Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Comoros

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
ICPE/ADR
Planned End Date:
12/2018
Completion Date:
12/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
70,000

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Title Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Comoros
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2018
Planned End Date: 12/2018
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 2.1. Parliaments, constitution making bodies and electoral institutions enabled to perform core functions for improved accountability, participation and representation, including for peaceful transitions
Evaluation Budget(US $): 70,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 60,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Nadia Bechraoui
Samia Abdoulmadjid
Oanh Nguyen Evaluation Specialist
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: COMOROS
Lessons
Findings
1.

Finding 1. UNDP’s programme in the Comoros includes three expected outcomes, with activities and outputs that have the potential to contribute to intermediate results in a cross-cutting and integrated manner. These intermediate results are clearly relevant to the context of the Comoros as a least developed country (LDC) and a SIDS, but the stated objectives of the programme are too ambitious for UNDP to achieve on its own and within the programme period.


Tag: Inclusive economic growth Local Governance Climate Change Adaptation Gender Equality SDG monitoring and reporting Results-Based Management Effectiveness Efficiency Country Government Policy Advisory

2.

Finding 2. UNDP contributed to the organization of peaceful and transparent elections in 2016 through the establishment of a reliable and transparent electoral process management framework that incorporates gender issues. However, the revised 2017 Electoral Code has not been validated.


Tag: Election Rule of law Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Donor Coordination

3.

Finding 3. UNDP helped prevent electoral violence and ensure the stability of the 2016 presidential and governor elections, through the establishment and operationalization of the National Citizen’s Watch Platform for calm and credible elections in the Comoros. Nevertheless, the platform is no longer operational, thereby not contributing to consolidating UNDP’s achievements in conflict prevention and management.


Tag: Youth Anti-corruption Civic Engagement Election Gender Equality Gender Parity SDG Integration Human and Financial resources Crisis prevention Promotion of dialogue Effectiveness Sustainability Civil Societies and NGOs Donor Coordination Technical Support

4.

Finding 4. UNDP’s intervention in the area of security sector reform has provided the country with a strategic reference framework for defence and security issues and to improve the working conditions of the National Police and the Army by strengthening their technical and human capacities. However, the process for supporting security sector reform has not been completed, and the results remain incomplete.


Tag: Human rights Rule of law Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Agenda 2030 Knowledge management Programme Synergy Security Effectiveness Efficiency Policy Advisory Technical Support

5.

Finding 5. UNDP has contributed to the strengthening of planning capacities at the central level. UNDP assisted the Government to revise its SCA2D and align it with the SDGs, and provided support in terms of supervision, reporting and the preparation of studies that should help guide public policies in the Comoros. However, the objectives pursued in the area of planning and administrative reform have not been fully achieved.


Tag: Poverty Reduction Public administration reform Health Crises SDG Integration SDG monitoring and reporting Knowledge management Aid Coordination Effectiveness Efficiency Civil Societies and NGOs Donor Private Sector UN Agencies

6.

Finding 6. The objective of addressing the challenges of decentralization and local development has not been achieved based on the governance interventions elaborated in the CPD. However, actions undertaken by UNDP in favour of the development of cash crops by supporting local producers and strengthening the resilience of populations to climate change through support to agriculture have concretely contributed to local development.


Tag: Inclusive economic growth Trade and Development Local Governance Climate Change Adaptation Effectiveness Efficiency Impact Crop production Technical Support

7.

Finding 7. Regarding cash crops exports, progress over the period under review has been modest on the targeted objectives and has not yet produced any significant results in the fight against poverty. However, the results already achieved could be promising if they are pursued.


Tag: Inclusive economic growth Trade and Development Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Operational Efficiency Promotion of dialogue Crop production Technical Support

8.

Finding 8. In the environment area, UNDP support for biodiversity conservation efforts has begun to bear fruits for the affected populations but has not yet been able to guarantee sustainable results in the development of the country’s vegetation cover. 


Tag: Jobs and Livelihoods Poverty Reduction Civic Engagement Biodiversity Protected Areas Global Environment Facility fund Multi Donor Trust Funds Rural development Policy Advisory Technical Support

9.

Finding 9. UNDP has contributed to the establishment of a comprehensive institutional framework for disaster risk reduction and improved understanding of risks at the institutional level, but significant progress is still to be made at the local level, and at the population level in particular. 


Tag: Civic Engagement e-Governance Local Governance Public administration reform Climate change governance Disaster Risk Reduction Effectiveness Technical Support

10.

Finding 10. UNDP has been able to demonstrate, in the targeted areas of intervention, the merits of introducing adaptation and mitigation practices to strengthen the resilience of people to climate change.  


Tag: Jobs and Livelihoods Technology Climate Change Adaptation Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Water resources Crop production Fishery Technical Support

11.

Finding 11. Efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change have focused on drafting an energy strategy, including on the development of renewable sources of energy, but these efforts remain modest as they are still too recent or one-off.


Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Energy Environment Policy Renewable energy Global Environment Facility fund Effectiveness Technical Support

12.

Finding 12. In the area of poverty reduction, UNDP supports the trade sector to, in particular, promote exports of cash crops. Its normative interventions, started in the previous cycle, have fallen behind and are penalizing the achievement of expected results during this cycle, especially those on the ground for the benefit of producer cooperatives. 


Tag: Poverty Reduction Technology Trade and Development Knowledge management Food Security Effectiveness Impact Relevance Sustainability Crop production Coordination

13.

Finding 13. UNDP has reinforced its programmatic approach by continuing the cross-cutting approach at the thematic level initiated during the previous programming period. Combined with a better integration of different interventions to enhance their complementarity, efforts towards continuity and a phased approach, as well as steps to target beneficiaries in the same areas of intervention, UNDP’s strategy could have more significant effects on the resilience of populations.


Tag: Jobs and Livelihoods Anti-corruption Climate change governance Programme Synergy Results-Based Management Protected Areas Effectiveness Sustainability Crop production Policy Advisory

14.

Finding 14. Overall, through its mobilization capacity and its credibility, UNDP has built appropriate partnerships that have had a largely positive impact on progress made in achieving expected results. However, these partnerships are still insufficient, and the partnership with the Comorian Government has not yet resulted in a strong commitment from national partners on the UNDP programme. For some technical interventions, outside its field of expertise, UNDP intervened alone, which hindered the smooth implementation of projects.


Tag: Civic Engagement Climate Change Adaptation Partnership Strategic Positioning Effectiveness Efficiency Agriculture Country Government

15.

Finding 15. Knowledge management has been generally very satisfactory at the country office level, among UNDP projects, and in some cases, with some United Nations agencies. It has allowed for more coherence and integration in the country programme, which should translate into better achievement of results.


Tag: Technology Civic Engagement Human and Financial resources Knowledge management Programme Synergy Effectiveness Relevance UN Agencies South-South Cooperation Technical Support

16.

Finding 16. The approach adopted for sustainability is not optimal as it most often involves planning new phases for projects that are coming to an end, which does not promote proper national ownership or scaling up. 


Tag: Poverty Reduction Civic Engagement SDG Integration Protected Areas Global Environment Facility fund Effectiveness Efficiency Sustainability UN Agencies Technical Support

17.

Finding 17: The country office made significant efforts to take gender, human rights and environmental dimensions into account in project design and implementation. However, initiatives for gender equality have been ad hoc. The results do not yet involve real behavioural changes.


Tag: Disabilities Jobs and Livelihoods Human rights Natural Disaster Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Gender Parity Women's Empowerment SDG Integration Environment Policy Effectiveness Impact Sustainability Technical Support

18.

Finding 18. Most projects implemented under the sustainable development component are financed by international aid from traditional or non-traditional donors, and have little or no national contribution. UNDP faces considerable challenges in mobilizing resources to fund the activities planned in its programme on political, administrative and economic governance.


Tag: SDG Integration Procurement Programme Synergy Global Environment Facility fund Government Cost-sharing Resource mobilization Effectiveness Efficiency Donor UN Agencies Technical Support

19.

Finding 19. UNDP provides strong support to national execution due to the lack of capacity in the administrative and financial management of projects. This allows it to be compliant with its own rules and procedures. But weaknesses are not sufficiently addressed by training due to the frequent rotation of national project teams. Monitoring activities do not adequately reflect progress to achieve the expected results, and there are few evaluations. 


Tag: Capacity Building Human and Financial resources Monitoring and Evaluation Operational Efficiency Policies & Procedures Effectiveness Efficiency Relevance Technical Support

Recommendations
1

Recommendation 1. Good governance is essential for sustainable development and is the main challenge facing the Comoros. UNDP needs to review and strengthen its governance programme. It should also further develop cross-cutting interventions supporting governance.

At the time of the evaluation, the country office was preparing a project document entitled “Strengthening Democratic Governance and Peacebuilding in the Union of the Comoros.”  Some aspects of governance issues, including the fight against corruption, the protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms, access to justice, reporting on the state of governance, and the prevention and management of conflicts are developed in the project document to varying degrees. UNDP should continue its efforts to strengthen both its governance programme and cross-cutting interventions supporting governance, as governance issues and more specifically the application of laws and related decrees, agreements and contracts are fundamental to achieving results and ensuring sustainability in all sectors of the Comorian economy.

The rule of law, social cohesion as well as decentralization and local development, including the effective transfer of skills and resources to the communes, are all key areas. Given UNDP’s limited resources, integrated programmes should be further promoted, the development of synergies with other development partners active in these areas should be prioritized, and the involvement of national authorities should be strengthened to ensure national ownership and sustainability of interventions. UNDP should also build the capacity of civil society associations and organizations to professionalize them, and collaborate with them beyond awareness activities. Increasing their ability to take action independently and become alternatives to public administration would enhance sustainability.

 

 

FRENCH:

La bonne gouvernance est indispensable pour le développement durable et est le principal défi auquel doit faire face l’Union des Comores. Le PNUD doit revoir et renforcer son programme sur la gouvernance. Le PNUD doit aussi développer davantage des interventions transversales permettant renforcer la gouvernance.

2

Recommendation 2. As electricity is an essential factor of production for the country’s economic development, and given high renewable energy potential in the Comoros, UNDP should strengthen its support to renewable energy development.

The exploitation of renewable energy potential would make it possible to ensure development by reducing both the Comoros’ high dependence on fossil fuel imports and the impact on the balance of payments. It would also allow the islands of Anjouan and Mohéli, whose energy supply comes from Grande Comores, to have greater autonomy and better economic performance. Renewable energy is also an area in which some development partners are open to supporting the Comoros. UNDP should foster partnerships with these actors to promote transformational and innovative activities to enhance access to affordable energy services as advocated by the Samoa Pathway for SIDS.

FRENCH:

L’électricité étant un facteur de production indispensable au développement économique d’un pays et compte tenu de l’existence d’un fort potentiel en énergies renouvelables aux Comores, le PNUD doit renforcer son appui au développement des énergies renouvelables.

3

Recommendation 3. UNDP needs to design its next country programme on the basis of a theory of change that will enable it to formulate realistic objectives across a programming cycle, based on allocated human and financial resources, and the identification of factors over which it can have an influence.

As with projects, for which theories of change are increasingly being developed, the country office will need to apply this approach to its country programme. This will provide a more comprehensive and realistic vision of the intervention strategy. Indeed, the office will be able to better visualize where and how it can realistically intervene, which will allow it, from an initial situation, to go from project outputs to the different levels of outcomes to the level of the impact sought. Outcomes should be formulated more realistically according to UNDP’s human and financial capacities. It must avoid focusing on areas that it has no control over under the pretext of fundraising opportunities and focus its efforts in areas where it has a comparative advantage.

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit concevoir son prochain programme pays sur la base d’une théorie du changement qui lui permettra de formuler des objectifs réalistes à l’échelle d’un cycle de programmation, en fonction des ressources humaines et financières imparties et en identifiant les facteurs sur lesquels il peut avoir une influence.

4

Recomendation 4. UNDP should advocate for greater national ownership based on dialogue with all stakeholders and develop a strategy for scaling up its successful pilot experiences. In the field, UNDP needs to better prepare communities to accept new concepts such as payment for services, including ecosystem services and credit repayment, among others, by sensitizing them and strengthening their capacities.

UNDP should engage in dialogue with all actors (at the national, island and local levels) in order to mobilize them in the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of actions. The dialogue should help all parties understand that development is a primarily endogenous process that cannot be based solely on international assistance. It requires effective participation by all for a gradual but real shift towards accountability and ownership. New concepts introduced as part of projects are not sufficiently mastered by the recipients, which compromises their sustainability. It is absolutely essential that more resources (time and money) be allocated to awareness, information and training in order to sustain the results achieved by projects. The strategy for scaling up successful pilots must include a component on communication of the results achieved or likely to be achieved, and a component on the search for partnerships to mobilize additional financial resources, or for technical and financial partners that can take over if results achieved require further consolidation. 

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit développer un plaidoyer en faveur d’une plus grande appropriation nationale axé sur le dialogue avec tous les acteurs et élaborer une stratégie de mise à l’échelle de ses expériences pilotes réussies. Sur le terrain, le PNUD doit davantage préparer les communautés à accepter de nouveaux concepts tels que le paiement de services (y compris écosystémiques), le remboursement de crédits, etc. en les sensibilisant et en renforçant leurs capacités (formations)

5

Recommendation 5. UNDP should make greater efforts to improve project management by national partners, involve them more in project formulation and budgeting, and develop the culture of results-based monitoring in national and island level institutions through advocacy and institutional capacity-building.

To strengthen national project management capacity for better project implementation and ownership of results, UNDP can organize prolonged and targeted training tailored to the realities and needs of beneficiaries at the national government level. This should be aimed at achieving transformational change. National partners must also be actively involved in the implementation and monitoring of projects, through continuous and sustained support for a more effective transfer of skills.

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit fournir davantage d’efforts pour améliorer la gestion de projet par les parties nationales et développer la culture du suivi axé sur les résultats au sein des institutions nationales et insulaires par le plaidoyer et le renforcement de capacités institutionnelles.

6

Recommendation 6. In terms of resource mobilization, UNDP should explore unconventional sources such as the Comorian diaspora and develop a reflection on ways to channel its money transfers to investment projects and/or the development of innovations in the productive sector. It must also improve communication with other development partners in the country for better coordination of interventions, and the mobilization and more effective management of official development assistance resources. The Comoros is among the top 10 countries in terms of cash transfers from the diaspora (20 percent of GDP). These financial flows are the main source of the Comoros’ foreign exchange inflow and far exceed foreign direct investment and official development assistance.

They are divided into three purposes: about 77 percent of the funds are allocated to family support for current consumption, education and health, or the financing of large weddings; 13 percent for the financing of real estate projects; and barely 10 percent for productive investment given high risks that characterize the country’s socio-economic and legal environment. Collaboration with technical and financial partners, and even with other agencies of the United Nations system, has been negatively affected by weak communication on the UNDP programme. The country office should be open to other partners working in the same areas, and systematically collaborate with other United Nations agencies to avoid redundancies, and to pool efforts and resources for more effective results and for scaling up the interventions of each other. 

FRENCH:

En termes de mobilisation de ressources, le PNUD devrait explorer des sources non conventionnelles telle que la diaspora comorienne et développer une réflexion sur les moyens de canaliser ses transferts d’argent vers des projets d’investissements et/ou de développement d’innovations dans le secteur productif. Il doit également améliorer la communication avec les autres partenaires de développement dans le pays pour une meilleure coordination des interventions, une mobilisation et une gestion plus efficace des ressources de l’aide publique au développement.

7

Recommendation 7. UNDP should further reinforce its gender and human rights efforts, and use expertise and/or tools to better address these dimensions in its programme.

Efforts already made must continue but go beyond the search for gender parity in capacity-building activities and beyond activities for women’s economic integration. All forms of vulnerability must be taken into account. Gender analysis should be conducted to examine the roles, rights, needs and concerns of vulnerable groups (women, men, youth), and the relationships among them in a socio-economic context characterized by strong cultural resistance. This would help determine the most effective intervention opportunities and strategies to promote gender equality and empower vulnerable groups.

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit renforcer davantage ses efforts en matière de genre et de droits humains et recourir à l’expertise et/ou aux outils qui lui permettront de mieux prendre en compte ces dimensions dans son programme.

Management Response Documents
1. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1. Good governance is essential for sustainable development and is the main challenge facing the Comoros. UNDP needs to review and strengthen its governance programme. It should also further develop cross-cutting interventions supporting governance.

At the time of the evaluation, the country office was preparing a project document entitled “Strengthening Democratic Governance and Peacebuilding in the Union of the Comoros.”  Some aspects of governance issues, including the fight against corruption, the protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms, access to justice, reporting on the state of governance, and the prevention and management of conflicts are developed in the project document to varying degrees. UNDP should continue its efforts to strengthen both its governance programme and cross-cutting interventions supporting governance, as governance issues and more specifically the application of laws and related decrees, agreements and contracts are fundamental to achieving results and ensuring sustainability in all sectors of the Comorian economy.

The rule of law, social cohesion as well as decentralization and local development, including the effective transfer of skills and resources to the communes, are all key areas. Given UNDP’s limited resources, integrated programmes should be further promoted, the development of synergies with other development partners active in these areas should be prioritized, and the involvement of national authorities should be strengthened to ensure national ownership and sustainability of interventions. UNDP should also build the capacity of civil society associations and organizations to professionalize them, and collaborate with them beyond awareness activities. Increasing their ability to take action independently and become alternatives to public administration would enhance sustainability.

 

 

FRENCH:

La bonne gouvernance est indispensable pour le développement durable et est le principal défi auquel doit faire face l’Union des Comores. Le PNUD doit revoir et renforcer son programme sur la gouvernance. Le PNUD doit aussi développer davantage des interventions transversales permettant renforcer la gouvernance.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R1. le management accepte cette recommandation et a déjà initié certaines initiatives intégrée visant à soutenir le domaine de la gouvernance. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A new democratic governance and conflict prevention management project covering the period 2018-2021 is being developed
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR ARR/P Programme Analyst, Governance 2019/07 Overdue-Initiated The management accepts this recommendation and has already initiated some cross-cutting interventions supporting governance
The Country Office will mainstream the approach of integrating a governance capacity building component into all UNDP-supported projects
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR ARR/P Programme Analyst, Governance Programme Unit 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation 2. As electricity is an essential factor of production for the country’s economic development, and given high renewable energy potential in the Comoros, UNDP should strengthen its support to renewable energy development.

The exploitation of renewable energy potential would make it possible to ensure development by reducing both the Comoros’ high dependence on fossil fuel imports and the impact on the balance of payments. It would also allow the islands of Anjouan and Mohéli, whose energy supply comes from Grande Comores, to have greater autonomy and better economic performance. Renewable energy is also an area in which some development partners are open to supporting the Comoros. UNDP should foster partnerships with these actors to promote transformational and innovative activities to enhance access to affordable energy services as advocated by the Samoa Pathway for SIDS.

FRENCH:

L’électricité étant un facteur de production indispensable au développement économique d’un pays et compte tenu de l’existence d’un fort potentiel en énergies renouvelables aux Comores, le PNUD doit renforcer son appui au développement des énergies renouvelables.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R2. le management accepte cette recommandation et mettra tout en oeuvre pour la prendre en compte dans le développement de nouveaux partenariats et dans la stratégie de mobilisation des ressources. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Multiply advocacy actions and establish partnerships for the development of geothermal energy, particularly with the African Union, New Zealand and IRENA.
[Added: 2019/03/21]
RR, DRR ARR/P Programme analyst- Energy & Resource Mobilisation Focal Point 2019/10 Overdue-Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 3. UNDP needs to design its next country programme on the basis of a theory of change that will enable it to formulate realistic objectives across a programming cycle, based on allocated human and financial resources, and the identification of factors over which it can have an influence.

As with projects, for which theories of change are increasingly being developed, the country office will need to apply this approach to its country programme. This will provide a more comprehensive and realistic vision of the intervention strategy. Indeed, the office will be able to better visualize where and how it can realistically intervene, which will allow it, from an initial situation, to go from project outputs to the different levels of outcomes to the level of the impact sought. Outcomes should be formulated more realistically according to UNDP’s human and financial capacities. It must avoid focusing on areas that it has no control over under the pretext of fundraising opportunities and focus its efforts in areas where it has a comparative advantage.

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit concevoir son prochain programme pays sur la base d’une théorie du changement qui lui permettra de formuler des objectifs réalistes à l’échelle d’un cycle de programmation, en fonction des ressources humaines et financières imparties et en identifiant les facteurs sur lesquels il peut avoir une influence.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R3. Le management accepte cette recommandation et s'assurer de sa prise en compte dans le processus de préparation du prochain cycle de coopération

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Organize at least two training and exchange sessions to internalize the theory of change in the programming process of the next cycle of cooperation for the country office staff and the national counterpart
[Added: 2019/03/21]
RR, DRR ARR/P 2019/10 Overdue-Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Recomendation 4. UNDP should advocate for greater national ownership based on dialogue with all stakeholders and develop a strategy for scaling up its successful pilot experiences. In the field, UNDP needs to better prepare communities to accept new concepts such as payment for services, including ecosystem services and credit repayment, among others, by sensitizing them and strengthening their capacities.

UNDP should engage in dialogue with all actors (at the national, island and local levels) in order to mobilize them in the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of actions. The dialogue should help all parties understand that development is a primarily endogenous process that cannot be based solely on international assistance. It requires effective participation by all for a gradual but real shift towards accountability and ownership. New concepts introduced as part of projects are not sufficiently mastered by the recipients, which compromises their sustainability. It is absolutely essential that more resources (time and money) be allocated to awareness, information and training in order to sustain the results achieved by projects. The strategy for scaling up successful pilots must include a component on communication of the results achieved or likely to be achieved, and a component on the search for partnerships to mobilize additional financial resources, or for technical and financial partners that can take over if results achieved require further consolidation. 

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit développer un plaidoyer en faveur d’une plus grande appropriation nationale axé sur le dialogue avec tous les acteurs et élaborer une stratégie de mise à l’échelle de ses expériences pilotes réussies. Sur le terrain, le PNUD doit davantage préparer les communautés à accepter de nouveaux concepts tels que le paiement de services (y compris écosystémiques), le remboursement de crédits, etc. en les sensibilisant et en renforçant leurs capacités (formations)

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R4. le management accepte cette recommandation et la prendra en compte dans la mise en oeuvre de la stratégie de communication.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Systematize the approach of scaling up the successful experiences of demonstration projects in the process of formulating the new programmes, with strengthened involvement of national partners
[Added: 2019/03/21]
ARR/P Programme Unit Communication specialist 2019/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
Develop communication plans at the project level to support the dissemination of new innovative concepts/tools within the target populations and the appropriation/use by the beneficiaries of the products and/or services offered.
[Added: 2019/03/21]
ARR/P, Programme Unit Communication specialist 2019/05 Overdue-Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Recommendation 5. UNDP should make greater efforts to improve project management by national partners, involve them more in project formulation and budgeting, and develop the culture of results-based monitoring in national and island level institutions through advocacy and institutional capacity-building.

To strengthen national project management capacity for better project implementation and ownership of results, UNDP can organize prolonged and targeted training tailored to the realities and needs of beneficiaries at the national government level. This should be aimed at achieving transformational change. National partners must also be actively involved in the implementation and monitoring of projects, through continuous and sustained support for a more effective transfer of skills.

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit fournir davantage d’efforts pour améliorer la gestion de projet par les parties nationales et développer la culture du suivi axé sur les résultats au sein des institutions nationales et insulaires par le plaidoyer et le renforcement de capacités institutionnelles.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R5. le management accepte cette recommandation et la prendra en compte dans la mise en oeuvre du HACT et les plans de développement des capacités y relatifs. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Integrate into the annual work programme of projects the undertaking of micro-evaluation of national implementing partners and responsible parties with a view to establishing capacity development plans specific to the identified needs
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR ARR/P OM Programme Unit 2019/05 Overdue-Initiated
The Country Office will organize at least two trainings on results-based management and monitoring/evaluation for implementing partners, responsible parties, programme and operations staff, and project teams
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR ARR/P, OM Programme Unit 2019/09 Overdue-Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation 6. In terms of resource mobilization, UNDP should explore unconventional sources such as the Comorian diaspora and develop a reflection on ways to channel its money transfers to investment projects and/or the development of innovations in the productive sector. It must also improve communication with other development partners in the country for better coordination of interventions, and the mobilization and more effective management of official development assistance resources. The Comoros is among the top 10 countries in terms of cash transfers from the diaspora (20 percent of GDP). These financial flows are the main source of the Comoros’ foreign exchange inflow and far exceed foreign direct investment and official development assistance.

They are divided into three purposes: about 77 percent of the funds are allocated to family support for current consumption, education and health, or the financing of large weddings; 13 percent for the financing of real estate projects; and barely 10 percent for productive investment given high risks that characterize the country’s socio-economic and legal environment. Collaboration with technical and financial partners, and even with other agencies of the United Nations system, has been negatively affected by weak communication on the UNDP programme. The country office should be open to other partners working in the same areas, and systematically collaborate with other United Nations agencies to avoid redundancies, and to pool efforts and resources for more effective results and for scaling up the interventions of each other. 

FRENCH:

En termes de mobilisation de ressources, le PNUD devrait explorer des sources non conventionnelles telle que la diaspora comorienne et développer une réflexion sur les moyens de canaliser ses transferts d’argent vers des projets d’investissements et/ou de développement d’innovations dans le secteur productif. Il doit également améliorer la communication avec les autres partenaires de développement dans le pays pour une meilleure coordination des interventions, une mobilisation et une gestion plus efficace des ressources de l’aide publique au développement.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R6. le management accepte cette recommandation et la prendra en considération dans la mise en oeuvre de la stratégie de mobilisation des ressources et de développement des partenariats. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Map the potential technical and financial partners and develop a resource mobilization plan
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR, ARR/P, Economists, Resource Mobilization Focal point 2019/07 Overdue-Not Initiated
Finalize and publish the national report on development assistance.
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR Economists Communication specialist 2019/06 Overdue-Not Initiated
Support the operationalization of the tools of the “Development partner Forum” (webpage, database)
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR Economists Communication specialist 2019/06 Overdue-Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Recommendation 7. UNDP should further reinforce its gender and human rights efforts, and use expertise and/or tools to better address these dimensions in its programme.

Efforts already made must continue but go beyond the search for gender parity in capacity-building activities and beyond activities for women’s economic integration. All forms of vulnerability must be taken into account. Gender analysis should be conducted to examine the roles, rights, needs and concerns of vulnerable groups (women, men, youth), and the relationships among them in a socio-economic context characterized by strong cultural resistance. This would help determine the most effective intervention opportunities and strategies to promote gender equality and empower vulnerable groups.

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit renforcer davantage ses efforts en matière de genre et de droits humains et recourir à l’expertise et/ou aux outils qui lui permettront de mieux prendre en compte ces dimensions dans son programme.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R7. le management accepte cette recommandation et la prendra en compte dans le processus du Gender Equality Seal. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP should further reinforce its gender and human rights efforts and use the expertise and / or tools to better address these dimensions in its programme
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR ARR/P Gender Focal Point & Gender Team Programme Unit 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated

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