Terminal Evaluation: Transforming the Global Maritime Transport Industry towards a Low Carbon Future through Improved Energy Efficiency (PIMS 5201)

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Title Terminal Evaluation: Transforming the Global Maritime Transport Industry towards a Low Carbon Future through Improved Energy Efficiency (PIMS 5201)
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2018
Planned End Date: 12/2018
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.5.1 Solutions developed, financed and applied at scale for energy efficiency and transformation to clean energy and zero-carbon development, for poverty eradication and structural transformation
Evaluation Budget(US $): 10,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 10,000
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UN Agencies
  • Joint with IMO
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
David Vousden
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Transforming the Global maritime Transport Industry towards a Low carbon Future through Improved Energy Efficiency
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: International Waters
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5508
PIMS Number: 5201
Key Stakeholders: Lead partner countries (government), private sector
Countries: GLOBAL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

First and foremost among any recommendations must be the obvious practical need for a further phase of GloMEEP. The Project has created strong ownership by countries and industry as well as a momentum toward implementing Annex VI and the new MEPC Greenhouse Gas Strategy. Many of the following recommendations relate to logical further activities and work required which could be captured and delivered through such a second phase

2

Although Legal frameworks for national legislation have been drafted, these still need to be adopted by the countries and this would be a valuable exercise for further support.

3

A wealth of valuable tools and guidance materials have been developed and employed successfully by the 10 LPCs. It is important now that these toolkits and guidelines are not only made available to other countries aiming to comply with Annex VI but that they are delivered effectively through appropriate regional workshops to assist those same countries that were not part of the original GloMEEP Project. In short, a GloMEEP replication process needs to now take place beyond the original LPCs

4

GIA is just getting started but is showing tremendous buy-in and ownership from industry with a dedicated group of enthusiastic representatives. It would be a waste of the initial investment in time and finances and it would send a very poor signal to the private sector if the plug were to be pulled on this innovative and unique process just as it is showing positive accomplishments and delivering real benefits. The priority activities adopted by GIA and their commitment to fund them is a major step toward implementing Annex VI. Every effort should be made by IMO to ensure that, with the closure of GloMEEP in December, the secretariat function that the project provided to GIA can continue.

5

The countries have requested more activities related to technology transfer that can help them reduced emissions from ships and at the port level. Specific efforts should be made to provide more assistance with identifying appropriate technology, both tried-and-tested as well as innovative development. If a further phase were to be implemented, it would need to include a mechanisms for capture and transfer of emerging technologies related to maritime energy efficiency. Closer linkages with the Maritime Technical Cooperation Centres would provide a valuable vehicle to bring such activities and support into the regions.

6

GloMEEP original designed to focus on Annex VI - Chapter 4. Energy Efficiency. National legislation, however, needs to address the entire Annex and not just one part. IMO has now set a global limit for sulphur in fuel oil used on board ships to come into effect as of 1st January 2020. This will now require a significant support process similar to many of the GloMEEP activities if the developing counties are going to meet their compliance requirements.

7

Further training on monitoring of compliance and enforcement of Annex VI and emissions control as well as the compulsory data collection systems within the LPCs and with a view to replication

8

The need for more effective monitoring of ship emissions (especial as part of the compulsory IMO data collection system) through better interaction between local municipal agencies responsible for air quality monitoring and national agencies tasked with manage emissions

9

The relatively new initial GHG Strategy adopted by MEPC in 2018 represents a framework for Member States, setting out the future vision for international shipping, the levels of ambition to reduce GHG emissions and guiding principles; and includes candidate short-, mid- and long-term further measures with possible timelines and their impacts on States. Once again, these are energy efficiency related issues that need to be followed up with support to the developing countries beyond the life of GloMEEP

10

Great collaboration between shipping, ports and terminal and nationally responsible government agencies with regard to GHG reductions and the new GHG strategy

11

In country assessments of availability of compliant fuels including comparative assessment of scrubbers (EGC systems) vs fuel quality as a measure to improve air quality. This should also cover the need for reception facilities and disposal mechanisms for waste generated by EGC systems

12

The GloMEEP Project should engage with IW:LEARN and Grid Arundel (who manage their website) to ensure that it has links into GloMEEP and some information on GloMEEP on the IW:LEARN website. They should also discuss the achievements of GloMEEP with a view to developing an appropriate experience note on a relevant subject such as private sector engagement

1. Recommendation:

First and foremost among any recommendations must be the obvious practical need for a further phase of GloMEEP. The Project has created strong ownership by countries and industry as well as a momentum toward implementing Annex VI and the new MEPC Greenhouse Gas Strategy. Many of the following recommendations relate to logical further activities and work required which could be captured and delivered through such a second phase

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
IMO and UNDP agree with this recommendation. Several IMO member States have also formally requested a further phase of GloMEEP especially considering the role of GloMEEP Phase 2 in supporting IMO’s initial GHG strategy. The IMO Secretariat has therefore taken a proactive step of hiring a consultant to develop a PIF for a follow-up phase (GloBEEEMS), building in particular on the public-private partnership success of the GIA mechanism.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Although Legal frameworks for national legislation have been drafted, these still need to be adopted by the countries and this would be a valuable exercise for further support.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Noted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
IMO will continue to use its ITCP arm to support and encourage GloMEEP LPCs to adopt the national legislation although any national legislation adoption by the respective parliaments of the countries is beyond IMO’s control. IMO’s initial GHG strategy envisages countries adopting a national action plan (NAP) and it is expected that adoption of national legislations would be the first priority in the NAPs of many of the countries. Once again, a follow-up phase would have catalysed such a political engagement by the countries.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
3. Recommendation:

A wealth of valuable tools and guidance materials have been developed and employed successfully by the 10 LPCs. It is important now that these toolkits and guidelines are not only made available to other countries aiming to comply with Annex VI but that they are delivered effectively through appropriate regional workshops to assist those same countries that were not part of the original GloMEEP Project. In short, a GloMEEP replication process needs to now take place beyond the original LPCs

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Noted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
IMO has a global programme on energy efficiency under its ITCP umbrella. IMO will, as much as possible, utilise the toolkits in any future workshops organised under this global programme. Furthermore, IMO will utilise these tools in the regional and sub-regional workshops held by the Global Maritime Technology Cooperation Centres (MTCC) established by IMO.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
4. Recommendation:

GIA is just getting started but is showing tremendous buy-in and ownership from industry with a dedicated group of enthusiastic representatives. It would be a waste of the initial investment in time and finances and it would send a very poor signal to the private sector if the plug were to be pulled on this innovative and unique process just as it is showing positive accomplishments and delivering real benefits. The priority activities adopted by GIA and their commitment to fund them is a major step toward implementing Annex VI. Every effort should be made by IMO to ensure that, with the closure of GloMEEP in December, the secretariat function that the project provided to GIA can continue.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Noted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
IMO places a high importance on this pioneering initiative. GIA was expected to continue till June 2019 and hence for this reason IMO requested to UNDP an extension of GloMEEP beyond December 2018 so that it can continue to facilitate the GIA activities. IMO has secured a full one-year extension from UNDP and this will ensure that GIA can continue to function. The one-year timeframe will provide enough time to identify a strategy to sustain GIA beyond end of 2019.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

The countries have requested more activities related to technology transfer that can help them reduced emissions from ships and at the port level. Specific efforts should be made to provide more assistance with identifying appropriate technology, both tried-and-tested as well as innovative development. If a further phase were to be implemented, it would need to include a mechanisms for capture and transfer of emerging technologies related to maritime energy efficiency. Closer linkages with the Maritime Technical Cooperation Centres would provide a valuable vehicle to bring such activities and support into the regions.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Noted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Technology Transfer would have to happen between private sector as neither IMO nor governments hold IP rights. What IMO and countries could do is to create an enabling environment for flow of technologies and facilitate technology demonstrations. IMO has already incorporated this component in its new draft PIF for possible GEF7 financing. This will also be a focus of any bilateral TC projects that IMO would be implementing in the future. Moreover, the IMO established MTCCS will continue to be the centre of excellence in various regions to facilitate technology cooperation and technology uptake.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
6. Recommendation:

GloMEEP original designed to focus on Annex VI - Chapter 4. Energy Efficiency. National legislation, however, needs to address the entire Annex and not just one part. IMO has now set a global limit for sulphur in fuel oil used on board ships to come into effect as of 1st January 2020. This will now require a significant support process similar to many of the GloMEEP activities if the developing counties are going to meet their compliance requirements.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

GloMEEP has taken this important point into consideration in the development of relevant tools (e.g. the Guide for incorporation of MARPOL Annex VI into national law) and will continue to use these tools for activities delivered under IMO’s ITCP arm.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
IMO will also ensure that any follow-up phase of GloMEEP will, from the outset, take this legal aspect into account so as to avoid any confusion in the drafting of national legislation.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Further training on monitoring of compliance and enforcement of Annex VI and emissions control as well as the compulsory data collection systems within the LPCs and with a view to replication

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
IMO will, using funds under its global programme on energy efficiency under its ITCP umbrella, continue to deliver relevant trainings, using the GloMEEP tools and materials as a basis. Furthermore, IMO will utilise these tools in the regional and sub-regional workshops held by the Global Maritime Technology Cooperation Centres (MTCC) established by IMO.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

The need for more effective monitoring of ship emissions (especial as part of the compulsory IMO data collection system) through better interaction between local municipal agencies responsible for air quality monitoring and national agencies tasked with manage emissions

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Noted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Recognizing that the fuel consumption data collected from 1.1.2019 will provide the basis for any further policy decisions that IMO Member States will adopt: IMO will, using the newly developed GloMEEP training package on the IMO Data Collection System (DCS), continue to deliver DCS trainings to ensure all stakeholders can support the effective monitoring and reporting of data. IMO is also planning to include a major DCS component in any GloMEEP follow-up phase so as to ensure that the new DCS provisions under MARPOL Annex V are fully and effectively implemented.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

The relatively new initial GHG Strategy adopted by MEPC in 2018 represents a framework for Member States, setting out the future vision for international shipping, the levels of ambition to reduce GHG emissions and guiding principles; and includes candidate short-, mid- and long-term further measures with possible timelines and their impacts on States. Once again, these are energy efficiency related issues that need to be followed up with support to the developing countries beyond the life of GloMEEP

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Agree with this and IMO will continue to endeavour to follow-up on the implementation of IMO GHG strategy. Any future projects will also have the action plans of the strategy as the basis of implementation. The GIA will also continue supporting development of measures to operationalize IMO’s initial GHG Strategy through submission of relevant proposals and ideas to MEPC.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
Agree with this and IMO will continue to endeavour to follow-up on the implementation of IMO GHG strategy. Any future projects will also have the action plans of the strategy as the basis of implementation. The GIA will also continue supporting development of measures to operationalize IMO’s initial GHG Strategy through submission of relevant proposals and ideas to MEPC.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
10. Recommendation:

Great collaboration between shipping, ports and terminal and nationally responsible government agencies with regard to GHG reductions and the new GHG strategy

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Agree and this will, in the meantime and until a follow-up phase of GloMEEP has been secured, be ensured through further collaboration of IMO within the GIA that has embarked on several projects that will support reductions of emissions from both shipping and in ports. Work of the GIA will also continue to feed into IMO’s wider work to reduce emissions, e.g. by submitting information and proposals on measures to operationalize IMO’s initial GHG strategy.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated
11. Recommendation:

In country assessments of availability of compliant fuels including comparative assessment of scrubbers (EGC systems) vs fuel quality as a measure to improve air quality. This should also cover the need for reception facilities and disposal mechanisms for waste generated by EGC systems

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Noted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
IMO will take this recommendation on-board when drafting the follow-up GloMEEP project proposal and consider whether these type of assessments would be feasible and fall in-line with the donor’s strategic directions / objectives. In light of the importance of the 2020 sulphur cap, IMO will also consider how Member States could in the meantime and before a follow-up phase of GloMEEP is secured, be supported in preparations up to 2020.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2020/12 Not Initiated
12. Recommendation:

The GloMEEP Project should engage with IW:LEARN and Grid Arundel (who manage their website) to ensure that it has links into GloMEEP and some information on GloMEEP on the IW:LEARN website. They should also discuss the achievements of GloMEEP with a view to developing an appropriate experience note on a relevant subject such as private sector engagement

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Agree with this and IMO will engage with IW:LEARN and Grid Arundel to ensure that it has links to GloMEEP and some information on the project is on the IW:LEARN website. IMO will also discuss with IW:LEARN development of an experience note to ensure sharing of best practices and lessons learned from GloMEEP’s highly successful establishment and management of its public-private partnership, the GIA.
[Added: 2019/01/04]
IMO 2019/12 Initiated

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