Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Philippines

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Evaluation Plan:
2014-2017, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
ICPE/ADR
Planned End Date:
12/2017
Completion Date:
12/2017
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
100,000

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Title Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Philippines
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2014-2017, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2017
Planned End Date: 12/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
  • 2. Output 1.4. Scaled up action on climate change adaptation and mitigation across sectors which is funded and implemented
Evaluation Budget(US $): 100,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 80,000
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Richard Jones Evaluation Advisor
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: PHILIPPINES
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

National Acceleration Modality approaches need to be planned, entered into and implemented within an agreed memorandum of understanding between UNDP and the Government of the Philippines. This should include a clear strategic understanding of technical assistance needs and focus with a strategic vision for UNDP moving out as a service delivery agent and the Government acting as primary delivery agent in the future.

2

Experience from the response to and recovery from Typhoon Yolanda and other disasters over the period needs to be consolidated and documented and UNDP Philippines could ensure that this strengthens its own response plan and its coordination role for future disasters as well as feeds into existing and developing government response, recovery and preparedness work.

3

UNDP needs to give greater strategic focus to areas of crosscutting concern to UNDP as a whole including gender, South-South cooperation (SSC) as well its evaluation of programmes and projects.

4

UNDP in the Philippines needs to develop a more strategic approach in some areas of intervention, especially aspects of its governance work including human rights issues and support to responsible Philippine institutions, in order to ensure support is optimal and targeted and allows UNDP and Philippine partners to address challenges strategically and sustainably.

5

UNDP with the Government of the Philippines should review its current and past interventions and support to the environment, natural resources and climate change, especially those financed through the Global Environment Facility (GEF), to ensure that the support is balanced and is addressing the main needs and priorities of current and future policy and strategy priorities, that interventions are meeting key needs and that gaps in support are not developing.

1. Recommendation:

National Acceleration Modality approaches need to be planned, entered into and implemented within an agreed memorandum of understanding between UNDP and the Government of the Philippines. This should include a clear strategic understanding of technical assistance needs and focus with a strategic vision for UNDP moving out as a service delivery agent and the Government acting as primary delivery agent in the future.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/07/30]

The National Acceleration Modality operates under the SBAA and is a variant of the DIM.  The modality has never been one focused on supplanting the government’s role as primary delivery agent.  The intention has always been to provide temporary and time bound support to accelerate delivery where the government considers it lacks sufficient capacity to do so and in parallel support the strengthening of capacity and systems with a clear exit strategy to phase out the support as that capacity develops.  Each intervention is jointly planned and entered and implemented under a Government Financing agreement and a project document as per UNDP POPP.

An assessment of constraints within the Philippine Government’s procurement (and to a lesser extent service delivery) systems has been undertaken and will provide the basis for an action plan to strengthen institutional capacity including regulatory and policy instruments.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The modality will be specifically referenced in the new CPD where its logic and its role in the overall country strategy will be clearly articulated.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2018/12 Initiated
Government Financing agreements and project documents will continue to be jointly agreed and used to govern implementation. The documents and annual work plans will continue to detail all project and technical support costs.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2019/12 Initiated
Project Boards will guide and monitor implementation. NEDA’s role will continue its oversight role through its participation in Project Boards and review of Country Programme implementation.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2019/12 Initiated
UNDP will strengthen the quality of the risk analysis that is undertaken prior to project design finalization, including detailing implementation, financial and reputational risks. Risks will be monitored throughout implementation.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2018/12 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Experience from the response to and recovery from Typhoon Yolanda and other disasters over the period needs to be consolidated and documented and UNDP Philippines could ensure that this strengthens its own response plan and its coordination role for future disasters as well as feeds into existing and developing government response, recovery and preparedness work.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/07/30]

The experience from response and recovery efforts during Typhoon Yolanda has been documented through the After Action Review (2014) and project evaluations of UNDP early recovery and rehabilitation efforts.  UNDP also supported the government in reviewing the broader Typhoon Yolanda experience by commissioning 2 major studies: the Assessment of Housing Recovery from Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines after Two Years, and Typhoon Yolanda Recovery in the context of Large-scale International Recovery Experiences. The reports also highlighted good practices to strengthen the recovery process moving forward.  A Compendium of Resettlement Approaches for the Yolanda Response was also prepared and which was well received by key shelter agencies, the National Economic and Development Authority and the Department of the Interior and Local Government.

Drawing on the lessons from the Yolanda experience, UNDP also conducted a disaster preparedness desktop exercise for Country Office staff. The exercise aimed to strengthen UNDP’s response capability and ability to continue in parallel its development interventions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will document and undertake assessments of future disaster interventions.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2018/12 Initiated
UNDP considers that it is the Government’s role to coordinate responses to future disasters. UNDP will support this role as appropriate and as requested. UNDP will also facilitate the Early Recovery Cluster operations under the Humanitarian Country Team structure to contribute that UN support to Government is coordinated, timely, effective and relevant. The new CPD will emphasise the need to integrate UNDP disaster recovery responses with support for strengthening of capacity within Government for disaster risk reduction and management
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2018/12 Initiated
3. Recommendation:

UNDP needs to give greater strategic focus to areas of crosscutting concern to UNDP as a whole including gender, South-South cooperation (SSC) as well its evaluation of programmes and projects.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/07/30]

Management acknowledges the need for the CO to strengthen mainstreaming of gender equality, south-south cooperation, and evaluation of programmes and projects.   The CO however notes that the current Country Programme, which was endorsed by the Government, did not have a major role for south-south cooperation (SSC) but acknowledges the inherent value of such cooperation. The Philippines’ role in SSC is now moving from a recipient of experience from the South towards more as a provider, considering the amount of knowledge and experience that the country has to share in terms of its innovations in biodiversity financing, disaster response, and SDG mainstreaming and localization.   This is clearly evident in the regular requests from countries in the region to visit the Philippines to draw on the experience and expertise here.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will develop a Gender Equality mainstreaming action plan and will aim to achieve the gender equality seal in the next CPD cycle.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2019/12 Not Initiated
The UNDP gender marker will be used to monitor expenditure and improve gender-based planning and decision making. Project gender markers and gender integration in programmes will be reviewed through project quality assurance mechanisms and the conduct of gender assessments, especially for large-scale projects.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2018/12 Not Initiated
UNDP will collaborate with UN Women on substantive joint initiatives to promote SDG 5 in the next UNDAF and Country Programme.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2019/12 Not Initiated
UNDP will strengthen its documentation and sharing of project successes and solutions to provide easy and broad access to other countries and with national and global think tanks to facilitate exchange of development solutions and address the challenges in achieving the SDGs. In certain cases, UNDP will seek to draw on lessons and experience in the region for example in the normalization process for former combatants and in e-governance
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2018/12 Initiated
1. UNDP will ensure a well-balanced approach in evaluations, ensuring that the outcomes and consolidated results of projects are evaluated regularly to capture their impact and identify future programmatic adjustments that may be needed. Thematic evaluations will also be conducted for all CPD outcomes, measuring the consolidated contributions of individual projects to programme results. UNDP will pursue partnerships with academic and research institutions to implement its evaluation plan and to generate more regular independent assessments of project achievements, with the aim of contributing to high level policy discussions. UNDP will also support the National Economic and Development Authority in formulating and implementing the National Evaluation Agenda for 2018-2022 to evaluate the Philippine Development Plan, the Public Investment Programme, and progress against the SDGs.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2018/12 Initiated
4. Recommendation:

UNDP in the Philippines needs to develop a more strategic approach in some areas of intervention, especially aspects of its governance work including human rights issues and support to responsible Philippine institutions, in order to ensure support is optimal and targeted and allows UNDP and Philippine partners to address challenges strategically and sustainably.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/07/30]

While the logic underlying this recommendation is acknowledged, the lack of a sustained resource base constrains the capacity of the CO to provide optimal and sustained support for governance and human rights.

UNDP notes the importance of strengthening governance systems and institutional capacities through a human rights-based approach as well as deepening citizens involvement to promote integrity, transparency, and accountability.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will adopt a human rights-based approach and the strengthening of democratic processes as a cross-cutting theme in the new CPD.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2018/12 Completed
To support improved access to quality basic social services, justice, and economic opportunities especially among marginalize groups and most-at-risk, the new CPD will include as a sub-outcome, strengthening governance in national and sub national government entities and citizen engagement in the development process.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2018/12 Completed
UNDP will also expand its partnership with the private sector to include the adoption of the UN guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights to ensure enterprises positively impact on people’s lives and prevent risks of potential adverse impact.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2019/12 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

UNDP with the Government of the Philippines should review its current and past interventions and support to the environment, natural resources and climate change, especially those financed through the Global Environment Facility (GEF), to ensure that the support is balanced and is addressing the main needs and priorities of current and future policy and strategy priorities, that interventions are meeting key needs and that gaps in support are not developing.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/07/30]

Global priorities of GEF are set every four years through the Programming Guidelines. These are developed based on guidance given by the relevant Conventions (e.g., Convention on Biodiversity, Desertification, Climate Change, Basel, Nagoya Protocol, etc.); based on inputs from member countries including the Philippines. Countries are given opportunities to develop their respective country programs and strategies for GEF that involves an analysis of drivers of environmental degradation. UNDP has played a key role in this process by directly supporting the national strategic planning process.  GEF projects therefore, while developed and implemented individually are derived from a national prioritization exercise, and therefore contribute to the overall aim of addressing underlying drivers of environmental degradation.

The GCF also provides an opportunity to support Government efforts in climate change adaptation and mitigation.  UNDP is working with Government on the formulation of a national programme that will identify how GCF can support the main needs and strategic priorities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will continue to closely collaborate with Government to ensure that GEF projects are aligned with government priorities to address environmental degradation.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2018/12 Initiated
UNDP will suggest to the Government that the evaluation of the country’s GEF projects be included under the National Evaluation Agenda for 2018-2022.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2019/12 Not Initiated
Through UNDP’s support to the Philippines to access GCF, government capacities will be strengthened to effectively and efficiently plan for, manage, and monitor climate finance, as well to implement the country’s National Action Plan and Nationally Determined Contributions.
[Added: 2018/07/30]
CO 2019/12 Initiated

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