Mid-Term evaluation - Climate Change Resilience

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2011-2017, Somalia
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
12/2017
Completion Date:
12/2017
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
70,000

The Project, in an extremely challenging context, has made numerous remarkable achievements.
The Project has demonstrated that it is possible to undertake community based, climate change
adaptation projects in Somalia, at least in Somaliland and Puntland. The Project has also
demonstrated that this is a worthwhile aim.
However, the Project has also demonstrated that, compared to most countries, Somalia is a
challenging and expensive place to implement development projects. And, for the southern States, it
may not yet be feasible to run community-oriented, development projects.
The Project has adopted an approach whereby it first focuses on ‘on-the-ground’ actions, and uses
this to demonstrate success and to build partnerships and momentum. The on-the-ground actions
have delivered success before steps have been taken to clarify the Project’s strategic aspects. This
approach has been validated so far in this Project. By the mid-term, the Project has created a good
foundation. It has the potential to continue to be a highly successful project.
However, there are some weaknesses in the approach, and some subsequent weaknesses in the
results achieved. Hence, corrective measures will be necessary if the Project is to meet its full
potential.

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document MTR TOR GEF-LDCF CCR Project _Jan_2017.pdf tor English 239.84 KB Posted 1054
Download document Summary CCR.pdf summary English 245.53 KB Posted 993
Download document Somalia CCR MTR final.pdf report English 1159.74 KB Posted 2109
Download document Management_ECR CCR_2017.pdf related-document English 109.84 KB Posted 1032
Download document MTR_CCR_lessons_Learnt_2017.pdf related-document English 84.38 KB Posted 1066
Title Mid-Term evaluation - Climate Change Resilience
Atlas Project Number: 00084974
Evaluation Plan: 2011-2017, Somalia
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2017
Planned End Date: 12/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4. Scaled up action on climate change adaptation and mitigation across sectors which is funded and implemented
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
Evaluation Budget(US $): 70,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 70,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Ismail Abdullahi Elmi Team Member Puntland
Mukhtar Mohamoud Abdillahi Team Member Somaliland
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Enhancing Climate Resilience of the Vulnerable Communities and Ecosystems in Somalia
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5592
PIMS Number: 5268
Key Stakeholders: Government of Somalia
Countries: SOMALIA
Lessons
1.

The Project, in an extremely challenging context, has made numerous remarkable achievements. The Project has demonstrated that it is possible to undertake community based, climate change adaptation projects in Somalia, at least in Somaliland and Puntland. The Project has also demonstrated that this is a worthwhile aim.


2.

The Project has also demonstrated that, compared to most countries, Somalia is a challenging and expensive place to implement development projects. And, for the southern States, it may not yet be feasible to run community-oriented, development projects.

 


3.

The Project has adopted an approach whereby it first focuses on ‘on-the-ground’ actions, and uses this to demonstrate success and to build partnerships and momentum. The on-the-ground actions have delivered success before steps have been taken to clarify the Project’s strategic aspects. This approach has been validated so far in this Project. By the mid-term, the Project has created a good foundation. It has the potential to continue to be a highly successful project.

 


4.

The combination of DIM and LoAs has proven itself effective in assuring efficiency, ownership and oversight in Somaliland and Puntland, with good involvement of PMO and Responsible Partners. However, little has been achieved in the southern States. For Somaliland and Puntland, efforts should be made to transition to more standard implementation modalities as soon as possible. For the southern States, lessons must be learnt – it may be that community based activities cannot be implemented at this stage.


Findings
Recommendations
1

Recommendation No. 1: Revitalize the Project Board

UNDP should put significant effort into the revitalization of the Board or of a similar governance entity that can perform the functions

expected of a Board – i.e. providing strategic guidance and generating high level buy-in.

2

Recommendation No. 2: Project should launch a study to identify possible areas for synergy

2.1. Revising the theory of change and developing full theory of change balancing pilot activity and upstream activities

3

Recommendation No. 3: Establishment of 3 regional committees

4

Recommendation No. 4: Consider cancelling community based activities in Southern regions of Somalia

# 4.1 Relocating funds to useful activities in other components of the Project.

5

Recommendation No. 5: Select at least 3 sites (1-SL, 1-PL, and 1-SC) and undertake a thorough and participatory planning process

5.1. Social, economic and physical assessment, Climate change SWOT analysis, and Cost benefit analysis

1. Recommendation:

Recommendation No. 1: Revitalize the Project Board

UNDP should put significant effort into the revitalization of the Board or of a similar governance entity that can perform the functions

expected of a Board – i.e. providing strategic guidance and generating high level buy-in.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/10] [Last Updated: 2017/12/10]

Management Response: Agreed

The Board function has been revisited whilst recommendation discussed in the August 2017 Project Board Meeting. It was agreed that

the Board Members should be pro-active, review results, and impacts of on ground activities, and positive feedback was observed in the

very board meeting. The Board Members provided strategic guidance for outstanding issues and were as follows:

- The Regional government focal points (Hir-Shabelle, Galmudug, and South West State, Environment Ministries) to mobilise and

sensitise communities to support the water harvesting, civil works and the Setting up of Agro-pastoral schools (APFS) in 4 districts

(Afgoye, Jowhar, Guriel, and Balanbale). These communities and local governments to also re-vitalise the District Disaster Management

Committees (DDMCs) that were established during feasibility studies conducted in 2015. Also, UNDP to provide the necessary technical

support to achieve mentioned deliverables

- Board to follow up with Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Managements (MoHADMA) the engagement with Somalia

Disaster Management Agency (SoDMA) on a letter of agreement for Capacity building

- Scholarship for climate change and Natural Resource Management Post Graduate Degree Programmes to be based on academic

qualification and regional balance with allocation of 5 students per Regional Member States (Hir-Shabelle, Galmudug, South West,

Jubaland, Somaliland and Puntland) and 30% should be assigned to girl students. Panel to include of 14 members (Federal Education

Minister, DG Office of Environment OPM, and the Environment and Education Ministries of the 6 Regional Member States)

- Office of the Environment in OPM to be main coordination institution on the government side to receive recommendations from

member states and place it on the agenda of board meetings UNDP Country Office to advise the Environment Office on follow-up

actions within the scope of the project

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

Recommendation No. 2: Project should launch a study to identify possible areas for synergy

2.1. Revising the theory of change and developing full theory of change balancing pilot activity and upstream activities

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/10] [Last Updated: 2017/12/10]

Management Response: Agreed

Will be taken as a guidance for the future GEF/GCF follow up projects

Revisiting project theory of change is ongoing. The second Least Developed Countries Project to fully incorporate this recommendation.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

Recommendation No. 3: Establishment of 3 regional committees

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/10] [Last Updated: 2017/12/10]

Management Response: Agreed

- Board to decide way forward 

Puntland, Somaliland, and Federal level with new Member States to be established. Each project counterparts proposes members

1. TORs

2. One committee meeting every 6 months

3. PMO regulating meetings

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

Recommendation No. 4: Consider cancelling community based activities in Southern regions of Somalia

# 4.1 Relocating funds to useful activities in other components of the Project.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/10]

The needs of the new member states are far greater than others. Also rate of vulnerability is higher and deserves utmost flexibility. This has been consulted with the Project Board members for discussion and agreed action was to engage the Regional government focal points (Hir-Shabelle, Galmudug, and South West State, Environment Ministries) to mobilise and sensitise communities to support the water harvesting, civil works and the Setting up of Agro-pastoral schools (APFS) in 4 districts (Afgoye, Jowhar, Guriel, and Balanbale), to also re-vitalise the District Disaster Management Committees (DDMCs) that were established during feasibility studies conducted in 2015. Also, UNDP to provide the necessary technical support to achieve mentioned deliverables.

# 4.1:  Budget for reforestation activities has been relocated for Capacity building Federal Humanitarian and Disaster Ministry /Somalia Disaster management Agency (SoDMA)

- Targeted capacity development to be addressed through projects running in parallel, including, cross-cutting capacity development project, National Adaptation Support

Programme and Joint Programme on Charcoal.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

Recommendation No. 5: Select at least 3 sites (1-SL, 1-PL, and 1-SC) and undertake a thorough and participatory planning process

5.1. Social, economic and physical assessment, Climate change SWOT analysis, and Cost benefit analysis

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/10]

Management Response: Agreed will be planned for action for 2018

Key Actions:

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org