Mid-term evaluation of the project “Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy for Sustainable Water Management in Turkmenistan”

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Turkmenistan
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
10/2018
Completion Date:
10/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
28,500

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Title Mid-term evaluation of the project “Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy for Sustainable Water Management in Turkmenistan”
Atlas Project Number: 00080840
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Turkmenistan
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2018
Planned End Date: 10/2018
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Energy
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.5.1 Solutions developed, financed and applied at scale for energy efficiency and transformation to clean energy and zero-carbon development, for poverty eradication and structural transformation
SDG Goal
  • Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG Target
  • 11.6 By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
Evaluation Budget(US $): 28,500
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 23,400
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
lLilit Melikyan International consultant and the Team Leader for Midterm Evaluation lilit.melikyan@yahoo.co.uk ARMENIA
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy for Sustainable Water Management in Turkmenistan
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5536
PIMS Number: 4947
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Agriculture and Water Economy of Turkmenistan, State Institute of Water Management Design of the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Economy), Committee of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan, Ahal region municipality, Kaahka town municipality ,Ministry of Energy of Turkmenistan, Ministry of Communal Services of Turkmenistan ,“Sun” Institute of the Academy of Sciences
Countries: TURKMENISTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Accelerate the work on the remaining 2 pilots (solar power-based water supply and purification systems in Karakum and identification of new canal materials with subsequent support on starting local production)

2

Accelerate the work on Components 3 and Component 4.

3

Ensure that the “mitigation” aspects of the project are addressed adequately, on par with the adaptation goals.

4

Ensure regular and rigorous monitoring and documenting results and lessons for the already completed Pilots in Geokdepe and Kaahka

5

Ensure that adequate measures are in place to record and achieve the planned GHG reductions

6

Ensure adequate staffing. Hire (a) an CTA and (b) an additional staff to work on Components 3.1, 4.3 and 4.4; as well as (c) engage a communications intern, supporting specifically EERE.

7

Enlarge the scope of the stakeholders the project works with directly/consults. The stakeholder engagement plan from the ProDoc should serve as a guide.

8

Improve Planning, monitoring and reporting

9

Improve internal and external communications.

10

Rationalize Budget allocations by using breakdown by fiscal years (as in Inception report) and along the priorities identified in MTR.

11

Develop close synergies with other development agencies and projects working in related fields

12

Extend the project for 18 months given the delays and the sheer ambition of the current project design if there are available budget resources for no-cost extension

13

Explore closer engagement of UNDP in the development of the Water Development Program (WDP2018-2024): this could potentially help boost the level of national ownership over the 4 policy frameworks - yet to be developed. Also engage with MAWE more closely and at high levels to ensure strong buy in as a crucial element for mainstreaming (policy frameworks and regulations) and Government complying with the committed financial. Consider requesting that MAWE nominates a Deputy Minister for NPC

1. Recommendation:

Accelerate the work on the remaining 2 pilots (solar power-based water supply and purification systems in Karakum and identification of new canal materials with subsequent support on starting local production)

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is partially accepted. UNDP CO will intensify the work on the pilots. However, project will not hire international consultant for this activity, as international consultant on renewables Robert Pasicko was involved in the work on solar powered installations in Karakum. He will be further engaged for guiding the operation of the systems.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.3. Project end target to be revised to “technical and economic specifications for the production lines (2) of new lining materials are prepared” instead of “2 production lines operational and 400 km lined.” Besides, the RRF needs to be improved including removing repeating indicators and overlaps, choosing the indicators for training, incorporating indicators to capture institutional reform.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/08/02]
UNDP Istanbul Regional Hub 2020/12 Initiated ICTA proposed following revision of target: 2 production lines established (one for geomembrane and one for hexagonal precast concrete slabs) and materials are produced for up to 400 kilometers of canals. However, formalization of these changes through IRH takes more time, so deadline for this activity must be extended until 30 December 2020. History
1.1. Solar power-driven water supply and purification systems will be installed in two villages of Karakum desert by the end of 2018. 3rd renewable energy installation powered by possibly combined wind-solar system (once equipment donated) will be designed and installed in cooperation with the Sun Institute.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/01/14]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/01 Completed The project completed installation of photovoltaic solar panels in three villages of Karakum desert to power water withdrawal from wells and purification/desalination of water in one of the villages. History
1.2. International Consultant on canal lining who will guide national experts on market research, identification of the suitable materials and testing of these potential materials will be hired by the end of 2018 to have sufficient time for proper testing of anti-filtration materials during 2019.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2019/01/10]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/01 Completed -ToR for IC on canal lining is being developed by PM to be posted by end of September 2018. -updated on 11/01/2019: The IC was hired in Dec 2018. History
2. Recommendation:

Accelerate the work on Components 3 and Component 4.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

This recommendation is generally accepted and addressed through the actions below.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.4.1. For Output 4.2 on the “Program for water measurement”, the project will select demo sites and technical designs and installation of the measurement by the end of 2018.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/02/11]
EERE Project team 2020/12 Initiated Project team consulted with national and international experts on potential water measurement devices for installation on selected pilot sites. As it requires more time for wider study and analysis of regional and global experience, deadline of this activity to be extended until 30 Dec 2020. History
2.4.2. For Output 4.2, it is recommended to amend the end line target with words “Programme for water measurement and Payment”, to be clear that it will contain a tariff methodology for irrigation.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/08/02]
UNDP Istanbul Regional Hub 2020/12 Initiated ICTA didn’t recommend the revision of this target as development of tariff methodology is not mentioned at all in the Project document. It can be understood that the Government should determine the tariff (with or without UNDP assistance), and then EERE project would assist in the implementation of the developed tariff scheme. History
2.1. For Output 3.1. on TAPs, the project team will assess the suitability of using FAO’s AquaCrop model and if justified, conduct training for the national experts involved in this activity.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2019/10/25]
Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/10 Completed SCRL project specialists conducted a series of working meetings with EERE project team to transfer hands-on skills in AquaCrop modeling. Under the guidance of SCRL specialists, EERE hydraulic engineer started collection of required data of Geokdepe pilot site and created a model for further analysis of test variations. History
2.2. For Outputs 3.2 and 3.3., the project will develop the Capacity Development Programme for national stakeholders and establish cooperation with the Ministry of Education to collaborate on revision of the curricula at the higher educational institutions.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/01/14]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/01 Completed The project established cooperation with specialized agricultural universities in Ashgabat and Dashoguz and plan to developed manuals/guidance for students. Guidance on the design, construction and operation of drip irrigation systems was already prepared in three languages. The project also support field experiments of postgraduate students at the Geokdepe research site. History
2.3. For Output 4.1 on regulations, the project team will meet national experts in water and energy to discuss benefits of revision of related building codes (SNIPs) aiming at improving standards and specifications of water pumps, as well as regular energy audits of water stations and support their revision (ideally with the support of an international consultant). Possibility of improvement of existing “Regulation of technical operation of the electric facilities of consumers” will be also considered/discussed. Estimated GHG emission effect of applying newly developed/revised regulations/norms will be taken into consideration in discussions with national experts.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/01/14]
Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/01 Completed IC on GHG emission reduction calculated estimated GHG emission effect from already developed drafts of national regulations. Besides, project revised/updated building codes on irrigation systems and facilities including pump stations, drip and sprinkling irrigation systems and submitted to the government for approval. History
2.5. For Output 4.3 “Policy framework under the Water Code to support widespread deployment of low-water irrigation, canal linings, and enhanced drainage nationwide”, the project will formally submit the recommended targets for investment and deployment on the “Required budget allocations” to the Government based on technical assessment, financial justifications, environment considerations.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/01/14]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/12 Completed The government adopted the National Program for the Development of Agriculture of Turkmenistan for 2019-2025, which, in addition to traditional agricultural activities, also envisages application of water saving irrigation technologies (drip, sprinklers), improvement of land reclamation techniques (laser land levelling) and other issues to improve the country's irrigated agriculture sector in the medium term. It is planned to spend 6.8 billion manat (more than 1.9 billion US dollars) for the implementation of this program, mainly from the state budget of the country. History
2.6. For Output 4.4. on the recommendations for administrative reform in IWRM/SLM, the project team will meet national water and agriculture experts to discuss possible improvement/revision of two regulations on: redefining agency roles; and planning targets to emphasize integration, optimization, and sustainability of IWRM.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/01/14]
Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/12 Completed UNDP Turkmenistan signed MoU with CAREC on November 28, 2019 that will maximize impact in a number of areas such as policy and legal framework development, technology and knowledge transfer, building new skills and synergetic approach in promotion of IWRM. History
3. Recommendation:

Ensure that the “mitigation” aspects of the project are addressed adequately, on par with the adaptation goals.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

This recommendation is accepted and addressed through the actions below. It should be noted that results of electric audit of pumps were shared with national experts at the workshop. All significant results of the project will be shared with national stakeholders. International GHG consultant is on board to provide specific recommendations on measures that the project should take in addressing the mitigation targets.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1. The project will promote knowledge sharing on energy aspects of the project with relevant local specialists and university students.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2019/10/25]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team, Communication Associate 2019/10 Completed The project prepared brochures, flyers and leaflets to share preliminary results of the completed pilots through hands-on trainings, thematic seminars and Project Board meetings. Upon completion and launch of the remaining pilot projects, the project will create new information and visibility products for distribution among interested stakeholders. History
4. Recommendation:

Ensure regular and rigorous monitoring and documenting results and lessons for the already completed Pilots in Geokdepe and Kaahka

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted. Project has already started monitoring of preliminary results and compilation of lessons learnt.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 The project will continue utilization of already established mechanisms of monitoring at Geokdepe and Kaahka sites with proper documentation of results and lessons learnt to serve as material for future trainings.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/01/14]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/01 Completed The project experts conduct rigorous monitoring of project activities and document results and lessons learnt for further dissemination through trainings, brochures and leaflets. Over 130 water specialists attended seminars in 2019. History
5. Recommendation:

Ensure that adequate measures are in place to record and achieve the planned GHG reductions

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is partially accepted as the project already have international consultant who guide project team in taking relevant measures for GHG reduction monitoring.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1. The project will continue data collection to measure actual GHG reduction resulting from project interventions.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/04/07]
EERE Project team 2020/04 Completed The project experts acquired methodology on GHG data collection, calculation and analysis developed by the IC. Monitoring will be continued until the project closure and analysis transferred to national partners. History
6. Recommendation:

Ensure adequate staffing. Hire (a) an CTA and (b) an additional staff to work on Components 3.1, 4.3 and 4.4; as well as (c) engage a communications intern, supporting specifically EERE.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted as the project has already considered to hire additional consultants for certain outputs. Communications intern supporting specifically EERE has already working with project team

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1. The project will hire ICTA for overall guidance, support and monitoring of project progress and national consultants for certain outputs as required.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2019/03/26]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/03 Completed -The ICTA was hired in March 2019. History
7. Recommendation:

Enlarge the scope of the stakeholders the project works with directly/consults. The stakeholder engagement plan from the ProDoc should serve as a guide.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1. The project will invite national stakeholders to the Project Board meeting to inform them on project progress and try to engage to relevant project activities.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2019/03/28]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/03 Completed All national stakeholders were invited to the recently held Project Board meeting in Feb 2019. During the meeting PM reported the progress in achievement of project targets and encouraged national agencies to increase cooperation with the project. History
8. Recommendation:

Improve Planning, monitoring and reporting

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1. The Project Manager under guidance of Programme Specialist will improve quality of reports, use better monitoring and planning tools.
[Added: 2018/09/07]
Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/12 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

Improve internal and external communications.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted. The project will use various means to share project results and lessons learnt

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1. The project will develop a comprehensive Communications and Knowledge sharing Plan to benefit diverse stakeholders, including Project Board members and GEF Regional Center.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/01/14]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team, Communication Associate 2020/01 Completed Communications and Knowledge sharing Plan for 2020 was developed. History
10. Recommendation:

Rationalize Budget allocations by using breakdown by fiscal years (as in Inception report) and along the priorities identified in MTR.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1. Project Manager will look carefully to the remaining budget figures when prioritizing recommendations of MTR.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2019/01/07]
EERE Project team 2018/12 Completed Project Manager looked closely to remaining budget and priority activities based on recommendations of MTR and made breakdown by fiscal years. History
11. Recommendation:

Develop close synergies with other development agencies and projects working in related fields

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted. The project team will establish regular information exchange with development projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1. The project will look at the opportunities for partnerships with various development agencies as well as UNDP/GEF projects in the Arab States to share experience and work together on similar issues.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2019/10/25]
EERE Project team 2019/10 Completed The project established and realized several partnerships with various development agencies and worked together on similar issues in 2019. For instance, several joint capacity-building events were co-organized with EuropeAid project “Support to Further Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development (SARD III), Turkmenistan” including a study tour to Spain to learn international experience and practice in the use of water-saving irrigation systems and their impact on the improvement of irrigated land productivity. The project also started cooperation with another UNDP/GEF funded project “Supporting climate resilient livelihoods in agricultural communities in drought-prone areas of Turkmenistan” (SCRL). SCRL project specialists help EERE project to adapt FAO AquaCrop model to Geokdepe Green Polygon to test crop responses to various environmental changes. Both UNDP/GEF projects also plan to synergy to improve water and agriculture regulations. Furthermore, EERE project reached preliminary agreement to partner with Regional Environmental Center for Central Asia (CAREC) that is planning to work on improvement of national water legislation and capacity building. The project also in contact with private companies trying to get they involved in project activities on efficient water, energy and land resource management. History
12. Recommendation:

Extend the project for 18 months given the delays and the sheer ambition of the current project design if there are available budget resources for no-cost extension

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is accepted but will be carefully considered closer to the end of project

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1. The project will try to accelerate implementation of delaying activities to complete the project within initially indicated timeframe. However, UNDP CO will consider the no-cost project extension issue within next 1-2 year based on the project progress.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2020/08/02]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2020/12 Initiated Request for no-cost Extension is already drafted. It will be ready for submission within next 2 months. It will be then considered by the end of the year (6 months before the end of the project), so deadline for this activity must be extended until 30 Dec 2020. History
13. Recommendation:

Explore closer engagement of UNDP in the development of the Water Development Program (WDP2018-2024): this could potentially help boost the level of national ownership over the 4 policy frameworks - yet to be developed. Also engage with MAWE more closely and at high levels to ensure strong buy in as a crucial element for mainstreaming (policy frameworks and regulations) and Government complying with the committed financial. Consider requesting that MAWE nominates a Deputy Minister for NPC

Management Response: [Added: 2018/09/07]

Recommendation is partially accepted. It should be noted, however, that the WDP is not a policy document, but rather work plan with certain activities, timeframes and budget allocations. The project will contribute to implementation of the WDP by sharing hopefully successful results of its pilot activities on low-water irrigation and canal lining. Improvement of policy framework currently implemented and will be continued through revision of existing and development of new regulations and norms.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1. The issue of closer engagement of UNDP with the MAWE will be considered along with the possible request to nominate MAWE Deputy Minister for NPC position instead of Head of International Cooperation Department.
[Added: 2018/09/07] [Last Updated: 2019/07/16]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, EERE Project team 2019/03 Completed Updated 15 July 2019: As a response to the UNDP senior management meeting with Chairman of State Water Committee on May 9, 2019, the Head of Water Management Department of the Committee was assigned as an NPC. Parties also discussed various issues of closer cooperation including joint activities on development of national strategic and legal frameworks for improvement of water management sector of Turkmenistan. History

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