End term Evaluation of the Energy Generation NAMA project

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Sri Lanka
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
03/2020
Completion Date:
03/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,500

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Title End term Evaluation of the Energy Generation NAMA project
Atlas Project Number: 00079409
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Sri Lanka
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2020
Planned End Date: 03/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Energy
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Goal
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,500
Source of Funding: GEF
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Rolland Wong International Consultant Roland Wong <rolandwong@shaw.ca> MEXICO
Swetha Perera National Consultant swetha perera <swetha@rmaenergy.lk>
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Appropriate Mitigation Energy Generation and End Use Sectors in Sri Lanka
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5586
PIMS Number: 5232
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Power and Energy - Sustainable Energy Authority
Countries: SRI LANKA
Comments:

Evaluation focused on project's objective: 

The Project is to introduce energy sector bottom-up data collection process for GreenHouse Gas (GHG) inventorying process, systematic prioritization process of energy NAMAs, MRV (Monitor, Report and Verify) for energy sector mitigation actio

Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Strengthen the preparation of a Project Results Framework (PRF) utilizing a Theory of Change (ToC) analysis to increase the likelihood that project outcomes will result in the desired long term higher level changes for any project design (and in this case, the design of mitigation actions for the renewable energy and end use sectors of Sri Lanka). 

2

To increase and sustain the growth of household solar PV systems with battery storage, change regulations related to the use of solar PV systems during power failures and load shedding.

3

CCS and SLSEA should work closely with suppliers to encourage a supplier-driven business model to promote and scale-up GHG emission abatement technologies – especially for biogas installers

4

(to CCS and SLSEA): Engage the private sector for MRV of GHG emission reductions by biogas systems

5

Mainstream GHG emission reporting by incorporating the estimation and monitoring of GHG emissions into the government project approval process (Climate Change Secretariat-CCS).

6

(to SLSEA): Encourage sectoral leaders to lobby CCS for joint development of MRV protocols for technologies as prioritized by the Presidential Task Force on Energy DSM.

7

(to CCS and SLSEA): CCS should routinely call for NDC proposals (after completion of MRV protocol) from the private sector.

8

Undertake ongoing management of a number of NAMA planning, design and implementation issues to sustain growth of NAMA/NDC options (UNDP, CCS, SLSEA and provincial government). 

9

Undertake ongoing management of a number of NAMA planning, design and implementation issues to sustain growth of NAMA/NDC options (to UNDP, CCS, SLSEA and provincial government).

10

CCS and SLSEA should encourage utilities (such as the Ceylon Electricity Board) to consider and implement schemes (through the NAMA registry) to equip solar PV for households with battery storage (to CCS and SLSEA).

1. Recommendation:

Strengthen the preparation of a Project Results Framework (PRF) utilizing a Theory of Change (ToC) analysis to increase the likelihood that project outcomes will result in the desired long term higher level changes for any project design (and in this case, the design of mitigation actions for the renewable energy and end use sectors of Sri Lanka). 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/29] [Last Updated: 2020/06/29]

UNDP/GEF projects have been applying ToC during the preparation of the project design/ logic. .

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP, Sri Lanka will ensure that all future projects will be designed by making use of ToC analysis as appropriate.
[Added: 2020/06/29]
UNDP & GEF 2020/02 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This has been considered for the newly planned designs. ]
History
2. Recommendation:

To increase and sustain the growth of household solar PV systems with battery storage, change regulations related to the use of solar PV systems during power failures and load shedding.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/29]

This is accepted, this is a technically viable principle and presently the use of manual isolation is being practiced and most of the inverters have the automatic isolation facilities as well.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ministry of Power and Renewable Energy/Ministry of Power and Energy (MoPE) and Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority (SLSEA) to implement an amendment to the regulation for 'Behind the Meter' rooftop solar PV with battery applications .
[Added: 2020/06/29] [Last Updated: 2021/01/10]
SEA & MOPRE 2020/12 Completed Hybrid inverter regulation is now available, and this new regulation is looking at the safety aspect for the use of hybrid inverters during load shedding and power failure. The Utility is to make a decision based on this development allowing hybrid operation during load shedding and power failure. SLSI 1680 in this link. https://www.slsi.lk/index.php?option=com_slstandards&view=search_standards&Itemid=353&lang=en History
3. Recommendation:

CCS and SLSEA should work closely with suppliers to encourage a supplier-driven business model to promote and scale-up GHG emission abatement technologies – especially for biogas installers

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/29]

A supplier driven business model for biogas technology, focusing on the issue of waste management in the industry and commercial sectors will be considered

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
SEA, together with UNDP assistance under the TSSC project, will assist to set-up an integrated medium-to-large scale biogas system in the agriculture/ livestock sectors, as a pilot project . This is expected to be replicable & a supplier-driven business model.
[Added: 2020/06/29] [Last Updated: 2021/02/24]
Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority 2021/12 Not Initiated History
4. Recommendation:

(to CCS and SLSEA): Engage the private sector for MRV of GHG emission reductions by biogas systems

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/29]

Related project/programme and context specific will be customized accordingly.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Engage private sector actors for MRV of future GHG emission reductions by biogas applications.
[Added: 2020/06/29] [Last Updated: 2021/02/10]
SEA & CCS through particular project/programme or initiaves 2022/01 Initiated In progress; MRVing of biogas and other Renewable Energy Technology (RET)s through public/private partnership are being considered under the South-South Collaboration project initiative, and these actions to be implemented in 2021-2022 period. History
5. Recommendation:

Mainstream GHG emission reporting by incorporating the estimation and monitoring of GHG emissions into the government project approval process (Climate Change Secretariat-CCS).

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/29] [Last Updated: 2020/07/14]

Will be coordinating with National Planning Dept to contribute towards the recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Work with the National Planning Department (NPD) to enact a system that mandatorily requires all large scale projects to document baseline GHG emissions, emission reductions and the development of a monitoring & reporting plan of GHG mitigation actions .
[Added: 2020/06/29] [Last Updated: 2021/02/10]
CCS 2022/01 Initiated CCS has suggested to the inter-agency/ministry committee to propose this action. However, this committee has not been assembled in the recent past. Further, a similar request has been made to the Central Environmental Agency to include in their reporting and monitoring formats including EIAs. History
6. Recommendation:

(to SLSEA): Encourage sectoral leaders to lobby CCS for joint development of MRV protocols for technologies as prioritized by the Presidential Task Force on Energy DSM.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/29]

This is accepted. In the initial stage, this is recommended for few selected technology-applications as indicated under the management actions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
MRV protocols for technologies prioritized will be developed with external supports.
[Added: 2020/06/29]
CCS & SLSEA 2022/12 Not Initiated Management actions are based on the fact the assumption that there will be sufficient external project/programme supports. E.g. Efficient chiller programme support by the World Bank (2022). Few other MRV protocol developments under CCS’s PMR initiative History
7. Recommendation:

(to CCS and SLSEA): CCS should routinely call for NDC proposals (after completion of MRV protocol) from the private sector.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/29]

This is accepted and will be reminded CCS

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Make regular calls for appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) from all stakeholders including private companies for NDC revision. Ensure the availability of the NAMA/CCM institutional setup to facilitate the process.
[Added: 2020/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/04/05]
Make regular calls for appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) from all stakeholders including private companies for NDC revision. Ensure the availability of the NAMA/CCM institutional setup to facilitate the process. 2021/03 Completed This is a continuous Process. 2021/Q1 update: CCS together with transport ministry has launched a NAMA/CCM project development platform supporting future climate actions in transport sector (https://mrv.climatesi.com/home), and proposal/concept developed will be channeled through NAMA/CCM institutional set up. Further, progress can be reported under future NDCs or national communications in every 4 years (Forth National Communication due 2024/Q4) History
SLSEA to assist the CCS in identifying appropriate mitigation actions for implementation in the energy sector.
[Added: 2020/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/04/05]
CCS 2021/03 Completed Continuous process: Appropriate energy sector mitigation actions are identified and implemented by the Min of Power and Energy, Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority (SLSEA) and Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB). Such mitigation actions are being reported under NDC/National Communications. Further, CCS has the provision to refer any mitigation action or proposal to these relevant entities and obtain their opinion on feasibility, viability and other essential criteria and instruct respective developers as needed. History
8. Recommendation:

Undertake ongoing management of a number of NAMA planning, design and implementation issues to sustain growth of NAMA/NDC options (UNDP, CCS, SLSEA and provincial government). 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/13]

SEA/MOPRE will take the responsibility for energy sector NAMA/NDC implementation updates. The recommendation related to planning and implementation will be managed through efforts on training, capacity building, awareness & promotion on CCM in general coupled with other facilitation actions described under key actions.However, implementation responsibilities of other sectors should be with respective sectorial authorities (transport, forestry, waste and industry) which are beyond the original scope of the project.

Key Actions:

9. Recommendation:

Undertake ongoing management of a number of NAMA planning, design and implementation issues to sustain growth of NAMA/NDC options (to UNDP, CCS, SLSEA and provincial government).

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/14]

SEA/MOPRE will take the responsibility for energy sector NAMA/NDC implementation updates. The recommendation related to planning and implementation will be managed through efforts on training, capacity building, awareness & promotion on CCM in general coupled with other facilitation actions described under key actions. However, implementation responsibilities of other sectors should be with respective sectorial authorities (transport, forestry, waste and industry) which are beyond the original scope of the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
II) Continually maintain technical experts and utilize offers for donor technical assistance to plan and design new MRV protocols.
[Added: 2020/07/14] [Last Updated: 2021/08/22]
Climate Change Secretariat 2021/07 Completed NAMA institutional mechanism which is aligned with the process (and institutional arrangement) for implementation of NDCs and other climate actions was established to guide the planning, design, and implementation issues to sustain the growth of NAMA options. Since both these intentional arrangements have the same functions and NDCs will have the priority, it is expected that NDC implementation-related institutional architecture would drive this process in the future. History
(III) Continue training of personnel for managing and MRVing these NAMAs/CCMs through various assistance/programmes/projects (subject to availability of funds).
[Added: 2020/07/14] [Last Updated: 2021/09/01]
Climate Change Secretariat 2021/07 Completed CCS completed the project on ‘Partnership for Market Readiness which included a special component of MRVing of CCMs. Training ad capacitiy building was included in the programme. Further, there is another UNIDO?EU support programme to be implemented for the climate actions in the industry sector which include MRVing component too. Similar CCS shall follow up the requirements and address this requirement with available donor/development partner support in the future. https://erc.undp.org/evaluation/managementresponses/manage/keyaction/edit/42419 https://erc.undp.org/evaluation/managementresponses/manage/keyaction/edit/42419 https://erc.undp.org/evaluation/managementresponses/manage/keyaction/edit/42419 History
(IV) Provide regular updates of energy MACCs.
[Added: 2020/07/14] [Last Updated: 2021/08/31]
Sustainable Energy Authority 2021/05 Completed The task is originally completed in May however further discussion were forecasted, yet this action is considered as closed, and future regular update of energy MACCs will be followed with the NDC related iniatitives. History
(VII) UNDP, Sri Lanka shall facilitate the development and implementation of NDCs/NAMAs at the request of the respective authorities (through related projects/ funds).
[Added: 2020/07/14] [Last Updated: 2021/08/23]
UNDP 2021/07 Completed Initiated/will be a continuous activity: UNDP Sri Lanka with available donor resources continuously support the implementation of NDCs/NAMAs. This includes recent support to update NDCs to the Min of Environment, implementation of Tri-lateral South-South Collaboration project on promoting renewable energy activities in the Agriculture sector etc. There are several project pipeline activities including transport sector e-mobility project, NDC/climate action mainstreaming supports to various ministries etc. History
CCS Key Actions: (I) Invest in NAMA (in broader terms as Climate Change Mitigation Actions) promotional efforts to encourage and facilitate development of other NAMA concepts (across all sectors).
[Added: 2020/07/14]
Climate Change Secretariat 2024/12 Not Initiated History
(V) Invest in energy NAMA promotional efforts to encourage and facilitate development of other NAMA concepts.
[Added: 2020/07/14]
Sustainable Energy Authority 2021/12 Not Initiated History
(VI) Update the energy sector NAMA/NDC implementation by using the updated MACCs However, these are subject to availability of funding and project/programme support.
[Added: 2020/07/14]
Sustainable Energy Authority 2021/12 Not Initiated History
10. Recommendation:

CCS and SLSEA should encourage utilities (such as the Ceylon Electricity Board) to consider and implement schemes (through the NAMA registry) to equip solar PV for households with battery storage (to CCS and SLSEA).

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/14]

Concept is accepted. However, prior to implementing this recommendation, it is necessary to carry out an economic viability assessment on the use of household solar PV systems with battery storage. The results of this assessment will determine whether the CCS/ SLSEA will work with utilities to implement programmes for broader adoption of household solar PV systems. 


 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Carry out an economic viability assessment of household solar PV systems with battery storage, and . it will be decided how best the recommendation can adapted or rejected based on the viability assessment.
[Added: 2020/07/14]
SLSEA 2024/12 Not Initiated

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