Mid-term evaluation of the project “Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy for Sustainable Water Management in Turkmenistan”

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Turkmenistan
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
10/2018
Completion Date:
10/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
28,500

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Title Mid-term evaluation of the project “Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy for Sustainable Water Management in Turkmenistan”
Atlas Project Number: 00080840
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Turkmenistan
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2018
Planned End Date: 10/2018
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.5.1 Solutions developed, financed and applied at scale for energy efficiency and transformation to clean energy and zero-carbon development, for poverty eradication and structural transformation
Evaluation Budget(US $): 28,500
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 23,400
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
lLilit Melikyan International consultant and the Team Leader for Midterm Evaluation lilit.melikyan@yahoo.co.uk ARMENIA
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy for Sustainable Water Management in Turkmenistan
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5536
PIMS Number: 4947
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Agriculture and Water Economy of Turkmenistan, State Institute of Water Management Design of the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Economy), Committee of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan, Ahal region municipality, Kaahka town municipality ,Ministry of Energy of Turkmenistan, Ministry of Communal Services of Turkmenistan ,“Sun” Institute of the Academy of Sciences
Countries: TURKMENISTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Accelerate the work on the remaining 2 pilots (solar power-based water supply and purification systems in Karakum and identification of new canal materials with subsequent support on starting local production)

2

Accelerate the work on Components 3 and Component 4.

3

Ensure that the “mitigation” aspects of the project are addressed adequately, on par with the adaptation goals.

4

Ensure regular and rigorous monitoring and documenting results and lessons for the already completed Pilots in Geokdepe and Kaahka

5

Ensure that adequate measures are in place to record and achieve the planned GHG reductions

6

Ensure adequate staffing. Hire (a) an CTA and (b) an additional staff to work on Components 3.1, 4.3 and 4.4; as well as (c) engage a communications intern, supporting specifically EERE.

7

Enlarge the scope of the stakeholders the project works with directly/consults. The stakeholder engagement plan from the ProDoc should serve as a guide.

8

Improve Planning, monitoring and reporting

9

Improve internal and external communications.

10

Rationalize Budget allocations by using breakdown by fiscal years (as in Inception report) and along the priorities identified in MTR.

11

Develop close synergies with other development agencies and projects working in related fields

12

Extend the project for 18 months given the delays and the sheer ambition of the current project design if there are available budget resources for no-cost extension

13

Explore closer engagement of UNDP in the development of the Water Development Program (WDP2018-2024): this could potentially help boost the level of national ownership over the 4 policy frameworks - yet to be developed. Also engage with MAWE more closely and at high levels to ensure strong buy in as a crucial element for mainstreaming (policy frameworks and regulations) and Government complying with the committed financial. Consider requesting that MAWE nominates a Deputy Minister for NPC

1. Recommendation:

Accelerate the work on the remaining 2 pilots (solar power-based water supply and purification systems in Karakum and identification of new canal materials with subsequent support on starting local production)

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is partially accepted. UNDP CO will intensify the work on the pilots. However, project will not hire international consultant for this activity, as international consultant on renewables Robert Pasicko was involved in the work on solar powered installations in Karakum. He will be further engaged for guiding the operation of the systems.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Solar power-driven water supply and purification systems will be installed in two villages of Karakum desert by the end of 2018. 3rd renewable energy installation powered by possibly combined wind-solar system (once equipment donated) will be designed and installed in cooperation with the Sun Institute.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/01 Initiated Technical documentation for the tender is ready. Tender will be announced by mid-September
1.2. International Consultant on canal lining who will guide national experts on market research, identification of the suitable materials and testing of these potential materials will be hired by the end of 2018 to have sufficient time for proper testing of anti-filtration materials during 2019.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/01 Initiated ToR for IC on canal lining is being developed by PM to be posted by end of September 2018.
1.3. Project end target to be revised to “technical and economic specifications for the production lines (2) of new lining materials are prepared” instead of “2 production lines operational and 400 km lined.” Besides, the RRF needs to be improved including removing repeating indicators and overlaps, choosing the indicators for training, incorporating indicators to capture institutional reform.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP Istanbul Regional Hub 2019/06 Not Initiated The issue to be considered and addressed by UNDP Istanbul Regional Hub.
2. Recommendation:

Accelerate the work on Components 3 and Component 4.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

This recommendation is generally accepted and addressed through the actions below.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. For Output 3.1. on TAPs, the project team will assess the suitability of using FAO’s AquaCrop model and if justified, conduct training for the national experts involved in this activity.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2018/12 Not Initiated The project team will meet SCRL project specialists who has certain experience in AquaCrop modelling.
2.2. For Outputs 3.2 and 3.3., the project will develop the Capacity Development Programme for national stakeholders and establish cooperation with the Ministry of Education to collaborate on revision of the curricula at the higher educational institutions.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/12 Not Initiated Ministry of Education will be invited to the Project Board meeting to re-establish relations with the project.
2.3. For Output 4.1 on regulations, the project team will meet national experts in water and energy to discuss benefits of revision of related building codes (SNIPs) aiming at improving standards and specifications of water pumps, as well as regular energy audits of water stations and support their revision (ideally with the support of an international consultant). Possibility of improvement of existing “Regulation of technical operation of the electric facilities of consumers” will be also considered/discussed. Estimated GHG emission effect of applying newly developed/revised regulations/norms will be taken into consideration in discussions with national experts.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2018/12 Not Initiated IC on GHG emission reduction D. Halubouski is already working on estimation of GHG emission effect of applying the already developed drafts of national regulations.
2.4.1. For Output 4.2 on the “Program for water measurement”, the project will select demo sites and technical designs and installation of the measurement by the end of 2018.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
EERE Project team 2018/12 Initiated Project is already working on selection of two pilot sites in (i) Ahal regions and (ii) Dashoguz region based on two main climatic conditions of the country.
2.4.2. For Output 4.2, it is recommended to amend the end line target with words “Programme for water measurement and Payment”, to be clear that it will contain a tariff methodology for irrigation.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP Istanbul Regional Hub 2019/06 Not Initiated The issue to be considered and addressed by the IRH.
2.5. For Output 4.3 “Policy framework under the Water Code to support widespread deployment of low-water irrigation, canal linings, and enhanced drainage nationwide”, the project will formally submit the recommended targets for investment and deployment on the “Required budget allocations” to the Government based on technical assessment, financial justifications, environment considerations.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/12 Not Initiated Recommendations on drip and sprinkler irrigation systems can be submitted soon, but canal lining recommendations need at least one year of piloting within the project.
2.6. For Output 4.4. on the recommendations for administrative reform in IWRM/SLM, the project team will meet national water and agriculture experts to discuss possible improvement/revision of two regulations on: redefining agency roles; and planning targets to emphasize integration, optimization, and sustainability of IWRM.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2018/12 Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Ensure that the “mitigation” aspects of the project are addressed adequately, on par with the adaptation goals.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

This recommendation is accepted and addressed through the actions below. It should be noted that results of electric audit of pumps were shared with national experts at the workshop. All significant results of the project will be shared with national stakeholders. International GHG consultant is on board to provide specific recommendations on measures that the project should take in addressing the mitigation targets.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1. The project will promote knowledge sharing on energy aspects of the project with relevant local specialists and university students.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team, Communication Associate 2019/09 Initiated The project will conduct a series of hands-on training for water and energy engineers, farmers and students at Geokdepe research site and other pilot regions. Besides, printing materials with project’s results and lessons learnt will be prepared for distribution to stakeholders
4. Recommendation:

Ensure regular and rigorous monitoring and documenting results and lessons for the already completed Pilots in Geokdepe and Kaahka

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted. Project has already started monitoring of preliminary results and compilation of lessons learnt.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 The project will continue utilization of already established mechanisms of monitoring at Geokdepe and Kaahka sites with proper documentation of results and lessons learnt to serve as material for future trainings.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/12 Initiated National consultants are already working on monitoring of results and compilation of lessons learnt.
5. Recommendation:

Ensure that adequate measures are in place to record and achieve the planned GHG reductions

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is partially accepted as the project already have international consultant who guide project team in taking relevant measures for GHG reduction monitoring.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1. The project will continue data collection to measure actual GHG reduction resulting from project interventions.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
EERE Project team 2019/12 Initiated Project team collects required data for GHG emission monitoring and will continue this practice under guidance of IC.
6. Recommendation:

Ensure adequate staffing. Hire (a) an CTA and (b) an additional staff to work on Components 3.1, 4.3 and 4.4; as well as (c) engage a communications intern, supporting specifically EERE.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted as the project has already considered to hire additional consultants for certain outputs. Communications intern supporting specifically EERE has already working with project team

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1. The project will hire ICTA for overall guidance, support and monitoring of project progress and national consultants for certain outputs as required.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/03 Not Initiated Project Manager to draft ToR by the end of Sep 2018 to have the ICTA on board in the beginning of 2019.
7. Recommendation:

Enlarge the scope of the stakeholders the project works with directly/consults. The stakeholder engagement plan from the ProDoc should serve as a guide.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1. The project will invite national stakeholders to the Project Board meeting to inform them on project progress and try to engage to relevant project activities.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/12 Not Initiated
8. Recommendation:

Improve Planning, monitoring and reporting

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1. The Project Manager under guidance of Programme Specialist will improve quality of reports, use better monitoring and planning tools.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/12 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

Improve internal and external communications.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted. The project will use various means to share project results and lessons learnt

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1. The project will develop a comprehensive Communications and Knowledge sharing Plan to benefit diverse stakeholders, including Project Board members and GEF Regional Center.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team, Communication Associate 2019/06 Not Initiated Communication Associate and Intern will help with creation of information materials/visibility
10. Recommendation:

Rationalize Budget allocations by using breakdown by fiscal years (as in Inception report) and along the priorities identified in MTR.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1. Project Manager will look carefully to the remaining budget figures when prioritizing recommendations of MTR.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
EERE Project team 2019/12 Not Initiated
11. Recommendation:

Develop close synergies with other development agencies and projects working in related fields

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted. The project team will establish regular information exchange with development projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1. The project will look at the opportunities for partnerships with various development agencies as well as UNDP/GEF projects in the Arab States to share experience and work together on similar issues.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
EERE Project team 2019/12 Not Initiated GIZ, USAID, EU funded projects and similar UNDP/GEF projects in the Arab States
12. Recommendation:

Extend the project for 18 months given the delays and the sheer ambition of the current project design if there are available budget resources for no-cost extension

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted but will be carefully considered closer to the end of project

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1. The project will try to accelerate implementation of delaying activities to complete the project within initially indicated timeframe. However, UNDP CO will consider the no-cost project extension issue within next 1-2 year based on the project progress.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/06 Not Initiated
13. Recommendation:

Explore closer engagement of UNDP in the development of the Water Development Program (WDP2018-2024): this could potentially help boost the level of national ownership over the 4 policy frameworks - yet to be developed. Also engage with MAWE more closely and at high levels to ensure strong buy in as a crucial element for mainstreaming (policy frameworks and regulations) and Government complying with the committed financial. Consider requesting that MAWE nominates a Deputy Minister for NPC

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is partially accepted. It should be noted, however, that the WDP is not a policy document, but rather work plan with certain activities, timeframes and budget allocations. The project will contribute to implementation of the WDP by sharing hopefully successful results of its pilot activities on low-water irrigation and canal lining. Improvement of policy framework currently implemented and will be continued through revision of existing and development of new regulations and norms.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1. The issue of closer engagement of UNDP with the MAWE will be considered along with the possible request to nominate MAWE Deputy Minister for NPC position instead of Head of International Cooperation Department.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/06 Not Initiated

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