data for policy/Programme formulation & Advocacy (GoA accountability).

9

Involve higher level managers of public institutions so as to get more understanding, support and buy-in so employees receive stronger support from their hierarchy in their work.

1. Recommendation:

Develop a project proposal for a next ESERE phase and actively mobilize funds (with the EU).

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/06]

UNDP County Office in Albania will continue to advocate and mobilize partners for new project interventions in the area of Roma inclusion. Achieving Roma/ Egyptian’s integration is a long process. ESERE has built a strong social inclusion model, but in practice the Roma integration model is not yet sufficiently anchored with municipalities and institutions, needs to scale up results, lobby more with local and national governments so they fully take over their roles in implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Organize a workshop to take stock of all best practices and formulate a field experience-based model describing the complete mechanism of social inclusion of Roma and Egyptian communities.
[Added: 2019/08/06]
UNDP CO 2020/12 Initiated History
Develop a new project proposal that builds on ESERE experience and lessons learned and submit for funding.
[Added: 2019/08/06]
UNDP CO 2020/12 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Strengthen the Roma and Egyptian inclusion model and use this opportunity to provide a tested and strong model for mainstreamed social inclusion in Albania

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/06]

UNDP Country Office will use and extend ESERE effective intervention to develop a model of inclusion that is not just relevant to Roma and Egyptian communities but also applicable to address inclusion of all excluded or marginalized communities in Albania (unique opportunity and practice, gives more sense to the social investment made by the EU).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Organize a workshop to take stock of all best practices and formulate a field experience-based model describing the complete mechanism of social inclusion.
[Added: 2019/08/06]
UNDP CO 2020/07 Initiated
Organize consultative meetings with Ministry of Health and Social Protection and advocate for including integrated services model developed by ESERE in the new government funding allocations though the social fund.
[Added: 2019/08/06]
UNDP CO 2019/07 Completed
3. Recommendation:

Advocate with the government to take over the implementation of the NAPIRE, instead of just accompanying it in the implementation.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/06]

In order to increase synergies and support to Ministry of Health and Social Protection, the capacities of the ministries staff to coordinate, monitor and evaluate the implementation of the National Action Plan on Roma and Egyptian Integration 2016-2020 will be increased continuously. Advocacy will be extended so that the social care plans are implemented through the social fund at the local level.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Discussions with the MoHSP on areas of support for the monitoring and evaluation of the National Action Plan on Roma and Egyptian Integration, 2016-2020.
[Added: 2019/08/06] [Last Updated: 2019/08/16]
UNDP CO 2019/12 Initiated History
4. Recommendation:

Introduce an Inclusive Social Housing Model in Albania with facilitating criteria for the most vulnerable categories.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/16]

Over the last years, UNDP has employed a holistic approach to its support to Roma housing by enhancing the focus of its work from analysis and research to policy and legislation improvement to local level interventions. In 2015, UNDP supported the then-Ministry of Urban Development to formulate the Social Housing Strategy 2015 -2025 and in 2016-2017 it supported the formulation of Law 22 “on Social Housing”. The new law is in line with the international standards for the observance of the fundamental human right to housing and attempts to provide with solutions to the issues identified such as gaps in housing, forced eviction and the housing adequacy. The law guarantees inclusive social housing programmes, increased protection from forced eviction, introducing novel concepts such as adequate housing and homelessness, etc. Immediately after approval of Law 22 by the Parliament in May 2018, UNDP, through the Leave No One Behind Programme, continued support to the Ministry of Finance and Economy (MoFE) in drafting secondary legislation necessary for the implementation of this law. Out of around 40 pieces of legal acts / by-laws that are being drafted, at least 33 of them are Decisions of the Council of Ministers (DCMs) while the rest are various ordinances and guidelines, desk studies, analyses, etc. As of this day, about 20 new DCMs have been finalized, 8 of them fully consulted including with representatives from the beneficiaries whereas 6 of them are approved and issued by the CoM.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Discussions with Ministry of Finance and Economy and MoHSP on areas of support to monitoring of implementation of the Social Housing Strategy 2015 -2025
[Added: 2019/08/16]
UNDP CO and LNB Joint Programme 2019/12 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Further strengthen the employment component. Consider grant schemes to Support the Social Enterprise model with high growth potential (Educated Roma) employed mixed communities. Lobby for the Government of Albania to provide incentives specifically for Social Enterprises integrating Roma and Egyptians (livelihood component).

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/16]

UNDP will further strengthen and replicate the employment component of ESERE project in other on-going and new projects. The Integrated case management approach used by ESERE is shared and piloted with the government as an innovative practice which served men, women and youth, including the most vulnerable with all available resources from both the labour market and the social policy system, and even beyond. The office will continue its efforts in the following directions: (i) support the national and regional employment services to develop sustainable approaches for the most vulnerable, as well as expand into rural employment; (ii) explore possible collaboration with the private sector for sustainable job creation, via impact investment schemes, establishment of private sector platforms, and support to social enterprises; (iii) skills development for vulnerable groups -the ambition is to systematize the practice to train teachers, so to respond to specific educational and quality needs; (iv) support social enterprises.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Enhance cooperation and coordination with the Ministry of Finance and Economy, MoHSP and municipalities to advance and accelerate – where possible – integration of ESERE project outputs, including the operational specifications of the employment schemes piloted by the project. These outputs feed in the restructuring of the national employment agency and establishment of the employment fund
[Added: 2019/08/16]
UNDP CO and SD4E project 2019/12 Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Provide perspective of institutionalized employment to ESERE Community Mediators, and other involved ESERE staff so as to preserve the relationship between the municipality and community.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/16]

Following the pilot model implementation of the Roma and Egyptian employment mediators placed at the National Employment Service, supported by ESERE Project and other project staff involved, UNDP CO will continue its efforts to ensure that the model is taken over, financed and scaled up/ disseminated by the Ministry of Economy and Finance in Albania and where possible by municipalities. Dedication to a vulnerable group, such as R/E, has increased the number of R/E beneficiaries of employment office services because they are able to conduct a full and proper jobseeker profile and match it with the job offer. Also, the availability of the mediator for field visits and ability to conduct cases management, is believed to have contributed to a more stable and lasting employment for the mediated R/E.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Continue support for the Ministry of Finance and Economy throughout the process of restructuring the national employment agency and establishment of the employment fund- transfer and integrate in the new structure and procedures ESERE project outputs and methodology, including the employment of mediators.
[Added: 2019/08/16]
UNDP CO and SD4E project 2019/12 Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Prioritize settlements with the attribute of ghettos as those are priority locations in terms of social exclusion and need for assistance.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/16]

UNDP CO will continue and strengthen its efforts at the local level, while supporting the decentralization reform by building the capacity of municipalities to deliver inclusive services for their constituencies and to effectively address the needs of vulnerable populations and those at risk, in line with social care plans. This efforts in parallel to the monitoring of implementation of the Social Housing Strategy 2015 -2025, will contribute with emphasises on fighting the ghetto phenomenon and segregation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support will be provided to Ministry of Finance and Economy and in developing Social Housing Law secondary legislation which will also address issues of segregation
[Added: 2019/08/16]
UNDP CO 2019/12 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

Use ROMALB data for policy/Programme formulation & Advocacy (GoA accountability).

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/16]

Despite the considerable effort which has been made over the last 15 years to improve data availability, still there are no sustainable systems of data collection at the national level which would allow analysis of disaggregated results on the impact of policies on Roma and non-Roma populations. UNDP Country Office will continue lobbying with the government so that ROMALB web-based electronic system used by the government of Albania to collect administrative desegregated data, to be further strengthened technically as a useful tool to feed the policy making and to ensure the impact assessment of Roma national strategies and action plans, programme formulation and advocacy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Continue discussion and advocacy with Ministry of Health and Social Protection to handover ROMALB to Albanian Government Agency on Information Technology.
[Added: 2019/08/16]
UNDP CO Management 2019/12 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

Involve higher level managers of public institutions so as to get more understanding, support and buy-in so employees receive stronger support from their hierarchy in their work.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/16]

UNDP has drawn important lessons from the implementation of ESERE project, with the main recommendations pointing to the need for both strengthening of policy capacities, as well as for concrete integrated actions at the local level for boosting skills, employment, social integration and social protection. National partners have also drawn important lessons from the implementation of this project, with the main recommendations pointing to the need for further strengthening of policy capacities, inter-institutional coordination, as well as for concrete integrated actions at the local level for boosting employability and social protection for vulnerable groups.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Continue discussion and advocacy with high level managers of public institutions to ensure more inclusive policy making and stronger support for Roma inclusion agenda.
[Added: 2019/08/16]
UNDP CO Management 2019/12 Initiated

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