Final Evaluation: Building Earthquake Resilience

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Myanmar
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
07/2019
Completion Date:
10/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Final Evaluation: Building Earthquake Resilience
Atlas Project Number: 00104189
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Myanmar
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2019
Planned End Date: 07/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Resilience
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.3.1 Data and risk-informed development policies, plans, systems and financing incorporate integrated and gender-responsive solutions to reduce disaster risks, enable climate change adaptation and mitigation, and prevent risk of conflict
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: Project Budgets
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,318
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Mr. Abhijit Bhattacharjee International Evaluation Consultant bhijit@results-matter.co.uk
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Releif and Resettlement Department (RRD), Ministry of Social Welfare Releif and Resettlement , the Myanmar earthquake Committee, the Fire Services department
Countries: MYANMAR
Lessons
Findings
1.

2. FINDINGS OF THE EVALUATION

2.1 Outcome 1: Earthquake preparedness and response plan

Finding 1• The process of development of National and Yangon regional earthquake preparedness and response plans was built on previous work done on disaster preparedness in the country, and was consultative involving multiple stakeholders.

 


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Natural Disaster Relevance Local Governance Human and Financial resources Country Government Capacity Building

2.

2.1 Outcome 1: Earthquake preparedness and response plan

Finding 2 • The planning process helped clarify roles and responsibilities of different stakeholders, although periodic training, refresher courses and simulation exercises will be necessary to continuously reinforce the key elements of the plan, especially in the regions.


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Effectiveness Human and Financial resources Project and Programme management UN Agencies Capacity Building Coordination

3.

2.1 Outcome 1: Earthquake preparedness and response plan

Finding 3. • Disaster Management Committees in the regions generally have limited capacity and are weak on disaster preparedness. These will need to be the focus in future.


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Natural Disaster Challenges Effectiveness Local Governance Human and Financial resources Policies & Procedures Country Government Capacity Building

4.

2.2 Outcome 2: Public education and awareness 

Findings:

1 • The contribution of media campaigns and DAN App on creating awareness among communities on earthquake preparedness is difficult to establish at this early stage, with the campaigns having been live for only 6-7 months.


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Natural Disaster Communication Knowledge management Technology Advocacy

5.

2.2 Outcome 2: Public education and awareness 

Findings:

• Awareness sessions through the schools have been particularly well received by students and teachers and these build on school safety work carried out in the past.

• The training and awareness materials have predominantly been conventional classroom oriented and need to be better adapted to child and adolescent learning principles.

• UNDP changed the implementation strategy - which originally envisaged using volunteers, to using school teachers - with good effect.


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Natural Disaster Effectiveness Impact Communication Knowledge management Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Building Education Advocacy

6.

2.2 Outcome 2: Public education and awareness 

Finding: • Messages regarding earthquakes are seen in isolation from preparedness for other disasters which are more common in some of the regions; this, combined with the fact that local authorities and regional DDMs are not seen to be actively involved in promoting these messages, causes confusion among people.

 


Tag: Local Governance Communication Knowledge management Technology Advocacy

7.

2.3 Outcome 3: Development of National Earthquake Resilience Strategy

Findings:

• The development of the Earthquake Resilience Strategy was they key activity to bring together a scientific approach, using best practices in setting national and regional priorities in earthquake risk management. This document will require dissemination in the regions where awareness about earthquakes is sketchy.

• The risk management approach underpinning the resilience strategy offers scope to bring together the different strands of earthquake preparedness and response work currently going on in the country

 


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Natural Disaster Local Governance Policies & Procedures Programme Synergy Resilience

Recommendations
1

Recommendation 1: UNDP to assist DDM in mobilizing resources necessary for rolling out a systematic capacity building strategy of key regional authorities ( DDM, Disaster Management Committees, flood control department, fire services) specifically with regard to dissemination and implementation of EPRP and Earthquake Resilience Strategy

Key actions:

1. In coordination with the DRRWG, identify key agencies in the earthquakeprone regions and conduct coordinated assessments of core capacity needs tailored to each region.

2. Develop a minimum action plan for core capacity development (focused on earthquake preparedness and response) in consultation with the relevant agencies and explore resource mobilisation for this.

3. Strengthen DDM’s capacity in the regions to coordinate a multi-agency approach to earthquake preparedness, working closely with the GAD.

2

Recommendation 2: With strengthened presence and role of DDM reinforced in the regions, work towards developing a coherent communication strategy involving all relevant agencies to facilitate community based disaster preparedness taking a multi-hazard approach.

Key actions:

1. Linking with recommendation 1 above, earthquake-related messages on preparedness need to be nuanced with preparedness for other common disasters like floods, high winds, fire, landslides, etc., which occur at more regular intervals.

2. The emphasis of all community-based preparedness and awareness needs to be laid on disaster risk management and a culture of safety at household and community levels. 

3

Recommendation 3: Continue and consolidate the community awareness programme using schools as the epicentre, combined with media campaigns, and in coordination with school safety programmes supported by many NGOs in the country, expand the programme to other schools in the earthquake zones in phases.

Key actions:

1. UNDP/DDM to ensure periodic training, learning events and refresher courses for the teachers and volunteers.

2. Working with the DRRWG, UNDP needs to facilitate linking up - through schools - the awareness programme to the school safety programme and explore scaling these up in earthquake-prone regions.

4

Recommendation 4: Working with OCHA and other relevant agencies, periodically conduct simulation exercises for earthquake response and other rapid onset disasters from time to time.

1. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1: UNDP to assist DDM in mobilizing resources necessary for rolling out a systematic capacity building strategy of key regional authorities ( DDM, Disaster Management Committees, flood control department, fire services) specifically with regard to dissemination and implementation of EPRP and Earthquake Resilience Strategy

Key actions:

1. In coordination with the DRRWG, identify key agencies in the earthquakeprone regions and conduct coordinated assessments of core capacity needs tailored to each region.

2. Develop a minimum action plan for core capacity development (focused on earthquake preparedness and response) in consultation with the relevant agencies and explore resource mobilisation for this.

3. Strengthen DDM’s capacity in the regions to coordinate a multi-agency approach to earthquake preparedness, working closely with the GAD.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2020/11/14]

UNDP is actively pursuing partnerships and resource mobilization opportunities, including with the private sector. Its leadership in the DRRWG enables effective coordination of DRR related activities promoting synergy and better targeting of resources, and a common approach for strengthening preparedness, response and recovery.   

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. In coordination with the DRRWG, identify key agencies in the earthquake-prone regions and conduct coordinated assessments of core capacity needs tailored to each region.
[Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2019/12/23]
UNDP/DRR WG 2019/12 Completed Yangon Region Earthquake Preparedness and Response Plan attached History
1.2 Develop a minimum action plan for core capacity development (focused on earthquake preparedness and response) in consultation with the relevant agencies and explore resource mobilisation for this.
[Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2019/12/23]
UNDP 2019/12 Completed UNDP is actively pursuing resource mobilization and partnerships for disaster preparedness and recovery, which includes earthquake preparedness and response capacity development History
1.3 Strengthen DDM’s capacity in the regions to coordinate a multi-agency approach to earthquake preparedness, working closely with the GAD.
[Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2019/12/23]
UNDP/DRRWG 2019/12 Completed Curriculum in disaster management developed under the project integrated into the curriculum of the Disaster Management Training Centre. History
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation 2: With strengthened presence and role of DDM reinforced in the regions, work towards developing a coherent communication strategy involving all relevant agencies to facilitate community based disaster preparedness taking a multi-hazard approach.

Key actions:

1. Linking with recommendation 1 above, earthquake-related messages on preparedness need to be nuanced with preparedness for other common disasters like floods, high winds, fire, landslides, etc., which occur at more regular intervals.

2. The emphasis of all community-based preparedness and awareness needs to be laid on disaster risk management and a culture of safety at household and community levels. 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2020/11/14]

UNDP is actively pursuing partnerships and resource mobilization opportunities, including from the private sector. Its leadership in the DRRWG enables effective coordination of DRR related activities promoting synergy and better targeting of resources, and a common approach for strengthening preparation, response and recovery.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Linking with recommendation 1 above, earthquake-related messages on preparedness need to be nuanced with preparedness for other common disasters like floods, high winds, fire, landslides, etc., which occur at more regular intervals.
[Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2019/12/23]
DRRWG 2019/12 Completed Department of Disaster Management (DDM) and members of DRR WG have been made aware that messaging around Earthquake need to considered vis-à-vis more other more frequently occurring disasters History
2.2. The emphasis of all community-based preparedness and awareness needs to be laid on disaster risk management and a culture of safety at household and community levels.
[Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2019/12/23]
Department of Disaster Management (DDM) 2019/12 Completed Community awareness has been be a key focus of past support, and will continue into the future. History
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 3: Continue and consolidate the community awareness programme using schools as the epicentre, combined with media campaigns, and in coordination with school safety programmes supported by many NGOs in the country, expand the programme to other schools in the earthquake zones in phases.

Key actions:

1. UNDP/DDM to ensure periodic training, learning events and refresher courses for the teachers and volunteers.

2. Working with the DRRWG, UNDP needs to facilitate linking up - through schools - the awareness programme to the school safety programme and explore scaling these up in earthquake-prone regions.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2020/11/14]

Relevent agencies have been briefed on the past activities and results achieved, and recommendations have been provided for further expansion of the programme in other schools as also laid out in the EPRP.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 UNDP/DDM to ensure periodic training, learning events and refresher courses for the teachers and volunteers.
[Added: 2019/12/09]
DDM 2019/07 Completed Concerned department have been briefed on the recommendation and action required.
3.2 Working with the DRRWG, UNDP needs to facilitate linking up - through schools - the awareness programme to the school safety programme and explore scaling these up in earthquake-prone regions.
[Added: 2019/12/09]
UNDP 2019/07 Completed Concerned agencies are well informed on the previous activities and recommendations.
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation 4: Working with OCHA and other relevant agencies, periodically conduct simulation exercises for earthquake response and other rapid onset disasters from time to time.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2020/11/14]

National Earthquake Forum was organized and Yangon Region Simulation exercise was conducted in collaboration with different stakeholders. Future awareness activities and campaigns are being planned and coordinated within the DRRWG

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Worked with relevant agencies including UNOCHA and DRRWG on simulation exercise and earthquake forum
[Added: 2019/12/09]
UNDP/DRRWG 2019/08 Completed National Earthquake Forum was organized and Yangon Region Simulation exercise was conducted in collaboration with different stakeholders.

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