Mainstreaming incentives for Biodiversity conversation mid- term evaluation

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2020, Ethiopia
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
11/2018
Completion Date:
10/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
60,000

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Title Mainstreaming incentives for Biodiversity conversation mid- term evaluation
Atlas Project Number: 00087290
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2020, Ethiopia
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2018
Planned End Date: 11/2018
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Target
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Evaluation Budget(US $): 60,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 64,076
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Marie Ange Baudoin International Consultant marieange007@gmail.com
Jonse Bane Boka local Consultant Jonseboka@yahoo.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Mainstreaming incentives for Biodiversity conversation in CRGE
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5440
PIMS Number: 4644
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment and Forest,
Countries: ETHIOPIA
Lessons
1.

The main lessons learned are:

  • Strong commitment of the project team and partners at the implementation phase is critical to fast track implementation, identify and solve problems as they arise, and seek innovative pathways to ensure success of the project (e.g. seeking alternative sources of support for livelihood options in project sites).
  • Developing a project based on a participatory process that involves relevant national and local actors – including local communities – is critical for ensuring ownership, success and sustainability.
  • A siloed approach to conservation cannot be sustainable in practice. Conservation initiatives need to incorporate livelihood support elements to deliver satisfactory result in the mid- to long-term.

Tag: Biodiversity

Findings
Recommendations
1

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1: Compiling and sharing (e.g. on a project website) lessons learned on the design and implementation of the PES system is critical to make relevant adjustments and inform future similar initiatives in the region. 

2

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2: Develop a project’s Theory of Change, in order to demonstrate how project’s interventions will contribute to achieve the objective of improved biodiversity protection in Ethiopia”.

3

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3: Revise Project’s Objective indicator (ii) “At least 20,000 ha of the highly threatened afro-montane forests are under improved stewardship” into: ”Area (ha) of land of the highly threatened afro-montane forests are under improved stewardship by community land managers, as a result of a PES scheme piloted, indicated by no loss of habitat in BD sensitive areas (from clearance for agriculture)”.

4

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4: Split Target 3 (Outcome 1) into two targets: “Increased awareness of 70 decision-makers and “Financial support to the biodiversity sector increased by 20%” and add a related indicator: “Increased FDRE spending on biodiversity

5

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5 Add a Target linked to Indicator (iii): “1 concertation and coordination mechanism for national institutions established within the EBI, and quarterly meetings among sectorial ministries organised, to promote the mainstreaming of biodiversity in policy planning and budgeting (by PY4)”.

6

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 6 Add an indicator: “Number of staff trained to effectively manage the PES scheme” to assess Target 5 (Outcome 2)..

 

7

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 7: Add an indicator: “Number of prospective sellers identified per project site” to assess Target 7 (Outcome 2).

8

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 8: Revise the indicator linked to Target 10 (Outcome 2) into “Guidelines for ecosystem services valuation developed, including indicators to evaluate biodiversity restoration status”.

9

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 9: Conduct a Gender Assessment and Action Plan to inform the implementation of a gender-sensitive PES system; and to provide support to alternative economic livelihoods for women

10

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 10: Identify additional sources to support alternative livelihood options – e.g. by using some of the co-financing resources, seeking collaboration with other initiatives or sectors

11

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 11: Further engage with the GoE to ensure the PES legal framework is validated as soon as possible and a PES system – including ecosystem valuation and per-conditions for buyers – is implemented to demonstrate the benefits..

12

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 12:  Establish a project website, or online platform, hosted by the MEFCC, to share relevant decision-making tools and reports produced by the project.

13

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 13:-Update the regional digital maps of conservation areas including data for 2015 (before project implementation), 2020 (end of project implementation) and 2027 (beyond project’s end) in order to demonstrate the long-term project’s impacts on conservation areas.

14

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 14: Closely monitor project implementation in project sites considered at risk of political/civil unrest.

15

Evaluation Recommendation or issue 15: Develop a strong funding strategy for the PES system, which leverages fund from the public and private sector, to maintain the PES beyond the project’s lifetime.

16

Evaluation Recommendation or issue 16: Implement additional awareness raising campaigns on the importance of biodiversity conservation (including wildlife), apply clear demarcation between conservation areas and settlements and enforce penalties for illegal extraction/use of the natural resources to ensure the conservation areas remain protected at project’s end.

1. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1: Compiling and sharing (e.g. on a project website) lessons learned on the design and implementation of the PES system is critical to make relevant adjustments and inform future similar initiatives in the region. 

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
make the communication action plan part of project quarter & annual plan, Promote project’s social media account and make use of UNDP and IP websites to publicize project results
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
PMU 2018/01 Completed Completed History
2. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2: Develop a project’s Theory of Change, in order to demonstrate how project’s interventions will contribute to achieve the objective of improved biodiversity protection in Ethiopia”.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop Project theory of change
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
PMU 2019/01 Completed Completed History
3. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3: Revise Project’s Objective indicator (ii) “At least 20,000 ha of the highly threatened afro-montane forests are under improved stewardship” into: ”Area (ha) of land of the highly threatened afro-montane forests are under improved stewardship by community land managers, as a result of a PES scheme piloted, indicated by no loss of habitat in BD sensitive areas (from clearance for agriculture)”.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Revise project’s objective indicator
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
PMU 2019/03 Completed Completed History
4. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4: Split Target 3 (Outcome 1) into two targets: “Increased awareness of 70 decision-makers and “Financial support to the biodiversity sector increased by 20%” and add a related indicator: “Increased FDRE spending on biodiversity

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Split targets into two for outcome 1
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP + PMU 2019/01 Completed Completed History
5. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5 Add a Target linked to Indicator (iii): “1 concertation and coordination mechanism for national institutions established within the EBI, and quarterly meetings among sectorial ministries organised, to promote the mainstreaming of biodiversity in policy planning and budgeting (by PY4)”.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Add targets for indicator III; coordination mechanism for biodiversity mainstreaming
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP + PMU 2019/01 Completed Completed History
6. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 6 Add an indicator: “Number of staff trained to effectively manage the PES scheme” to assess Target 5 (Outcome 2)..

 

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Add an indicator for number of key staff trained on PES
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP and PMU 2019/01 Completed Completed History
7. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 7: Add an indicator: “Number of prospective sellers identified per project site” to assess Target 7 (Outcome 2).

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Add number( target) of prospect sellers
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP and PMU 2019/01 Completed Completed History
8. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 8: Revise the indicator linked to Target 10 (Outcome 2) into “Guidelines for ecosystem services valuation developed, including indicators to evaluate biodiversity restoration status”.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Revise the indicator linked to target 10, preparation of guideline for ecosystem service valuation
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP + PMU 2019/01 Completed Completed History
9. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 9: Conduct a Gender Assessment and Action Plan to inform the implementation of a gender-sensitive PES system; and to provide support to alternative economic livelihoods for women

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Finalize gender assessment and preparation of action plan
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP and PMU 2019/12 Completed Completed History
10. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 10: Identify additional sources to support alternative livelihood options – e.g. by using some of the co-financing resources, seeking collaboration with other initiatives or sectors

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Secure government commitment to pay project co-financing to support livelihoods
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP + Government 2020/10 Completed Completed History
11. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 11: Further engage with the GoE to ensure the PES legal framework is validated as soon as possible and a PES system – including ecosystem valuation and per-conditions for buyers – is implemented to demonstrate the benefits..

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Accelerate PES legislation
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP + Government 2019/06 Completed Completed History
12. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 12:  Establish a project website, or online platform, hosted by the MEFCC, to share relevant decision-making tools and reports produced by the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop project website to display project results
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP + Government 2018/12 Completed Completed History
13. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 13:-Update the regional digital maps of conservation areas including data for 2015 (before project implementation), 2020 (end of project implementation) and 2027 (beyond project’s end) in order to demonstrate the long-term project’s impacts on conservation areas.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Update digital maps in a way it depict features of the conservation area
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
PMU 2019/12 Completed Completed History
Mobilize co-financing and extra financing for communities livelihood support
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP and Government 2019/05 Completed Completed History
14. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 14: Closely monitor project implementation in project sites considered at risk of political/civil unrest.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Strengthening project risk analysis
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
PMU 2019/03 Completed Completed History
15. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or issue 15: Develop a strong funding strategy for the PES system, which leverages fund from the public and private sector, to maintain the PES beyond the project’s lifetime.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop PES funding strategy for the sustainable conservation of project sites
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
UNDP & Government 2019/03 Completed Completed History
16. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or issue 16: Implement additional awareness raising campaigns on the importance of biodiversity conservation (including wildlife), apply clear demarcation between conservation areas and settlements and enforce penalties for illegal extraction/use of the natural resources to ensure the conservation areas remain protected at project’s end.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/11/06]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Sustain awareness raising campaign on the roles of biodiversity and sustainable conservation and utilization of biodiversity resources
[Added: 2018/11/06] [Last Updated: 2020/04/29]
PMU 2019/06 Completed Completed History

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