Mid-Term Evaluation: UN-REDD Programme National Programme Myanmar

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Myanmar
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
11/2018
Completion Date:
01/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
10,000

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Title Mid-Term Evaluation: UN-REDD Programme National Programme Myanmar
Atlas Project Number: 94328
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Myanmar
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 01/2019
Planned End Date: 11/2018
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
Evaluation Budget(US $): 10,000
Source of Funding: Project Budgets
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 7,900
Joint Programme: Yes
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UNEP and FAO
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Leandro Fernandez
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Forest Department, Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MONREC) government institutions, forest-dependent communities, Regional Community Forestry Training Center (RECOFTC), indigenous peoples (IP), private sector
Countries: MYANMAR
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

1: Review the membership and ToRs of Task Force and Technical Working Groups – considering draft REDD+ Strategy, reorganization of mandates of ministries and different departments over the last few years. Expand the memberships to include more representation of IPs including private sectors in the TF and TWGs.  Review the membership and ToRs of Task Force and Technical Working Groups - considering draft REDD+ Strategy, reorganization of mandates of ministries and different departments over the last few years. Expand the memberships to include more representation of IPs, private sectors, Academics, sub-nationals governments, in the TF ad TWGs.  Review TWG ToR to enhance the coordination of the 3 TWG (considering more joint meeting or combine REDD+ strategy and Safeguards groups).

2

2: The consultation until now was the focus on bringing information, but more focus consultation methodology has to be developed, particularly to address FPIC, EAOs, remote areas population, inter alia.

3

3 .  Enhance the coordination and UN Agencies joint activities and programming.   A regular meeting of PMU and focal points of collaborating agencies and minute of discussions and follow up. At least every 1 month.

4

4. Though the AWP is done jointly – agencies need to consider on hierarchy and sequencing of the activities - so that the results could be optimally utilized. Civil Society Stakeholders remarked there could be better coordination amongst three UN collaborating agencies in terms of organizing meetings/workshops and planning of joint activities. The Inter-agency coordination was perceived as weak to some stakeholders. Although these would be due to misinformation or incomplete perception, we recommend taking action to improve communication with civil society stakeholders about inter-agency coordination and the sequencing and hierarchy of activities

5

5. An initial capacity building needs assessment was conducted. Recommend reviewing the progress, finding gaps and coming up with a systematic approach to addressing the capacity needs together with other on-going UN projects, including other donors.

6

6. Conduct a national and comprehensive stakeholder dialogue process involving key government departments, CSO and representatives of ethnic peoples to either develop a common understanding and terminology acceptable to all sides, and consistent with the international standards of the UNFCCC and the UNDRIP.

7

7. UN-REDD have developed a framework for participatory governance assessments (PGA) for information sharing and learning on how REDD+ governance and safeguards can be addressed and respected in a systematic manner. This framework has been pilot and tested in several countries at the sub-national level. Recommend implement a sub-national pilot of the PGA to examine aspects of governance: legal and policy frameworks, capacities of REDD+ stakeholders at sub-national level, the impact of existing laws and practices, as well as anti-corruption and conflict issues.

8

8. Consultations about the development a grievance mechanism have been conducted. Recommend establish an initial national feedback and grievance redress mechanism as part of the REDD+ institutional arrangements. Such a mechanism needs to be available in order to facilitate handling of any request for feedback or complaint by any REDD+ Readiness stakeholders, with particular attention to providing adequate access to geographically and culturally isolated and vulnerable communities.

9

9. Make a focused approach to integrating relevant policies of REDD+ into national policy/law reforms and development process through formation of a small task force and clear timeline and entry points in reform process, with the support and the involvement of the three UN agencies.

10

10.  Develop a roadmap for sub-national implementation to support the development of sub-national REDD+ strategies.  Particularly, develop options of how to support community leads forest conservations.

11

11. Accelerate the REDD+ investment program development.

12

12. Develop innovative actions and mechanisms to increase high level support (policy brief, high level forums/meeting, parliamentarian meetings).  Use existing structures or coordination mechanisms to implement and scale up REDD+ across levels of government.  UN partner agencies with the implementation partner should advocate for higher-level political support. Consider the role of NECC and PEB to achieve this end.

13

13: UN partner agencies should work with the implementation partner to strengthen country ownership over all

aspects of national REDD+ efforts, including the development of a more bottom-up approach. This general recommendation is tightly in line with the recommendations 2, 4, 11, 12, 16, 24, 28 and includes them at some extent.

The more bottom-up approach means a more vertically integrated or more decentralized approach that involves local decision making bodies in whose jurisdiction forests are principally located.

Also, signify the willingness to address claims or concerns of subnational stakeholders and to decentralize REDD+ efforts across governing structures and other stakeholders. For example, if financial resources will remain completely centralized in the future, the likelihood that any forest conservation effort succeeds is very low. In these sense, it is very important consider a communities based or pro-poor benefit share mechanism.

More decentralizing intervention would help strengthen ownership over the REDD+ agenda, ultimately improving

14

14. Greater emphasis could be placed on strengthening institutional coherence and capacity across levels of government. Recommend efforts to harmonize and support the institutional capacities across levels government, from community councils to district, and state level authorities. Giving priority to the sub-national areas with pilot initiatives or possible investments through other REDD+ initiatives or donors. Shifting the emphasis from national level programming to cross-scale and jurisdictional-level effort.

1. Recommendation:

1: Review the membership and ToRs of Task Force and Technical Working Groups – considering draft REDD+ Strategy, reorganization of mandates of ministries and different departments over the last few years. Expand the memberships to include more representation of IPs including private sectors in the TF and TWGs.  Review the membership and ToRs of Task Force and Technical Working Groups - considering draft REDD+ Strategy, reorganization of mandates of ministries and different departments over the last few years. Expand the memberships to include more representation of IPs, private sectors, Academics, sub-nationals governments, in the TF ad TWGs.  Review TWG ToR to enhance the coordination of the 3 TWG (considering more joint meeting or combine REDD+ strategy and Safeguards groups).

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08]

Review of TWG ToR’s is planned as Myanmar moves from Phase 1 into Phase 2 of REDD+

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Add 2 relevant departments as TF members
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project Team 2019/03 Completed
1.2. TOR of TWG will be revised after finalization of strategy
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project Team 2019/12 Not Initiated
2. Recommendation:

2: The consultation until now was the focus on bringing information, but more focus consultation methodology has to be developed, particularly to address FPIC, EAOs, remote areas population, inter alia.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08]

Development of a process for Free, Prior and Informed Consent-FPIC (and design of a GRM); and increased grassroots awareness raising is a major focus for 2019

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Organize Free, Prior and Informed Consent- FPIC workshop
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project team 2019/03 Completed
2.2 Pilot FPIC
[Added: 2019/05/10] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/08 Initiated FPIC is piloting in process and expected to accomplish by August. History
2.3 Operationalize EAO engagement plan
[Added: 2019/05/10]
Project Team 2019/10 Not Initiated History
3. Recommendation:

3 .  Enhance the coordination and UN Agencies joint activities and programming.   A regular meeting of PMU and focal points of collaborating agencies and minute of discussions and follow up. At least every 1 month.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08]

Very frequent meetings are held with FD; meetings with other agencies can be planned if REDD+ focal points are established (see recommendation 4)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Frequent meetings with FD and UN-REDD agencies
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project team, Forest Department (FD) 2019/03 Completed
4. Recommendation:

4. Though the AWP is done jointly – agencies need to consider on hierarchy and sequencing of the activities - so that the results could be optimally utilized. Civil Society Stakeholders remarked there could be better coordination amongst three UN collaborating agencies in terms of organizing meetings/workshops and planning of joint activities. The Inter-agency coordination was perceived as weak to some stakeholders. Although these would be due to misinformation or incomplete perception, we recommend taking action to improve communication with civil society stakeholders about inter-agency coordination and the sequencing and hierarchy of activities

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08]

Although the PMU has not heard similar comments, efforts to improve information flow to CSO’s will be investigated.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 A revised communications strategy for REDD+ Myanmar, prepared and presented to 7th TF meeting
[Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/05 Completed The revised knowledge management and communication strategy is attached . History
5. Recommendation:

5. An initial capacity building needs assessment was conducted. Recommend reviewing the progress, finding gaps and coming up with a systematic approach to addressing the capacity needs together with other on-going UN projects, including other donors.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08]

Agreed the recommendation and will implement accordingly.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Training on building advocacy, networking and monitoring skills for national and local NGOs in Yangon, and Taungyi covering relevant NGOs in Bago, NPT, Rakhine, Ayeyarwaddy, Shan and Kayar regions
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project team 2019/03 Completed
5.2 Another 4 trainings to cover the rest of the State/Regions
[Added: 2019/05/10] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/06 Completed Additional 4 training have been conducted and now cover for all states/regions in Myanmar History
5.3 15 training on building technical, facilitation and communication skill for Official from Ministries with responsibilities for implementing REDD+ Policies and Measures will be conducted to cover all State/Region
[Added: 2019/05/10] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/06 Completed Fifteen Training covers the representatives of government officers from all states and regions under Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation – MONREC ( Forest Department-FD , Environmental Conservation Department- ECD, Myanma Timber Enterprise – MTE ), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation – MOALI ( Department of Agriculture – DOA, Department of Agricultural Land Management and Statistics – DALMS, Department of planning) , Ministry of Office of the Union Government – MOUG ( General Administration Department –GAD) , Ministry of Home Affairs – MOHA (Myanmar Police Force –MPF). History
5.4 Capacity building on Safeguards will be conducted throughout the process of SIS setting in 2019
[Added: 2019/05/10]
Project Team 2019/12 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

6. Conduct a national and comprehensive stakeholder dialogue process involving key government departments, CSO and representatives of ethnic peoples to either develop a common understanding and terminology acceptable to all sides, and consistent with the international standards of the UNFCCC and the UNDRIP.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08]

An Ethnic Group, Forests and Climate Change Week is planned for 2019.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 A national validation workshop for the REDD+ Strategy and involving as many ethnic groups as feasible will be held in Q3
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project Team 2019/10 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

7. UN-REDD have developed a framework for participatory governance assessments (PGA) for information sharing and learning on how REDD+ governance and safeguards can be addressed and respected in a systematic manner. This framework has been pilot and tested in several countries at the sub-national level. Recommend implement a sub-national pilot of the PGA to examine aspects of governance: legal and policy frameworks, capacities of REDD+ stakeholders at sub-national level, the impact of existing laws and practices, as well as anti-corruption and conflict issues.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08]

This would require the establishment of a forest governance monitoring or survey component, which is not presently planned or budgeted for.  The low expenditure rates identified in the subsequent clarification are not reflected in expenditure data.

The PMU will seek the advice of RTA’s in informing results and share lessons learned with stakeholders of the participatory governance assessments in Lam Dong province, Vietnam.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Sent request to RTAs
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project Team 2019/03 Completed
8. Recommendation:

8. Consultations about the development a grievance mechanism have been conducted. Recommend establish an initial national feedback and grievance redress mechanism as part of the REDD+ institutional arrangements. Such a mechanism needs to be available in order to facilitate handling of any request for feedback or complaint by any REDD+ Readiness stakeholders, with particular attention to providing adequate access to geographically and culturally isolated and vulnerable communities.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09]

Design and piloting of a GRM is a major focus for 2019.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Discuss design of Grievance Redress Mechanism (GRM)
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/08 Initiated Project team engage service provider for designing of Grievance Redress Mechanism (GRM) and it is in process and expected to be completed by August. History
8.2 Pilot FPIC
[Added: 2019/05/10] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/08 Initiated Pilot FPIC initiated and expected to accomplish by August. History
9. Recommendation:

9. Make a focused approach to integrating relevant policies of REDD+ into national policy/law reforms and development process through formation of a small task force and clear timeline and entry points in reform process, with the support and the involvement of the three UN agencies.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09]

The formation of focused groups is a standard practice for legal reforms – such a group is currently active on the Forest Rules development

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Develop process for Forest Rules
[Added: 2019/05/09]
Project Team 2019/03 Completed
9.2 Implement process with FD, UN agencies and NGOs
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/06 Completed UNDP supported consultation completed and UNDP continue to provide technical support to Forest Department. History
10. Recommendation:

10.  Develop a roadmap for sub-national implementation to support the development of sub-national REDD+ strategies.  Particularly, develop options of how to support community leads forest conservations.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09]

A roadmap for sub-national implementation will be developed in the investment plan.  Whether sub-national REDD+ strategies are needed is debatable – the benefits of such strategies would need to be described.  Community-led conservation will be a major feature of REDD+ implementation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 Develop investment plan
[Added: 2019/05/09]
Project Team 2020/03 Not Initiated
10.2 Pilot community led conservation with Korean funding and in mangroves with new Norwegian funding
[Added: 2019/05/09]
Project Team 2019/12 Not Initiated
11. Recommendation:

11. Accelerate the REDD+ investment program development.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09]

Agree with the recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 Investment programme development
[Added: 2019/05/09]
Project Team 2020/11 Not Initiated
12. Recommendation:

12. Develop innovative actions and mechanisms to increase high level support (policy brief, high level forums/meeting, parliamentarian meetings).  Use existing structures or coordination mechanisms to implement and scale up REDD+ across levels of government.  UN partner agencies with the implementation partner should advocate for higher-level political support. Consider the role of NECC and PEB to achieve this end.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09]

Agree with the recommentation and will implement accordinlgy

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1 Taskforce (TF) reports to National Environmental Conservation Committee and Climate Change Central Committee (NECCCC)
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2019/05/15]
Project Team 2020/12 Not Initiated History
13. Recommendation:

13: UN partner agencies should work with the implementation partner to strengthen country ownership over all

aspects of national REDD+ efforts, including the development of a more bottom-up approach. This general recommendation is tightly in line with the recommendations 2, 4, 11, 12, 16, 24, 28 and includes them at some extent.

The more bottom-up approach means a more vertically integrated or more decentralized approach that involves local decision making bodies in whose jurisdiction forests are principally located.

Also, signify the willingness to address claims or concerns of subnational stakeholders and to decentralize REDD+ efforts across governing structures and other stakeholders. For example, if financial resources will remain completely centralized in the future, the likelihood that any forest conservation effort succeeds is very low. In these sense, it is very important consider a communities based or pro-poor benefit share mechanism.

More decentralizing intervention would help strengthen ownership over the REDD+ agenda, ultimately improving

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09]

Country ownership is planned to be strengthened through closer links between the Taskforce and NE5C.

 

The need for a “pro-poor” benefit sharing mechanism is included in a current, on-going consultancy.

 

Greater decentralization of REDD+ administration in Phase 2 will e discussed with the National REDD+ Taskforce on 31st January 2019.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1 Consultant will provide recommendations to support management response
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/06 Completed Decentralization is part of the proposed Outcome 6; pro-poor benefit sharing was developed internally by the Programme Management Unit (PMU) following finance consultants’ inputs. UNDP continue technical assistance in on-going consultancy for the need for a “pro-poor” benefit sharing mechanism. History
14. Recommendation:

14. Greater emphasis could be placed on strengthening institutional coherence and capacity across levels of government. Recommend efforts to harmonize and support the institutional capacities across levels government, from community councils to district, and state level authorities. Giving priority to the sub-national areas with pilot initiatives or possible investments through other REDD+ initiatives or donors. Shifting the emphasis from national level programming to cross-scale and jurisdictional-level effort.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09]

The MTR does not identify any activities to be dropped. This recommendation is in line with the recommendation 27.

This recommendation could be implementing jointly with REDD+ related sub-nationals initiatives o pilot projects. This recommendation could be implementing jointly with REDD+ related sub-nationals initiatives o pilot projects. For example, as part of a GCF funding proposal development.

Consider elaborate a Readiness Plan Proposal (R-PP) to include additional readiness support needs and search for additional donors. The emphasis on national level programming is considered valid.  Nevertheless, strengthening sub-national institutions is also a focus (for example through UN-REDD TA to support the establishment of sub-national REDD+ implementation coordination bodies.  A contract for sub-national government and CSO capacity development has just been signed.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
14.1 Provide capacity building training
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/06 Completed Fifteen training conducted for the representatives of government officers from all states and regions under Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation – MONREC ( Forest Department-FD , Environmental Conservation Department- ECD, Myanma Timber Enterprise – MTE ), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation – MOALI ( Department of Agriculture – DOA, Department of Agricultural Land Management and Statistics – DALMS, Department of planning) , Ministry of Office of the Union Government – MOUG ( General Administration Department –GAD) , Ministry of Home Affairs – MOHA (Myanmar Police Force –MPF). Five training for CSOs conducted for the representatives of CSOs from all state/regions. History

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