Final Evaluation: Strengthening Sustainability of Protected Area Management in Myanmar (WCS-GEF)

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Myanmar
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
06/2020
Completion Date:
07/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
40,000

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Title Final Evaluation: Strengthening Sustainability of Protected Area Management in Myanmar (WCS-GEF)
Atlas Project Number: 00083188
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Myanmar
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 07/2020
Planned End Date: 06/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Evaluation Budget(US $): 40,000
Source of Funding: Project Budgets
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 24,483
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Richard Sobey International Evaluation Consultant ( Team Leader) timosobey@gmail.com
May Nwe Soe National Evaluation Consultant ( Team member) maynwesoe1@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Strengthening Sustainability of Protected Areas Management in Myanmar
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5159
PIMS Number: 5162
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MONREC) Environmental Conservation Department, Natural Resources Conservation and EIA Division, Forest Department, Nature and Wildlife Conservation Division, Training and Research Development Division, University of Forestry, Myanmar Forest School, Planning and Statistics Division, Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development, Ministry of Finance, National Environmental Conservation Committee (NECC), Forest Research Institute, State and Region Governments, Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), Police, Local communities, CBOs, Private business
Countries: MYANMAR
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

1.The GEF project formulation stage in Myanmar is to contain an addendum concerning appropriate community engagement methods, which are sensitive to indigenous & local community (ILC)  and use issues. This should be prepared ahead of new GEF-7 projects [UNDP and GEF with MoNREC]

2

2. Prepare a short guideline on the decision-making process for proposing a Community Protected Area (CPA), or Community Forest (CF), or Other Effective area-based Conservation Measures (OECM) as a co-management strategy outside Protected Area (PA.) i.e. in the merits of guiding biodiversity conservation. When to choose which option, in which setting, and for what purpose [NWCD with WCS]

3

3. The Protected Area Management Support Committee (PAMSC) mechanism in Putao needs special attention, with regard to it operational procedures and the funding of meetings [NWCD with WCS]

4

4. There needs to be a continued close relationship with particular Literature & Culture Associations in the Kachin State in the project PA areas, especially with the Rawang and Lisu Peoples [Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD) via the GAD-led PAMSC in Putao, with WCS support]

5

5. Pilot the Community Protected Area (CPA)  process, in 2-3 areas including outside and inside the Hkakaborazi landscape [NWCD and WCS]

6

6. There is a need to ensure that the co-management process is inclusive of all Indigenous & Local Community (ILC) groups. The Chin People around the west of Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary (Sagaing) need to be engaged in Community Forest , not just the Shan People [Khamti and Homalin FDs with WCS]

7

7. The Lisu People in the Hkakaborazi landscape area who have been approached with regard to Community Forest designation, need further information, as to if a Community Protected Area is more appropriate than a Community Forest, especially bearing in mind the Rawang People are now looking at Community Protected Area s at the best option in this area. The approaches need to be reconciled and / or harmonized [NWCD with WCS] – see also point 2.

8

8. The conservation donor community and MoNREC / FD need exposure to the lessons learned and best practices of this project, with regard to co-management approaches (including participatory land use planning) and how to approach sensitive land issues. This applies in particular to upcoming World Bank, EU, DfiD and UNDP projects.

1. Recommendation:

1.The GEF project formulation stage in Myanmar is to contain an addendum concerning appropriate community engagement methods, which are sensitive to indigenous & local community (ILC)  and use issues. This should be prepared ahead of new GEF-7 projects [UNDP and GEF with MoNREC]

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/12]

The mandatory requirement of pre-screening of social and environmental risks at project concept stage and detailed social and environmental screening procedure (SESP) including assessment and management plan at the project development stage will ensure community consultations and FPIC are adhered to..

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
New project development will strictly adhere to UNDP’s Social and Environmental Standards – which will require to undertake social and environmental screening procedure (SESP) , develop Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA)/ Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) and Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) or standalone management plan such as Project Implementing Partner (IP) Plan.
[Added: 2020/07/13]
UNDP 2020/12 Initiated Country Office will comply with UNDP corporate Social and Environmental Standards, SES
2. Recommendation:

2. Prepare a short guideline on the decision-making process for proposing a Community Protected Area (CPA), or Community Forest (CF), or Other Effective area-based Conservation Measures (OECM) as a co-management strategy outside Protected Area (PA.) i.e. in the merits of guiding biodiversity conservation. When to choose which option, in which setting, and for what purpose [NWCD with WCS]

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/13]

Developing a series of guidelines that cross three existing government mechanisms has the same structural challenges as developing the country’s land law. With the November 2020 National Election, the lack of significant funding support and the need for public consultation with a range of ethnic and CSO stakeholders this guideline is expected to take time.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Draft guidelines on Community Protected Area in relation to Community Forest and other Effective area-based Conservation Measures strategies
[Added: 2020/07/13]
Nature & Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD) with Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) 2020/06 Completed Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD), WCS have been briefed on the recommendations and actions required during final Project Board Meeting.
3. Recommendation:

3. The Protected Area Management Support Committee (PAMSC) mechanism in Putao needs special attention, with regard to it operational procedures and the funding of meetings [NWCD with WCS]

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/13]

The government legalizes the Protected Area Management Support Committee (PAMSC) systems under the Conservation of Biodiversity & Protected Areas (Myanmar Law) CBPA rules. Once rules are approved, the government could allocate funding for the next meeting. WCS only has current funding to support this system in Sagaing  Region

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The Forest Department and General Administrative Department should hold the next meeting when resources are available.
[Added: 2020/07/13]
Nature & Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD) and General Administrative Department (GAD) with WCS 2020/06 Completed Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD), WCS have been briefed on the recommendations and actions required during final Project Board Meeting.
4. Recommendation:

4. There needs to be a continued close relationship with particular Literature & Culture Associations in the Kachin State in the project PA areas, especially with the Rawang and Lisu Peoples [Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD) via the GAD-led PAMSC in Putao, with WCS support]

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/13]

WCS maintains close linkages to Rawang, Lisu and Shan Literature and Culture Groups in Putao District and additional partners with other local CSO leaders more broadly in Kachin State.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To maintain close relationship with Rawang, Lisu and Shan Literature and Culture Groups in Putao District and additional partners with other local CSO leaders more broadly in Kachin State.
[Added: 2020/07/13]
Nature & Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD) and General Administrative Department (GAD) with WCS 2020/06 Completed Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD), WCS have been briefed on the recommendations and actions required during final Project Board Meeting.
5. Recommendation:

5. Pilot the Community Protected Area (CPA)  process, in 2-3 areas including outside and inside the Hkakaborazi landscape [NWCD and WCS]

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/13]

There is an ongoing discussion between Forest Department, WCS and local community leaders to identify and map community resources in relation to Hponkanrazi Wildlife Sanctuary to build trust and explore new opportunities for Community Protected Area implementation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To identify and map community resources in relation to Hponkanrazi Wildlife Sanctuary to build trust and explore new opportunities for Community Protected Area implementation
[Added: 2020/07/13]
Nature & Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD) and General Administrative Department (GAD) with WCS 2020/12 Completed Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD), WCS have been briefed on the recommendations and actions required during final Project Board Meeting.
6. Recommendation:

6. There is a need to ensure that the co-management process is inclusive of all Indigenous & Local Community (ILC) groups. The Chin People around the west of Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary (Sagaing) need to be engaged in Community Forest , not just the Shan People [Khamti and Homalin FDs with WCS]

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/13]

This is incorporated into the ongoing WCS commitment to Sagaing Region, Htamanthi Wildlife sanctuary and local communities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
All indigenous and local community group to engage in Community Forest
[Added: 2020/07/13]
Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD) with WCS 2020/12 Completed Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD), WCS have been briefed on the recommendations and actions required during final Project Board Meeting.
7. Recommendation:

7. The Lisu People in the Hkakaborazi landscape area who have been approached with regard to Community Forest designation, need further information, as to if a Community Protected Area is more appropriate than a Community Forest, especially bearing in mind the Rawang People are now looking at Community Protected Area s at the best option in this area. The approaches need to be reconciled and / or harmonized [NWCD with WCS] – see also point 2.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/13]

The Lisu are currently developing their own civil society organization to participate with government and non-government actors in the Putao area. Their role will work towards issues on resource management, land access and social challenges.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD), WCS have been briefed on the recommendations and actions required during final Project Board Meeting.
[Added: 2020/07/13]
Nature & Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD) and General Administrative Department (GAD) with WCS 2020/12 Completed Wildlife Conservation Division of Forest Department (NWCD), WCS have been briefed on the recommendations and actions required during final Project Board Meeting.
8. Recommendation:

8. The conservation donor community and MoNREC / FD need exposure to the lessons learned and best practices of this project, with regard to co-management approaches (including participatory land use planning) and how to approach sensitive land issues. This applies in particular to upcoming World Bank, EU, DfiD and UNDP projects.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/13]

Exit strategy has been prepared; lessons and good practices from the project will be documented and presented to donor communities for replication or scale-up in other Protected areas PAs in the country.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Presentations to donors
[Added: 2020/07/13]
UNDP and WCS 2020/12 Initiated Ongoing discussion between WCS and World Bank, EU, DFiD, Norway Government, German Government, French Government and FAO plus private sector and smaller donors.

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