OUTCOME 1 Evaluation (sustainable livelihood opportunities, including economic recovery and social inclusion)

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2019, Syria
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
09/2019
Completion Date:
03/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
50,000

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Title OUTCOME 1 Evaluation (sustainable livelihood opportunities, including economic recovery and social inclusion)
Atlas Project Number: 00104239
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2019, Syria
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2019
Planned End Date: 09/2019
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 6.1. From the humanitarian phase after crisis, early economic revitalization generates jobs and other environmentally sustainable livelihoods opportunities for crisis affected men and women
  • 2. Output 6.4. Recovery processes reinforce social cohesion and trust and enable rapid return to sustainable development
Evaluation Budget(US $): 50,000
Source of Funding: Project Allocation
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 52,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Sami Halabi Director of Knowledge & Co-Founder s.halabi@thinktriangle.net
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: National partners, UN agencies Local NGOs
Countries: SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Adopt a longer-term sustainable livelihoods approach to programme design.

2

Institute systemic organization-wide needs assessments which adopt a sustainable Livelihoods approach as the ultimate goal

3

Focus on specific labor-intensive value chains accessible to local communities

4

Mandate beneficiary-level needs assessments and outcome indicators as preconditions for programme design

1. Recommendation:

Adopt a longer-term sustainable livelihoods approach to programme design.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/21] [Last Updated: 2019/05/28]

This point has been realized as needs and actions have been taken accordingly.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP Syria has adapted the three-track (Track A, B and C) approach of the UN Policy for Post-Conflict Employment Creation, Income Generation and Reintegration for its livelihoods and economic recovery programming in the context of Syria. Track A programming responds to the urgent needs of crisis-affected groups with interventions to help stabilize livelihoods. Track B programming focuses on medium- to long-term local economic recovery, including interventions to boost sustainable employment, income generation, and reintegration. Track C programming focuses on long-term employment creation and inclusive economic growth. Interventions in Track C help to strengthen the national systems and policies that are needed in order to sustain the progress achieved in Tracks A and B. These three tracks represented through all phases of recovery, however their intensity peaks at different times in the post-crisis period, as shown below in a contiguum. Given the context in Syria, the intensity of Track A has been high, and feasibility of Track B and C programming has been less. While track A intervention will continue to be applied as emergency support to newly accessible areas, while more track B and probably C will be applied through mainstreaming sustainable practices, and inclusive market development and capacity building programmes to introduce and mainstream newly developed concepts. However, UNDP Syria looks ahead, identifying feasible approaches of Track B that will lead to Track C, and aims at scaling up its work toward sustainable job and livelihoods creation. UNDP Syria also ensures that when short-term interventions are warranted, they are complemented with interventions that lay the foundation for sustainability and resilience. In order to implement this approach in the context of Syria, there are two areas of focus by UNDP Syria’s livelihoods and economic recovery. - Key Area of Focus 1: Integrated, micro-level crisis-response, recovery and development interventions that expand access to sustainable livelihoods - Key Area of Focus 2: Policies and institutional capacity for sustainable livelihoods and economic recovery Under these focus, there are currently four thematic sectors planned for concrete interventions. - Key sector 1: Agricultural livelihoods mainstreaming climate change adaption and disaster risk reduction - Key sector 2: Inclusive private sector recovery and development mainstreaming social innovation - Key sector 3: Active labour market - Key sector 4: Persons with Disabilities and social protection
[Added: 2019/05/28]
UNDP Syria 2020/12 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Institute systemic organization-wide needs assessments which adopt a sustainable Livelihoods approach as the ultimate goal

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/28]

This point has been realized as needs, and actions have been taken accordingly

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP Syria has started to conduct context analysis at the local level as well as various assessments including livelihoods and market system assessments. The tools are developed in-house and implemented in various areas including newly accessible areas such as Rural Damascus and South region.
[Added: 2019/05/28]
UNDP Syria 2020/12 Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Focus on specific labor-intensive value chains accessible to local communities

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/28]

Value chain development approach has been identified as an efficient and active approach in Syria, and actions have been taken already.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Value chain analysis on textile was conducted as a pilot in Aleppo, and now various interventions are made based on the analysis already. Value chain analysis and development are now central in the design, and now it is widely adopted in agricultural livelihoods.
[Added: 2019/05/28]
UNDP Syria 2020/12 Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Mandate beneficiary-level needs assessments and outcome indicators as preconditions for programme design

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/28]

This need is recognized, yet tracking against individual level indicators to capture quality impacts is not practically feasible mainly due to sensitivity and accessibility.  Having said that, UNDP Syria has taken an action to develop a structure of indicators and start to pilot impact evaluation at the individual level in 2019.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The logical tree of indicators on both long-term sustainable livelihoods and short-term livelihoods support has been developed, in addition to a design of impact evaluation piloting on selected projects through tracking beneficiaries after the project period. Based on the analysis of these data, UNDP Syria will further explore how best to capture impacts of its livelihoods support especially on sustainability.
[Added: 2019/05/28]
UNDP Syria 2020/12 Initiated

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