FINAL REPORT Mid-Term Review Ethiopian NAMA: Creating Opportunities for Municipalities to Produce and Operationalise Solid Waste Transformation (COMPOST)

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2017-2020, Ethiopia
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
09/2019
Completion Date:
08/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
60,000

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Title FINAL REPORT Mid-Term Review Ethiopian NAMA: Creating Opportunities for Municipalities to Produce and Operationalise Solid Waste Transformation (COMPOST)
Atlas Project Number: 00096338
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2020, Ethiopia
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 08/2019
Planned End Date: 09/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.5.1 Solutions adopted to achieve universal access to clean, affordable and sustainable energy
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 60,000
Source of Funding: UNDP
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 60,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Muyambi Fortunate International consultant Muyambi Fortunate mfbenda@hotmail.com
Sisay Nune National consultant Sisay Nunenune.sisay@gmail.com ETHIOPIA
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Ethiopian NAMA: Creating Opportunities for Municipalities to Produce and Operationalize Solid Waste Transformation (COMPOST)
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID: 9048
PIMS Number: 5541
Key Stakeholders: MUDH, Mekele, Bahirdar, Bishoftu, Adama, DireDawa City Admins
Countries: ETHIOPIA
Lessons
1.

1Lessons learnt

1. Creating Opportunities to organize MSEs along Value Chain.  Cities (municipalities and organizations) such as Hawassa used to travel many kilometers of distance for procurement of ornamental seedlings for city beautification. The NAMA COMPOST project MSEs have been created in the business area of seedling raising with the support of the municipality. The MSEs started raising seedlings mainly ornamental type then the municipality became the first market by procuring the seedlings using fund from the NAMA COMPOST project to green project targeted areas. This encouraged the MSEs to raise more seedlings. Now the MSEs’ capacity has grown and have started selling to other close by cities that has reduced their travel costs. Similarly, capital of the SMEs is growing and are expanding their business. The same is happening in the other cities where NAMA COMPOST is intervening.

 

2.  Peri-urban afforestation/reforestation and land titling. Urban and Per-urban forestry (Urban forests) should be a priority to the City mayors to make sure that the ever-increasing urban population will have sufficient and sustainable water supply. In the current mode of water use/abstraction of surface and underground, there might be significant risk for many urban centers to be in the state of emergency. The challenge in this regard is mainly related to unregulated illegal and formal settlements particularly in steep slope and mountainous landscapes.  Complete land use change from forest, grassland and in some cases agriculture land to unplanned settlements is the obvious and continuous practice. Local government could not be able to stop this kind of settlement either due to lack of capacity or corruption. The important message is that to have a vibrant urban area each municipality should be capitated to plan and implement proper land use and to have sufficient forest area within and around. Aim towards Climate Smart Urban development. NAMA GEF Project can be considered as pioneer in this regard.

3. Linkage between compost production and Urban and Peri urban afforestation/reforestation including greening.  Compost is produced from waste that is produced by urban/city dwellers. The compost producers and urban greenery MSEs are connected by the municipality and the compost produced is used for plantations in urban and peri urban areas.  Application of fertilizer to plantation is not that much customary practice. However, this project proved that applying compost for afforestation/reforestation provides significant result (up to 90 percent survival rate). The linkage gave confidence to the compost producers because of sustainable market.


Findings
Recommendations
1

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1. As indicated in the Output Verification Report (June 2019), it’s stated that from AWP and quarterly reports review indicate that there are gaps on results reporting, most reports focus on activities. Reporting should be on results and progress towards Outcomes, not just output and activities, and this needs to be improved in future, and there is scope for improvement in the reporting and coordination with other partners. 

2

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2. There are best practices in NAMA GEF project where the forestry project could learn such as application of compost to trees to increase survival rate and improve tree growth. Similarly, NAMA GEF project could learn from the forestry project. The MTR team recommends regular meeting schedule to be set for these two and other similar projects annually.  The current communication with other projects such as UNDP forest and UNDP bio energy projects is based on needs. If good working relation is created, the compost producer associations may have more opportunity to sell their compost to the forestry project.

3

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3. Improving compost making technique in compost shed to increase participation of women.

4

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4. The MTR team recommends that the Ministry of Science and Higher Education should be a member of steering committee to assist the implementation of Output 2.5:  Integrated SWM and UGI Standards in curriculum in education.

5

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5. There is need to create strong linkage of compost production to urban greenery MSEs

1. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1. As indicated in the Output Verification Report (June 2019), it’s stated that from AWP and quarterly reports review indicate that there are gaps on results reporting, most reports focus on activities. Reporting should be on results and progress towards Outcomes, not just output and activities, and this needs to be improved in future, and there is scope for improvement in the reporting and coordination with other partners. 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/14]

Agreed: on quarterly reports and to some extent annual reports the report used to focus on outputs. This will be corrected in our future reports.  However, in the Project Implementation Review (PIR), which is an online GEF reporting platform, we actually report on outcome level which will continue in the future as well. Our report to the steering committee which is done annually is also result based.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Develop the reporting system by focusing on progress towards outcomes
[Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2020/04/27]
PMU 2020/03 Completed Completed History
2. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2. There are best practices in NAMA GEF project where the forestry project could learn such as application of compost to trees to increase survival rate and improve tree growth. Similarly, NAMA GEF project could learn from the forestry project. The MTR team recommends regular meeting schedule to be set for these two and other similar projects annually.  The current communication with other projects such as UNDP forest and UNDP bio energy projects is based on needs. If good working relation is created, the compost producer associations may have more opportunity to sell their compost to the forestry project.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/14]

Agreed: the project has already started communication with forest projects of UNDP based in the Environment Forest and Climate Change Commission. This used to be on need base as indicated in the MTR report. However, in the future regular meetings will be arranged for two reasons; one because cities have already started producing compost in large quantity, hence they need large market to sell their products such as to the forest projects and two in order to learn from each other’s best/bad practices.   

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Arrange regular meeting with forest projects for experience sharing and to arrange market linkage for compost
[Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2020/04/27]
PMU 2020/03 Completed Completed History
2.2 Document project best practices so that similar projects can learn from it
[Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2020/04/27]
PMU 2020/06 Completed Completed History
3. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3. Improving compost making technique in compost shed to increase participation of women.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2019/12/14]

Agreed: the compost production method the project has introduced is manual type which made the process too laborious for women to participate in the production process. Women are participating in waste collection and segregation since turning the waste manually requires high labor work. Currently however, procurement of semi-manual compost turning machines, which will change the existing technique, is in progress. The machines will ease the labor work and hence will favor full participation of women.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Introduce and support functionality of semi-manual composting machines in all the six project cities
[Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2020/04/27]
PMU 2020/06 Completed Completed History
3.2 Finalise construction of remaining two compost sheds
[Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2020/08/03]
PMU 2020/06 Completed Completed History
4. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4. The MTR team recommends that the Ministry of Science and Higher Education should be a member of steering committee to assist the implementation of Output 2.5:  Integrated SWM and UGI Standards in curriculum in education.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2019/12/14]

Agreed: we will invite the Ministry of Science and Higher Education to be a member of the project steering committee and ensure their full participation.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Invite the Ministry of Science and Higher Education to be a member of the Project Steering Committee
[Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2020/04/27]
PMU 2020/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The project management unit discussed on the issue and found no longer applicable ]
History
5. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5. There is need to create strong linkage of compost production to urban greenery MSEs

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2019/12/14]

Agreed: compost production and urban greenery is linked in all cities. However, the linkage is quite different from city to city. Therefore, we have planned to arrange an experience sharing among the cities so that those cities with weak linkage can lean form cities such as Hawassa with strong linkage and system in place. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Arrange experience sharing among cities on creating market linkage between urban greenery and compost
[Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2020/04/27]
PMU 2020/03 Completed Completed History
5.2 Follow up on proper adoption of best practices learned on creating market linkage between urban greenery and compost
[Added: 2019/12/14] [Last Updated: 2020/04/27]
PMU 2020/06 Completed Completed History

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